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GreenFormat in Practice: How Manufacturers and Designers Communicate About Products

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  • UniFormat, a publication of CSI and CSC, is the Uniform Classification System for organizing preliminary construction information into a standard order or sequence on the basis of functional elements. Functional elements, often referred to as systems or assemblies, are major components common to most buildings that usually perform a given function regardless of the design specification, construction method, or materials used. UniFormat users can easily understand and compare information since it is linked to a standardized elemental classification structure.The changes in the new MasterFormat reflect the rapid growth in the amount and complexity of construction information generated for today's increasingly complex buildings since it was last updated in 1995. In part this was accomplished by adding new divisions to the previous editionユs 16-division structure. They address such rapidly developing areas as computer and telecommunications networks and integrated building automation systems. New divisions also enable specifications to better address building owners' post-9/11 security and life safety priorities as well as the trend toward more environmentally friendly facilities.Also enabling MasterFormat users to better handle the volume and complexity of information for modern construction projects is the 2004 edition's new six-digit numbering system for the sections within each division. It greatly expands the room in each division that can be used for developing and organizing more complete and detailed specifications, and provides more room for future expansion. To further help users handle future growth in construction project information, MasterFormat 2004 Edition reserves 16 of its 50 division numbers for addressing new products, practices, and priorities as they develop.Previously, MasterFormat didn't address engineering-related construction. Now a new Site and Infrastructure subgroup of divisions covers transportation, utility, and marine construction, and the new Process Equipment subgroup addresses industrial and process engineering projects.
  • Show the basic site online.
  • The Sustainable Attributes Verification and Evaluation™ Program (SAVE™) is a program created by ICC Evaluation Service (ICC-ES) to provide independent conformance verification of sustainable products.
  • LEED 2009 redistributes the weight of available points within each rating system relative to each credit’s ability to potentially mitigate a building’s environmental impact. This enables the ability to measure the relative impacts of buildings. USGBC weighs each credit using the areas of concern identified by EPA’s Tools for the Reduction and Assessment of Chemicals and other Impacts (TRACI life-cycle analysis). Climate change as been identified as the most important area of concern and thus receives the most weight. Reflecting this, LEED 2009 puts a much greater emphasis on energy efficiency – 32% of LEED 2009 points come from EA credits versus 24% of LEED v. 2.2 points.  As a result, buildings that ignore climate change impacts are inhibited from performing well in LEED.
  • Show how the questionaire works and how it is lead in for LCA and EPD’s that are what is coming.
  • Show how the site works to look for products and what to do with the results
  • Transcript

    • 1. How Manufacturers and Designers Communicate About Products
      Presented by:
      Michael Fuller, AIA, CSI, CDT, NCARB, LEEDap
      April 8, 2010
      GreenFormat in Practice:
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
    • 2. Michael Fuller, AIA, CDT, LEEDap
      Michael has been practicing architecture for more than 25 years, half of which as a project and quality control manger in Los Angeles
      Michael has served on the Construction Specifications Institute's Los Angeles Chapter Board since 1998 as Director, President Elect, and President, as well as current Past President. Michael has served on local and national CSI committees, including the Technical, Education, Website/Electronic Communications, Strategic Planning and GreenFormat committees.
      Recipient of the 2009 Wilbur Johnson Memorial Award, for notable contributions in conjunction with specifications, and education to the Los Angeles CSI Chapter, the CSI West Region, and the CSI Institute.
      As a LEED® accredited professional and member of the CSI GreenFormat Task Team, Michael is a frequent lecturer on “GreenFormat and the Need for Comprehensive Environmental Product Declarations" and on “BuildingSmart; An Integrated Approach to Project Delivery”.
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 3. AIA/CES Credits
      3
      LACSI is a Registered Provider with The American Institute of Architects Continuing Education Systems. Credit earned on completion of this program will be reported to CES Records for AIA members. Certificates of Completion for non-AIA members available on request.
