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  • 80s – stove piped 90s – process oriented 00s – collaborative, “just-in-time” applications
  • Provide an understanding of current systems and capability (As-Is Architecture) Provide a vision of where we want to go (To-Be or Objective Architecture) Provide a means to describe the transition between today’s architecture and the vision (To-Be or Transition Architecture) IS IT MORE ACCURATE TO THINK ABOUT EACH AS SNAPSHOTS THE TRANSITION ARCHITECTURE THEREFORE IS MORE LIKELY A SERIES OF SNAPSHOTS DESCRIBING PHASED MOVEMENT FOR NOW TO THEN???
  • We’ve all seen the FEA models and work continues on these but we want to give a context for CBA. CBA is the mechanism for realizing the SRM.

Transcript

  • 1. Presented by: Dennis Wisnosky (630) 357-9000 x3007 Gaye Wood-Albrecht 630.854.1403 Wizdom Systems, Inc DoDAF Capabilities
  • 2. About Wizdom
    • History: Established in 1986
    • Offices: Chicago, Washington, Los Angeles. Affiliates in Australia, Belgium, Slovakia, Taiwan, South Korea & South Africa
    • Focus: Process Reengineering Services, Web -Based Software Development, Instructional Design Services & Training
    • Consulting: Eighteen years of documented success
    • Training: Wizdom has trained the trainers
    • Methodology: MINERVA - A 22 Step Structured Approach to Reengineering introduced in 1987
    • Software: DoDAF Live! , Wizdom Live! , Wizdom Works! , LMS Live! , SDToolkit
    • Experience : Wizdom System, Inc.’s principles have more than a man-century of experience in developing enterprise architecture from the USAF ICAM program in the 70’s which developed IDEF through the DOD CIM program of the 90’s.
  • 3. Todays Events Welcome and Introductions Joint Wizdom and Pikos Presentation Wizdom and Pikos Product Demonstrations Where DoDAF is Going Mitre Field Experience If there is a DARL What do WE want the future of the DoDAF to be?
  • 4. Wizdom Accomplishments:
    • Pioneers in DoD Reengineering
    • First with a documented BPR Methodology
    • First with DoD certified BPR training
    • Managed DoD’s largest CIM Projects
    • Researched implementation barriers on hundreds of DoD BPI projects
    • First to integrate BPR analysis and modeling tools
    • First with DoDAF Toolkit- The only comprehensive software, training and consulting solution to help organizations meet the DoDAF requirements
  • 5. Wizdom is a leader in publishing BPR books, and coming soon, DoDAF Essentials
  • 6. Wizdom’s Focus Rapid development of objective, logical, and pragmatic process based solutions to dramatically improve business performance - Time , Cost , and Quality , while increasing employee Productivity This focus helped us to create the DoDAF Toolkit!… First – WHY EA?
  • 7. Agile Organizations Require Adaptable Architectures 1980’s and earlier
    • Organization Focus
    • Mainframe centric
    • Monolithic
    • Internal use
    1990’s
    • Business Process Focus
    • Client/Server
    • Monolithic
    • Business-to-business via EDI - file transfer
    • Virtual organizations
    • Distributed Functions
    • Service oriented
    • Componentized
    • Real-time
    • Nework Centric Warfare & E-commerce
    Modified from Advisory Council Enterprise Architecture SIG, Succeeding with Component-based Architectures – Draft , 2002 New Millennium 3rd party service providers Extranet Internet Customers
  • 8. EA’s provide for: Architecture’s show us how to understand and how to work with the past, present and future Transformation As - Is To - Be What you have How you move from now to then Your Vision NOW NEAR TERM………….. LONG TERM
  • 9. FEA: the OMB Holy Grail “ “
  • 10. Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA) Business Reference Model (BRM)
    • Lines of Business
    • Agencies, Customers, Partners
    Service Component Reference Model (SRM)
    • Capabilities and Functionality
    • Services and Access Channels
    Technical Reference Model (TRM)
    • IT Services
    • Standards
    Data Reference Model (DRM)
    • Business-focused data standardization
    • Cross-Agency Information exchanges
    Business-Driven Approach Performance Reference Model (PRM)
    • Government-wide Performance Measures & Outcomes
    • Line of Business-Specific Performance Measures & Outcomes
  • 11. FEA & DoDAF Approach
  • 12. “ As described in the BMMP deliverable, Update GIG/FEA/BEA Methodology , the common terminology contained in these reference models will be used as the means for aligning BEA with both the GIG architecture and the FEA.” FEA DoD BEA Alignment So what do we do?
