2105 Laurel Bush Road, Suite 200


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  • Introduction Background Scope Beyond federal (all sectors) Guidance on developing EA that exploits geospatial Audience Agency architects, business management System architects CIO readership Existing policy and drivers (legislation, exec orders, ...) What is NSDI? FGDC, community Objectives Provide clarification to architects to help identify and exploit geospatial technologies Geospatial Basics Cross-cutting nature of geospatial Common Scenario Terminology Geospatial capabilities in the FEA Reference Models How geospatial interacts with the various <nowiki>RMs</nowiki> Business Reference Model Performance Reference Model Service Reference Model Technical Reference Model Data Reference Model Relationship to other FEA profiles Application of this Profile Common scenario and related use cases Example 1 - Example 2 - Appendix A: References Appendix B: Acronym List Appendix C: Terminology (Glossary)
  • 2105 Laurel Bush Road, Suite 200

    1. 1. Geospatial Enterprise Architecture What does it mean to me? and Why you should care! Tim Haithcoat MISSOURI
    2. 2. Happy Birthday Tim
    3. 3. Have you been asked? <ul><li>How would you unify, simplify, stream-line, or consolidate state geo-operations? </li></ul><ul><li>What elements of your agencies or organizations use geospatial technologies and why? </li></ul><ul><li>How much is being spent on geospatial? </li></ul><ul><li>Are you duplicating capability and data? </li></ul><ul><li>Where are the opportunities to leverage investments in the geospatial arena? </li></ul><ul><li>How can you reduce costs in hardware, software, and data resource acquisition, management, and use? </li></ul><ul><li>What standards for geospatial data development, accuracy, or technology acquisition are you using? </li></ul>
    4. 4. Have your peers recognized that . . . <ul><li>Geographic information is used in a growing number of business settings in and outside of government </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic information and services are not addressed consistently within and between organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Interoperability among providers and consumers of geographic data and services requires a common understanding of terminology and functional capability/capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Development of common multi-jurisdictional approaches to the use of geographic information and services requires inclusion in a state’s Enterprise Architecture initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Individual agencies developing internal geospatial architectures without specific participation in multi-agency / enterprise efforts </li></ul><ul><li>Location-based services and Service Oriented Architectures being built in state government require geospatial information </li></ul>
    5. 5. Have you desired . . . <ul><li>to promote consideration of location as a component of agency business activities and processes </li></ul><ul><li>to support description and sharing of geospatial resources across organizations both horizontally and vertically </li></ul><ul><li>to build geospatial considerations into all aspects of agency enterprise architecture development </li></ul><ul><li>to adopt existing guidelines, standards, and policies established by FGDC, OGC, and ISO for development, management, and use of geospatial resources </li></ul><ul><li>to measure performance in the use and management of geospatial resources </li></ul><ul><li>to assess program development across government for geospatial aspects so as to leverage these shared requirements for greater gain </li></ul><ul><li>to compare where your state is to others in terms of geospatial maturity </li></ul>
    6. 6. Geospatial Profile V1 Outline <ul><li>Executive Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction to the Geospatial Profile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Document Structure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Introduction to Geospatial Concepts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross-cutting nature of geospatial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overview of Geospatial Capabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The NSDI </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Business Reference Model </li></ul><ul><li>Data Reference Model </li></ul><ul><li>Service Components Reference Model </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Reference Model </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Reference Model and Maturity Model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appendix A: References </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appendix B: Glossary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appendix C: FEA Overview </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appendix D: Use Case and Scenarios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appendix E: Geospatial Activity for BRM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appendix F: Geospatial Business Language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appendix G: Geospatial Service Components </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appendix H: Geospatial Standards List </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appendix I: Acronym List </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Business Questions <ul><ul><ul><li>Is the activity associated with a place or a location? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Would the addition of a “where” component to the business activity enhance the business operation? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Does the activity description contain any of the following key words? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Address (physical), address (postal), area, bearing, bearings, city, community, compass, country, direction, distance, district, domicile, event, facility, geography, house, household, incident, latitude, locale, locality, locate, location, longitude, neighborhood, pinpoint, place, point, port, position, post, property, region, reservation, residence, river reach, route, scene, site, situation, space, spot, station, street, suburb, terrain, territory, topography, town, tract, venue, vicinity, village, watershed, where, whereabouts, zip code, zone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If yes, then further questions should be asked to determine the role of that keyword in the activity. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Business Questions (cont) <ul><li>Does the place/position/location/address have or could it have an impact on the way that an activity is conducted? In other words, does the activity vary by place/position/location/address or do the characteristics of a place/position/location/address impact the activity? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If yes, then further questions should be asked to elicit more about how that activity varies spatially and what geospatial information and services may be relevant to the activity. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Does the activity require the use of or could it benefit from having a map/aerial photograph/satellite image? </li></ul><ul><li>Would a map/aerial photograph/satellite image be helpful in the conduct of the activity or increase the effectiveness of individuals or groups conducting the activity? </li></ul>
