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Enterprise Architecture Survey 2005 IFEAD v10

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  • 1. Report of the Third Measurement Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005 How are Organizations Progressing? Web-form Based Survey 2005 Report of the Third Measurement December 2005 Edition 1.0 J. Schekkerman 1 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 2. Report of the Third Measurement © Copyright, Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments (IFEAD), 2005 – All Rights Reserved. No part of this report may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without the express written permission of the copyright holder. For more information or questions about this survey, please contact: Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments Att. J. Schekkerman President & Thought Leader Suikerpeergaarde 4 3824BC Amersfoort The Netherlands jschekkerman@enterprise-architecture.info http://www.enterprise-architecture.info 2 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 3. Report of the Third Measurement Content 1 Introduction ................................................................................................... 4 2 The Enterprise Architecture Survey 2005 - Study ........................................... 5 2.1 Enterprise Architecture Activity Ranking ........................................................... 5 3 Enterprise Architecture Business Issues......................................................... 6 3.1 Why is Enterprise Architecture important for your organization?.......................... 6 3.2 For what kind of issues do you plan an Enterprise Architecture program? ............. 7 4 Enterprise Architecture Environment.............................................................. 9 4.1 In what geographic area is your organization located? ....................................... 9 4.2 In which business area can your organization be positioned? ............................ 10 4.3 How many people are working in your organization?........................................ 11 4.4 How many people are working at your IT department? .................................... 12 4.5 Is your organization familiar with the importance of Enterprise Architecture?...... 13 4.6 Is Enterprise Architecture part of your organizations Strategic Governance? ....... 14 4.7 Are there any laws or regulations related to Enterprise Architecture in your country? .............................................................................................................. 15 4.8 Is Enterprise Architecture, etc. established in your organization? ...................... 16 5 Enterprise Architecture Governance ............................................................. 17 5.1 At which level is Enterprise Architecture part of your organizations governance structure? ............................................................................................................ 17 5.2 Do you have your own architects? ................................................................. 18 5.3 What type of architects do you have within your organization? ......................... 19 5.4 Does your organization use support from External Architects? .......................... 20 5.5 From which external organizations, do you get support in your enterprise architecture projects? ............................................................................................ 21 5.6 To whom is the architect's organization reporting? .......................................... 22 5.7 How are your Enterprise Architects educated / trained? ................................... 23 5.8 Is Certification of Enterprise Architects by an official authority an issue for your organization? ........................................................................................................ 24 5.9 Do you have planned any kind of coaching by experienced Enterprise Architects? 25 5.10 How do you select a good Enterprise Architecture coach / mentor?.................... 26 5.11 How to get more information about Enterprise Architecture? ............................ 27 6 Enterprise Architecture Methods, Tools & Frameworks ................................ 28 6.1 What kind of Enterprise Architecture Framework does your organization use?..... 28 6.2 What kind of Enterprise Architecture tools is your organization using? ............... 29 6.3 What kind of Business Modeling techniques is your organization using?.............. 30 6.4 What kind of System Modeling techniques is your organization using? ............... 31 6.5 What kind of System Development Methodology is in use in your organization? .. 32 7 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005; Observations & Conclusions........... 33 7.1 Observations .............................................................................................. 33 7.2 Conclusions ................................................................................................ 