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Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)
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Introduction J2EE Architecture (3) (ppt)

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  • J2SE 1.4 just shipped in February!
  • Alphabet soup
  • Java 2 Standard, is the foundation – J2EE is built on top, then there are tools & blueprints to help Blueprint – “Guides, patterns and code for end-to-end Java applications”
  • Dynamic web pages – Parallel MS technology is Active Server Pages
  • THEY ARE JAVA CLASSES! If you can do in a java class, you can do in a servlet – including inheritance
  • Init is a good place to create an inner class if the servlet is a wrapper. Init only happens ONCE, not for each call, session or client
  • Get – Querystring – method is called once per client HTTP GET Post – Form data - method is called once per client HTTP POST
  • Very much like ASP – mix of HTML and code Server actually compiles these down to actual servlets on the first call! Taglibs
  • Slide 6 has container picture
  • A session bean is a server extension for a client Why use one? Reuse / Maintainability Encapsulation Server processing Smaller client footprint
  • Stateful – might pass information over several method calls, then call execute for example Stateless scales better
  • But JMS can allow you to talk to non-java clients / servers!
  • Active-jms activex control for JMS on sourceforge
  • Transcript

    • 1. J2EE Overview Ian Cole Orlando Java User’s Group February 28, 2002
    • 2. Presentation Overview
      • Introduction to J2EE
      • Explain the major technologies within the J2EE designation
      • J2EE applications
      • J2EE servers
    • 3. The Java 2 Platform
      • Platform introduced June, 1999
      • J2SE – Java 2 Standard Edition
        • Java for the desktop / workstation
        • http://java.sun.com/j2se
      • J2ME – Java 2 Micro Edition
        • Java for the consumer device
        • http://java.sun.com/j2me
      • J2EE - Java 2 Enterprise Edition
        • Java for the server
        • http://java.sun.com/j2ee
    • 4. The Java 2 Platform http://java.sun.com/java2/
    • 5. J2EE Technologies
      • Java Servlets
      • JSP
      • EJB
      • JMS
      • JDBC
      • JNDI
      • JTA / JTS
      • JavaMail
      • JAAS
      • XML
    • 6. J2EE Components http://java.sun.com/j2ee/overview3.html
    • 7. Java Servlets
      • Servlets are the Java platform technology of choice for extending and enhancing web servers.
      • Servlets provide a component-based, platform-independent method for building web-based applications, without the performance limitations of CGI programs.
      • http://java.sun.com/products/servlets/index.html
    • 8. Java Servlets
      • Servlets have access to the entire family of Java APIs, including the JDBC TM API to access enterprise databases.
      • Servlets can also access a library of HTTP-specific calls and receive all the benefits of the mature Java language, including portability, performance, reusability, and crash protection
      • http://java.sun.com/products/ servlets /index.html
    • 9. Anatomy of a Servlet
      • init() – the init() function is called when the servlet is initialized by the server. This often happens on the first doGet() or doPut() call of the servlet.
      • destroy() – this function is called when the servlet is being destroyed by the server, typically when the server process is being stopped.
      http://java.sun.com/docs/books/tutorial/ servlets /lifecycle/index.html
    • 10. Anatomy of a Servlet
      • doGet() – the doGet() function is called when the servlet is called via an HTTP GET.
      • doPost() – the doPost() function is called when the servlet is called via an HTTP POST.
        • POSTs are a good way to get input from HTML forms
      http://java.sun.com/docs/books/tutorial/ servlets /lifecycle/index.html
    • 11. Anatomy of a Servlet
      • HTTPServletRequest object
        • Information about an HTTP request
          • Headers
          • Query String
          • Session
          • Cookies
      • HTTPServletResponse object
        • Used for formatting an HTTP response
          • Headers
          • Status codes
          • Cookies
    • 12. Sample Servlet
      • import java.io.*; //Apache Tomcat sample code
      • import javax.servlet.*;
      • import javax.servlet.http.*;
      • public class HelloWorld extends HttpServlet
      • {
      • public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws IOException, ServletException
      • {
      • response.setContentType(" text/html ");
      • PrintWriter out = response.getWriter(); out.println(&quot; <html> &quot;); out.println(&quot; <body> &quot;);
      • out.println(&quot; <head> &quot;);
      • out.println(&quot; <title>Hello World!</title> &quot;);
      • out.println(&quot; </head> &quot;);
      • out.println(&quot; <body> &quot;);
      • out.println(&quot; <h1>Hello World!</h1> &quot;);
      • out.println(&quot; </body> &quot;);
      • out.println(&quot; </html> &quot;);
      • }
      • }
    • 13. JSP – JavaServer Pages
      • JavaServer Pages technology uses XML-like tags and scriptlets written in the Java programming language to encapsulate the logic that generates the content for the page.
