National Book of Pakistan

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National Book of Pakistan

  1. 1. A presentation byAhmad Tariq BhattiLahore
  2. 2. Symbols of Pakistan 2
  3. 3. Symbols of Pakistan 3
  4. 4. Symbols of Pakistan 4
  5. 5. Symbols of Pakistan 5
  6. 6. Symbols of Pakistan 6Choudhary Rahmat Ali gave the name Pakistan to thenewly born state of the Muslims. He devised the word andfirst published it in the article written by him as "Now orNever“ on 28th January 1933. He constructed the name asan acronym of the different regions constituting the country,which is described as: P for Punjab, A for Afghania (Nowknown as Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), K for Kashmir, S forSindh and the suffix -stan from Balochistan, thus forming"Pakstan". An "i" was inserted later for ease inpronunciation. The suffix -stan in Persian means, "homeof" and in Sanskrit means, "place". The Persian word pāk,which means "pure", adds a beautiful shade of meaning, withthe full name thus meaning "land of the pure".The name was criticized for not including Bangladesh in it.
  7. 7. Symbols of Pakistan 7The flag was adopted on August 11, 1947. The white color represents minoritieswhereas green color represents Muslim majority population of the country. In thecentre, the crescent and star which is traditional symbol of Islam, symbolizesprogress and light for the nation respectively.
  8. 8. Symbols of Pakistan 8Minar-e-Pakistan was built at the same place where Qarardad-e-Pakistan wasunanimously approved by All-India Muslim League on 23rd of March 1940. The minarwas opened for public visits on March 23, 1969.
  9. 9. Symbols of Pakistan 9
  10. 10. Symbols of Pakistan 10Independence Day (Youm-e-Azadi), observed annually on 14th ofAugust, is a national holiday in Pakistan, for celebration of the day whenPakistan came into being and was declared an independent andsovereign state, following the end of the British Raj in India on August14, 1947. Pakistan came into existence as a result of the political struggleby Pakistan Movement, that was aimed for the creation of anindependent and sovereign Muslim state by making the partition of north-western region of the Indian subcontinent. The movement was led by All-India Muslim League under the dynamic leadership of Quaid-e-AzamMuhammad Ali Jinnah. The division of sub-continent was brought forthby Indian Independence Act 1947 in which the British IndianEmpire was divided into two new states — the Dominion of India (laterRepublic of India) and the Dominion of Pakistan (later IslamicRepublic of Pakistan) which included West Pakistan and EastPakistan (now known as Bangladesh).
  11. 11. Symbols of Pakistan 11Objectives’ Resolution(commonly known as Qarardad-e-Maqasid)was unanimously passed on March23,1940 in the procession of All-IndiaMuslim League held at Lahore.This resolution was the formal demandfor the separate homeland for theMuslims of South-East Asia.
  12. 12. Symbols of Pakistan 12
  13. 13. Significant Events of PakistanMovement in Chronological OrderSymbols of Pakistan 13# Event Date / Year1 All-India Muslim League was set up December 30, 19062 Khanpur mosque incident 19133 Quaid-e-Azam joined All-India Muslim League 19134 Lucknow Pact 19165 Rowlatt Act 19196 Khilafat Movement 19197 Jallianwalla Bagh incident 19198 Simon Report 19279 Nehru Report 1928
  14. 14. Symbols of Pakistan 14Significant Events of PakistanMovement in Chronological Order(continues)# Event Date / Year10 Mohammad Ali Jinnah’s 14 points 192911 Round Table Conferences 1930-3212 Pakistan Resolution March 23, 194013 Cripps Mission 194214 Plan of Independence June 03, 194715 Independence of Pakistan August 14, 1947
  15. 15. Symbols of Pakistan 15The national anthem of Pakistan was written by Aboul Asr HafeezJallandhary and the tune was composed by A.P.Chagla. The nationalanthem was adopted on August 13, 1954.
