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The City of Lahore

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Lahore is known as the heart of Pakistan.

Lahore is known as the heart of Pakistan.

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  • 1. A legend based on oral traditions holds that Lahore was known in ancient times as Lavapuri, City of Lava in Sanskrit (Lava is also referred to as Loh). Raja Loh wasson of Sri Ram Chandar Jee, the hero of Mahabharta, who established the city in his name.¹ The period of Raja Loh is told around 1200 BC. Claudius Ptolemy (90 AD – 168 AD), a Greek astronomer and geographer, has mentioned in his renowned work Geographia, an area as Labokla. In his maps,Labokla was situated on the route between Indus river and Palibothra or Pataliputra The city of Lahore(Patna), in a tract of country called Kasperia (Kashmir), described as extending alongthe rivers Bidastes or Vitasta (Jhelum), Sandabal or Chandra Bhaga (Chenab), andAdris or Iravati (Ravi). Wilfred and Kingham both endorsed to the theory of Labokla being the old name of Lahore².One of the oldest documents that was written about Lahore anonymously in 982 AD is called Hudud-i-Alam³. It was translated into English by Vladimir Fedorovich Minorsky and was published in Lahore in 1927 AD. In this document, Lahore is referred to as a small shahr (city) with impressive temples, large markets and huge orchards. It refers to two major markets around which dwellings exist, and it also mentions the mud walls that enclose these two dwellings to make it one. The original 2 document is currently held in British Museum.
  • 2. Origin & History One of the oldest historical references about Lahore is found in Tareekh-ul-Hind written by Abu-Rehan Al Beruni (973 AD – 1048 AD), who traveled to India in1017 AD. In his book, he remembers Lahore as an area not as a city whose capital was Mandhor kor.Hazrat Ali Hajvery (RA), (990 AD – 1077 AD), who preached Islam in Lahore, has also mentioned the city of Lahore in his book Kashf-ul-Mahjuub. Abul-Farj, who was a poet in Ghaznavi period has written the name as Loha-wr. An Iranian The city of Lahore scholar Tahir Marozi of 11th century in his book Nazhat ul Mushtaq Fe Akhteraqul Affaq has mentioned Lahore as Laha-wr. Ameer Khusro (1253 AD – 1325 AD)in his first mathnavi, Qiranus-Sadain that was completed in 1288 AD, has written the name as Lao-hore when he portrays the attack of Mughals. According to Encyclopedia Britannica, the famous Chinese traveler Yowang Chowang has mentioned the city Lahore as the great city.In net shell, the following variations of Lahore (city name) existed in history books:Lavapuri, Labokla, Loha-wr, Laha-wr, Lao-hore etc., etc. Further, the referencesmentioned in this short presentation establish that Lahore existed more than three 3 thousand years ago on the face of earth.
  • 3. Minar-e-Pakistan The city of Lahore4
  • 4. The city of Lahore 5Shrine of Hazrat Ali Hajvery (RA)
  • 5. Allama Iqbal International Airport The city of Lahore 6
  • 6. Railway Station, Lahore was started in 1859 under the directions of Sir John Lawrence, the then Chief Commissioner of Punjab (1858-1859) The city of Lahore 7
  • 7. Wapda House The city of Lahore8
  • 8. Lahore High Court The city of Lahore 9
  • 9. State Bank of Pakistan The city of Lahore 10
  • 10. Qaddafi Stadium The city of Lahore11
  • 11. Gymkhana Cricket Ground, established 1885 The city of Lahore 12
  • 12. National Hockey Stadium, Lahore isconsidered to be the largest in the world. The city of Lahore 13
  • 13. Summit Minar The city of Lahore14
  • 14. The city of LahoreSunset shot at Shalimar Gardens 15
  • 15. Shalimar Gardens The city of Lahore 16
  • 16. The city of Lahore 17Shalimar Gardens
  • 17. The city of LahoreLahore Museum, established 1864, shifted to this building 1894 18
  • 18. Shahi Qila The city of Lahore 19
  • 19. The city of Lahore20
  • 20. The city of Lahore21
  • 21. The city of Lahore22
  • 22. Tolinton Market The city of Lahore23
  • 23. GPO Building, Mall Road The city of Lahore 24
  • 24. Jahangir Tomb The city of Lahore25
  • 25. Samadhi of Maharaja Ranjeet Singh The city of Lahore 26
  • 26. Sacred Heart Cathedral Church, Lahore The city of Lahore 27
  • 27. Saint Anthonys Church, Lahore The city of Lahore 28
  • 28. Cathedral Church of Resurrection, Lahore The city of Lahore 29
  • 29. The city of LahoreLahore Stock Exchange 30
  • 30. The city of Lahore31
  • 31. A view on Model Town Link Road The city of Lahore 32
  • 32. Masjid Wazir Khan The city of Lahore 33
  • 33. The city of Lahore34
  • 34. Baadshahi Mosque was built in 1673 AD. The city of Lahore 35
  • 35. The city of Lahore 36A view of Baadshahi Mosque from Alamgiri Gate
  • 36. The city of LahoreA view of Baadshahi Mosque from an arch in Lahore Fort 37
  • 37. The city of LahoreMausoleum Allama Muhammad Iqbal 38
  • 38. Shaikh Zayed Hospital The city of Lahore 39
  • 39. Services Hospital The city of Lahore 40
  • 40. Punjab University, Established 1882 The city of Lahore 41
  • 41. Punjab University, Established 1882 The city of Lahore 42
  • 42. GC University, Lahore The city of Lahore 43
  • 43. University of Engineering & Technology The city of Lahore 44
  • 44. The city of LahoreLahore University of Management Sciences 45
  • 45. Government Islamia College Civilines The city of Lahore 46
  • 46. National College of Arts The city of Lahore 47
  • 47. The city of Lahore48
  • 48. The city of Lahore 49Quaid-e-Azam Library
  • 49. The city of LahoreWahga Border, Lahore 50
  • 50. The city of Lahore51
  • 51. The city of Lahore52
  • 52. The city of Lahore53
  • 53. The city of Lahore54
  • 54. The city of Lahore55
  • 55. The city of Lahore56
  • 56. The city of Lahore57
  • 57. The city of Lahore58
  • 58. The city of Lahore59
  • 59. Lalik Chowk The city of Lahore60
  • 60. Ravi River, Lahore The city of Lahore 61
  • 61. The city of Lahore62
  • 62. References1. James Taad, 1883; Kanhya Laal, 1882; Sir Richard Temple, 1884; Tahqeeq-e-Chisti, 1867.2. The Comparative Study of India by Wilfred, pg. 20; the The city of Lahore Geography by Kingham, pg. 225-228.3. Hudud-e-Alam, The Regions of the World, A Persian Geography. 63
  • 63. The city of Lahore A presentation byAhmad Tariq Bhatti Lahore. 64