      This program is registered with the AIA/CES for continuing professional education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product. Questions related to specific materials, methods, and services will be addressed at the conclusion of this presentation.
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 4. CSI CEN Credits
      This program is a registered educational program with the Construction Specifications Institute of Alexandria, VA. The content within this program is not created or endorsed by CSI nor should the content be construed as an approval of any product, building method, or service. Information on the specific content can be addressed at the conclusion of this program, by the Registered Provider.
      Credit earned for completing this program will automatically be submitted to the CSI CEN. Completion certificates can be obtained by contacting the Provider directly.
      This logo and statement identify Provider programs registered with the CSI CEN and are limited to the educational program content.
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 5. Learning Objectives:
      Upon completing this program, the participant should know how to:
      Make substantiated product, materials and systems evaluations and facilitate design research
      Evaluate product sustainability criteria consistently and comprehensively, and coordinated with project specifications
      Define product information that is responsive to multiple and varying sustainability requirements
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 6. GreenFormatTaskTeam
      • Originally developed by Sustainable Facilities Task Team
      • 7. GreenFormat Program Management Task Team, Building Green Inc. & McGraw-Hill Sweets
      • 8. Funded in part through a grant from Charles Pankow Foundation
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 9. GreenFormatTaskTeam
      Paul Bertram, FCSI, CDT, LEEDap (Chairman) Kingspan
      Roger Grant Staff Liaison
      Ken Buschle Executive Liaison
      Sarah Meyers (Administration) Staff
      Susan Konohia (Marketing) Staff
      Melissa Vernon, LEEDapInterfaceFlor
      Chris Hsieh Trane Commercial Systems
      Susan M. Kaplan, CSI, CCS HLW International
      James Scott Brew, FCSI, AIA, LEEDap Rocky Mountain Institute
      J.W. Mollohan Dryvit
      Michael Fuller, AIA, CSI, CDT, AIA LEEDapAWC|West
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 10. The good news about environmentally friendly products
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 11. Are you searching for greener (more energy-efficient, natural, sustainable…etc.) products?*(Oct 2009 Shelton Group Survey Results)
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 12. Challenge
      Owners, Designers, Contractors, and Manufacturers know less than you might think about how to select “green” products and what constitutes a green product.
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 13. Can a product be organic but not sustainable?*(Oct 2009 Shelton Group Survey Results)
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 14. Challenge
      We are all skeptical about sustainable product claims.
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 15. Why do companies that adopt environmentally friendly practices do so? (Pick one.)*(Oct 2009 Shelton Group Survey Results)
    • 16. Challenge
      You have likely been using “Green” products in your projects. How do you know that these products are “Green”?
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 17. What are the best sources for “Green” product certification or endorsement?*(Oct 2009 Shelton Group Survey Results)
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 18. Designer’s Sustainable Product Dilemma
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 19. Designer’s Sustainable Product Dilemma
      “All products are green products. Until we have standards that define what really is green, anything can be claimed.”
      Richard Vaneries, AIA, Chicago
      San Diego Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      February 25, 2010
    • 20. Defining sustainable design?
      What is sustainable design?
      • Design and construction practices that significantly reduce or eliminate the negative impact of buildings on the environment and occupants
      Optimized by:
      • Integration of environmental, economic, and health benefits
      • 21. Integrated approach to site, energy, water, materials, and indoor environment
      • 22. MULTI-DISCIPLINE TEAM APPROACH
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 23. * Contributing Elements
      Crowded: In 1953: 2.681 billion People on Earth. In 2010: 6.7 billion people and in 2050: 9.2 billion
      Flat: The dissemination of personal computers, cell phones, the internet, advances in interoperability and the collapse of communism has resulted in a more seamless and unobstructed global market place
      Hot: refers to “enhanced greenhouse effect” created by man made and natural emissions that are altering the process by which naturally occurring greenhouse gasses trap the sun’s heat near the earths surface before that heat is released back into space
      * “Hot Flat and Crowded, Why We Need a Green Revolution and How It Can Renew America” by Thomas Friedman, Farrar Straus and Giroux, 2008
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 24. * Five Consequences of a Hot, Flat and Crowded Earth
      Energy and Natural Resources: exhaustible, increasingly expensive and politically, ecologically and climatically toxic
      Petrodictatorship: massive transfer of wealth from energy consuming to energy producing countries
      Climate Change: abrupt or irreversible effects on air, oceans, glaciers, land, coastlines, and species.