  • 13. CCA forces organizations to ask what came to be known as “three pesky questions:” ‘ Is the function the asset will support tied directly to our agency mission?” - Think Key Performance Parameters (KPP) “ Could another agency, government or private entity do the job better?” – Think A-76 “ Have our processes been reengineered to give the best performance at the lowest cost?” – Think De ja vu all over again and Key Performance Indicators (KPI) CCA gets us started! DoDAF provides “products”
  • 14. DoDAF Provides 3 + 1 Views But, Standards and Methods: Don’t Exist! All Views AV-1 – Context, purpose, viewpoint scope document. AV-2 Integrated glossary of every term used in your architecture Technical Standards View 2 TVs Prescribe Conventions And Standards Systems View 13 SVs Relate Capability to Operational Requirements Operational View 9 OVs Identify Participant Relationships and Information Needs
  • 15. Standards and Methods: Missing Components What Direction to go? How to Build what I want? How to not get Hurt?
  • 16. Wizdom Approach Before DoDAF Wizdom! After DoDAF Wizdom!
  • 17. what we must work with! DoDAF Essential for integrated architecture Added 6212.01C Essential + Supporting Added NCOW Essential Systems Event-Trace Description SV-10c Physical Schema SV-11 Technical Standards Profile TV-1 Technical Standards Forecast TV-2 Systems State Transition Description SV-10b Systems Rules Model SV-10a Systems Technology Forecast SV-9 Systems Evolution Description SV-8 Systems Performance Parameters Matrix SV-7 Systems Data Exchange Matrix SV-6 Operational Activity to Systems Function Traceability Matrix SV-5 Systems Functionality Description SV-4 System-Systems Matrix SV-3 Systems Communications Description SV-2 Systems Interface Description SV-1 Logical Data Model OV-7 Operational Event Trance Description OV-6c Operational State Transition Description OV-6b Operational Rules Model OV-6a Operational Activity Model OV-5 Organizational Relationships Chart OV-4 Operational Informational Exchange Matrix OV-3 Operational Node Connectivity Description OV-2 High-Level Operational Concept Graphic OV-1 Integrated Dictionary AV-2 Overview and Summary Information AV-1 Simulation IDEF1X IDEF0 Matrix Form Component Deployment Collaboration Sequence State Chart Object Class Activity Use Case Product Name DoDAF Product Connect the Dots!
  • 18. what we must work with! Systems Event-Trace Description SV-10c Physical Schema SV-11 Technical Standards Profile TV-1 Technical Standards Forecast TV-2 Systems State Transition Description SV-10b Systems Rules Model SV-10a Systems Technology Forecast SV-9 Systems Evolution Description SV-8 Systems Performance Parameters Matrix SV-7 Systems Data Exchange Matrix SV-6 Operational Activity to Systems Function Traceability Matrix SV-5 Systems Functionality Description SV-4 System-Systems Matrix SV-3 Systems Communications Description SV-2 Systems Interface Description SV-1 Logical Data Model OV-7 Operational Event Trance Description OV-6c Operational State Transition Description OV-6b Operational Rules Model OV-6a Operational Activity Model OV-5 Organizational Relationships Chart OV-4 Operational Informational Exchange Matrix OV-3 Operational Node Connectivity Description OV-2 High-Level Operational Concept Graphic OV-1 Integrated Dictionary AV-2 Overview and Summary Information AV-1 Simulation IDEF1X IDEF0 Matrix Form Component Deployment Collaboration Sequence State Chart Object Class Activity Use Case Product Name DoDAF Product Connect the Dots! DoDAF Essential for integrated architecture Added 6212.01C Essential + Supporting Added NCOW Essential
