Synopsis of the various requirements of international standards


Published on

Synopsis of the various requirements of international standards - presentation by Jose Miranda to ASQ Tampa (April 2010)

Published in: Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Synopsis of the various requirements of international standards

  1. 1. A Synopsis of the various requirements of international Regulations
  2. 2. Why All This Safety ? Federal Law- Required by OSHA in the workplace. Local Ordinances- "Listing" by a Nationally Recognized Test Laboratory (NRTL) is required by local ordinances in many major areas, such as Orange County in California. Approximately 17 NRTLs are approved by OSHA to test and mark products. Without NRTLs, a manufacturer would have to submit to each independent local authority for approval to un-harmonized requirements. Canada has similar requirements at the provincial level. Customer Requirements- Often , when a customer agree to buy or resell a product, UL Listing is required per the contract. A "customer" may include a large OEM customer, that resells the product, a distributor/retailer such as a Lowes or Wall mart , or the public at large. National Electrical Code (NEC )- Complying with a compliance with the NEC, which primarily covers how to connect to the AC mains. The Canadian Electrical Code is similar for Canada ( CEC ).
  3. 3. <ul><li>Product Liability - In the event of a product liability case, companies would like an independent third party, such as UL to assert that the construction met established industry standards for an minimal and acceptable level of safety and was manufactured under a controlled process that includes factory inspection by an authorized agency inspector. </li></ul><ul><li>CE Mark and Importing Requirements - With uniform European importing Laws under the New Approach Directives CE Marking and harmonized product safety standards, such as EN60950, The European Union has supra national laws that create national requirements across the EU to ensure products introduced to the market &quot;do not cause harm to persons, property or domestic animals&quot;. This is different from the local level ordinances in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Insurance - Sometimes insurance premiums can become prohibitive, if a company does not produce “Listed” units . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Primary Hazards <ul><li>Fire (Containment) </li></ul><ul><li>Shock (isolation) </li></ul><ul><li>Thermal (Shielding) </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical (Safeguards) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Power Supply provides the primary area of isolation between the Mains (AC Line / High Voltage) and the Human Body <ul><li>Example of a label on a Power Supply </li></ul><ul><li>showing all approvals being carried </li></ul><ul><li>by the manufacturer. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Standard Organizations <ul><li>IEC - International Electrotechnical Commission </li></ul><ul><li>ISO - International Standards Organization </li></ul><ul><li>EN – European Norm </li></ul><ul><li>UL – Underwriters Laboratories </li></ul><ul><li>CSA - Canadian standards Association </li></ul><ul><li>ECMA – European Computers Manufacturers Association </li></ul>
  7. 7. IT Standards Evolution <ul><li>UL 478, CSA 220, IEC 435 – Data Processing Equipment and Office machines </li></ul><ul><li>IEC 950, EN60950, UL 1950, CSA 950 - Information technology equipment </li></ul><ul><li>IEC 60950, EN 60950, UL 60950, CSA 60950 - Information technology equipment </li></ul><ul><li>ECMA 287 – Safety of Electronic Equipment ( Basis for IEC 62368 ) </li></ul><ul><li>IEC 62368 - Audio/Video and similar electronic apparatus </li></ul>
  8. 8. Regulatory Agencies <ul><li>Argentina - IRAM | Instituto Argentino de Normalización y Certificación </li></ul><ul><li>USA – UL | Underwriters laboratories Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Canada – CSA | Canadian Standards Association </li></ul><ul><li>Germany - TUV Rheinland , TUV Sud (Product Service ) </li></ul><ul><li>Russia – GOST | State Standard </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan – BSMI | Taiwan Bureau of Standards, Metrology and Inspection </li></ul><ul><li>China – CCC </li></ul><ul><li>Norway – NEMKO | Norges Elektriske Materiellkontroll </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico – NOM | Norma Oficial Mexicana / NYCE Labs </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Approvals for European Union </li></ul><ul><li>Free movement of goods is a cornerstone of the single market. The mechanisms in place to achieve this aim are based on prevention of new barriers to trade, mutual recognition and technical harmonization.  </li></ul><ul><li>CE marking is a mandatory conformity mark requirement for all products offered for sale within the European Economic Area (EEA) covering the European Union (EU). The idea of the CE marking is provide a clear indication that a given product meets the requirements of relevant CE marking directives and therefore should not be stopped at Member State borders and should enjoy free movement between Member States. </li></ul><ul><li>The CE marking was originally intended for customs officers at entry points to the EU and between Member States to indicate compliance with the appropriate requirements. Over time however the CE marking has been adopted to mean more – the product is safe and complies with legislation. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Approvals for Central and South America </li></ul><ul><li>No Centralized Mark as in the case of the European union . </li></ul><ul><li>Government regulations can be overwhelming and complex. In each country in Central and South America, regulations and requirements are continually changing, and keeping current with each country's requirements is a daunting task. </li></ul><ul><li>Safety testing and approval in some countries such as Venezuela, Peru, and Chile will accept foreign test reports, but many countries such as Brazil, Mexico, and Argentina require testing to be performed by an accredited lab within the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Having a country presence is essential for the timely completion and certification </li></ul><ul><li>of products. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Approvals for Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Some Asian countries have their own regulatory product safety marks that are mandatory for selected product categories to enter their respective markets. </li></ul><ul><li>China launched a new regulation called the China Compulsory Certification Scheme (CCC Scheme) in August 2003. The Scheme requires manufacturers of products subject to compulsory certification to apply one mark, the new CCC Mark. </li></ul><ul><li>Regulated products under the DENAN law in Japan are categorized as specified products (SPs) and non-specified products (NSPs). </li></ul><ul><li>Products falling under the scope of South Korea’s Electrical Appliance Safety Law, also known as the Safety Certification Scheme, require manufacturers to obtain the mandatory South Korean Safety Mark (EK-mark) prior to products being placed on the South Korean market. </li></ul><ul><li>The Taiwan Bureau of Standards, Metrology and Inspection’s (BSMI) requires registration of Product Certification (RPC) that cover both electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) and safety requirements. </li></ul>