  16. 16. Symbols of Pakistan 16
  17. 17. Symbols of Pakistan 17
  18. 18. Quaid-e-Azam, Founder & Father of the NationSymbols of Pakistan 181876 - 1948
  19. 19. Symbols of Pakistan 19Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah is the greatest political leader of the muslims ofIndian sub-continent. He was a successful lawyer, a great statesmen, a brilliantparliamentarian and a seasoned politician.He was born on 25th of December 1876 in Karachi. He completed his basic education fromKarachi and went to England for the study of law. He completed his Bar-at-Law in 1896.Thereafter, he started his legal practice in Bombay. He became a renowned lawyer within ashort period of time. He was an active member of Congress from 1904 till 1913. He joinedAll-India Muslim League (AIML) in 1913. He became president of AIML in 1916 for thefirst time and held this position till the independence of Pakistan.He persuaded Congress leaders for accepting separate electorates for the Muslims(Lucknow Pact ,1916). He contested and won elections in 1915, 1923, 1926 and 1934. Herejected MDKC Gandhis Non-cooperation Movement in 1920 and Nehru Report in 1928.He gave his famous 14 points agenda in 1929 for the resolution of problems of the Muslims.He attended all Roundtable Table Conferences held during 1930-1932 as a leader fromAIML. He demanded a separate homeland for the Muslims in AIML procession held on 23rdMarch 1940 at Lahore. In the next seven years, he struggled politically and obtained acountry for the Muslims. After the creation of Pakistan, he became the first GovernorGeneral of Pakistan. The great leader passed away on September 11, 1948 in Karachi.
  20. 20. Symbols of Pakistan 201895 - 1951
  21. 21. Poet & PhilosopherSymbols of Pakistan 211873 - 1938
  22. 22. Mother of the NationSymbols of Pakistan 221893-1967
  23. 23. Symbols of Pakistan 23Liaquat Ali Khan, Chaudhry Khaliquzzaman Zafar Ali KhanAllama Mohammad Iqbal A.K. Fazlul Huq Shaukat Hayat KhanMuhammad Zafarullah Khan Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar Jan Muhammad JunejoAga Khan III Jogendra Nath Mandal Abdul Qayyum KhanFatima Jinnah Victor Turner Mohsin-ul-MulkBahadur Yar Jung Raana Liaquat Ali Khan Waqar-ul-MulkHuseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy Choudhry Rahmat Ali Shahzada Rehmatullah KhanSaddozaiIbrahim Ismail Chundrigar Dr. Ziauddin Ahmed Qazi Muhammad EssaKhawaja Nazimuddin Jalal-ud-din Jalal Baba Chaudhry Naseer Ahmad MalhiMaulana Mohammad AliJauharSikandar Hayat Khan Maulana Shaukat Ali
  24. 24. Symbols of Pakistan 24
  25. 25. Zulfiqar Ali BhuttoEx. Prime Minister of PakistanGave Constitution and Atomic Power to the nationGave political wisdom and clear vision to the nationSymbols of Pakistan 25
  26. 26. Benazir BhuttoEx. Prime Minister of PakistanPlayed role for the continuation of democracy in PakistanWorked for the missile technology advancement in the countrySymbols of Pakistan 26
  27. 27. Dr. Abdul Qadeer KhanThe force behind the nuclear program of PakistanSymbols of Pakistan 27
  28. 28. Dr. Abdus SalamA Nobel prize winner from Pakistan in Physics.Symbols of Pakistan 28
  29. 29. Imran KhanLegendary Cricketer, Philanthropist & PoliticianCaptain of World Cup Winning TeamPresident SKMT HospitalPresident PTISymbols of Pakistan 29
  30. 30. Jahangir KhanSquash Champion & LegendWorld Open Winner 6 times, British Open Winner 10 timesSymbols of Pakistan 30