  • 19. Wizdom Minimalist Methodology Activity Diagrams UseCase&Activity Class Collaboration Component Setting the Scope Deployment TV-1 Deployment Sequence State OV-1 OV-2 OV-4 SV-11 SV-10b OV-6b SV-10c TV-1 SV-1 SV-1 OV-5 SV-4 OV-7 OV-6C Operational Matrix OV-3 AV-1 AV-2 Function, Tractability & Data Exchange SV-5 SV-6 Supported by Wizdom DoDAF Toolkit! OV-6A
  • 20. Wizdom Minimalist Methodology Activity Diagrams UseCase&Activity Class Collaboration Component Setting the Scope Deployment TV-1 Deployment Sequence State OV-1 OV-2 OV-4 SV-11 SV-10b OV-6b SV-10c TV-1 SV-1 SV-1 OV-5 SV-4 OV-7 OV-6c Operational Matrix OV-3 AV-1 AV-2 Function, Tractability & Data Exchange SV-5 SV-6 Supported by Wizdom DoDAF Toolkit! OV-6a
  • 21. DoDAF Toolkit
    • The only comprehensive software, training and
    • consulting solution to help you meet the
    • DoDAF requirements
    DoDAFLive! Goals Access Strategic Vision/Possibilities Consulting & Training WORKFLOW(S) Implement Update Process/Business Improvements Bonapart Feedback Develop Strategic Plan Analyze the AS - IS Develop TO - BE Produce Project Plans Design WizdomWorks!
  • 22. Knowledgeable organizations optimally integrate… Customer/Market/ Strategy People Process Organizational Structures Technology
  • 23. DoDAF Toolkit -Tools
    • Web-based DoDAF tool that manages all work products
    • Ensures DoDAF compliance according to DoDAF and OMB Circular-130
    • DoDAF Live! contains a DoDAF template that includes all the information and steps needed to complete OV, SV and TV
    • Robust Document and Project Manager
    DoDAF Live!
  • 24. Example DoDAF Live! Visual tools Document Manager Integrated Gantt Chart
  • 25. DoDAF Live! Benefits
    • Increased project coordination
    • Lower costs
    • Increase productivity of teams and partners
    • Audit trail of all work done
    • Development of Best Practices
    • Simplify the DoDAF process
    Ease of use!
  • 26. Wizdom Works!
    • Wizdom Works! is a software suite for process modeling, data modeling and document management.
      • Build work products,OV-2, OV-4, OV-5, OV-6A, OV-7, SV-4, AV-2, & SV-11 using IDEF0 and UML Diagrams Map
      • Model Processes Using IDEF0 and UML
      • Evaluate Current Architecture Design
      • Perform Structured Analysis Modeling
      • Develop Net Ready KPPs
      • Develop Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)
      • Define Interoperability Requirements
      • Create and Evaluate Required Framework Products
    DoDAF Toolkit -tools Easy to build Models
  • 27. Analysis Tools Flow Wiz Cost Wiz Time Wiz What-if Analysis Graphs DoDAF Toolkit -Tools Wizdom Works! components Easy to build Models Document Manager DataWorks! IDEF1X ProcessWorks! IDEF0
  • 28. OV-1 High-Level Operational Concept Graphics DoD Satellite Wireless LAN LITTLE EYE UAV LITTLE EYE UAV Battle Field Commander Platoon 3 Platoon 1 Platoon 2 Higher Headquarters DoD Satellite 1 Manage On-time Leadership Battlefield commander Platoon LITTLE EYE UAV (USE CASE) Higher HQ 3 (IDEF0) 2
  • 29. AV-1 Overview and Summary Information
  • 30. AV-2 Integrated Dictionary
  • 31. OV-5 Operational Activity Model (IDEF0)
  • 32. Wizdom Works! DoDAF Toolkit -Tools IDEF0 models UML Automatically OV-5
  • 33. Wizdom Works! DoDAF Toolkit -Tools IDEF0 models UML Automatically (almost) OV-5 Easy to build Models - But, there are 2 big Issues we must face!
