Update on the Geospatial Profile
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Update on the Geospatial Profile Update on the Geospatial Profile Presentation Transcript

  • Update on the Geospatial Profile of the U.S. Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA) Presented 28 October 2005 by Eliot Christian FGDC, USGS
  • Presentation Outline
    • What is the national Geospatial Profile and Why is it necessary?
    • What is the National Spatial Data Infrastructure?
    • Requirements of Law and Policy
      • E-Government Act (FGDC)
      • Federal Policy (Circular A-16)
    • Outline of the draft FEA Geospatial Profile document
  • What is the national Geospatial Profile?
    • The national Geospatial Profile for enterprise architecture (EA) provides cross-cutting guidance for developing consistent EA Reference Models useful at all levels of government, but especially the U.S. Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA).
  • Why have a national Geospatial Profile?
    • The national Geospatial Profile supports:
    • Various regional, state, and local initiatives focused on geospatial infrastructure
    • Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in realizing the U.S. Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA)
    • Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) in advancing the U.S. National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI)
  • Objectives of the national Geospatial Profile
    • Guidance for addressing Geospatial within EA Reference Models
    • Show geospatial capabilities related across EA Reference Models
    • Describe how geospatial capabilities cross Lines of Business
    • Give examples of Geospatial Profile in mission-oriented Use Case
    • Discuss how Geospatial may interact with other FEA Profiles
    • Provide guidance to help architects identify and exploit Geospatial
    • Initiate a knowledge base for applying the Geospatial Profile
  • Presentation Outline
    • What is the national Geospatial Profile and Why is it necessary?
    • What is the National Spatial Data Infrastructure?
    • Requirements of Law and Policy
      • E-Government Act (FGDC)
      • Federal Policy (Circular A-16)
    • Outline of the draft FEA Geospatial Profile document (version 0.2)
  • What is the U.S. National Spatial Data Infrastructure?
    • Spatial Data Infrastructures are supported by organizations or communities who adopt common standards for geospatial data
    • Global Spatial Data Infrastructure (GSDI) members represent National SDI’s (about 50 at present)
    • GSDI Clearinghouse currently has 381 "nodes" (searchable metadata collections)
  • SDI's Implement a Services Oriented Architecture
    • Software components of systems are now built to interoperate primarily through the passing of structured messages at interfaces designed for networking
    • Each set of operations exposed at such a network interface is defined as a “service”
    • SDI's requires this interoperability approach, known as a Services Oriented Architecture
  • Common Services in Spatial Data Infrastructures Geoparser Geoparser Vendor Data Local Government Data National Government Data Other Collections of Data Clearinghouse Whoville Cedar Lake Buildings Roads Images Targets Boundaries ... Catalog View Queries extract info from diverse sources Integrated View Gazetteer Coordinate Transform Web Map Service, Web Feature Service, Web Coverage Service Catalog Services Other Services Internet Geoparser Geocoder Common interfaces enable interoperability Clearinghouse Clearinghouse Whoville Cedar Lake Metadata Metadata Metadata Metadata
  • Key NSDI Service Standards
    • ISO 19128 Geographic information -- Web Map Service (WMS)
    • ISO 19123 Geographic Information -- Schema for coverage geometry and functions [ aka Web Coverage Service (WCS) ]
    • ISO 19142 Geographic information -- Web Feature Service (WFS)
    • ISO 19136 Geographic information -- Geography Markup Language (GML)
    • ISO 19115 Geographic Information - Metadata [successor to FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata ]
    • ISO 23950 Information Search and Retrieval [ aka ANSI Z39.50 ]
  • Presentation Outline
    • What is the national Geospatial Profile and Why is it necessary?
    • What is the National Spatial Data Infrastructure?
    • Requirements of Law and Policy
      • E-Government Act (FGDC)
      • Federal Policy (Circular A-16)
    • Outline of the draft FEA Geospatial Profile document (version 0.2)
  • Public Law (E-Government Act)
    • Section 216 of the E-Government Act, "Common Protocols for Geographic Information Systems", establishes in law the authorities and responsibilities of the Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)
    • The law defines " geographic information " as: "information systems that involve locational data, such as maps or other geospatial information resources"
    NOTE: In U.S. Federal law and policy, the terms "spatial", "geospatial", "geographic", "mapping", and "locational"  when linked with the terms "data" or "information", and/or the terms "system" or "resource", are usually equivalent.
  • Public Law (E-Government Act)
    • E-Government Act of 2002 requires:
    • the development of common protocols for the development, acquisition, maintenance, distribution, and application of geographic information [...]