33 3 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 4. Report of the Third Measurement 1 Introduction This report presents the results of the third electronic survey, executed by the Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments (IFEAD)©, on the progress of Enterprise Architecture (EA) usage & implementations in several organizations all over the world. The Enterprise Architecture Survey's first edition was executed during 2003 and the results were presented during the LAC2003 conference in the Netherlands. A summary of the results is also present on the website of the Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments; http://www.enterprise-architecture.info. In the context of this report the definition of the term Enterprise Architecture is derived from the book 'How to survive in the jungle of Enterprise Architecture Frameworks'1. Definition: Enterprise Architecture is about understanding all of the different elements that go to make up the enterprise and how those elements inter- relate. An Enterprise in this context is any collection of organizations that has a common set of goals/principles and/or single bottom line. In that sense, an enterprise can be a whole corporation, a division of a corporation, a government organization, a single department, or a network of geographically distant organizations linked together by common objectives. Elements in this context are all the elements that enclose the areas of People, Processes, Business and Technology. In that sense, examples of elements are: strategies, business drivers, principles, stakeholders, units, locations, budgets, domains, functions, processes, services, information, communications, applications, systems, infrastructure, etc. Filling in the EA survey 2005 at the website of IFEAD was voluntary, so the results can be a little bit distorted by the fact that only people who are interested in Enterprise Architecture are taking the effort to fill in this survey. The survey was executed from September 2004 till September 2005. In the following chapter, the context and scope of this study are elaborated. Afterwards, the result of the third measurement and the progress that has been achieved compared to the previous measurements is presented. In chapter 7 the overall observations and conclusions on how EA progressed in the last year are summarized. The symbol at the left is asking special attention from the reader for some remarkable observations. © Copyright, IFEAD, 2005 1 Book ‘How to survive in the jungle of Enterprise Architecture Frameworks’, Schekkerman Jaap, Publisher Trafford Canada, 2004, ISBN 141201607-X. 4 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 5. Report of the Third Measurement 2 The Enterprise Architecture Survey 2005 - Study This third report is part of a yearly recurrent survey to measure the progress and developments in Enterprise Architecture. The report is based on a 25 questions survey, addressing geographical aspects, branch aspects, EA implementations aspects as well about tools and methodologies used in Enterprise Architecture programs and the role of architects in organizations. 79 respondents filled in the EA 2005 survey. Where possible an overview will be given of the results of 2004 and 2003 and an analysis and explanation of exceptions. All geographic areas are represented in the survey as well as different sizes of organizations. All the source information is copyrighted and based on the EA Survey's 2005, 2004 and 2003 executed by the Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments (IFEAD) 2005. 2.1 Enterprise Architecture Activity Ranking2 The next figure shows the EA activity ranking 2005 and the related IFEAD 2004 Enterprise Architecture top 20 ranking. High ranked countries, related to 2004 are India, Singapore and Brazil, while South Korea, the Netherlands and Finland have reached a lower ranking in 2005. 2005 Country EA Activity % 2004 Country EA Activity % 1. United States of America 45.27% 1. United States of America 45.05% 2. United Kingdom 6.50% 2. Netherlands 6.16% 3. Canada 6.24% 3. United Kingdom 5.25% 4. Netherlands 5.54% 4. Canada 4.78% 5. Australia 4.66% 5. Australia 4.50% 6. India 2.60% 6. South Korea 2.97% 7. Germany 2.55% 7. Japan 2.68% 8. South Korea 1.78% 8. Germany 2.42% 9. France 1.64% 9. Iran 2.13% 10. South Africa 1.50% 10. India 1.99% 11. Japan 1.48% 11. South Africa 1.85% 12. Sweden 1.25% 12. France 1.79% 13. Iran 1.24% 13. Sweden 1.20% 14. China 1.07% 14. Belgium 1.16% 15. Switserland 0.99% 15. China 1.01% 16. Belgium 0.90% 16. Finland 0.89% 17. Singapore 0.80% 17. Switserland 0.71% 18. Italy 0.75% 18. Spain 0.70% 19. Brazil 0.70% 19. Italy 0.66% 20. Spain © Copyright, IFEAD 2005 0.69% 20. Singapore 0.63% Looking to the overall list of registered EA countries in 2005, it is interesting to see that a total number of 149 countries are identified to be active in the Enterprise Architecture domain. 2 This ranking is based on a total of 219721 registered downloads in 2005 from the website of the Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments. 