  • 34. Issue 1: For CCA Business Case Need Key Performance Indicators (KPI) Issue 2: Because the world is not stopping Need Dynamic Models Easy to build Models - But, there are 2 big issues! What to do?
  • 35. KPI = Key Performance Indicators
    • How to build the CCA Business Case
    How do we do this? Issue 1
  • 36. KPIs build the CCA Business Case
    • The OV-5 Activity Model
    And, Perhaps Process Flow ABC Analysis Time Line Analysis Issue 1
  • 37. KPIs build the CCA Business Case Swim Lane based process Model Issue 1
  • 38. The World is not Stopping
    • How to adjust interactions in mission threads (business processes) to better separate command/staff activities & unit/system activities
      • Currently defined mission threads intertwine activities represented in process model and combat model
      • Need to modify mission threads to handle actions between process model and combat simulation
    • How to create interactions between combat simulation and process models
      • Mapping Key Events to start of a Mission Thread
    • How to adjust/compensate for variations in levels of fidelity among the models in terms of Entities and Time
    • How to modify each tool to function with HLA/RTI and get it to provide the right object attributes & interaction parameters
    • How to develop architectures to capture dynamic aspects of organizations and systems
    • How to define the measures of merit that we want and then get the models to provide them
    Issue 2
  • 39. About Pikos & Bonapart
    • High-End business modeling and simulation tool since 1992
    • Spin-off technology from Technical University of Berlin (European Space Agency project)
    • Developed and distributed by Pikos GmbH
    • Until 1/2000 it was sold by Intellicorp as LiveAnalyst in non-German speaking markets
    • Known tool vendor in Germany (4000 licenses/500 customers distributed)
    Issue 2
  • 40. Analysis of Architectures Locate, identify, resolve definitions, properties, facts, constraints, inferences, and issues both within and across models that are redundant, conflicting, missing, and/or obsolete Identify, reconcile and clean inconsistent "dirty" architecture data, where different names mean the same thing (synonyms) or where the same name means different things (homonyms) Mine architecture data to reveal and discover hidden rules, practices, gaps, relationships, requirements, and patterns on how enterprise conducts its business Determine effect and impact of change "what if" something is redefined, redeployed, deleted, moved, delayed, accelerated, defunded Static/ Graphical Static Framework Product Representations Issue 2 Enable complex operational processes, their resources, cost$, manpower, and the relationships between them to be understood, simplified, measured and optimized for efficiency, effectiveness, and performance Measure performance (MOP), effectiveness (MOE), outcome (MOFE) and individual person/ organizational work efforts and resource utilization over time Predict and meet future C4ISR force capabilities and data requirements Validate and verify original operational assumptions Dynamic/ Behavioral Dynamic Analysis Methodology
  • 41. Behavior Models: Time-driven and Event-driven Event-driven State Transitions System Evaluation System Tech Forecast System Rules System Info Exchange Op Activity -to- System Func System Event/ Trace Desc System Functionality System Performance Element Iface Sys Node Connectivity System Architecture Operational Systems Technical
    • Discrete behavior
    • Concurrent events occur asynchronously
    • Processing occurs in discrete steps triggered by arrival of events
    Time-driven Operational Architecture Op Rules Op State Transition Command Relationships OpNode Connectivity Op Concept Op Event/ Trace Op Info Exchange Activity Model Logical Data Model Operational Systems Technical
    • Continuous or periodic inputs
    • Processing by regular beat of real-time clock
