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Transcript

  • 1. Introduction to the NationalAirspace SystemATC System and NAS
  • 2. ATC System and National AirspaceSystem (NAS) Communications Global Satellite Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) SATCOM Radar Differential Ground GNSS/Integrity Stations Radar Stations NAVAIDs Airport Traffic Control Tower Air/Ground (ATCT )Systems Communications Airport Landing, Weather, Lighting
  • 3. The Way We Were 1938 1938 1926 1926 Civil 1958 1958 CivilAeronauticsAeronautics Aeronautics Aeronautics Federal Federal Aviation Branch Branch Authority Authority Aviation Agency Agency 1967 - present Federal Aviation Administration 1940 Civil Aeronautics Civil Aeronautics Administration Administration 1940 1934 Bureau of Air Commerce Bureau of 1934 Air Commerce
  • 4. Department of Transportation Secretary of Railroads Highways Transportation Pipelines and Marine NavigationHazardous Materials Human Resource Security and Management FAA Hazardous Materials Financial Administrator International Services Aviation Airports Aviation Safety Commercial Space Region and Center Transport Operations Information Air Traffic Services Organization Communications
  • 5. FAA Primary Offices Human Resource Security and Management Secretary of Hazardous Materials Transportation Financial International Services FAA Aviation Administrator Airports Aviation SafetyCommercial Space FAA Region and Center Transport Administrator Operations Information Services Communications Air Traffic Acquisition and NexGen and Business Organization Ops Planning Strategy and Finance Performance Operations
  • 6. Regions and Regional Offices ANE Human Resource Secretary of SecurityEngland) (New and Management Transportation AGL Hazardous Materials Seattle (Great Lakes) ANM AEA (Eastern) Boston Financial (Northwest Mountain) International Services FAA ACE Chicago Aviation New York AWP Administrator (Central) (Western-Pacific) Airports Aviation Safety Los Angeles Kansas CityCommercial Space ASO Region and Center ASW (Southern) Transport (Southwest) Operations Atlanta Information Services Ft. Worth Communications AAL Air Traffic Acquisition and NexGen and (Alaska Region) Business Organization Ops Planning Anchorage Strategy and Finance Performance Operations
  • 7. ATO Organization FAA AdministratorAcquisition and NexGen and Business Ops Planning ATO COO Strategy and Performance Finance Operations ATO COO EnRoute Terminal Flight Service
  • 8. ATO Service Areas FAA Northwest Administrator Mountain (ANM) WesternAcquisition and NexGen and Business Ops Planning ATO COO Central Eastern Strategy and Performance Southern (ASO) Finance Southwest (ASW) Operations EnRoute Terminal Flight Service
  • 9. Operations ATO COO Operations EnRoute Terminal Flight Service
  • 10. Flight Services Service Areas Lockheed-Martin Consolidated Washington Service Area D.C. Alaska Alaska (FAA)
  • 11. Lines of Authority/Communications AUTHORITY FAA ATO COO SERVICE AREAS FACILITIES YOUADMINISTRATOR COMMUNICATIONS
  • 12. Positive Separation Standards MILES ALTITUDES (FEET) MINUTES
  • 13. Visual Flight Rules OVER AROUND UNDER
  • 14. Instrument Flight Rules
  • 15. Facility ComplexityHIGH COMPLEXITY FACILITY LOW COMPLEXITY FACILITY
  • 16. Air Traffic Facility Organization Chart AIR TRAFFIC MANAGER •ADMINISTRATIVE OPERATIONS SUPPORT SUPPORT MANAGER MANAGER FRONT LINE SUPPORT MANAGER SPECIALIST AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLER
  • 17. Automated Flight Service Stations(AFSS)• VFR search and rescue service• Assistance to lost aircraft and aircraft in emergency situations• Relay of ATC clearances• Airport Advisory Service• Broadcast aviation weather and NAS information• Receive and process IFR flight plans• Monitor Navigational Aids (NAVAIDs)• Origin of Notices to Airmen (NOTAMs)• En route communications• Pilot briefings
  • 18. AFSS Positions Flight Data/ Weather En Route FlightObservation NOTAM/ Preflight Inflight Broadcast Position Advisory Service Position Position position Coordinator (EFAS) Position Position
  • 19. Inflight Position MOUNTAIN RANGE OBSTRUCTING SIGHT N6456T “NOVEMBER SIX FOUR FIVE SIX TANGO, DENVER RADIO, WEATHER IN SALT LAKE CITY…”DENVER AFSS SALT LAKE CITY
  • 20. Terminal Facilities AIRPORT TRAFFIC CONTROL TOWER (ATCT) Provides ATC service to aircraft operating on or in the vicinity of the airport TERMINAL RADAR APPROACH CONTROL (TRACON) Provides radar service to arriving, departing, and some en route aircraft
  • 21. Tower Team Local Tower Tower Ground Clearance FlightController Associate Coordinator Controller Delivery Data
  • 22. Terminal Radar Team Radar Radar Radar Flight Data Controller Associate Coordinator
  • 23. Air Route Traffic Control Center (ARTCC)
  • 24. En Route Sector TeamRadar Flight Radar Radar Radar Data Associate Coordinator/Handoff
  • 25. Traffic Management System (TMS)Balance traffic System demand with capacity
  • 26. Traffic Management Programs REROUTES ESP – EN ROUTE SEQUENCING PROGRAM SEVERE 20 MILES-IN-TRAIL WEATHER GROUND ASP – ARRIVAL TMS SEQUENCING PROGRAMDSP – DEPARTURE STOP ! PROGRAMS SEQUENCING FIX PROGRAM HOLD REDUCE GDP – GROUND DELAY SPEED PROGRAM
  • 27. AirspaceFL 600 CLASS A18,000 MSL CLASS E14,500 MSL CLASS B CLASS C Nontowered CLASS D Airport 700 AGL 1,200 AGL CLASS G CLASS G CLASS G
  • 28. ATS Routes
  • 29. Air Navigation System SATELLITE BASED VORVOR VOR VOR VOR VOR GROUND BASED
  • 30. Airport
  • 31. Aeronautical Charts
  • 32. Rules and Regulations
  • 33. Personnel and Equipment