      • Any and all formatting (HTML or XML) tags are passed directly back to the response page.
      • By separating the page logic from its design and display and supporting a reusable component-based design, JSP technology makes it faster and easier than ever to build web-based applications.
      • http://java.sun.com/products/jsp/index.html
    • 14. Sample JSP
      • <html> <!- Apache Tomcat Samples ->
      • <!-- Copyright (c) 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved.-->
      • <body bgcolor=&quot;white&quot;>
      • <jsp:useBean id='clock' scope='page' class='dates.JspCalendar' type=&quot;dates.JspCalendar&quot; />
      • <font size=4><ul>
      • <li> Day of month: is <jsp:getProperty name=&quot;clock&quot; property=&quot;dayOfMonth&quot;/>
      • <li> Year: is <jsp:getProperty name=&quot;clock&quot; property=&quot;year&quot;/>
      • <li> Month: is <jsp:getProperty name=&quot;clock&quot; property=&quot;month&quot;/>
      • <li> Time: is <jsp:getProperty name=&quot;clock&quot; property=&quot;time&quot;/>
      • <li> Date: is <jsp:getProperty name=&quot;clock&quot; property=&quot;date&quot;/>
      • <li> Day: is <jsp:getProperty name=&quot;clock&quot; property=&quot;day&quot;/>
      • <li> Day Of Year: is <jsp:getProperty name=&quot;clock&quot; property=&quot;dayOfYear&quot;/>
      • <li> Week Of Year: is <jsp:getProperty name=&quot;clock&quot; property=&quot;weekOfYear&quot;/>
      • <li> era: is <jsp:getProperty name=&quot;clock&quot; property=&quot;era&quot;/>
      • <li> DST Offset: is <jsp:getProperty name=&quot;clock&quot; property=&quot;DSTOffset&quot;/>
      • <li> Zone Offset: is <jsp:getProperty name=&quot;clock&quot; property=&quot;zoneOffset&quot;/>
      • </ul>
      • </font>
      • </body>
      • </html>
    • 15. EJB – Enterprise Java Beans
      • Enterprise JavaBeans TM is the server-side component architecture for the J2EE TM platform .
      • EJB TM enables rapid and simplified development of distributed, transactional, secure and portable Java applications.
      • Current Specification: 2.0 – 4/16/2001
      • http://java.sun.com/products/ejb/index.html
    • 16. EJB – Enterprise Java Beans
      • Enterprise Java Beans are components that are deployed into containers
      • The container provides services
        • Loading / Initialization
        • Transactions
        • Persistence
        • Communication with EJB clients
        • Enterprise Naming Context (JNDI name space)
    • 17. Anatomy of an EJB
      • Remote Interface
        • Methods that can be accessed by the outside world.
        • Extends javax.ejb.EJBObject
      • Remote Home Interface
        • Life-cycle methods (create, findByPrimaryKey)
        • Extends javax.ejb.EJBHome which extends java.rmi.Remote
      • Bean class
        • The class performing the actual business process
        • Implements an interface based on type of bean
    • 18. Anatomy of an EJB
      • EJB 2.0 New Interfaces
        • New Interfaces allow bean to bean method calls within the same container
        • Local Interface
          • Similar to the remote interface, but without RMI
          • Extends javax.ejb.EJBLocalObject
        • Local Home Interface
          • Similar to the remote home interface, but without RMI
          • Extends javax.ejb.EJBLocalHome
    • 19. Client / EJB Relationship
      • How does a client application (Java class) utilize EJBs?
        • Lookup - JNDI ENC
        • Network protocol - RMI
        • EJB container creates object with RemoteHome and Home interfaces – this object passes calls to the bean class
    • 20. EJB – Enterprise Java Beans
      • Entity Beans
      • Session Beans
      • Message Beans
        • New in EJB 2.0
    • 21. EJB – Entity Beans
      • Entity beans are classes that map to individual entities – typically, an Entity bean references a row in a database table, providing an object representation of that database object.