5 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 6. Report of the Third Measurement 3 Enterprise Architecture Business Issues 3.1 Why is Enterprise Architecture important for your organization? Why is Enterprise Architecture important for your organization? Supports (out / in) Other Helpful by mergers Supports decision sourcing 2% and acquisitions making 5% 3% 16% Delivers road maps Managing for change complexity 14% 12% Delivers insight & Supports business & overview of Business IT budget & IT prioritization Supports Systems 11% 11% Manages IT portfolio Development 14% 12% This diagram is showing the reasons why Enterprise Architecture is important in today's organizations. Why is Enterprise Architecture important for your organization? Other Supports (out / in) sourcing Helpful by mergers and acquisitions Delivers road maps for change Reasons for EA Supports business & IT budget prioritization Manages IT portfolio Supports Systems Development Delivers insight & overview of Business & IT Managing complexity Supports decision making EA Survey - 2005 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 EA Survey - 2004 Percentage % EA Survey - 2003 6 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 7. Report of the Third Measurement 3.1.1 Analysis Comparing the 2005, 2004 and 2003 figures there are some significant changes between the 2005 and the 2004 / 2003 results. Managing the IT portfolio is one of the up coming reasons for EA besides supporting decision making and delivering a roadmap for change. Managing complexity has slow down as one of the reasons for EA. There is no direct explanation for the shift between managing IT portfolio and managing complexity. 3.2 For what kind of issues do you plan an Enterprise Architecture program? For what kind of issues do you plan an Enterprise Architecture program? ERP Other Legacy implementation 2% transformation 11% Business Change 11% 15% Infrastructure renewal 12% Mergers / Acquisition 4% Application Business - IT Transformation renewal Alignment road map 10% 20% 15% This diagram is showing the reasons for planning Enterprise Architecture activities. 7 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 8. Report of the Third Measurement For what kind of issues do you plan an EA program? Other Legacy transform ation Infrastructure renewal Busines s - IT Alignm ent Kinf of Issues Trans form ation road m ap Application renewal Mergers / Acquis ition Busines s Change ERP im plem entation Percentage % EA Survey - 2005 EA Survey - 2004 0 5 10 15 20 25 EA Survey - 2003 3.2.1 Analysis There is some significant change in some reasons for planning EA. In the 2004 survey there was a strong growth for the item 'Transformation Road Map' as a reason for EA and a decline for the reason Business-IT Alignment. In 2005 Business-IT Alignment is back as number one reason, while Transformation Roadmap is almost at the same level as 2004. Infrastructure Renewal is showing a significant decline. 8 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 9. Report of the Third Measurement 4 Enterprise Architecture Environment 4.1 In what geographic area is your organization located? In what geographic area is your organization located? South America Russia 3% 8% Asia 13% North America Middle East 5% 37% China 0% South Korea 0% Europe Australia / New Africa 21% Zealand 5% 8% This diagram is showing the geographic spread of the participating organizations in the EA survey 2005. Geographic Spread Participants Russia South America Asia Georgaphic Areas Middle East South Korea China Australia / New Zealand Africa Europe North America EA Survey - 2005 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 EA Survey - 2004 Percentage % EA Survey - 2003 9 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 10. Report of the Third Measurement 4.1.1 Analysis Related to the 2003 results a larger presence from organizations of the United States of America, Asia and Russia can be seen in the EA survey 2005. South Korea and China are not anymore present in the 2005 survey. Due to higher EA activities in the USA, Europe and Asia, the 2005 results represents better the overall status of EA in the world. 4.2 In which business area can your organization be positioned? In which business area can your organization be positioned? Other Government 15% 26% Consultancy 20% Finance 13% Health care 7% Insurance 2% Utilities / Energy Telco / Public Travel / Transport Industry 2% Services 4% 9% 2% This diagram is showing in witch business areas the participants are active. In which business area is your organisation positioned? Other Consultancy Health care Business Areas Utilities / Energy Travel / Transport Industry Telco / Public Services Insurance Finance Government 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 EA Survey - 2005 EA Survey - 2004 Percentage EA Survey - 2003 10 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 11. Report of the Third Measurement 4.2.1 Analysis Comparing the 20054 results with the 2004/2003 results, we can see that the Governmental sector as well as the Consultancy sector is growing in the 2005 survey while Insurance, Telco and Utilities is showing a significant decline. The overall conclusion is that Enterprise Architecture is broad accepted in almost all the business areas. 4.3 How many people are working in your organization? Type of Organizations in the survey How many people are working in your organization? 