      Energy Poverty: aspiring countries seeking evermore energy resources could become politically explosive if deprived.
      * “Hot Flat and Crowded, Why We Need a Green Revolution and How It Can Renew America” by Thomas Friedman, Farrar Straus and Giroux, 2008
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 25. * Five Consequences
      Biodiversity Loss: economic development, commerce, road building, natural resource extraction, overfishing, and urban sprawl is devouring open lands, carol reefs, tropical forests, disrupting ecosystems, despoiling rivers, and driving species extinctions
      * “Hot Flat and Crowded, Why We Need a Green Revolution and How It Can Renew America” by Thomas Friedman, Farrar Straus and Giroux, 2008
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 26. Misconception
      The impacts of Climate Change are
      known, predictable, and gradual
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 27. Larsen Bay Antartica
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 28. Larsen Bay Antartica
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 29. Misconception
      The impacts of Climate Change are
      known, predictable, and gradual
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 30. GreenWashing
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 31. Pending Environmental Legislation
      As sustainable projects incorporate mandatory and incentivize programs the project teams responsibilities for failure to meet sustainable benchmarks changes.
      • Utility Discount Programs
      • 32. The need to understand the interactions between sustainable requirements and other performance characteristics including fire resistance, smoke development, toxicity, suitability for application, durability…etc.
      • 33. Responsibility for Unintended Consequences
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 34. Pending Environmental Legislation
      • The current trend is toward regulation of GHG emissions and energy efficiency.
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 35. Pending Environmental Legislation
      California Green Building Code (In Local Amendment Period and will be enforced in Jan 2011)
      • Consolidates sustainable requirements
      • 36. Includes more aggressive building envelope requirements that have not been tested
      • 37. Introduces potential vulnerabilities into the exterior envelope such as thermal breaks and untested envelope components including new opening and insulating system requirements
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 38. Pending Environmental Legislation
      CO2 Regulation Frequently referred to as Cap & Trade
      • passed in the national House of Representatives and Senate
      • 39. Awaiting debate and reconciliation with House Bill
      • 40. Unlikely to come to debate in 2010 due to filibuster threat in the Senate
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 41. Key Elements of a Cap & Trade Program
      Program Scope:
      • Regulated Emissions (CO2, Methane, Nitrous Oxide, CFCs…)
      • 42. Regulated Sources (Industry, Buildings, Transportation)
      Point of Regulation: (Which people or companies hold GHG permits…upstream is preferred; utilities or extraction point)
      Allocation:(How are permits distributed; by auction, tax offset, or for free? How long does a permit last? Can permits be resold? How many permits may one company hold?)
      Revenue Use: (If some or all permits are auctioned, what should authorities do with the proceeds?)