        • For example, an entity bean could represent a customer, and changing the values in that entity bean would cause updates to that database row
      • Entity beans provide an abstraction layer so that working with the entity is not specific to the storage mechanism for that entity.
    • 22. Entity Beans - Persistence
      • Container Managed Persistence (CMP)
        • The EJB container automatically persists the EJB objects, usually to a relational database where each type of object is represented as a table, and each instance of the object is a row in that table
      • Bean Managed Persistence (BMP)
        • The EJB container calls bean methods when it is appropriate for the bean to load, save or update data, enforcing transactions without transaction code written by the bean developer
    • 23. EJB – Session Beans
      • Session beans perform work for a client application
        • For example, a session bean could charge a credit card for a specific transaction.
    • 24. Session Beans – State
      • Stateful – A stateful bean maintains a conversational state with a client. The client perceives that it is only talking to one bean, and that bean maintains information between calls
      • Stateless – A stateless bean maintains no client information between method calls – the container can substitute beans as necessary between method calls
    • 25. EJB – Session Bean Example
      • package org.jboss.docs.interest;
      • import javax.ejb.EJBObject;
      • import java.rmi.RemoteException;
      • /** This interface defines the `Remote' interface for the `Interest' EJB. Its single method is the only method exposed to the outside world. The class InterestBean implements the method. */
      • public interface Interest extends EJBObject
      • {
      • /** Calculates the compound interest on the sum `principle', with interest rate per period `rate' over `periods' time periods. This method also prints a message to standard output; this is picked up by the EJB server and logged. In this way we can demonstrate that the method is actually being executed on the server, rather than the client. */
      • public double calculateCompoundInterest(double principle, double rate, double periods) throws RemoteException;
      • }
    • 26. EJB – Session Bean Example package org.jboss.docs.interest; import java.io.Serializable; import java.rmi.RemoteException; import javax.ejb.CreateException; import javax.ejb.EJBHome; /** This interface defines the 'home' interface for the 'Interest' EJB. */ public interface InterestHome extends EJBHome { /** Creates an instance of the `InterestBean' class on the server, and returns a remote reference to an Interest interface on the client. */ Interest create() throws RemoteException, CreateException; }
    • 27. EJB – Session Bean Example package org.jboss.docs.interest; import java.rmi.RemoteException; import javax.ejb.SessionBean; import javax.ejb.SessionContext; /** This class contains the implementation for the 'calculateCompoundInterest' method exposed by this Bean. It includes empty method bodies for the methods prescribe by the SessionBean interface; these don't need to do anything in this simple example. */ public class InterestBean implements SessionBean { public double calculateCompoundInterest(double principle, double rate, double periods) { System.out.println(&quot;Someone called `calculateCompoundInterest!'&quot;); return principle * Math.pow(1+rate, periods) - principle; } public void ejbCreate() {} public void ejbPostCreate() {} public void ejbRemove() {} public void ejbActivate() {} public void ejbPassivate() {} public void setSessionContext(SessionContext sc) {} }
    • 28. EJB – Session Bean Example <?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot; encoding=&quot;UTF-8&quot;?> <ejb-jar>      <description>JBoss Interest Sample Application</description>      <display-name>Interest EJB</display-name>      <enterprise-beans>        <session>          <ejb-name>Interest</ejb-name>          <home>org.jboss.docs.interest.InterestHome</home>          <remote>org.jboss.docs.interest.Interest</remote>          <ejb-class>org.jboss.docs.interest.InterestBean</ejb-class>          <session-type>Stateless</session-type>          <transaction-type>Bean</transaction-type>        </session>      </enterprise-beans> </ejb-jar>
    • 29. EJB – Session Bean Example package org.jboss.docs.interest; import javax.naming.InitialContext; import javax.rmi.PortableRemoteObject; class InterestClient { /** This method does all the work. It creates an instance of the Interest EJB on the EJB server, and calls its `calculateCompoundInterest()' method, then prints the result of the calculation. */ public static void main(String[] args) { try { InitialContext jndiContext = new InitialContext(); ref = jndiContext.lookup(&quot;interest/Interest&quot;); InterestHome home = (InterestHome) PortableRemoteObject.narrow(ref, InterestHome.class); Interest interest = home.create(); //Create an Interest object from the Home interface System.out.println(interest.calculateCompoundInterest(1000, 0.10, 2)); } catch(Exception e) { System.out.println(e.toString()); } } }
    • 30. EJB – Message Beans
      • Message beans are classes that receive asynchronous notification from a Java Message Service server
        • For example, a message bean could be activated when vendor sends a purchase order to a JMS queue.
