« ON TECHNOLOGY, TWITTER, & TRIBES »<br />||SOCIALCAPITAL&SOCIALNETWORKS|||AUTUMNDAWNCAVINESS||<br />
GentleColleagues—In the immortalwords of legendary hip-hop artist and lifelongesteemed ATL resident, Mr. JuaquinBertholimuleMalphurs a/k/a WakaFlockaFlame a/k/a PETA spokesman a/k/a Mr. I’lltakeInk but mostcertainly Not Mink, Please…<br />
« It’s Not the Destination, It’s the Journey »<br /><ul><li>On the Intersection of Social Networks and Communities of Color…
On the Intersection of Twitter«the SMS of the Internet»+ African-Americans…
« Social Networks + Communities of Color»<br />“…while gender and sexuality have been crucial to theories of both cyberspace and the posthuman, the absence of race is perfunctorily remarked and of little consequence to these analyses.” <<WEHELIYE, 2002>><br />“Studies by Burkhalter (1999), Kolko (2002), McPherson (2002), Nakamura (2002), and Pole (2007), among others, have helped to pave the way for critical, multidisciplinary explorations of race in cyberspace. <br />However, research on black SNSs is noticeably absent from the published literature. To date, the most serious research on BlackPlanet is Adam Banks’ (2005) analysis of how members use black oralityfor written communication.” <<BYRNE, 2008>><br />“Not sure I have any ready answers for you on why there isn't more research in this area, but I agree with you that there should be :). In truth, one reason may not be lack of interest, but rather simply that academia is VERY slow moving. People are really just getting going<br /> studying social media, period, much less being able to dig deeper into it. Indeed, there's very<br /> little research out there on Twitter - most of it is still on Facebook - but it often takes two years<br /> to get an article published in a journal, which means that there may be some good stuff in the pipeline.” <<BROWN, 2011>><br />“From 1995 to the present…the structured absences of black [and by extension other minority] bodies that have marked most popular imaginings of the brave new world order were in danger of reifying [or naturalizing] an updated myth of black intellectual lag, or Black Technophobia.” <<EVERETT, 2002>><br />« #process »<br />
« Twitter as a Keyword: Dissertations & Theses»<br />« #hmmm… »<br />
« Twitter as a Keyword: Sociological Abstracts »<br />« #keepsearchingA! »<br />
« Twitter as a Keyword: Communication & Mass Media Complete »<br />« #checkalltheboxes; #smartgirltweet »<br />
« Twitter as a Keyword: Communication & Mass Media Complete »<br />« #fail »<br />
« Twitter as a Keyword: (twitter) AND (african) »<br />« twitter: short burst of inconsequential information and chirpsfrombirds, JACKDORSEY »<br />
« Twitter as a Keyword: (twitter) AND (black) »<br />« twitter: short burst of inconsequential information and chirpsfrombirds, JACKDORSEY »<br />
« ThreeCheers for danahboyd»<br /><ul><li>http://www.danah.org/researchBibs/twitter.php << Bibliography of Research on Twitter & Microblogging, 2011 >>
http://www.danah.org/researchBibs/sns.php</li></ul><< Bibliography of Research on Social Network Sites >> <br />« SO@zephoria»<br />
« Social Networks + Communities of Color»<br />“Thanks for the email, it’s always nice to hear from a fellow Longhorn. The main resource I’d suggest for Twitter data is our December 2010 report that you can find here. We changed our Twitter question in late 2010 so it’s going to give you a more accurate read than our 2009 work (this is all spelled out in the report intro itself)...Hope that helps!”<br />« AaronSmith | Senior ResearchSpecialist, PewResearchCenter »<br />
« ThreeCheers for PewResearch Center »<br /><ul><li>“8% of online Americans use Twitter.” << Smith & Rainie, Mobile Access, 2010 >>
Minority internet users are more than twice as likely to use Twitter as are white internet users. << Smith & Rainie, Twitter Update, 2010 >>
Young adults – Internet users ages 18-29 are significantly more likely to use Twitter than older adults. << Smith & Rainie, Twitter Update, 2010 >>
Urbanites – Urban residents are roughly twice as likely to use Twitter as rural dwellers. << Smith & Rainie, Twitter Update, 2010 >>
“African-Americans and Latinos are much more active than whites on a range of non-voice activities.” << Smith, Mobile Access, 2010 >>
"African-Americans and Latinos are more likely to use their phones to access the Web, play games, watch videos, and use social networking sites.” << Smith, Mobile Access, 2010 >>
87% of minority respondents own a cell phone as opposed to 80% of whites. << Smith, Mobile Access, 2010 >>
64% of African-Americans use some form of mobile Internet via their cell phone or laptop, while only 59% of all adults do so. << Smith, Mobile Access, 2010 >>
33% of African-Americans use a social networking site via theircell phone as opposed to 36% of Latinos and 19% of Whites. << Smith, Mobile Access, 2010 >>