    • The common protocols shall be designed to
    • (1) maximize the degree to which unclassified geographic information from various sources can be made electronically compatible and accessible; and
    • (2) promote the development of interoperable geographic information systems technologies
  • Public Law (E-Government Act)
    • "Although a wealth of geospatial information exists, it is often difficult to locate, access, share, and integrate in a timely and efficient manner. Many Federal, state, and local agencies collect and use geospatial data in different formats and standards based on their requirements. This results in wasteful spending, redundant data collection, and can hinder the ability of federal, state, and local governments to effectively and efficiently provide information and services to each other, citizens, and business."
    • OMB Report to Congress on Implementation of the E-Government Act (March 8, 2004)
  • Federal Policy (OMB Circular A-16)
    • OMB Circular A-16:
    • "establishes a coordinated approach to electronically develop the National Spatial Data Infrastructure"
    Purpose of the NSDI: To encourage the collection, processing, archiving, integration, and sharing of geospatial data and information using common standards and interoperable systems and techniques
  • Federal Policy (OMB Circular A-16)
    • "provides direction for federal agencies that produce, maintain or use spatial data either directly or indirectly"
    • directs such agencies, "both internally and through their activities involving partners, grants, and contracts" to:
    • (1) Prepare, maintain, publish, and implement a strategy for advancing geographic information and related spatial data activities appropriate to their mission, in support of the  NSDI Strategy. [...]
    • (2) Collect, maintain, disseminate, and preserve spatial information such that the resulting data, information, or products can be readily shared with other federal agencies and non-federal users, and promote data integration between all sources. [...]
  • Federal Policy (OMB Circular A-16)
    • (4) Use FGDC data standards, FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata, and other appropriate standards, documenting spatial data with the relevant metadata, and making metadata available online through a registered NSDI-compatible Clearinghouse node. [...]
    • Before the obligation of funds, ensure that all expenditures for spatial data and related systems activities financed directly or indirectly, in whole or in part, by federal funds are compliant with the standards and provisions of the FGDC.
    • All Information Technology systems which process spatial data should identify planned investments for spatial data and compliance with FGDC standards within the Exhibit 300 capital asset and business plan submission (see OMB Circular A-11, sec. 300).
  • Presentation Outline
    • What is the national Geospatial Profile and Why is it necessary?
    • What is the National Spatial Data Infrastructure?
    • Requirements of Law and Policy
      • E-Government Act (FGDC)
      • Federal Policy (Circular A-16)
    • Outline of the draft FEA Geospatial Profile document (version 0.2)
  • Outline of the draft FEA Geospatial Profile document
    • Introduction
      • 1.1 Objectives
      • 1.2 Audience
      • 1.3 Geospatial Information Is Everywhere
      • 1.4 Challenges To Be Addressed
      • 1.5 The National Spatial Data Infrastructure
      • 1.6 Overview of Geospatial Capabilities
      • 1.7 Use Case Overview
      • 1.8 Federal Policies and Drivers
      • 1.9 Authority
    http://colab.cim3.net/cgi-bin/wiki.pl?CurrentGeospatialProfileDraft (Comment on Version 0.3 after October 28, 2005 )
  • Outline of the draft FEA Geospatial Profile document
    • Geospatial Capabilities and the FEA Reference Models
      • 2.1 FEA Overview
      • 2.2 How Geospatial Interacts with the FEA Reference Models
      • 2.3 Geospatial View of the Business Reference Model
      • 2.4 Geospatial View of the Data Reference Model
      • 2.5 Geospatial View of the Service Component Reference Model
      • 2.6 Geospatial View of the Technical Reference Model
      • 2.7 Geospatial View of the Performance Reference Model
    http://colab.cim3.net/cgi-bin/wiki.pl?CurrentGeospatialProfileDraft (Comment on Version 0.3 after October 28, 2005 )
  • Outline of the draft FEA Geospatial Profile document
    • Appendices
      • A. References
      • B. Terminology (Glossary)
      • C. Use Case
      • D. Geospatial Activity Examples for FEA BRM Lines of Business
      • E. Geospatial Business Language
      • F. Geospatial Service Components
      • G. Geospatial Standards Profile
      • H. Excerpts form U.S. Federal Law and Policy
      • I. Acronym List
    http://colab.cim3.net/cgi-bin/wiki.pl?CurrentGeospatialProfileDraft (Comment on Version 0.3 after October 28, 2005 )
  • Summary
    • Law and policy requires Federal agencies to apply enterprise architecture principles, and to use open standards for data, metadata, and services
    • The national Geospatial Profile for enterprise architecture provides more precise guidance for data and information systems that use, maintain, or reference "locational data"