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 43. 0%
      100%
      Cost/Performance Metrics
      Net Zero orCarbon Neutral
      $2000k
      Capital Costs
      Utility Costs
      Least Cost Curve
      $1500k
      Current Energy Cost
      All Energy Costs (Capital + Utility)
      Min CostPoint
      Neutral Cost Point
      $1000k
      $500k
      0
      Energy Savings (%) / Time
    • 44. 0%
      100%
      Cost/Performance Metrics
      Net Zero orCarbon Neutral
      $2000k
      Capital Costs
      Utility Costs
      Least Cost Curve
      $1500k
      Current Energy Cost
      All Energy Costs (Capital + Utility)
      Min CostPoint
      Neutral Cost Point
      $1000k
      Carbon Offsets
      $500k
      Cap & Trade Limits
      0
      Energy Savings (%) / Time
    • 45. 0%
      100%
      Cost/Performance Metrics
      Net Zero orCarbon Neutral
      $2000k
      Capital Costs
      Utility Costs
      Least Cost Curve
      $1500k
      Current Energy Cost
      All Energy Costs (Capital + Utility)
      Min CostPoint
      Neutral Cost Point
      $1000k
      Carbon Offsets
      $500k
      Cap & Trade Limits
      0
      Energy Savings (%) / Time
    • 46. Green Rating Systems & Programs
      BEEP: BOMA Energy Efficiency Program
      New Buildings Institute
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 47. We are relying on LEED:
      Single AttributesRecycled content Low VOCs Regional materials,…
      LEED doesn’t consider:
      Performance/durability
      Reuse, recycling opportunities at end-of-life
      Sustainable Product certification
      Impacts on Global Warming
      Corporate commitment to sustainability
      Efficiencies in manufacturing:water, emissions, waste, renewable energy
      ISO 14001, 9001 certification
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 48. Need a Common Lexicon
      LEED is transforming the building industry by providing a benchmark definition of a green building
      No such definition exists for products and materials
      A benchmark definition to measure against would help in selecting products
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 49. What is a Green Product?
      • Products made from environmentally attractive materials
      • 50. Products that are green because of what isn’t there
      • 51. Products that reduce environmental impact of building operation
      • 52. Products that contribute to a safe healthy indoor environment
      Environmental Building News, Vol.9 No.1, January 2000
      www.buildinggreen.com
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
    • 53. What Criteria do I Apply?
      LEED Points:
      Materials and Resources (MR) Recycled Content
      LEED for NC: MR Credit 4.1 & 4.2 (1 Point & 1 Point in addition to MR Credit 4.1)
      LEED for Retail—New Construction: MR Credit 4.1 & 4.2
      LEED for Core & Shell: MR Credit 4.1 & 4.2
      LEED for Schools 2007 Standard: MR Credit 4
      At __, being an environmentally responsible company is also an essential part of who we are. We work to minimize any adverse impacts of our products and processes, promoting continuous improvement and practicing sustainable growth.
      • Manufacturer’s claims of “greenness”?
      • 54. Single attributes to meet LEED credit criteria?
      • 55. Manufacturer with environmental policies reducing energy use, waste, and pollution?
      • 56. Combinations of criteria?
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 57. Does This Product Comply?
      gypsum board. The product resists warping, rippling and buckling.
      They have a tapered edge to receive joint treatment. The field of the board can be
      finished in the same manner as regular gypsum board.
      _____ Interior Panels are the first drywall panels to be GREENGUARD
      Indoor Air Quality Certified® and GREENGUARD Children & Schools® Certified for low
      emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) by a leading third-party organization,
      GREENGUARD Environmental Institute. In addition, _____ Interior Panels
      are the first and only drywall panels listed as GREENGUARD microbial resistant.
      This listing means _____ panels, which feature fiberglass mats instead
      of paper facings used on the surface of traditional gypsum board products, resist
      mold growth. The microbial resistant test is based on ASTM Standard D 6329-98,
      a testing standard set by ASTM International, which develops testing guidelines
      and procedures for building materials, products, systems, and services.
      _____ panels also qualify for Collaborative for High Performance Schools
      (CHPS) credits. CHPS, based in California, is a national non-profit organization that
      works with school districts and their design teams to improve the quality of education
      by using products that have met requirements to receive CHPS credits.
      Primary Uses
      _____ Interior Panels are an interior wall or ceiling covering material for
      use in new construction or renovation work. They are designed for direct attachment
      with screws or nails to wood and metal framing or existing surfaces.
      • Does the Product Data confirm the product complies with selected criteria?