    • 31. JMS – Java Message Service
      • Enterprise messaging provides a reliable, flexible service for the asynchronous exchange of critical business data and events throughout an enterprise. The JMS API adds to this a common API and provider framework that enables the development of portable, message based applications in the Java programming language.
      • http://java.sun.com/products/jms/index.html
    • 32. JMS – Java Message Service JMS Queue JMS Topic
    • 33. JMS – Java Message Service
      • The JMS API in the J2EE 1.3 platform has the following new features:
        • A new kind of enterprise bean, the message-driven bean, enables the asynchronous consumption of messages.
        • Message sends and receives can participate in Java Transaction API (JTA) transactions.
      • http://java.sun.com/products/jms/index.html
    • 34. JMS – Java Message Service
      • Why should I use JMS?
        • Loosely-coupled systems
          • Connectionless
          • Removes dependence on client and server platform / programming language / version
        • Publish / Subscribe metaphor
          • Send / receive information with many, unknown clients
        • Integration with other messaging systems
          • IBM MQ-Series
          • Microsoft Message Queue
      • http://java.sun.com/products/jms/index.html
    • 35. JDBC – Data Access API
      • JDBC TM technology is an API that lets you access virtually any tabular data source from the Java TM programming language.
        • Cross-DBMS connectivity to a wide range of SQL databases
        • Access to other tabular data sources, such as spreadsheets or flat files.
      • http://java.sun.com/products/jdbc/index.html
    • 36. JDBC – Driver Types
      • Level 1 - A JDBC-ODBC bridge provides JDBC API access via one or more ODBC drivers.
      • Level 2 - A native-API partly Java technology-enabled driver converts JDBC calls into calls on the client API for Oracle, Sybase, Informix, DB2, or other DBMS.
      • Level 3 - A net-protocol fully Java technology-enabled driver translates JDBC API calls into a DBMS-independent net protocol which is then translated to a DBMS protocol by a server.
      • Level 4 - A native-protocol fully Java technology-enabled driver converts JDBC technology calls into the network protocol used by DBMSs directly.
      • http://java.sun.com/products/ jdbc / driverdesc .html
    • 37. JNDI – Java Naming and Directory Interface
      • JNDI is an API specified in Java tm that provides naming and directory functionality to applications written in Java. It is designed especially for Java by using Java's object model.
      • Using JNDI, Java applications can store and retrieve named Java objects of any type.
      • JNDI provides methods for performing standard directory operations, such as associating attributes with objects and searching for objects using their attributes.
      • JNDI allows Java applications to take advantage of information in a variety of existing naming and directory services, such as LDAP, NDS, DNS, and NIS(YP), and allows Java applications to coexist with legacy applications and systems.
      • http://java.sun.com/products/ jndi /overview.html
    • 38. JNDI - Layers
    • 39. JNDI – Common Uses
      • JNDI ENC – “enterprise naming context”
        • EJB lookup within a J2EE app server
      • LDAP integration
      • Dynamic registration of services and clients
      • Peer to Peer computing
    • 40. JNDI – Session Bean Example package org.jboss.docs.interest; import javax.naming.InitialContext; import javax.rmi.PortableRemoteObject; class InterestClient { /** This method does all the work. It creates an instance of the Interest EJB on the EJB server, and calls its `calculateCompoundInterest()' method, then prints the result of the calculation. */ public static void main(String[] args) { try { InitialContext jndiContext = new InitialContext(); ref = jndiContext.lookup(&quot;interest/Interest&quot;); InterestHome home = (InterestHome) PortableRemoteObject.narrow(ref, InterestHome.class); Interest interest = home.create(); //Create an Interest object from the Home interface System.out.println(interest.calculateCompoundInterest(1000, 0.10, 2)); } catch(Exception e) { System.out.println(e.toString()); } } }
    • 41. JTA / JTS – Transactions
      • The Java Transaction API (JTA) and the Java Transaction Service (JTS) allow J2EE application servers to take the burden of transaction management off of the component developer.
      • Developers can define the transactional properties of Enterprise JavaBeans TM technology based components during design or deployment using declarative statements in the deployment descriptor.
      • The application server takes over the transaction management responsibilities.
      • http://java.sun.com/j2ee/transactions.html
    • 42. JavaMail
      • The JavaMail TM 1.2 API provides a set of abstract classes that model a mail system.
