Diabetes Prevention and ManagementPresentation Transcript
Diabetes Prevention Alexander Khodenko
What is diabetes? Autoimmune disorder in which the body does not use and/or produce insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone that is vital for the absorption of glucose.
Diabetes and its consequences
Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death
in the United States.
Major cause of heart Disease and stroke
Uncontrolled Diabetes can lead to serious health complications such as:
heart diseases, hypertension, blindness, kidney failure, amputations of lower extremities.
Data Facts Diabetes affects 25.8 million people 8.3 % of the US population 18.8 million people diagnosed 7.0 million people undiagnosed
2050 Projection one in three adults will have diabetes in 2050
An aging population is more likely to develop the disease.
Ethnic populations are at high risk for type 2 diabetes. The prevalence of diabetes in ethnic populations is increasing.
Better treatment allows diabetics to live longer.
Types of Diabetes and Causes Type 1 – insulin dependent or juvenile onset diabetes (body immune system destroys pancreatic beta cells (need insulin) Type 2 – non-insulin dependent or adult onset diabetes (the most common type when insulin is no longer used properly) Gestational diabetes (occurs during pregnancy as a result of glucose intolerance) Other types (genetic conditions, surgeries, pancreatic disease, other illnesses).
Other Barriers Lack of Knowledge ( fear, anxiety, incorrect self-testing, and medication dosages). Cultural Beliefs and/or misconceptions (preferred dietary choices, mistrust of healthcare system, self interpretation of disease). Income Mood disorders Ethnicity
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes have different causes. Yet two factors are important in both. 1) one must inherit a predisposition. 2) something in one’s environment must trigger diabetes. Genes alone are not enough.
Diabetes prevention (small scale) What can be done? Lifestyle modification ↑ physical activity ↓weight Consider dietary changes
Diabetes prevention (large scale) Prolong life expectancy by expanding knowledge of population awareness medical costs (prevention is the key) Healthcare Education of target populations (ex. Healthy diets, mobile educational units, workshops, etc.) Equal access to health care basing onneeds, and not one’s ability to pay! (Social Justice)
Something to think about: 1) Are there unrecognized financial and social costs to the adaptation of healthy behaviors? 2) How might neighborhood characteristics (environmental stress) be altered to improve health and health care for persons with/without diabetes? 3) How to eliminate/reduce socio-economic disparities?