      • 58. Do all products in this category report information in the same way?
      Moisture Water Absorption ASTM C473 5% 5%
      Resistance Surface Water Absorption (Cobb) ASTM C473 1.6 grams 1.6 grams
      Perm Rating (Moisture ASTM E96 26 perms 2 4 perms
      Vapor Permeance)
      Moisture Content — 0.5 - 2.0% 0.5 - 2.0%
      Linear Variation with ASTM D1037 0.3% 0.3 %
      Moisture Change
      Humidified Deflection (Max) ASTM C473 3/8 in. 1/4 in.
      Coefficient of Thermal ASTM E831 9.0x10-6 in./in./°F 9.0x10-6 in./in./°F
      Mold Resistance ASTM D3273 10 10
      Fire Flame Spread ASTM E84 0 0
      Resistance Smoke Development ASTM
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 59. What If I Just Ask the Manufacturers?
      • There are hundreds of manufacturers with thousands of products.
      • 60. Manufacturers would have to answer hundreds of questionnaires
      • 61. I would need to sort and correlate each questionnaire.
      • 62. My criteria might change or be out of date, and new questionnaires distributed.
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 63. How do I Sort Through All of the Information?
      • No one reports all information in a uniform, user-friendly way.
      • 64. Product listings in sustainable design guides may not be complete with selected criteria.
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 65. A Standardized Format for Reporting Sustainable Characteristics
      CSI is the recognized leader in developing standard formats for construction
      Developed a new framework for reporting sustainable characteristics of building products
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 66. Sustainability Classification
      Upfront Costing & Environmental LCA
      Classification By Work Results NOT Materials
      MasterFormat04 is organized to integrate the Life-Cycle of the Facility
      Page & Section Formats
      National CAD Standard
      April 8, 2010
    • 67. A Structured Format for ReportingSustainable/Green Product Attributes
      www.greenformat.com
      A Template for ProductManufacturersto meet Environmental Information Needs
      LCA
      In
      GreenFormat
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
    • 68.
    • 69. Manufacturers Perspective on Using GreenFormat
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 70. How is GreenFormat Structured?
      Five (5) Categories manufacturers respond to in an online questionnaire
      Background Information
      Product Details
      Product Life Cycle
      Additional Information
      Authorization
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 71. How is GreenFormat Structured?
      2.Product Details
      2.1 SUSTAINABLE STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATIONS
      2.1.1 Third Party Certification
      2.1.2 Second Party Certification Program
      2.1.3 Self-Declaration of Compliance
      3. Product Usage
      3.1 Life Cycle Analysis
      3.2 Material Extraction and Transportation
      3.3 Manufacturing
      3.4 Construction
      3.5 Facility Operating Phase
      3.6 Deconstruction and Recycling Phase
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 72. How is GreenFormat Structured?
      4.Additional Information
      4.1 Editorial Screened Listings That Include This Product
      4.2 Transparency of Information
      5. Authorization
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 73. Sustainable StandardsASTM E 2129 – 05
      Standard Practice for
      Data Collection for
      Sustainability
      Assessment of
      Building Products
      Data areas :
      Materials
      Manufacturing Process
      Operational Performance of Installed Product
      Indoor Air Quality
      Corporate Environmental Policy
      www.astm.org
    • 74. All Labels Are Not Created EquallyWhat is Being Claimed?
      Single Attribute
      VOCs
      Recycled content
      Multi-Attribute
      Life cycle impacts
      Raw materials
      Manufacturing
      End-of-life
      Supplier
      Corporate commitment
      Raw materials,
      Eliminate toxins
      Environmental Management System
      Publicly declared environmental targets
      Renewable energy
      Greenhouse gas emissions
      Life-Cycle Assessment
      Reclamation
      3 levels of certification:
      Platinum, Gold, Silver
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 75. Green Labeled Products
    • 76. EPP – Environmentally Preferable Products
      ASTM - EPP
      ASTM WK18435 - New Classification for Environmentally Preferable Products
      EPA
      First ANSI-EPA Sustainable Products Standards Workshop on Wednesday and Thursday, April 8-9, 2009.