      • The API provides a platform independent and protocol independent framework to build Java technology-based mail and messaging applications.
      • J2EE contains JAF – JavaBeans Activation Framework since it is required by JavaMail
      • Supports common mail protocols
        • IMAP
        • POP
        • SMTP
        • MIME
      • http://java.sun.com/products/ javamail /index.html
    • 43. JAAS – Java Authentication and Authorization Service
      • Authentication of users, to reliably and securely determine who is currently executing Java code, regardless of whether the code is running as an application, an applet, a bean, or a servlet; and
      • A uthorization of users to ensure they have the access control rights (permissions) required to do the actions performed.
      • Sample authentication modules using:
        • Java TM Naming and Directory Interface (JNDI)
        • Unix Operating Environment
        • Windows NT
        • Kerberos
        • Keystore
      • http://java.sun.com/products/ jaas /index.html
                       
    • 44. XML
      • J2EE 1.3 includes JAXP 1.1 support, as well as Servlet Filters and XML JSP TM documents.
      • The Java TM API for XML Processing (&quot;JAXP&quot;) supports processing of XML documents using DOM, SAX, and XSLT.
      • The portability and extensibility of both XML and Java make them the ideal choice for the flexibility and wide availability requirements of this new web.
      • http://java.sun.com/ xml /index.html
      • http://java.sun.com/ xml / jaxp /index.html
    • 45. J2EE Connectors
      • The J2EE Connector architecture defines a standard architecture for connecting the J2EE platform to heterogeneous EISs (Enterprise Information Systems).
      • Examples of EISs include ERP, mainframe transaction processing, database systems, and legacy applications not written in the Java programming language.
      • http://java.sun.com/j2ee/connector/index.html
    • 46. J2EE Applications http://java.sun.com/j2ee/tutorial/1_3-fcs/doc/Oveview3.html
    • 47. J2EE Deployment
      • JAR – Java ARchive
        • Java class file
        • EJBs
      • WAR - Web ARchive
        • Servlets
        • JSPs
      • EAR - Enterprise ARchive
        • Contains other JARs and WARs to form an entire application
      • Deployment descriptors
        • XML
        • Required for EJB JARs, WARs, EARs
    • 48. J2EE Servers
      • Application Server
        • As of Sept ’01 - MetaGroup Survey by sales $$
          • BEA Weblogic - 37%
          • IBM Websphere – 22%
          • Oracle – 11%
          • Iplanet – 5%
          • Other- 12%
        • Open-source
          • Jboss – www.jboss.org
        • Sun’s listing of J2EE compatible servers - http://java.sun.com/j2ee/compatibility.html
    • 49. J2EE Servers
      • Servlet / JSP Servers
        • Most of the commercial application servers also include servlet / JSP support
        • Open-Source
          • Apache Tomcat
          • Jetty
        • Sun’s listing of servlet / JSP servers - http://java.sun.com/products/ servlet /industry.html
    • 50. J2EE Development Tools
      • Major IDEs support J2EE in some form
        • Wizards for EJB / Servlets
        • Custom editors for JSP
        • Deployment descriptor support
        • Deployment support for application servers
        • Embedded servers for testing within IDE
    • 51. Learning more…
      • Enterprise JavaBeans – 3 rd Edition
        • Richard Monson-Haefel
        • O’Reilly © 2001
      • JBoss documentation
        • http://www.jboss.org/online-manual/HTML/index.html
      • Designing Enterprise Applications with the Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition
        • Nicholas Kassem and the Enterprise Team
        • Addison Wesley © 2000
      • Core Servlets and JavaServer Pages (JSP)
        • Marty Hall
        • Prentice Hall © 2000
    • 52. Learning more…
      • J2EE Tutorial - http://java.sun.com/j2ee/tutorial/1_3- fcs
      • J2EE Developers Guide - http://java.sun.com/j2ee/ sdk _1.2.1/ techdocs /guides/ ejb /html/ DevGuideTOC .html
      • JNDI - http://java.sun.com/products/ jndi /tutorial/
      • JMS - http://java.sun.com/products/jms/tutorial/
      • JDBC - http://java.sun.com/docs/books/tutorial/ jdbc
      • Servlets - http://java.sun.com/docs/books/tutorial/ servlets
      • JSP - http://java.sun.com/products/ jsp /docs.html
      • JAXP - http://java.sun.com/ xml / jaxp /dist/1.1/docs/tutorial

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