  31. 31. Jan Sher KhanSquash Champion & LegendWorld Open Winner 8 times, British Open Winner 6 timesSymbols of Pakistan 31
  32. 32. Sharmeen Obaid ChinoyOscar Award Winner from Pakistan.Symbols of Pakistan 32
  33. 33. Abdus Star EdhiA great social workerSymbols of Pakistan 33
  34. 34. Chief JusticeIftikhar Muhammad ChaudhrySymbols of Pakistan 34
  35. 35. Maulana Tariq JameelA noted religious scholar from Pakistan.Symbols of Pakistan 35
  36. 36. Akram ZakiForeign Policy Expert, Ambassador & ParliamentarianSymbols of Pakistan 36
  37. 37. Dr. Israr AhmadA noted religious ScholarSymbols of Pakistan 37
  38. 38. Dr. Tahir ul QadriA noted religious scholarSymbols of Pakistan 38
  39. 39. Malka-e-Tarannum, Noor JahanOne of the few singers in sub-continent whoare widely listened.Symbols of Pakistan 39
  40. 40. Moin AkhtarA noted actor, anchor and comedian.Symbols of Pakistan 40
  41. 41. Mahdi HassanThe greatest name in Ghazal singing in sub-continent.Symbols of Pakistan 41
  42. 42. Nusrat Fateh Ali KhanThe great singer and musician from Pakistan who created waves inthe world through his singing and music.Symbols of Pakistan 42
  43. 43. Nazia HassanThe pop music icon from Pakistan.Symbols of Pakistan 43
  44. 44. Ghulam Muhammada.k.a Gha’ama PehelwanHe is one of the few wrestlers in the history of sub-continent whoremained undefeated during their whole life time.Symbols of Pakistan 44
  45. 45. Symbols of Pakistan 46Competition Gold Silver Bronze TotalOlympics 3 3 2 8World Cup 4 2 0 6Champions Trophy 3 6 7 16Asian Games 8 2 3 13Asia Cup 3 3 1 7Azlan Shah Hockey Cup 3 6 2 11Commonwealth Games 0 1 1 2Asian HockeyChampions Trophy1 1 0 2
  46. 46. Symbols of Pakistan 47Tournament YearTotalOlympics 1960 1968 1984 - - - - - 3World Cup 1971 1978 1982 1994 - - - - 4Champions Trophy 1978 1980 1994 - - - - - 3Asian Games 1958 1692 1970 1974 1978 1982 1990 2010 8Asia Cup 1982 1985 1989 - - - - - 3Azlan Shah Hockey Cup 1999 2000 2003 - - - - - 3Asian Hockey ChampionsTrophy2012 - - - - - - - 1
  47. 47. IslahuddinCaptain of the team who won 1978 World Cup.Symbols of Pakistan 48
  48. 48. Chaudhry Akhtar RasoolHe played a crucial role in Pakistans victories in 1978 and1982 Hockey World CupSymbols of Pakistan 49
  49. 49. Hassan SardarThe best centre forward Pakistan has ever produced.Symbols of Pakistan 50
  50. 50. Samiullah KhanHe is known as the flying horse in the world of hockey because of hisamazing speed.Symbols of Pakistan 51
  51. 51. Sohail AbbasHe is the highest goal scorer in the history of field hockey, with his currentgoal tally at 348, as of 9th of August 2012.Symbols of Pakistan 52
  52. 52. Shahbaz Ahmad, SeniorHe is considered to be amongst the best forwards in the history of fieldhockey.Symbols of Pakistan 53
  53. 53. Symbols of Pakistan 54World CupWorld CupT-20Asia CupAustral-Asia CupAsian TestChampionship1992 2009 2000 1986 1998-992012 19901994
  54. 54. Javed MiandadHe is Pakistans leading run scorer (8,832) in Test cricket. He is widelyknown for his historic last ball big sixer against India in 1986 atSharjah Cricket Ground, when 4 runs were required to win against thearch rival.Symbols of Pakistan 55
  55. 55. Wasim AkramRegarded as one of the greatest fast bowlersin the history of cricket.Symbols of Pakistan 56
  56. 56. Zaheer AbbassKnown as Asian Bradman. Regarded as one of thefinest batsman produced by the country.Symbols of Pakistan 57