100 - 1000 1000 - 10.000 10.000 - 25.000 25.000 - 50.000 > 50.000 This diagram is showing the categories of organizations participating in this 2005 survey. A significant difference can be seen when comparing the organizations that participate in the 2005 survey with the 2004 survey. In 2005 more mid-size (25.000 – 50.000) multi-national organizations were participating and less smaller organizations (10.000 – 25.000). In 2005 we can see that Enterprise Architecture is present in all sizes of organizations. How many people are working in your organization? > 50.000 Number of people 25.000 - 50.000 10.000 - 25.000 1000 - 10.000 100 - 1000 EA Survey - 2005 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 EA Survey - 2004 Percentage % EA Survey - 2003 11 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 12. Report of the Third Measurement 4.3.1 Analysis The good thing is today that not only very large and multi national organizations have adopted Enterprise Architecture but also smaller organizations have adopted Enterprise Architecture as a strategic governance tool. However the enterprise architecture maturity is at a higher level in larger organizations then in smaller organizations. 4.4 How many people are working at your IT department? How many people are working at the IT department? 15% 15% 8% 31% 31% 1 - 10 10 - 100 100 - 500 500 - 1000 1000 - 10.000 This diagram is showing the number of people working at the IT departments of the EA 2005 Survey participants. How many people are working at your IT department 1000 - 10.000 Number of People 500 - 1000 100 - 500 10 - 100 1 - 10 EA Survey - 2005 0 10 20 30 40 50 EA Survey - 2004 Percentage % EA Survey - 2003 12 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 13. Report of the Third Measurement 4.4.1 Analysis The average of IT people working at the IT department in the 2005 survey is slightly different compared with the results from the 2003 survey. While the 2004 survey was showing the presence of more smaller organizations. 46% of the participants in the 2005 survey have IT departments in the categories of 1-10 people (15%) and 10-100 people (31%) where in the 2004 survey 73% were in these categories. In 2004 there was a group of 10% in the categories 100 - 500 and 500 - 1000, while in the 2005 survey these categories together are 39%. 4.5 Is your organization familiar with the importance of Enterprise Architecture? Is your organization familiar with the growing importance of Enterprise Architecture? No 5% Yes 95% This diagram is showing how familiar organizations are with Enterprise Architecture. Is your organis ation fam iliar w ith the grow ing im portance of EA? Importance of EA No Yes 0 20 40 60 80 100 EA Survey - 2005 Percentage % EA Survey - 2004 EA Survey - 2003 13 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 14. Report of the Third Measurement 4.5.1 Analysis 95% of the reflecting organizations are familiar with the growing importance of Enterprise Architecture in 2005. In the 2003 survey 95% was also telling that their organizations were familiar with Enterprise Architecture. So the 2005 survey is showing the same figures as the 2003 survey. 4.6 Is Enterprise Architecture part of your organizations Strategic Governance? Is Enterprise Architecture part of your organizations Strategic Governance? No 34% Yes 66% This diagram is showing how Enterprise Architecture is part of organizations Strategic Governance. IS EA part of your organisations Strate gic Gove rnance ? EA part of Strategic Governance No Yes 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 EA Survey - 2005 EA Survey - 2004 Pe rcentage % EA Survey - 2003 14 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 15. Report of the Third Measurement 4.6.1 Analysis No significant changes can be seen when comparing the 2005 results with the 2004 results. What we can see is that Enterprise Architecture is today part of the organizations Strategic Governance. 4.7 Are there any laws or regulations related to Enterprise Architecture in your country? Are there any laws or regulations related to Enterprise Architecture in your country? Yes 44% No 56% Yes No This diagram is showing if there is any kind of regulations related to Enterprise Architecture in your country. Are there any law s & re gulations re late d to EA in your country? EA laws & regulations No Yes EA Survey - 2005 0 20 40 60 80 100 EA Survey - 2004 Percentage % EA Survey - 2003 4.7.1 Analysis What we can see is that more organizations are reporting that in their countries any EA related laws or regulations are active. 15 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 16. Report of the Third Measurement 4.8 Is Enterprise Architecture, etc. established in your organization? Is Enterprise Architecture, Business and / or IT Architecture, etc. established in your organization? Software Enterprise Architecture Architecture Governance 15% Architecture 11% Business 7% Architecture 10% Security Information Architecture Architecture 15% 13% Technology Information-Systems Infrastructure Architecture Architecture 14% 15% This diagram is showing what kinds of architectures are established in today's organizations. What kind of architectures are established in your organisation? Softw are Architecture Governance Architecture Security Architecture Kind of Architecture Technology Inf rastructure Architecture Information-Systems Architecture Inf ormation Architecture Business Architecture Enterprise Architecture EA Survey - 2005 EA Survey - 2004 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 Percentage % EA Survey - 2003 4.8.1 Analysis What we can see is a growth in establishing Security Architecture in today's organizations. Due to several law & regulations related to risks, like Sarbanes- Oxley, Basel II and IFRS, security is at the agenda of top management. 