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Eit 200 mod 8 lab presentation personality traits

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Eit 200 mod 8 lab presentation personality traits Eit 200 mod 8 lab presentation personality traits Presentation Transcript

  • Theories of Personality: Trait Theory Amy Whitcomb
  • Trait Theory in a nutshell:
    • Basic assumption
      • “ People possess broad dispositions, called traits, to respond in particular ways” (Cervone & Pervin)
        • Personality: an individual’s tendency to consistently act or think in a certain way
          • Tendencies toward a specific way of acting = “fundamental building blocks of personality”
  • Personality Traits :
    • “ Consistent patterns in the way individuals behave, feel, and think.” (Cervone & Pervin, 2008)
      • Trait terms : describe an individual’s typical style of experience and action
        • Consistency – Regularity of said behavior
        • Distinctiveness – Said behavior is unique to the individual
  • Functions
    • Description
      • Traits describe what an individual is usually like
    • Prediction
      • Can help predict how a person might behave in a certain situation based on typical behavior
    • Explanation
      • Can be used to explain a person’s behavior
  • Trait Theorists
    • Gordon Allport
    • Raymond Cattell
    • Hans Eysenck
  • Allport’s Contributions:
    • Organization
      • Cardinal Trait – highly pervasive in an individual’s life; all behavior results from this type of trait
      • Central Trait – General traits that are seen in most behaviors (e.g.: kindness, assertiveness)
      • Secondary dispositions : least consistent/general traits not seen in all behaviors
  • Cattell’s Contribution:
    • Organization
      • Surface traits: Observable tendencies
      • Source traits: Underlying traits that are the “root cause” of observed surface traits
        • Ability traits
        • Temperament traits
        • Dynamic traits
  • Eysenck’s Contribution
    • Organization – hierarchy of traits
      • Superfactors: set of traits that are independent, under which secondary traits can be categorized
        • PEN
          • P=psychoticism
          • E=Extraversion/Introversion
          • N=Neuroticism