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Enterprise Architecture A State Government Perspective SEARCH Conference Enterprise Architecture March 13, 2006 Washington...
About NASCIO <ul><li>NASCIO represents state chief information officers and information resource executives from the fifty...
Key Partnerships and Collaboration <ul><li>National Governors Association (NGA) </li></ul><ul><li>National Conference of S...
NASCIO Committees 2006 Enterprise Infrastructure and Services Information Security and Privacy Health Information Technolo...
Holistic Enterprise Architecture Enterprise Architecture is a management engineering discipline that presents a holistic, ...
The Rationale for EA <ul><li>Strategic intent: supports  guiding principles , objectives and strategies – ability to frame...
Why Enterprise Architecture?  <ul><li>Reconcile vertical and horizontal views of the enterprise  </li></ul><ul><li>Guide  ...
Enterprise Architecture Value Chain
Strategic Planning -what trends -what impact -what is our response Strategic   Planning   Relationships Influences Busines...
Holistic Enterprise Architecture Should include all lines of  business Public Safety Transportation Education Human Servic...
<ul><ul><li>managing inter-enterprise operability  </li></ul></ul>Federal State County Inter - Enterprise Architecture
Enterprise Architecture EA key to managing interoperability Defense Intelligence Toxicology Epidemiology Justice Investiga...
EA key to managing  global  interoperability Enterprise Architecture Anti-Terrorism Economic Alliances Defense Intelligenc...
National EA Assessment Process conducted in   2005 <ul><li>Developed clear objectives for assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Des...
<ul><li>95% of respondents have embraced enterprise architecture </li></ul><ul><li>71% of respondents believe its necessar...
Direction for the states Graphic source: OMB
National Census of States Enterprise Architecture Do you have an enterprise architecture program?
What does your EA program include? 73.7% Technical Architecture 52.6% Security Architecture 18.4% Business Architecture 36...
26.3% Business Architect 34.2% Data Architect 23.7% Process Architect 52.6% Technical Architect 26.3% Application Architec...
Do you  have  performance metrics? Yes – 23.7 % No – 34.2 % Plan to – 42.1 %
EA and the States <ul><li>Discipline adoption and recognition of value is clearly growing </li></ul><ul><li>Primarily a CI...
EA Assessment Observations <ul><li>Strong adoption of the enterprise architecture discipline across the states </li></ul><...
More Observations <ul><li>CIO role in EA: If you don’t, who will? </li></ul><ul><li>Need to promote the value of the speci...
Direction for the states <ul><li>Pennsylvania:   Bureau of Enterprise Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri:  Enterprise...
NASCIO Publications
Holistic Enterprise Architecture Governance <ul><ul><li>Business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul></ul><ul...
Templates
Strategic IT Targets <ul><li>Enterprise security solutions – web filtering, virus, spam, spyware </li></ul><ul><li>Infrast...
Emphasis on Business Disciplines <ul><li>More emphasis on state mission and IT strategic alignment  </li></ul><ul><li>Proj...
State CIO Challenges <ul><li>Champion of  Change/Transformation </li></ul><ul><li>Security Imperative – culture & process ...
On the Horizon… <ul><li>Government Transformation </li></ul><ul><li>IT as a  strategic resource  in state homeland securit...
Governance Defining and Managing Services Business Process Improvement Government Transformation Value Added Citizen Servi...
Enabling State Architects Knowledge Areas <ul><li>Funding and Budgeting Process </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative Processes </...
For More Information <ul><li>Visit NASCIO @  http://www.nascio.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Eric Sweden </li></ul><ul><li>NASCIO...
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Transcript of "Eric Sweden - Enterprise Architecture: A State Government ..."