44% of African-Americanssend/receive instant messages via theircell phone as opposed to 49% of Latinos and 23% of Whites. << Smith, Mobile Access, 2010 >>
13% of African-Americans use a status update service on their phone as opposed to 15% of Latinos and 8% of Whites. << Smith, Mobile Access, 2010 >></li></li></ul><li>« The InternetsGoingNuts »<br />Essentially, <br />^<br />« Digital Divide + Increased Mobile Access + Culture of Black Celebritism + Young Adults + Urbanites + Twitter = ?!?!? »<br />
« How Do Black People Use Twitter? Kind Sir, Do Tell! »<br /><ul><li>“Black people—specifically, young black people—do seem to use Twitter differently from everyone else on the service.” << slate.com, 2010 >>
“They form tighter clusters on the network—they follow one another more readily, they retweet each other more often, and more of their posts are @-replies—posts directed at other users.” << slate.com, 2010 >>
“It's this behavior, intentional or not, that gives black people—and in particular, black teenagers—the means to dominate the conversation on Twitter.” << slate.com, 2010 >>
“Young black people are not a group of people that I see every day. I don't have any teenage black friends. And the fact that they were part of this conversation just a click away from me was something that I was very interested in. I was seeing trending topics every day that were dominated by black people.” << npr.org, 2010 >></li></ul>FARHAD MANJOO (2010)<br />« #blacktags, TT »<br />
« How Do Black People Use Twitter? Kind Sir, Do Tell! »<br /><ul><li>“The folks over Slate just discovered black people.Or, more specifically, they have just discovered that black people have discovered the Internet. Oh, you think the Internet is near ubiquitous? Au contraire my enlightened monfreres. See, black people apparently live in an alternate reality where the Information Age is on CP time.” <<tressiemcphd.com, 2010 >>
“Why the interest in what Blacks are doing on Twitter? In a way, inquiring about Black youth on Twitter is vaguely reminiscent of the question ‘Why are all the Black kids sitting together in the cafeteria?’” <<jessicafayecarter.com, 2010 >>
“Part of this interest from non-Blacks stems from sincere curiosity, but left unchecked it can quickly morph into something more insidious. The tenor of some articles about Blacks on Twitter is similar to someone experiencing an illicit voyeuristic enjoyment of sorts. Or of someone who is secretly watching nocturnal creatures in their natural habitat with barely-contained delight. << jessicafayecarter.com, 2010 >></li></ul>COMMUNITY <br />RESPONSES (2010)<br />« #blacktags, TT »<br />
« How Do Black People Use Twitter? Kind Sir, Do Tell! »<br />« black twitterbirdmeme »<br />
« How Do Black People Use Twitter? Kind Sir, Do Tell! »<br />« black twitterbirdmeme »<br />
« At the Intersection of Literature and Review »<br /><ul><li>Java, A., Song X., Finin, T., and Tseng, B. (2007). Why We Twitter: Understanding Microblogging Usage and Communities.
Huberman, B., Romero, D.M., and Wu, F. (2009). Social Networks that Matter: Twitter Under the Microscope.
Honeycutt, C. & Herring, S.C. (2009). Beyond Microblogging: Conversation and Collaboration via Twitter.
Kwak, H., Lee, C., Park, H., and Moon, S. What Is Twitter, a Social Network or a News Media? (2010).
boyd, d., Golder, S., and Lotan, G. (2010). Tweet, Tweet, Retweet: Conversational Aspects of Retweeting on Twitter.
boyd, d. & Elllison, N.B. (2008). Social network sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship.
boyd, d. (2007). Viewing American Class Divisions through Facebook and MySpace.
Jackson, N. (2010). “Social Media and the End of Age, Race, and Gender.” The Atlantic.
Brown, C, Hendrick, E., and Littau, J. (2011). New Opportunities for Diversity: Twitter, Journalists, and Traditionally Underserved Communities. International Symposium for Online Journalism. </li></ul>« #levarburton »<br />
« Literaturescape, de jour »<br />Essentially, <br />^<br />« voter turnout + bots + activismyieldingrevolution + business & mktg + education / pedagogy»<br />
« tribes. danahboyd. & sethgodin »<br />Essentially, <br />^<br />« A tribeis a group<br />of people connected to<br />one another, connected to a leader, and connected to an idea. »<br />« Now, the Internet eliminatesgeography. This meansthatexistingtribes are bigger—and tribesthatcould have neverexistedbefore. Tribes, 2008.» <br />
« At the Juncture of Research and Question(s) »<br />RQ1: How do Black people employ Twitter?<br />RQ2: More specifically, do young Black people form tighter conversational clusters on Twitter? <br />RQ3: Is homophily at work?<br />« #process ;<br />#researchgaps »<br />
GentleColleagues—In the immortalwords of Our EsteemedProfessor, Dr. Wenhong Chen—A GOOD PRESENTATION IS A DONE PRESENTATION…<br />
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