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 77. What is a Climate Neutral Product?
      www.cleanair-coolplanet.org/ConsumersGuidetoCarbonOffsets.pdf
      REC’s (Renewable Energy Credits) must be certified by Green-e, Environmental Resources Trust or proven equivalent. Carbon offset programs must be in the top 8
      AgCert/Drive Green (Ireland)
      AtmosFair (Germany)
      Carbon Neutral Company (UK)
      Climate Care (UK)
      Climate Trust (US)
      CO2 Balance (UK)
      Native Energy (US)
      Sustainable Travel/My Climate (US)
      April 8, 2010
    • 78. ICC-ES SAVE™Sustainable Attributes Verification and Evaluation™
      EG101 –  Evaluation Guideline For Determination Of Recycled ContentOf Materials
      EG102 – Evaluation Guideline For Determination Of Biobased Material Content
      EG103 – Evaluation Guideline For Determination Of Solar Reflectance, Thermal Emittance And Solar Reflective Index Of Roof Covering Materials
      EG104 – Evaluation Guideline For Determination Of Regionally Extracted, Harvested Or Manufactured Materials Or Products
      EG105 – Evaluation Guideline For Determination Of Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Content And Emissions Of Adhesives And Sealants
      EG106 – Evaluation Guideline For Determination Of Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Content And Emissions Of Paints And Coatings
      EG107 – Evaluation Guideline For Determination Of Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Content And Emissions Of Floor Covering Products
      EG108 – Evaluation Guideline For Determination Of Formaldehyde Emissions Of Composite Wood And Engineered Wood Products
      EG109 – Evaluation Guideline For Determination Of Certified Wood And Certified Wood Content In Products
      http://saveprogram.icc-es.org/
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 79. LCA-BASED Assessments
      Scenario planning (EcoCalculator)
      Ability to compare – general or specific products/assemblies
      Early costing
      Environmental impacts
      Performance
      Life cycle based
      Includes social, environmental stewardship components
      Life Cycle Cost, aesthetics, use phase performance, durability
      3rd party validated ( with an LCA consultant)
      Weighed against Technical Product Performance and Compliance
    • 80. Introduction to Life Cycle Assessment
      LCA is a tool to better inform decision-makers about environmental impacts of product manufacturing and should be included with other decision criteria, such as cost and performance, to make a well-balanced decision.
      LCA may or may not include data on in-use benefits
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 81. LCA tools for the design teamhttp://www.athenasmi.ca/signon/login.php?referer=/tools/ecoCalculator/downloadEcoCalculator.php&src=access_page
      ATHENAAssembly comparisons
      NIST - BEES LCABuilding for Environmental and Economic Sustainability
      Product comparisons
    • 82. LCA appearing in Standards
      Sustainable Sites Initiative5.9 Credit Conduct a life cycle assessment
      Requirements
      Low point value: In lieu of a full LCA, identify a portion of life cycle inventory data for a stage of the product’s life (e.g., manufacturing stage or extraction stage)
      High point value:Conduct a full product LCA
      LCA and ASHRAE 189.P
      9.5 Performance Option
      9.5.1 Life Cycle Assessment.Perform a life cycle assessment (LCA) according to ISO Standard 14044 of a minimum of two building alternatives considering at least those material components included for consideration in 9.4.2,
      GreenGlobes
      LCA EcoCalculator
      LEED – LCA Pilot Credit – EcoCalculator
      NAHB – National Green Building Standard
      The concern is that the LCI databases contain data uncertainty
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 83. EPD Standards - ISO 21930:2007
      ISO 21930:2007
      Environmental Declaration of Building Products
      Environmental declarations of building products, taking into consideration the complete life cycle of a building
      ISO 21930 is expected to form the basis for Type III environmental declaration programs of building products as described in ISO 14025:2006
      (Third party verification)
    • 84. Environmental Product Declarations
    • 85. Proposed LCA and LEED
      INTRODUCTION:
      Two-part credit with multiple base points.