16 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 17. Report of the Third Measurement 5 Enterprise Architecture Governance 5.1 At which level is Enterprise Architecture part of your organizations governance structure? At which level is Enterprise Architecture part of your organizations governance structure? Other Management 8% Board 13% Top Management 31% IT Management 35% Middle Management 13% This diagram is showing at which the level, EA is part of the organization’s governance structure. At which level is EA part of your organisations governance structure Other IT Management Governance Level Middle Management Top Management Management Board EA Survey - 2005 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 EA Survey - 2005 Pe rcentage % EA Survey - 2003 17 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 18. Report of the Third Measurement 5.1.1 Analysis There is a significant growth that EA becomes part of Top Managements governance structure, instead of IT Managements governance structure. That means that EA is shifting from the responsibility of IT management to business management. 5.2 Do you have your own architects? Do you have your own architects? No 11% Yes 89% This diagram is showing the presence of organizations its own architects. Do You have your own Architects? No Own Architects Yes 0 20 40 60 80 100 EA Survey - 2005 Percentage % EA Survey - 2004 EA Survey - 2003 5.2.1 Analysis At the time that Enterprise Architecture is accepted as strategic governance tool and established in today's organizations, the need to have your own architects is crucial for the continuity of your organization. In 2005 89% of the respondents declared that they have their own architects, in 2004 that figure was 80%. 18 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 19. Report of the Third Measurement 5.3 What type of architects do you have within your organization? What type of architects do you have within your organization? Governance Enterprise Architects Architects Security Architects 5% 17% 10% Software Architects Business Architects 13% 12% Technology Infrastructure Information-Systems Information Architects Architects Architects 14% 14% 15% This diagram is showing the different type of architects present in today's organizations. What type of architects do you have within your organisation? Governance Architects Security Architects Type of Architects Softw are Architects Technology Infrastructure Architects Information-Systems Architects Information Architects Business Architects Enterprise Architects EA Survey - 2005 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 EA Survey - 2004 Pe rcentage % EA Survey - 2003 5.3.1 Analysis Comparing the figures from 2005 with the figures of 2004 and 2003 is showing still a growth of the presence of Enterprise Architects and a slow down in Information- System Architects. Even so the number of Governance Architects is growing and the number of Software Architects is slowing down a little bit. 19 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 20. Report of the Third Measurement 5.4 Does your organization use support from External Architects? Does your organization use support from External Architects? Yes 44% No 56% This diagram is reflecting how many organizations are getting help from external organizations. Does your organisation use support from External Architects? No External Support Yes 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 EA Survey - 2005 Percentage % EA Survey - 2004 EA Survey - 2003 5.4.1 Analysis Comparing the figures of 2005 and 2004 is showing a significant slow down in external support. This change can be explained by the growth in EA maturity in today organizations. 20 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 21. Report of the Third Measurement 5.5 From which external organizations, do you get support in your enterprise architecture projects? From which external organizations, do you hire support / coaching / mentoring related to EA? Meta Group-Gartner Accenture None 7% 9% Gartner 7% Atos - Origin 21% 4% EDS 4% Capgemini 8% Logica / CMG 2% Deloite & Touche Forrester / Giga 10% IBM Research 17% 11% This diagram is showing the organizations that are delivering EA support / coaching and / or mentoring to today's organizations. From which external organisation do you hire support, coaching mentoring related to EA? None Meta Group-Gartner Atos - Origin Capgem ini Deloite & Touche Support IBM Forres ter / Giga Res earch Logica / CMG EDS Gartner Accenture Perce ntage % EA Survey - 2005 EA Survey - 2004 0 5 10 15 20 25 EA Survey - 2003 5.5.1 Analysis Analyzing the 2005 and 2004 results is showing that the combination Gartner + Meta together are leading in delivering EA support to today’s organizations, while IBM still have a strong position in this field. Accenture is showing a decline in the reports to 9%, while Deloite & Touche is showing some growth. 