  1. 1. Enterprise Architecture A State Government Perspective SEARCH Conference Enterprise Architecture March 13, 2006 Washington D.C. Presented by: Eric Sweden
  2. 2. About NASCIO <ul><li>NASCIO represents state chief information officers and information resource executives from the fifty states, six territories, and D.C. </li></ul><ul><li>NASCIO's mission is to foster government excellence through quality business practices, information management, and technology policy. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Key Partnerships and Collaboration <ul><li>National Governors Association (NGA) </li></ul><ul><li>National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) </li></ul><ul><li>Council of State Governments (CSG) </li></ul><ul><li>National Association of State Procurement Officers (NASPO) </li></ul><ul><li>National Association of State Auditors, Controllers and Treasurers (NASACT) </li></ul><ul><li>National Association of State Telecommunications Directors (NASTD) </li></ul><ul><li>National Association of State Budget Officers (NASBO) </li></ul><ul><li>American Council for Technology (ACT) </li></ul><ul><li>Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>SEARCH </li></ul><ul><li>National Electronic Commerce Coordinating Council (NECCC) </li></ul><ul><li>eHealth Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>NRC Computer Science and Telecommunications Board </li></ul><ul><li>Information Technology Association of America (ITAA) </li></ul><ul><li>International Association of Privacy Professionals (IAPP) </li></ul><ul><li>Metropolitan Information Exchange (MIX) </li></ul>
  4. 4. NASCIO Committees 2006 Enterprise Infrastructure and Services Information Security and Privacy Health Information Technology Enterprise Architecture Project Management Forum
  5. 5. Holistic Enterprise Architecture Enterprise Architecture is a management engineering discipline that presents a holistic, comprehensive view of the enterprise including strategic planning, organization, relationships, business process, information, and operations. The organization must be viewed as a fluid – changing over time as necessary based on the environment and management’s response to that environment.
  6. 6. The Rationale for EA <ul><li>Strategic intent: supports guiding principles , objectives and strategies – ability to frame and apply </li></ul><ul><li>Discipline for understanding the wants and needs of constituents </li></ul><ul><li>A blueprint for the desired future </li></ul><ul><li>Making order out of chaos: rules </li></ul><ul><li>Transform current state into future state </li></ul><ul><li>Traceability </li></ul>
  7. 7. Why Enterprise Architecture? <ul><li>Reconcile vertical and horizontal views of the enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>Guide and Coordinate technology investments: enterprise view </li></ul><ul><li>Improve access and sharing of information </li></ul><ul><li>Make better decisions – reduce / manage complexity and diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Support need for integration: enterprise-wide processes with consistency </li></ul><ul><li>Lead Government Transformation </li></ul>
  8. 8. Enterprise Architecture Value Chain
  9. 9. Strategic Planning -what trends -what impact -what is our response Strategic Planning Relationships Influences Business Factors Influences Legislative Factors Infrastructure Planning Business Process Planning Technology Planning Capital Planning Capability Management Portfolio Management -management initiatives -projects -programs Enabled through Capabilities delivered through Business Services Collaborative Information Exchange
  10. 10. Holistic Enterprise Architecture Should include all lines of business Public Safety Transportation Education Human Services Environmental Public Health Traditional boundaries are becoming fuzzy
  11. 11. <ul><ul><li>managing inter-enterprise operability </li></ul></ul>Federal State County Inter - Enterprise Architecture
  12. 12. Enterprise Architecture EA key to managing interoperability Defense Intelligence Toxicology Epidemiology Justice Investigation Emergency Response
  13. 13. EA key to managing global interoperability Enterprise Architecture Anti-Terrorism Economic Alliances Defense Intelligence Public Health Policy Social / Economic Policy Global Policy Communication Transportation Law Justice
  14. 14. National EA Assessment Process conducted in 2005 <ul><li>Developed clear objectives for assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Designed a simple survey instrument </li></ul><ul><li>Ensured diversity in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>geography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>economics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Compiled the results of the survey </li></ul><ul><li>Assessed the results and developed </li></ul><ul><li>observations </li></ul><ul><li>Developed “calls to action” </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>95% of respondents have embraced enterprise architecture </li></ul><ul><li>71% of respondents believe its necessary to have dedicated EA staff </li></ul><ul><li>92% of respondents - necessary to have a defined process for EA </li></ul>How far have we come? <ul><li>Five states had an EA program </li></ul>1999 2005
  16. 16. Direction for the states Graphic source: OMB
  17. 17. National Census of States Enterprise Architecture Do you have an enterprise architecture program?
