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Eric Sweden - Enterprise Architecture: A State Government ...

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    Eric Sweden - Enterprise Architecture: A State Government ... Eric Sweden - Enterprise Architecture: A State Government ... Presentation Transcript

    • Enterprise Architecture A State Government Perspective SEARCH Conference Enterprise Architecture March 13, 2006 Washington D.C. Presented by: Eric Sweden
    • About NASCIO
      • NASCIO represents state chief information officers and information resource executives from the fifty states, six territories, and D.C.
      • NASCIO's mission is to foster government excellence through quality business practices, information management, and technology policy.
    • Key Partnerships and Collaboration
      • National Governors Association (NGA)
      • National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL)
      • Council of State Governments (CSG)
      • National Association of State Procurement Officers (NASPO)
      • National Association of State Auditors, Controllers and Treasurers (NASACT)
      • National Association of State Telecommunications Directors (NASTD)
      • National Association of State Budget Officers (NASBO)
      • American Council for Technology (ACT)
      • Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative
      • SEARCH
      • National Electronic Commerce Coordinating Council (NECCC)
      • eHealth Initiative
      • NRC Computer Science and Telecommunications Board
      • Information Technology Association of America (ITAA)
      • International Association of Privacy Professionals (IAPP)
      • Metropolitan Information Exchange (MIX)
    • NASCIO Committees 2006 Enterprise Infrastructure and Services Information Security and Privacy Health Information Technology Enterprise Architecture Project Management Forum
    • Holistic Enterprise Architecture Enterprise Architecture is a management engineering discipline that presents a holistic, comprehensive view of the enterprise including strategic planning, organization, relationships, business process, information, and operations. The organization must be viewed as a fluid – changing over time as necessary based on the environment and management’s response to that environment.
    • The Rationale for EA
      • Strategic intent: supports guiding principles , objectives and strategies – ability to frame and apply
      • Discipline for understanding the wants and needs of constituents
      • A blueprint for the desired future
      • Making order out of chaos: rules
      • Transform current state into future state
      • Traceability
    • Why Enterprise Architecture?
      • Reconcile vertical and horizontal views of the enterprise
      • Guide and Coordinate technology investments: enterprise view
      • Improve access and sharing of information
      • Make better decisions – reduce / manage complexity and diversity
      • Support need for integration: enterprise-wide processes with consistency
      • Lead Government Transformation
    • Enterprise Architecture Value Chain
    • Strategic Planning -what trends -what impact -what is our response Strategic Planning Relationships Influences Business Factors Influences Legislative Factors Infrastructure Planning Business Process Planning Technology Planning Capital Planning Capability Management Portfolio Management -management initiatives -projects -programs Enabled through Capabilities delivered through Business Services Collaborative Information Exchange
    • Holistic Enterprise Architecture Should include all lines of business Public Safety Transportation Education Human Services Environmental Public Health Traditional boundaries are becoming fuzzy
        • managing inter-enterprise operability
      Federal State County Inter - Enterprise Architecture
    • Enterprise Architecture EA key to managing interoperability Defense Intelligence Toxicology Epidemiology Justice Investigation Emergency Response
    • EA key to managing global interoperability Enterprise Architecture Anti-Terrorism Economic Alliances Defense Intelligence Public Health Policy Social / Economic Policy Global Policy Communication Transportation Law Justice
    • National EA Assessment Process conducted in 2005
      • Developed clear objectives for assessment
      • Designed a simple survey instrument
      • Ensured diversity in
        • geography
        • population
        • economics
      • Compiled the results of the survey
      • Assessed the results and developed
      • observations
      • Developed “calls to action”
      • 95% of respondents have embraced enterprise architecture
      • 71% of respondents believe its necessary to have dedicated EA staff
      • 92% of respondents - necessary to have a defined process for EA
      How far have we come?
      • Five states had an EA program
      1999 2005
    • Direction for the states Graphic source: OMB
    • National Census of States Enterprise Architecture Do you have an enterprise architecture program?
