2105 Laurel Bush Road, Suite 200Presentation Transcript
Geospatial Enterprise Architecture What does it mean to me? and Why you should care! Tim Haithcoat MISSOURI
Happy Birthday Tim
Have you been asked?
How would you unify, simplify, stream-line, or consolidate state geo-operations?
What elements of your agencies or organizations use geospatial technologies and why?
How much is being spent on geospatial?
Are you duplicating capability and data?
Where are the opportunities to leverage investments in the geospatial arena?
How can you reduce costs in hardware, software, and data resource acquisition, management, and use?
What standards for geospatial data development, accuracy, or technology acquisition are you using?
Have your peers recognized that . . .
Geographic information is used in a growing number of business settings in and outside of government
Geographic information and services are not addressed consistently within and between organizations
Interoperability among providers and consumers of geographic data and services requires a common understanding of terminology and functional capability/capacity
Development of common multi-jurisdictional approaches to the use of geographic information and services requires inclusion in a state’s Enterprise Architecture initiatives
Individual agencies developing internal geospatial architectures without specific participation in multi-agency / enterprise efforts
Location-based services and Service Oriented Architectures being built in state government require geospatial information
Have you desired . . .
to promote consideration of location as a component of agency business activities and processes
to support description and sharing of geospatial resources across organizations both horizontally and vertically
to build geospatial considerations into all aspects of agency enterprise architecture development
to adopt existing guidelines, standards, and policies established by FGDC, OGC, and ISO for development, management, and use of geospatial resources
to measure performance in the use and management of geospatial resources
to assess program development across government for geospatial aspects so as to leverage these shared requirements for greater gain
to compare where your state is to others in terms of geospatial maturity
Geospatial Profile V1 Outline
Introduction to the Geospatial Profile
Introduction to Geospatial Concepts
Cross-cutting nature of geospatial
Overview of Geospatial Capabilities
Business Reference Model
Data Reference Model
Service Components Reference Model
Technology Reference Model
Performance Reference Model and Maturity Model
Appendix A: References
Appendix B: Glossary
Appendix C: FEA Overview
Appendix D: Use Case and Scenarios
Appendix E: Geospatial Activity for BRM
Appendix F: Geospatial Business Language
Appendix G: Geospatial Service Components
Appendix H: Geospatial Standards List
Appendix I: Acronym List
Is the activity associated with a place or a location?
Would the addition of a “where” component to the business activity enhance the business operation?
Does the activity description contain any of the following key words?
Address (physical), address (postal), area, bearing, bearings, city, community, compass, country, direction, distance, district, domicile, event, facility, geography, house, household, incident, latitude, locale, locality, locate, location, longitude, neighborhood, pinpoint, place, point, port, position, post, property, region, reservation, residence, river reach, route, scene, site, situation, space, spot, station, street, suburb, terrain, territory, topography, town, tract, venue, vicinity, village, watershed, where, whereabouts, zip code, zone
If yes, then further questions should be asked to determine the role of that keyword in the activity.
Business Questions (cont)
Does the place/position/location/address have or could it have an impact on the way that an activity is conducted? In other words, does the activity vary by place/position/location/address or do the characteristics of a place/position/location/address impact the activity?
If yes, then further questions should be asked to elicit more about how that activity varies spatially and what geospatial information and services may be relevant to the activity.
Does the activity require the use of or could it benefit from having a map/aerial photograph/satellite image?
Would a map/aerial photograph/satellite image be helpful in the conduct of the activity or increase the effectiveness of individuals or groups conducting the activity?
Business Questions (cont)
Does the activity require the use of a Global Positioning System (GPS) or other location determining technology?
Would the use of GPS or other location determining technology be helpful in the conduct of the activity or increase the effectiveness of individuals or groups conducting the activity?
Does the activity require knowing the location of any of the actors in the activity?
Is the location of the actor(s) changing and is ongoing knowledge of the location(s) useful to the activity?
Does an individual or group conducting the activity need to know their location?
Does an individual or group managing the activity need to know the location of the individual or group conducting the activity?
Geospatial Business Language
The Geospatial Business Language is comprised of five basic
types of terms:
Application : A computer program with a user interface or computer program component that employs geospatial data and technology; a geospatial business process or sub-process that is implemented as a software program or program component.
Data : A geospatial information class, type or property.
Function : A geoprocessing capability or user tool; a geospatial service component.
Process : A general series of business activities that employs geospatial data and technology.
Technology : An application of science that generates, displays, manages or otherwise processes geospatial data.
Geospatial Integration Maturity Model
At any given time, various organizations will be in
different phases of integrating geospatial technologies,
services, and data into their business and mainstream IT
operations. The degree to which this incorporation has
occurred can be measured through an integration
Comprised of eight (8) measurement categories
assessed across six (6) levels of maturity (range 0-5)
Influenced by NSGIC Model for Coordination of Geographic
Information Technology, NASCIO EA Maturity Model, and OMB PART
GIMM Measurement Categories Coordination —The level of organized coordination, collaboration, and leadership. Governance, Management, & Planning —The degree to which plans and strategies for geospatial components exist. Policies & Compliance —The existence and use of compliance–based processes for assessing consistency of integration, adoption, and service implementation. Enterprise Integration —The degree to which the geospatial aspects of business data are planned for, integrated, leveraged, and used to guide investments and initiatives. Data Acquisition, Documentation, & Maintenance —The stage of implementation of geospatial data lifecycle processes. Data Access & Distribution —The degree to which an organization maintains and improves users ability to search for, discover, and access geospatial data. Standards & Best Practices —The degree to which an organization adopts and complies with geospatial technology and process standards. Training & Skills Development —The level at which the organization is aware, understands, and communicates the potential utility and application of geospatial technologies.
Level 0 - No program
Level 1 - Informal program
Level 2 - Repeatable program
Level 3 - Well defined program
Level 4 - Managed program
Level 5 - Continuously improving and
GIMM Category Coordination
Level 0 - No geospatial coordination mechanisms; Geospatial IT activities pursued on a project-by-project basis.
Level 1 - Project-based coordination by independent groups with common geospatial IT and data needs; Vested leader emerges for project duration
Level 2 - Broad based coordination by organization with common geospatial IT and data needs; Volunteer coordinator leads organization to goal; No predictable pattern or frequency of coordination; dependent on availability of lead
Level 3 - Unofficial Single Department Coordination; Key individuals act as coordinators with management approval; Level of facilitation and coordination depend on tenure of key persons and organizational leadership
Level 4 - Official Coordination through a Geospatial Information Officer (GIO); Enterprise coordination to the extent granted by authorizing mandate
Level 5 - Official Coordination through a Geospatial Information Officer (GIO); System is in place to ensure that established policies, guidelines and standards are followed, reviewed, and updated
NSGIC’s GEA Workgroup
Document and provide resources and information for education on, and implementation of, geospatial enterprise architecture integration activities.
If there is a fundamental understanding that can be achieved
regarding EA (it’s structure, knowledge, resources, and peer
activities) state coordinators and their staffs will be better able to
integrate geospatial technologies within the IT framework being
assembled within their respective states.
NSGIC’s GEA Workgroup
Objectives & Activities
Work with the evolving Geospatial Profile document.
Inventory and assess state geospatial maturity
Aid in the development of geospatial enterprise architecture (GEA) performance metrics
Compile and leverage amongst the states the various documents resulting from the development of individual state architectures (standards, best management practices, technical solutions, data element descriptions, etc.)
Interact and provide a state perspective to federal and OGC EA developments
Develop briefing materials for GEA and Geospatial Profile documents and activities