    9. 9. Business Questions (cont) <ul><li>Does the activity require the use of a Global Positioning System (GPS) or other location determining technology? </li></ul><ul><li>Would the use of GPS or other location determining technology be helpful in the conduct of the activity or increase the effectiveness of individuals or groups conducting the activity? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the activity require knowing the location of any of the actors in the activity? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the location of the actor(s) changing and is ongoing knowledge of the location(s) useful to the activity? </li></ul><ul><li>Does an individual or group conducting the activity need to know their location? </li></ul><ul><li>Does an individual or group managing the activity need to know the location of the individual or group conducting the activity? </li></ul>
    10. 10. Geospatial Business Language <ul><li>The Geospatial Business Language is comprised of five basic </li></ul><ul><li>types of terms: </li></ul><ul><li>Application : A computer program with a user interface or computer program component that employs geospatial data and technology; a geospatial business process or sub-process that is implemented as a software program or program component. </li></ul><ul><li>Data : A geospatial information class, type or property. </li></ul><ul><li>Function : A geoprocessing capability or user tool; a geospatial service component. </li></ul><ul><li>Process : A general series of business activities that employs geospatial data and technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Technology : An application of science that generates, displays, manages or otherwise processes geospatial data. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Geospatial Integration Maturity Model <ul><li>At any given time, various organizations will be in </li></ul><ul><li>different phases of integrating geospatial technologies, </li></ul><ul><li>services, and data into their business and mainstream IT </li></ul><ul><li>operations. The degree to which this incorporation has </li></ul><ul><li>occurred can be measured through an integration </li></ul><ul><li>maturity model. </li></ul><ul><li>Comprised of eight (8) measurement categories </li></ul><ul><li>assessed across six (6) levels of maturity (range 0-5) </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by NSGIC Model for Coordination of Geographic </li></ul><ul><li>Information Technology, NASCIO EA Maturity Model, and OMB PART </li></ul>
    12. 12. GIMM Measurement Categories Coordination —The level of organized coordination, collaboration, and leadership. Governance, Management, & Planning —The degree to which plans and strategies for geospatial components exist. Policies & Compliance —The existence and use of compliance–based processes for assessing consistency of integration, adoption, and service implementation. Enterprise Integration —The degree to which the geospatial aspects of business data are planned for, integrated, leveraged, and used to guide investments and initiatives. Data Acquisition, Documentation, & Maintenance —The stage of implementation of geospatial data lifecycle processes. Data Access & Distribution —The degree to which an organization maintains and improves users ability to search for, discover, and access geospatial data. Standards & Best Practices —The degree to which an organization adopts and complies with geospatial technology and process standards. Training & Skills Development —The level at which the organization is aware, understands, and communicates the potential utility and application of geospatial technologies.
    13. 13. GIMM Levels <ul><li>Level 0 - No program </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1 - Informal program </li></ul><ul><li>Level 2 - Repeatable program </li></ul><ul><li>Level 3 - Well defined program </li></ul><ul><li>Level 4 - Managed program </li></ul><ul><li>Level 5 - Continuously improving and </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>vital program </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. GIMM Category Coordination <ul><li>Level 0 - No geospatial coordination mechanisms; Geospatial IT activities pursued on a project-by-project basis. </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1 - Project-based coordination by independent groups with common geospatial IT and data needs; Vested leader emerges for project duration </li></ul><ul><li>Level 2 - Broad based coordination by organization with common geospatial IT and data needs; Volunteer coordinator leads organization to goal; No predictable pattern or frequency of coordination; dependent on availability of lead </li></ul><ul><li>Level 3 - Unofficial Single Department Coordination; Key individuals act as coordinators with management approval; Level of facilitation and coordination depend on tenure of key persons and organizational leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Level 4 - Official Coordination through a Geospatial Information Officer (GIO); Enterprise coordination to the extent granted by authorizing mandate </li></ul><ul><li>Level 5 - Official Coordination through a Geospatial Information Officer (GIO); System is in place to ensure that established policies, guidelines and standards are followed, reviewed, and updated </li></ul>
    15. 15. NSGIC’s GEA Workgroup <ul><li>Mission Statement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Document and provide resources and information for education on, and implementation of, geospatial enterprise architecture integration activities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If there is a fundamental understanding that can be achieved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>regarding EA (it’s structure, knowledge, resources, and peer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>activities) state coordinators and their staffs will be better able to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>integrate geospatial technologies within the IT framework being </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>assembled within their respective states. </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. NSGIC’s GEA Workgroup <ul><li>Objectives & Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with the evolving Geospatial Profile document. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inventory and assess state geospatial maturity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aid in the development of geospatial enterprise architecture (GEA) performance metrics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compile and leverage amongst the states the various documents resulting from the development of individual state architectures (standards, best management practices, technical solutions, data element descriptions, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interact and provide a state perspective to federal and OGC EA developments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop briefing materials for GEA and Geospatial Profile documents and activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tonight is NSGIC’s GEA Workgroup meeting </li></ul></ul>