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The national Geospatial Profile for enterprise architecture (EA) provides cross-cutting guidance for developing consistent EA Reference Models useful at all levels of government, but especially the U.S. Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA).
What is the national Geospatial Profile and Why is it necessary?
What is the National Spatial Data Infrastructure?
Requirements of Law and Policy
E-Government Act (FGDC)
Federal Policy (Circular A-16)
Outline of the draft FEA Geospatial Profile document (version 0.2)
What is the U.S. National Spatial Data Infrastructure?
Spatial Data Infrastructures are supported by organizations or communities who adopt common standards for geospatial data
Global Spatial Data Infrastructure (GSDI) members represent National SDI’s (about 50 at present)
GSDI Clearinghouse currently has 381 "nodes" (searchable metadata collections)
SDI's Implement a Services Oriented Architecture
Software components of systems are now built to interoperate primarily through the passing of structured messages at interfaces designed for networking
Each set of operations exposed at such a network interface is defined as a “service”
SDI's requires this interoperability approach, known as a Services Oriented Architecture
Common Services in Spatial Data Infrastructures Geoparser Geoparser Vendor Data Local Government Data National Government Data Other Collections of Data Clearinghouse Whoville Cedar Lake Buildings Roads Images Targets Boundaries ... Catalog View Queries extract info from diverse sources Integrated View Gazetteer Coordinate Transform Web Map Service, Web Feature Service, Web Coverage Service Catalog Services Other Services Internet Geoparser Geocoder Common interfaces enable interoperability Clearinghouse Clearinghouse Whoville Cedar Lake Metadata Metadata Metadata Metadata
Section 216 of the E-Government Act, "Common Protocols for Geographic Information Systems", establishes in law the authorities and responsibilities of the Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)
The law defines " geographic information " as: "information systems that involve locational data, such as maps or other geospatial information resources"
NOTE: In U.S. Federal law and policy, the terms "spatial", "geospatial", "geographic", "mapping", and "locational" when linked with the terms "data" or "information", and/or the terms "system" or "resource", are usually equivalent.
"Although a wealth of geospatial information exists, it is often difficult to locate, access, share, and integrate in a timely and efficient manner. Many Federal, state, and local agencies collect and use geospatial data in different formats and standards based on their requirements. This results in wasteful spending, redundant data collection, and can hinder the ability of federal, state, and local governments to effectively and efficiently provide information and services to each other, citizens, and business."
OMB Report to Congress on Implementation of the E-Government Act (March 8, 2004)
"provides direction for federal agencies that produce, maintain or use spatial data either directly or indirectly"
directs such agencies, "both internally and through their activities involving partners, grants, and contracts" to:
(1) Prepare, maintain, publish, and implement a strategy for advancing geographic information and related spatial data activities appropriate to their mission, in support of the NSDI Strategy. [...]
(2) Collect, maintain, disseminate, and preserve spatial information such that the resulting data, information, or products can be readily shared with other federal agencies and non-federal users, and promote data integration between all sources. [...]
(4) Use FGDC data standards, FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata, and other appropriate standards, documenting spatial data with the relevant metadata, and making metadata available online through a registered NSDI-compatible Clearinghouse node. [...]
Before the obligation of funds, ensure that all expenditures for spatial data and related systems activities financed directly or indirectly, in whole or in part, by federal funds are compliant with the standards and provisions of the FGDC.
All Information Technology systems which process spatial data should identify planned investments for spatial data and compliance with FGDC standards within the Exhibit 300 capital asset and business plan submission (see OMB Circular A-11, sec. 300).