    • What does your EA program include? 73.7% Technical Architecture 52.6% Security Architecture 18.4% Business Architecture 36.8% Data Architecture 18.4% Process Architecture 55.3% Architecture Program Management 44.7% Enterprise Architecture Consulting 15.8% Enterprise Performance Management 57.9% Project Management
    • 26.3% Business Architect 34.2% Data Architect 23.7% Process Architect 52.6% Technical Architect 26.3% Application Architect 36.8% Network Architect 39.5% Security Architect 42.1% Architecture Program Manager 36.8% Enterprise Architecture Consultant 10.5% Enterprise Performance Manager 52.6% Chief Enterprise Architect 36.8% Chief Security Officer 15.8% Training Manager 13.2% Change Manager 13.2% Other, (please list) Functional Roles
    • Do you have performance metrics? Yes – 23.7 % No – 34.2 % Plan to – 42.1 %
    • EA and the States
      • Discipline adoption and recognition of value is clearly growing
      • Primarily a CIO responsibility
      • Chief IT Architects – 36
      • Still need to engage business side: sell
      • Road to maturity is slow and
    • EA Assessment Observations
      • Strong adoption of the enterprise architecture discipline across the states
      • Emphasis on technology architecture prevails
      • Some states broadening into specialized areas of EA:
        • business architecture
        • performance management
        • process architecture
        • change management
    • More Observations
      • CIO role in EA: If you don’t, who will?
      • Need to promote the value of the specialized areas
      • NASCIO products have been well received where there is awareness
      • Need to build broader exposure through marketing and awareness
      • NASCIO should continue to maintain the viability of its EA program
    • Direction for the states
      • Pennsylvania: Bureau of Enterprise Architecture
      • Missouri: Enterprise Architecture Program Influence
      • Connecticut: Enterprise Architecture Facilitation
      • North Carolina: Central Enterprise Architecture
      • Illinois: Enterprise Architecture Framework &
      • Methodology
      • Indiana: Mapped to Business Reference Model
      • Kansas: Integration of EA, PMO, Strategic Planning,
      • Legislative Process
    • NASCIO Publications
    • Holistic Enterprise Architecture Governance
        • Business
        • Information
        • Systems
      Technical Tool-Kit Content Solution Enterprise Blueprint
    • Templates
    • Strategic IT Targets
      • Enterprise security solutions – web filtering, virus, spam, spyware
      • Infrastructure and services consolidation
      • Wireless interoperability
      • Configuration Management
      • Portal integration - content management approach
      • Connectivity – broadband initiatives
    • Emphasis on Business Disciplines
      • More emphasis on state mission and IT strategic alignment
      • Project and portfolio management: PM framework, methodology, education, training, tools and oversight
      • Enterprise architecture
      • Business case and risk assessment
      • Procurement reform - leverage buying power
    • State CIO Challenges
      • Champion of Change/Transformation
      • Security Imperative – culture & process
      • Selling Enterprise Architecture
      • Identifying innovative funding
      • Coordination and collaboration through the layers of government – information sharing
      • Focus on outcomes vs. outputs
    • On the Horizon…
      • Government Transformation
      • IT as a strategic resource in state homeland security efforts
      • Health IT and health information exchange : health networks and e-medical records
      • Privacy implications of emerging technologies - RFID
      • Managing geospatial assets
      • Electronic records management – preserving “born digital”
      • Dealing with e-waste
    • Governance Defining and Managing Services Business Process Improvement Government Transformation Value Added Citizen Services Integration with project / program mgmt and procurement Direction for the states
    • Enabling State Architects Knowledge Areas
      • Funding and Budgeting Process
      • Legislative Processes
      • Governance Processes
      • Program and Project Planning Best Practices
      • Procurement Processes
      • Enterprise Architecture Disciplines and Domains
      • Communication and Marketing Approaches
      • Facilitation Approaches
    • For More Information
      • Visit NASCIO @ http://www.nascio.org/
      • Eric Sweden
      • NASCIO
      • 201 East Main Street, Suite 1405
      • Lexington, KY 40507
      • 859-514-9189
      • [email_address]
      • Thank You