21 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 22. Report of the Third Measurement 5.6 To whom is the architect's organization reporting? To whom is the architects organization reporting? Board of Directors CEO Business Other 10% 8% Manager 8% 8% CFO 0% CIO 26% IT Director / Manager 32% CTO 8% This diagram is showing to whom the architects' organization is reporting. To whom is the architects organisation reporting? Other Business Manager IT Director / Manager Reporting CTO CIO CFO CEO Board of Directors EA Survey - 2005 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 EA Survey - 2004 Perce ntage % EA Survey - 2003 5.6.1 Analysis Looking at the figures of 2005 and 2004/2003, we can see a change in responsibilities for the architecture organization. In 2004 and 2003 0% was reporting to the Board of Directors while in 2005 10% is reporting to the board. In 2005 and 2004, 0% was reporting to the CFO and we can see a shift from reporting to the CIO to management. 22 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 23. Report of the Third Measurement 5.7 How are your Enterprise Architects educated / trained? How are your Enterprise Architects educated / trained? Other University / 2% Master Study Self-Education 16% 25% External EA Certification Program 8% Web- based training courses External Courses 8% Mentoring / / Training Organization own Coaching by 17% training / external education architects 14% 10% This diagram is showing the way Enterprise Architects are trained and educated. How are your Enterprise Architects educated / trained? Other Self -Education Type of Education Web- based training courses Mentoring / Coaching by external architects Organization ow n training / education External Courses / Training External EA Certif ication Program University / Master Study EA Survey - 2005 0 5 10 15 20 25 EA Survey - 2004 Perce ntage % EA Survey - 2003 5.7.1 Analysis There are no significant changes between the 2005 and 2004/2003 figures. There is in 2005 a slightly decline in Mentoring & Coaching by external architects as well as external courses / training. External EA certification programs are getting more attention as well as Self-Education and web based training. 23 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 24. Report of the Third Measurement 5.8 Is Certification of Enterprise Architects by an official authority an issue for your organization? Is Certification of Enterprise Architects by an official authority an issue for your organization? Yes 28% No 72% This diagram is showing the need for Enterprise Architects Certification. Is certification of Enterprise Architects an issue for your organisation? Certification important No Yes EA Survey 0 2005 - 20 40 60 80 100 EA Survey - 2004 Pe rcentage % EA Survey - 2003 5.8.1 Analysis What we can see is that there is no real demand for certification of Enterprise Architects. Analyzing the 2005 and 2003 figures is showing that consulting and service organizations are showing that certification is an issue for them; however most organizations that are using and implementing Enterprise Architecture are today not interested in certification for their own people. 24 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 25. Report of the Third Measurement 5.9 Do you have planned any kind of coaching by experienced Enterprise Architects? Do you have planned any kind of coaching by experienced Enterprise Architects for your people and how often? Never Frequently 18% 8% Often 15% Seldom 21% Sometimes 38% This diagram is showing the demand of coaching by experienced Enterprise Architects. Do you have planned coaching by experienced Enterprise Architects? Never Seldom Frequency Sometimes Often Frequently EA Survey - 2005 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 EA Survey - 2004 Percentage % EA Survey - 2003 5.9.1 Analysis What we can see is that the demand for coaching is growing, however it is depending of the situation, that’s why the answer sometimes is growing high 25 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 26. Report of the Third Measurement 5.10 How do you select a good Enterprise Architecture coach / mentor? How do you select a good Enterprise Architecture coach / mentor? Relevant Proven Publications Other Experience 12% 1% 32% Knowledge of methods, frameworks. etc 33% Reputation of Coach / Mentor 22% This diagram is showing the reasons for selecting an EA coach / mentor. How do you select a good coach / mentor? Other Selection Criteria Relevant Publications Know ledge of methods, framew orks. etc Reputation of Coach / Mentor Proven Experience EA Survey - 2005 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 EA Survey - 2004 Perce ntage % EA Survey - 2003 5.10.1 Analysis There is a slightly difference between the 2005 and 2004 figures. The relevancy of publications is growing and becomes more important, while the focus on proven Experience is getting less attention. 