  18. 18. What does your EA program include? 73.7% Technical Architecture 52.6% Security Architecture 18.4% Business Architecture 36.8% Data Architecture 18.4% Process Architecture 55.3% Architecture Program Management 44.7% Enterprise Architecture Consulting 15.8% Enterprise Performance Management 57.9% Project Management
  19. 19. 26.3% Business Architect 34.2% Data Architect 23.7% Process Architect 52.6% Technical Architect 26.3% Application Architect 36.8% Network Architect 39.5% Security Architect 42.1% Architecture Program Manager 36.8% Enterprise Architecture Consultant 10.5% Enterprise Performance Manager 52.6% Chief Enterprise Architect 36.8% Chief Security Officer 15.8% Training Manager 13.2% Change Manager 13.2% Other, (please list) Functional Roles
  20. 20. Do you have performance metrics? Yes – 23.7 % No – 34.2 % Plan to – 42.1 %
  21. 21. EA and the States <ul><li>Discipline adoption and recognition of value is clearly growing </li></ul><ul><li>Primarily a CIO responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Chief IT Architects – 36 </li></ul><ul><li>Still need to engage business side: sell </li></ul><ul><li>Road to maturity is slow and </li></ul>bumpy
  22. 22. EA Assessment Observations <ul><li>Strong adoption of the enterprise architecture discipline across the states </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on technology architecture prevails </li></ul><ul><li>Some states broadening into specialized areas of EA: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>business architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>performance management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>process architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>change management </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. More Observations <ul><li>CIO role in EA: If you don’t, who will? </li></ul><ul><li>Need to promote the value of the specialized areas </li></ul><ul><li>NASCIO products have been well received where there is awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Need to build broader exposure through marketing and awareness </li></ul><ul><li>NASCIO should continue to maintain the viability of its EA program </li></ul>
  24. 24. Direction for the states <ul><li>Pennsylvania: Bureau of Enterprise Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri: Enterprise Architecture Program Influence </li></ul><ul><li>Connecticut: Enterprise Architecture Facilitation </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina: Central Enterprise Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Illinois: Enterprise Architecture Framework & </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Indiana: Mapped to Business Reference Model </li></ul><ul><li>Kansas: Integration of EA, PMO, Strategic Planning, </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative Process </li></ul>
  25. 25. NASCIO Publications
  26. 26. Holistic Enterprise Architecture Governance <ul><ul><li>Business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems </li></ul></ul>Technical Tool-Kit Content Solution Enterprise Blueprint
  27. 27. Templates
  28. 28. Strategic IT Targets <ul><li>Enterprise security solutions – web filtering, virus, spam, spyware </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure and services consolidation </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>Configuration Management </li></ul><ul><li>Portal integration - content management approach </li></ul><ul><li>Connectivity – broadband initiatives </li></ul>
  29. 29. Emphasis on Business Disciplines <ul><li>More emphasis on state mission and IT strategic alignment </li></ul><ul><li>Project and portfolio management: PM framework, methodology, education, training, tools and oversight </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprise architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Business case and risk assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Procurement reform - leverage buying power </li></ul>
  30. 30. State CIO Challenges <ul><li>Champion of Change/Transformation </li></ul><ul><li>Security Imperative – culture & process </li></ul><ul><li>Selling Enterprise Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying innovative funding </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination and collaboration through the layers of government – information sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on outcomes vs. outputs </li></ul>
  31. 31. On the Horizon… <ul><li>Government Transformation </li></ul><ul><li>IT as a strategic resource in state homeland security efforts </li></ul><ul><li>Health IT and health information exchange : health networks and e-medical records </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy implications of emerging technologies - RFID </li></ul><ul><li>Managing geospatial assets </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic records management – preserving “born digital” </li></ul><ul><li>Dealing with e-waste </li></ul>
  32. 32. Governance Defining and Managing Services Business Process Improvement Government Transformation Value Added Citizen Services Integration with project / program mgmt and procurement Direction for the states
  33. 33. Enabling State Architects Knowledge Areas <ul><li>Funding and Budgeting Process </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative Processes </li></ul><ul><li>Governance Processes </li></ul><ul><li>Program and Project Planning Best Practices </li></ul><ul><li>Procurement Processes </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprise Architecture Disciplines and Domains </li></ul><ul><li>Communication and Marketing Approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitation Approaches </li></ul>
  34. 34. For More Information <ul><li>Visit NASCIO @ http://www.nascio.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Eric Sweden </li></ul><ul><li>NASCIO </li></ul><ul><li>201 East Main Street, Suite 1405 </li></ul><ul><li>Lexington, KY 40507 </li></ul><ul><li>859-514-9189 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Thank You </li></ul>
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