      Part 1, LCA of Structure and Envelope Assemblies, provides an alternative compliance path for the following LEED 2009 credits:
      MR 1.1 (Building Reuse, Existing Walls, Floors, and Roof)
      MR 4 (Recycled Content) – for structural and envelope assembly materials
      MR 5 (Regional Materials) – for structural and envelope assembly materials
      Part 2, Materials Not Addressed by LCA, rewards the use of recycled-content and regional materials that are outside the scope of Part 1
      MR 4 (Recycled Content) – for materials other than structural and envelope assemblies
      MR 5 (Regional Materials) – for materials other than structural and envelope assemblies
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 86. LEED 2009
      LEED 2009 redistributes the weight of available points within each rating system relative to each credit’s ability to potentially mitigate a building’s environmental impact. This enables the ability to measure the relative impacts of buildings. 
      USGBC weighs each credit using the areas of concern identified by EPA’s Tools for the Reduction and Assessment of Chemicals and other Impacts (TRACI life-cycle analysis).
      Climate change has been identified as the most important area of concern and thus receives the most weight.
      Reflecting this, LEED v. 3.0 puts a much greater emphasis on energy efficiency – 32% of LEED 2009 points come from EA credits versus 24% of LEED v. 2.2 points. 
      As a result, buildings that ignore climate change impacts are inhibited from performing well in LEED.
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 87. GreenFormat and LCA
      GreenFormat:
      Provides the framework for information needed in LCA
      Addresses performance across the product lifecycle
      Helps to organize information needed to perform LCA and prepare EPD
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 88.
    • 89. Specifiers Perspective on Using GreenFormat to Select Products
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 90. Add Sustainable Requirements to Specifications
      • Use MasterFormat and SectionFormat as a Guide to Start
      • 91. Add LEED Requirements to Parts 1, 2 and 3 of Section as Required
      • 92. Coordinate Submittal Requirements with LEED Rating System
      • 93. Verify Availability of Products, Documentation, and Alternates to Specified Products/Systems
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 94. CSI SectionFormatTM
      A uniform approach to organizing specification language contained in a Project Manual
      PART 3 EXECUTION
      INSTALLERS
      EXAMINATION
      PREPARATION
      ERECTION /INSTALLATION/
      APPLICATION
      CONSTRUCTION
      REPAIR/RESTORATION
      RE-INSTALLATION
      FIELD/SITE QUALITY CONTROL
      SYSTEM STARTUP
      ADJUSTING
      CLEANING
      CLOSEOUT ACTIVITIES
      PROTECTION
      MAINTENANCE
      ATTACHMENTS
      PART 2 PRODUCTS
      OWNER-FURNISHED/
      OWNER-SUPPLIED PRODUCTS
      SYSTEMS/ASSEMBLIES
      MANUFACTURED UNITS
      EQUIPMENT
      COMPONENTS
      PRODUCT TYPES
      MATERIALS
      ACCESSORIES
      SOURCE QUALITY CONTROL
      PART 1 GENERAL
      SUMMARY
      PRICE/PAYMENT PROCEDURES
      REFERENCES
      ADMINISTRATIVE
      REQUIREMENTS
      SUBMITTALS
      ACTION/INFORMATIONAL
      SUBMITTALS
      CLOSEOUT SUBMITTALS
      MAINTENANCE MATERIAL
      SUBMITTALS
      QUALITY ASSURANCE
      DELIVERY, STORAGE,
      AND HANDLING
      FIELD/SITE*
      CONDITIONS
      WARRANTY/BOND
      Sections where LEED Requirements typically identified
      San Diego Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      February 25, 2010
    • 95. Add Sustainable Requirements to Specifications
      • Division 1 General Requirements
      • 96. 013500 Special Procedures
      • 97. LEED Submittal Requirements
      • 98. Exhibit A & B
      • 99. LEED responsibility Matrix
      • 100. Energy Efficiency Requirements
      • 101. 017400 Cleaning and Waste Management
      • 102. 018800 Other Facility Construction Performance Requirements
      • 103. Indoor Air Quality Requirements
      • 104. 019000 Commissioning
      San Diego Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      February 25, 2010
