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E-books, e-texts and e-platforms: a wicked problem for school libraries
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E-books, e-texts and e-platforms: a wicked problem for school libraries


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ASLA XXIII Biennial Conference - Dr Jill Abell - Print books are bouncing back with the new bookshop experiences whilst school libraries are using a host of diverse e-commerce models, e-platforms and …

ASLA XXIII Biennial Conference - Dr Jill Abell - Print books are bouncing back with the new bookshop experiences whilst school libraries are using a host of diverse e-commerce models, e-platforms and devices in their efforts to offer digital texts to support new curriculum. The common goal is to adopt e-books to encourage reading, or create e-texts as a replacement for costly and heavy printed texts, to secure backlisted fiction, and to maintain curriculum-focussed non-fiction and multiple copies with manageable digital rights and licensing for class use. In this workshop, participants will examine the “wicked problems” and change focus to find solutions.

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  • 1. E-books, e-texts and e-platforms: a wicked problem for school libraries (K-12) Dr Jill Abell ASLA XXIII Hobart, September 2013
  • 2. This session addresses AITSL Australian Professional Standards for Teachers - 2.6.3 Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Model high-level teaching knowledge and skills and work with colleagues to use current ICT to improve their teaching practice and make content relevant and meaningful.
  • 3. The bookshop experience: Shakespeare and Company in the shade of the Notre Dame, Paris Left Bank Photograph taken by Daryl Patni, courtesy of Joe Aston, writer for The Australian [est 1919]
  • 4. A wicked problem?
  • 5. Why wicked? • Complex problems are often called ‘’wicked ‘’problems • Problems that are highly resistant to resolution and have many interdependencies • Attempts to address them can lead to unforseen consequences • Realm of social problems cannot be solved in a traditionally tame or linear analysis • Requires big picture thinking and trans-disciplinary notions • Rittel and Webber at the UC, 1972 • Collaborative strategies are best to get stakeholder involvement
  • 6. DRM – digital rights management Do you want to buy your e-books outright, or lease them? Can students download e-content onto their personal devices? Or a class? Or read offline? • Penguin has resumed doing business with Overdrive – 17000 titles to US libraries only • Simon & Schuster launches a pilot to make available digital editions of its most popular preK-12 books for schools for one year’s use by one student at a time, “so long as it is being used by one borrower at a time.”
  • 7. Wait! ….more examples….. HarperCollins rents the license to an e-book for 26 uses, after which the license expires Hachette sells e-books to libraries at three times the print price for the first year — and one and a half times print price thereafter. Random House has raised prices for some of its e-books by 300 percent releasing slowly old favourites or backlist - Dr Seuss available as e-books on Sept 24 – planning 41 titles by November
  • 8. DRM locking into e-platforms… • Follett launches Follett Enlight reportedly 200,00 titles for schools via apps for Google Play and iOS – perpetual licensing model • Amazon announces new bundle print and e-books called Kindle MatchBook and acquire any Amazon purchases retrospectively • Kobo’s new tablet pre-loaded with Google Play store • Baker & Taylor features more than 500,000 ebook and audiobook titles – works with the Blio e-reader app • Barnes and Noble’s 3M+ e-books are supported solely on Nook • Gale Virtual Reference Library are unlimited simultaneous use purchases, and libraries own the e-books indefinitely.
  • 9. The burden of digital rights management • The music industry has moved on and removed DRM, after being a casuality of Napster • If you want to move your music collection from one platform to another, eg from iOS to Android, you save, drag and drop from your iTunes to SD card. • Imagine trying to do that to your e-book collection – dragging Kindle books to your new NOOK?
  • 10. What are the issues for Australian schools? Australian wholesalers/distributors are not able to rival the international e-book distributors and Google Books * Not many reasonable backlists available * Publishers (Britannica, Gale, etc) do not have much local content? • e-book platforms, aggregators and vendors – varying cross-over models and functions (Follett, Overdrive, Wheelers, Gale) When will the publishing industry offer a DRM-free format for e-books?
