Organizing Paragraphs A paragraph is a series of sentences developed around one topic.
The Topic SentenceThe main idea of a paper is presented in a thesisstatement.But the topic of a support paragraphis stated in one sentence called thetopic sentence.The topic sentence usually is thefirst sentence of the paragraph(but not always). It shares themain idea of the entire paragraph.
Developing aParagraphA topic sentencemaybe developed by: giving details. providing examples. telling an incident.
Unity in the ParagraphEvery sentence in a paragraphshould support the main ideaexpressed in the topic sentence.
Coherence in a ParagraphStick to the point: The ideas have a clear and logical relation to each other, as well as keeping the thesis statement in mind.Put details or examples or incidentsin logical order: 4 3 chronological 2 in relation to each other 1 in order of importance
The rest of the paragraphconsistsof sentences that develop orexplainthe main idea.Through the centuries, rats have managed to survive all our efforts to destroy them. We have poisoned them and trapped them. We have fumigated, flooded, and burned them. We have tried germ warfare. Some rats even survived atomic bomb tests conducted on Entwetok atoll in the Pacific after World War II. In spite of all our efforts, these enemies of ours continue to prove that they are the most indestructible of pests.
Transition Words:Connecting Sentences Within theParagraphchronological objects in in order oforder relation to one importance• first another • however• meanwhile • next to • furthermore• later • in front of • as a result• afterwards • beside • in fact• finally • between • yet • behind
How to Organize Paragraphs 1. Start your paragraph with a topic sentence. Topic sentence = a sentence that explains what you are going to write about. It should have a subject, a verb, and a controlling idea that supports the thesis statement. 2. Add supporting sentences. Supporting sentences = more information about your topic. One way to do this is to imagine your topic sentence as a question and then ask yourself: How can I prove this is true? What examples can I give? 3. End with a concluding sentence. Conclusion = an ending sentence that explains what your paragraph is about. This closing also looks towards the next paragraph.
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