  57. 57. Inzamam ul HaqOne of the greatest batsman in the world.Symbols of Pakistan 58
  58. 58. Waqar YounisWidely regarded as one of the greatest fast bowlers of all time. Histrademark was his ability to reverse swing a ball at high speed.Symbols of Pakistan 59
  59. 59. Shahid Khan AfridiA thrilling cricketer from Pakistan. Holds record for the fastest 50 in ODI.Widely regarded as Boom Boom Afridi because of his aggressive hittingon the crease. He is one of the best all-rounders of Pakistani Cricket.Symbols of Pakistan 60
  60. 60. Saeed AjmalWith his effective doosra and other varieties, he is considered as thebest spinner in modern world of cricket.Symbols of Pakistan 61
  61. 61. Abdur RazzaqOne of the best all-rounders produced by Pakistani Cricket.Symbols of Pakistan 62
  62. 62. Saeed AnwarScored 20 centuries for Pakistan in ODIs which are highest as of now.Symbols of Pakistan 63
  63. 63. Shoaib AkhtarThe speed star in the world of cricket. Holds record forfastest ball in cricket.Symbols of Pakistan 64
  64. 64. He is the winner of the 1994 IBSF WorldSnooker Championship &2006 IBSF World MastersChampionshipSymbols of Pakistan65He is the winner of 2012 IBSFWorld Snooker Championship
  65. 65. Symbols of Pakistan 66The music genera of Pakistan are unique.They include diverse musical influencesranging from South Asia, CentralAsia, Persia, Turkish, Arabic to modernday Western popular music. With suchdiverse influences, a distinctive Pakistanisound of music has been formed. Somenotable singers who gave strong andimpressive international appearances arethere on next few slides.
  66. 66. Atif AslamSymbols of Pakistan 67
  67. 67. Rahat Fateh Ali KhanSymbols of Pakistan 68
  68. 68. Ali ZafarSymbols of Pakistan 69
  69. 69. Junaid JamshaidSymbols of Pakistan 70
  70. 70. Ali HaiderSymbols of Pakistan 71
  71. 71. Ibrar ul HaqSymbols of Pakistan 72
  72. 72. Ali AzmatSymbols of Pakistan 73
  73. 73. Hadiqa KiyaniSymbols of Pakistan 74
  74. 74. FakhirSymbols of Pakistan 75
  75. 75. HaroonSymbols of Pakistan 76
  76. 76. Symbols of Pakistan 77
  77. 77. Symbols of Pakistan 78The official map of Pakistan was prepared by Mahmood AlamSuhrawardy.
  78. 78. Symbols of Pakistan 79
  79. 79. Symbols of Pakistan 80# CountryLength ofInternationalBorder inKilometersDirection1 Afghanistan 2643 North-West2 China 510 North3 Iran 912 West4 India 2910 EastTotal 6975
  80. 80. Symbols of Pakistan 81Pakistan army is one of the most professional armed forces on theface of earth. They have a mandate to defend the territorial integrityof the country at any cost. They have proven their mettle against themany times bigger adversary. Pakistani people take great pride intheir dedication for fulfilling their duties.According to International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS),the army has an active force of 620,000 personnel in 2012. Theyhave their strength not in their numbers but in their skills, bravery,courage, dedication, commitment and above all faith in ALLAH.They have always been ahead of any institution in the country whenthere is an internal or external threat to the security and sanctity ofthe country.Pakistan army is equipped with the best weapons in the world.Pakistan Navy, Pakistan Marines and Pakistan Air Force providethem more strength to their maneuverability.