26 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 27. Report of the Third Measurement 5.11 How to get more information about Enterprise Architecture? How to get more information about Enterprise Architecture? Meetings with Enterprise Experienced Enterprise Architecture Books Enterprise Architects Architecture 13% 11% Brochures Enterprise 9% Architecture Courses 13% Enterprise Enterprise Architecture News Architecture Letters Presentations 8% 11% Enterprise Enterprise Enterprise Architecture Architecture Architecture Web Seminars Workshops Sites 11% 10% 14% This diagram is showing the way Enterprise Architects get their information. What type op EA learning moents do you prefer? Other Enterprise Architecture Books Enterprise Architecture Brochures Type Learning Moments Enterprise Architecture New s Letters Enterprise Architecture Web Sites Enterprise Architecture Seminars Enterprise Architecture Workshops Enterprise Architecture Presentations Enterprise Architecture Courses Meetings w ith Experienced Enterprise Architects EA Survey - 2005 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 EA Survey - 2004 Pe rcentage % EA Survey - 2003 5.11.1 Analysis We can see the growing interest in EA courses as well as books as sources of information and a decline in Enterprise Architecture seminars and workshops. 27 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 28. Report of the Third Measurement 6 Enterprise Architecture Methods, Tools & Frameworks 6.1 What kind of Enterprise Architecture Framework does your organization use? What kind of Enterprise Architecture Framework does your organization use? Other None 0% Zachman Framework 9% 25% FEAF, US Federal Enterprise Architecture Organization own Framework 22% 9% Extended Enterprise TOGAF, the Open Group Architecture Framework Architecture Framework (E2AF) 11% 9% IAF, Capgemini's - TEAF, US Treasury USA, DoD Architecture Integrated Architecture Enterprise Architecture Framework Framework Framework. 11% 3% 0% TAFIM, US Defense Technical Architecture ISO/IEC 14252 (IEEE Framework for Std 1003.0) Information Management 0% 2% This diagram is showing the Enterprise Architecture Frameworks usage. What type of Enterprise Architecture framework do you use? None Other Organization own CIMOSA Extended Enterprise Architecture Framework (E2AF) Type of Fameworks TEAF, US Treasury Enterprise Architecture Framework. TAFIM ISO/IEC 14252 (IEEE Std 1003.0) USA, DoD Architecture Framework; C4ISR, IAF, Capgemini's - Integrated Architecture Framework TOGAF, the Open Group Architecture Framework FEAF, US Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework Zachman Framework Percentage % EA Survey - 2005 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 EA Survey - 2004 EA Survey - 2003 28 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 29. Report of the Third Measurement 6.1.1 Analysis It's amazing to see the enormous growth of the usage of the Zachman’s Enterprise Architecture Framework compared to the 2004 results. Even so we can see that the organizations own EA frameworks are declining and that the presence of a well- known EA framework like the US Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework is declining dramatically. What you even so can see is that still a lot of organizations are defining their own EA framework, often based on existing ones. The use of TOGAF is growing slowly and new is the growth of the Extended Enterprise Architecture Framework. A lot of other EA frameworks are no longer present in the 2005 survey. 6.2 What kind of Enterprise Architecture tools is your organization using? What kind of Enterprise Architecture tools is your organization using? Aris Process MEGA - Other Platform None Microsoft Office 'Architecture Tools' 11% 5% Tools (Word, Excel, 2% 1% Powerpoint) Troux - 'Metis' 29% 1% Casewise Modeler 2% Ptech - 'Enterprise Framework' Telelogic - 'System Microsoft Visio 1% Architect' 33% 15% This diagram is showing the type of Enterprise Architecture tools in use. What kind of EA tools is your organization using? None Other Aris Process Platf orm MEGA - 'Architecture Tools' Type o fEA Tools Troux - 'Metis' Casew ise Modeler Ptech - 'Enterprise Framew ork' Telelogic - 'System Architect' Microsof t Visio Microsoft Office Tools (Word, Excel, Pow erpoint) EA Survey - 2005 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 EA Survey - 2004 Pe rce ntage % EA Survey - 2003 29 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 30. Report of the Third Measurement 6.2.1 Analysis What we can see is a growth in the presence of Telelogic’s System Architect tool. Even so Microsoft Visio still have a constant and prominent position as Enterprise Architecture tools, while the Microsoft office tools are showing a decline. The MEGA tool set is in 2005 present is the EA survey. 6.3 What kind of Business Modeling techniques is your organization using? What kind of Business Modeling techniques is your organization using? IDEF familiy None 13% Petri-net (CPN) Other 9% 1% 9% Yourdon (DFD) 7% Booch 6% Organization Own Gantt 21% 15% BPML 19% This diagram is showing the business modeling techniques used by organizations. What type of Business Modelling techniques is your organization using? None Other Organization Ow n Type of Modelling BPML Gantt Booch Yourdon (DFD) Petri-net (CPN) IDEF familiy EA Survey - 2005 0 5 10 15 20 25 EA Survey - 2004 Perce ntage % EA Survey - 2003 30 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 31. Report of the Third Measurement 6.3.1 Analysis New in the 2005 survey is the booming presence of BPML as business process modeling standard, while the IDEF family is coming back with a growth in 2005. There is even so a growth in organization own techniques compared to 2004 figures and a decline in other modeling techniques. Even the number of organizations that are not using any modeling tools is declining. 