    • 105. Sample Product Specification with Environmental Requirements
      Sample Specification for Architectural Woodwork 064000
      1.3 SUBMITTALS
      A. Provide LEED Submittals per Section 013350 and Section 013400 Environmental Procedures.
      1. Complete and submit Appendix A LEED Submittal Processing Sheet with the submittal for this Section of Work.
      Product Data for Credit MR 4.1: For products having recycled content, documentation indicating percentages by weight of postconsumer and pre-consumer recycled content. Included LEED Submittals Processing Sheet (See Section 01335).
      Product Certificates for Credits MR 5.1 and 5.2: for products and materials required to comply with requirements for regional materials indicating locations and distance from Project of materials manufacturer and point of extraction, harvest, or recovery for each raw material. Include statement indicating cost for each regional material and the fraction by weight that is considered regional (See Section 01340).
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 106. Sample Product Specification with Environmental Requirements
      Sample Specification for LEED Submittal Requirements
      PART 3 – EXECUTION
      3.01 LEED MANDATORY PREREQUISITES AND CREDITS
      A. Mandatory Prerequisites: The following LEED prerequisites must be included in the Work that must be included as part of a LEED rated project. The other listed measures can earn credit points under the LEED system and must be included as part of the Work. The LEED prerequisites and credits listed below may be modified upon adoption of the LEED 2009 Rating System, in which case LEED 2009 prerequisite and credit requirements will prevail.
      B. Sustainable Sites:
      1. Construction Activity Pollution Prevention, Erosion and Sedimentation Control Plan (Prerequisite SS.Pr1):
      a. Comply with local Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) or the requirements and the EPA’s Construction General Permit.
      b. Use the more stringent requirements of the above in developing and implementing a plan.….
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 107. Industry Initiatives
      GreenFormat is a web-based CSI format that allows manufacturers to accurately report the sustainability properties of their products. It provides designers, constructors and building operators with basic information to help meet ‘green’ requirements.
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 108.
    • 109. Prologue
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 110. Industry Initiatives
      Green Building Products Coalition
      http://www.greenbuildingproductscoalition.org/connect
      Context : Why a Coalition?
      Demand for greener, more responsible building products continues to increase, driven in part by rating system demands, but the building products supply chain does not have a credible open forum in which to discuss, define, and reach consensus on the ways in which product-level innovation supports system-level sustainability.
      Meeting on Tuesday May 11th at Construct 2010 in Philadelphia (must pre-register to participate)
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 111. Industry Initiatives
      UL Environment Inc.
      A part of Underwriters Laboratories Inc., will develop product standards, testing, certification and inspection programs
      UL Environment is UL’s new global environmental product testing, evaluation and certification business
      Dedicated to supporting the growth and development of sustainable products, services and organizations in the global marketplace
      with:
      Independently assessment and validation of environmental claims
      Testing, evaluation and certification of products to sustainable product standards
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 112. Industry Initiatives
      Scientific Certification Systems (SCS).
      SCS is a global leader in independent certification of environmental, sustainability, food quality and food purity claims. SCS has developed internationally recognized standards and certification programs aimed at spurring environmental improvements, social accountability and product performance.
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010
    • 113. Thank You
      Any Questions?
      Michael Fuller, AIA, CSI, CDT, LEEDap
      Email:
      Michael.fuller@ca.rr.com
      Inland Empire Chapter
      Construction Specifications Institute
      April 8, 2010

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