  81. 81. Pakistan MarinesSymbols of Pakistan 82
  82. 82. Symbols of Pakistan 83
  83. 83. The State Emblem was adopted in 1954. It symbolizesPakistans ideological foundation, the basis of itseconomy, its cultural heritage and its guidingprinciples. The four components of the emblem are acrescent and star crest above a shield, which issurrounded by a wreath, below which is a scroll. Thecrest and the green color of the emblem are traditionalsymbols of Islam. The quartered shield in the centreshows cotton, wheat, tea and jute, which were themajor crops of Pakistan at the time of independencewhich signify the agricultural base of theeconomy. The floral wreath, surrounding the shield,emphasizes the cultural heritage of Pakistan. Thescroll supporting the shield contains Muhammad AliJinnahs motto in Urdu, which reads from right to leftas “Imaan, Ittehad, Nazm“ that is translated as"Faith, Unity, Discipline" which are thefundamental and guiding principles for Pakistanis.Symbols of Pakistan 84
  84. 84. Symbols of Pakistan 85National language  Urdu (However, English is Official Language)National flower  Common Jasmine adopted on 15/07/1961.National tree  Deodar (Himalayan Cedar)National animal  Markhor (Himalayan Goat-Antelope)National bird  Chukar (Red-legged Partridge)National game  Field HockeyNational mosque  Faisal Mosque, IslamabadNational mausoleum  Mazar-e-QuaidNational drink  Sugar cane Juice (Rhou)National monument  Pakistan MonumentNational Library  National Library of PakistanNational currency  RupeeCentral bank  State Bank of Pakistan
  85. 85. National FlowerSymbols of Pakistan 86
  86. 86. National Bird(Red-legged Partridge)Symbols of Pakistan 87
  87. 87. National Animal(Himalayan Goat - Antelope)Symbols of Pakistan 88
  88. 88. National TreeSymbols of Pakistan 89
  89. 89. National GameSymbols of Pakistan 90
  90. 90. National MausoleumSymbols of Pakistan 91
  91. 91. National MonumentSymbols of Pakistan 92
  92. 92. National MosqueSymbols of Pakistan 93
  93. 93. National LibrarySymbols of Pakistan94
  94. 94. Symbols of Pakistan 95
  95. 95. Symbols of Pakistan 96# Description Ranked1Largest Irrigation system in the world(Pakistan has 40,000 miles long canal system)1st2 Largest population in the Muslim countries (more than 180 million) 2nd3Largest rock-salt reserves in the world(Khewra salt-mine is the 2nd largest in the world)2nd4Largest artificial jungle in the world(Changa Manga covers an areas of 12,000 acres.)1st5Atomic power(Pakistan tested its nuclear devices on May 28 & 30, 1998)7th6The largest graveyard in the world(Thatta in Sindh covers an area of 6 square miles)1st7The largest mosque in the world(Faisal Mosque, Islamabad )1st8Highest road in the world(Karakoram Highway, 10,200 feet above sea level)1st
  96. 96. Symbols of Pakistan 97# Description Ranked9Highest frontline in the world(Siachin Glacier is 17,000 -- 20,000 feet high above the sea level and is47 miles in length approximately)1st10Highest mountain peak(K-2 is 28, 269 feet high above the sea level)2nd11Highest mountain pass(Muztagh Pass is 19,030 feet high above the sea level)2nd12Largest land area of a country has(796,095 square kilometers)34th13 Sea area, Arabian sea, covering 1,492,000 square miles 3rd14Cricket(World Champion in ODIs (1992) & T-20 (2009) , once in each format)-15Hockey(World Champion 4 times & Olympic Champion 3 times)-16Snooker(World Champions: Muhammad Yousaf & Mohammad Asif )-
  97. 97. Symbols of Pakistan 98# Description Ranked17 Largest copper reserves 7th18 Largest coal reserves 5th19 Largest wheat production 8th20 Largest rice production 7th21Largest gold mine in the world(gold reserves unexplored at Recodec mine are largest in the country)5th22 Largest army in the world 6th23Largest dam in the world(Tarbela dam is the largest dam in the country)2nd24Highest Polo ground in the world(Shandoor Polo Ground 3,720 meters above sea level)1st25Population in the world(The population of Pakistan is more than 180 million now)6th
  98. 98. Symbols of Pakistan 99# Description Ranked26 Largest Deep Sea PortGawader Sea Port is the largest deep sea port in the world1st27Squash (Pakistan has the highest number of world champions that acountry may have.)Hashim Khan (7 times winner of British Open)Azam Khan (4 times winner of British Open)Roshan Khan (1 time winner of British Open)Qamar Zaman (1 time winner of British Open)Jehangir Khan (6 times winner World Open, 10 times winner of British Open)Jan Sher Khan (8 times winner World Open, 6 times winner of British Open)Important note:This is highly interesting to note that Pakistanis have registered a large number of worldrecords for their individual works/feats and have their names in Guinness Book of WorldRecords.
  99. 99. Symbols of Pakistan 100
  100. 100. A presentation byAhmad Tariq BhattiLahoreSymbols of Pakistan101

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