  • 11. Case studies – your solutions?
  • 12. SCHOOLS: solutions for the wicked problems? Students transition from single use e-reader devices to tablets? Avoid buying a Kindle, Kobo or a NOOK and being locked into licensed content and conditions, partly due to e-book formats and partly to publishers’ DRM Schools focus on tablets to get reasonable licenses for multiple copies of e-texts? Be ‘’device agnostic ‘’ and libraries concentrate on making sense of larger purchasing volumes with the e-platforms – harvesting more whole school budgets
  • 13. Restrictive for schools…. time to be device- agnostic
  • 14. PUBLISHERS: solution for the wicked problems? The “next generation” e-texts with the interactive features require more advanced e-platform than an e-reader. Publishers develop content that works on tablets, or new busines models eg Spotify or Shazam for e-books? Publishers provide e-commerce models and e-platforms targeting digital rights and licensing for class use? The open e-pub is handled by every publisher except Amazon
  • 15. Do you know if your students are enjoying using eTexts? Source:
  • 16. What can digitization do for the textbook? Leveraging these new tools to enhance learning resources and provide universal access. Multi-modal texts for concept based learning, presented in learning pathways Modalities – different ways to learn: videos and multimedia simulation, interactive exploration modelling, quizzes and question banks, maps of related concepts, peer learning, photo galleries, labs, flash cards, lesson plans, annotations and highlights.
  • 17. E-pubs, e-texts and open education resources – a new storm is brewing! Interactive apps and e-texts on smart devices [tablets, etc.,] in the classroom - are they more engaging than the e-books from the library’s catalogue? the library’s catalogue?
  • 18. Who are the most disruptive at your school? Library?
  • 19. Apple website & iBooks App
  • 20. Fluency Unit Planner
  • 21. State Educational Technology Directors Association 1. Complete the shift from print-centric textbook adoption practices to digital resources within five years beginning with the next major textbook adoption cycle. 2. Develop a vision and roadmap for completing the shift 3. Ensure a vibrant marketplace for digital and open content
  • 22. E-pubs & apps generated from pdf texts and multimedia files New platforms for “on the go” learning, incorporating tutorials, quizzes, flashcards, videos, labs, games and activity zones E-book and companion apps published on platforms covering all in- market phones, tablets, and computers. Captured into courses using unique platforms and frameworks like iTunesU, EdX, Udacity, Coursera, MOOCs example for STEM
  • 23.
  • 24.
  • 25. Digital library services: e-pubs, e-books, e-texts and audiobooks? • Do our resource acquisition practices in school libraries reflect state of the art in the school’s digital content creation and curriculum delivery? • What is the role of the school library staff in maintaining 24/7 access to the quality apps to support the Australian Curriculum? • Are these interactive apps and e-texts on smart devices in the classroom more engaging than the e-books in the library’s catalogue? • If so, what creative solutions can we find to harvest resources to provide accessible e-platforms with easily managed digital rights and licensing for class use?
  • 26. Assess your school’s preparedness to measure effective change and/or innovation in your library’s digital content strategy, epub, e-book, e-text acquisition and ICT plans? 1.leadership interventions including the use of data-driven diagnostic feedback or research 2. Predictions of teachers’ curriculum concerns 3.teacher and student engagement 4. Acknowledging the students’ voices Your task: Strategic change management plan for e-pubs, apps and open education resources
  • 27. Digital content development and digitisation strategic plan for next three years Guidelines for library processes with digital resources • Storage • Accessibility issues • Processing MARC and metadata • Preservation and weeding • Promotion and marketing SCHOOL LIBRARIES: solutions for the wicked problems?
  • 28. Acknowledgements, sources or more sites to explore: Apple iTunesU K-12 Digital shift Infographics Infographics – or Open Education Database School Library Journal