  • 42. Anatomy of an Executable Operational Architecture Organization Chart Resources Info Containers Activities Actual Organization Unit - 1-8 Armor BN, Widget Fin Dept Information Applications, Databases, Servers, Networks Process Model Job Titles Business Entities Human Roles, Jobs: - Wing Cdr, S3, XO, VP, clerk Organizational Structure - BN, Wing, Fleet, Finance Dept Systems, W/S, Satellites, Equipment, Techniques, Tools, ATM, Networks Call for Fire, Produce ATO Conduct Mission Planning, Process Loan Application Inputs/Outputs Triggers Inputs/Outputs
  • 43. Bonapart Operational Threads Process Diagram Organizational Chart Diagram 1BDE S2 OPS ASAS RWS 1BDE MI ACT ASAS RWS (DB) 1BDE FSE AFATDS TRANSMIT TARGET DATA TO FS CHANNELS (IEWConduct)2.1.2.3.3 1BDE S2 OPS PROCESS BDE TARGETS (BDEHQ)1.2.2.1.2.2 1BDE FSE DEVELOP ORDER TO FIRE (BDEHQ)1.2.2.1.2.3 1BDE FSE CONDUCT FIRE SUPPORT OPERATIONS (BDEHQ)5.2 DS ARTY BN UAV GCS ANALYZE SENSOR/SENSOR GROUND STATION REPORTS (MIBN)4.3.1.4.1 1BDE MI ACT OPERATE SENSOR GROUND STATION (MIBN)4.3.1.1 BDE CCGS Team MAINTAIN ENEMY FORCES INFORMATION (BDEHQ)1.1.2 1BDE S2 OPS REPORT MISSION RESULTS (BDEHQ)1.2.2.1.2.4 1BDE FSE Otter Intel Cells JSTARS Apache Longbow sends Apache Longbow Reports with info transfer device sends JSTARS Reports with info transfer device sends Apache Longbow Data with SINCGARS sends JSTARS Radar Data with SCDL sends UAV Video Imagery with Wireline sends Order to Fire with AFATDS Format over CNR sends Selected FS System with AFATDS Format sends Target Data with ASAS sends TIDAT with S305 over LAN uses sends Enemy Situation with ASAS uses uses uses sends Mission Fired Report with C241 over LAN sends BDA with info transfer device uses uses sends Mission Fired Report with AFATDS Format over CNR sends UAV Video Imagery with info transfer device Inputs Information Flows Activities Resources Outputs
  • 44.
    • Setting Global Attributes in Class Diagrams
  • 45. OA Execution Results: Resources=1 AFATDS (Resource) Planned Deployment of FA Asset (Activity) FCO (Person) Blocked Resource Activity Queued Person Overloaded Planned Deployment of FA Asset FCO AFATDS
  • 46. Bonapart Components Organizational Chart Process Diagram Object Classes Simulation Properties Instance Diagrams Node Location System Chart OV-2: Node Connectivity OV-5, SV-4: Activity/Functional Model OV-3: Information Exchange Matrix OV-4: Command Relationships OV-6c: Event/Trace Description OV-6b: Operational State Transition OV-3: Information Exchange Matrix SV-2: System Comm Descriptions SV-1: System Interface Descriptions OV-7: Logical Data Model Cost Drivers? Occurrence rate? Waiting Time? Continuation Strategy? Distribution Strategy? USER DEFINED Interruptible? Information Container Resource Information Transfer Device Task Structure Manager Job Title Business Entity Information Bonapart Wizdom-Supported Products
  • 47. Virtual, Integrated Executable Architecture Models HLA Eagle Bonapart NS2
  • 48. Road Map of Methodology Requirements & DoD Framework Products Comm & Network Models Operational Architecture (OA) [PetriNet tool] Combat Simulation Federation Mission events/triggers RTI NetFederate RTI Ambassador ProBona Federatiom CS federation Net federation NS2 Bonapart RTI Ambassador RTI Ambassador Federation Ambassador Federation Ambassador Federation Ambassador OV-5 OV-4 OV-2 OV-6A OV-7 SV-1 SV-4 AV-2
  • 49. Wizdom Works! to Bonapart Operation OV-5 Node Tree Export Bon Task Diagram Top Level OV-5 Export to Bonapart Bon Process Hierarchy Bonapart IDL Import BonDB Activity List Report
  • 50. Where is PIKOS headed?
    • PIKOS Cockpit monitors real-time processes to quickly identify bottlenecks
    • PIKOS BPEL Modeler enhances BONAPART´s design, simulation and analysis capabilities to support the generation of executable BPEL4WS code.
  • 51. Where is Wizdom headed?
    • Both Tracking and leading the DoDAF Products
    • Focusing on Performance Measures related to the KPIs of Time, Cost and Quality
    • Seeking to automate the business process
  • 52. Let’s go to Live!