6.4 What kind of System Modeling techniques is your organization using? What kind of System Modeling techniques is your organization using? None Other UML 5% Organization own 2% 32% 13% Object Oriented 15% OMG - Model Interface Definition Flow-Chart Driven Language 18% Architecture 10% 5% This diagram is showing the type of System Modeling techniques used by organizations. What type of System Modelling Techniques is your organization using? None Type of System Modelling Other Organization ow n Techniques Object Oriented OMG - Model Driven Architecture Interf ace Definition Language Flow -Chart UML EA Survey - 2005 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 EA Survey - 2004 Percentage % EA Survey - 2003 31 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 32. Report of the Third Measurement 6.4.1 Analysis There are no significant changes in the figures of 2005 compared to 2004. 6.5 What kind of System Development Methodology is in use in your organization? What kind of System Development Methodology is your organization using? Rational Unified None Process 32% 33% Other DSDM - Dynamic 8% System Development LAD - Linear RAD - Rapid Method Application Application 3% Development IAD - Iterative Extreme Development 3% Application Programming 13% Development 5% 3% This diagram is showing the system development methodology used by organizations. What type of System Development Methodology is your organisation using? None Other Type of System Development LAD - Linear Application Development Methods IAD - Iterative Application Development Extreme Programming RAD - Rapid Application Development DSDM - Dynamic System Development Method Rational Unified Process EA Survey - 2005 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 EA Survey - 2004 Pe rce ntage % EA Survey - 2003 6.5.1 Analysis The 2005 figures show an enormous difference compared to the 2004 results, especially the growth of NONE methods as well as the high figures of Rational Unified Process. Rapid Application Development is showing a come back as well as Extreme Programming. 32 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved
  • 33. Report of the Third Measurement 7 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005; Observations & Conclusions 7.1 Observations Enterprise Architecture is today widely spread among organizations all over the world. There is a strong progress in implementing Enterprise Architecture in countries like Japan, China, India, Iran, Russia and a lot of other countries. Enterprise Architecture is prominent present in large organizations as well as in small organizations (100 - 1000 employees). Enterprise Architecture is implemented in Governmental organizations as well as in several industries. E-Government is driving Enterprise Architecture progress and vice versa. Enterprise Architecture is used as Strategic Governance instrument, supporting decision making of management. Hot topics for using Enterprise Architecture are: Delivering road maps for change; Managing IT Portfolio; Managing Complexity and support of System Development. Enterprise Architecture is shifting from the responsibilities of the CIO to the responsibility of Board members and business managers. Every organization that is taken Enterprise Architecture serious has its own 'Enterprise' and other type of Architects. These Enterprise Architects can only be coached and mentored by external Enterprise Architects with a proven track record, knowledge of different kind of EA frameworks and a good reputation. Certification of Enterprise Architects is only an issue for consulting organizations and less at this time for organizations using Enterprise Architecture. More and more organizations are defining their own Enterprise Architecture Frameworks instead of adopting existing frameworks. The usage of Enterprise Architecture repository tools is growing; however most organizations still use Microsoft's office and Visio products for capturing their Enterprise Architecture results. The usage of standard business modeling techniques for modeling the results is broad accepted, where BPML is today the standard. OMG's Model Driven Architecture and UML are broad accepted for modeling Information-Systems. 7.2 Conclusions Every organization that wants to manage its complexity is taken Enterprise Architecture serious. The added value of Enterprise Architecture is NO discussion at all. The measurement in financial terms of this added value is still hard to do but some progress is achieved. The acceptance of Enterprise Architecture is growing fast in small and large organizations, in industry and government. The Enterprise Architects profession is still evolving and moving from the technology spectrum to the overall business spectrum. The need for formal EA education and training is growing, while the need for EA certification is at this time only present at consultancy firms. Analyzing the EA 2005 survey results and understanding the drivers and behavior behind these results can help organizations to define their own Enterprise Architecture strategies and focus points. 33 Trends in Enterprise Architecture 2005: How are Organizations Progressing? © Copyright Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments, 2005 – All Rights Reserved