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Swm 19 05
 

Swm 19 05

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SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

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    Swm 19 05 Swm 19 05 Presentation Transcript

    •  Haridwar is a holy city on the bank of of river Ganges in the Uttrakhand State  Being a place of intense religious significance, Haridwar hosts several religious festivals throughout the year, popular among are Kavad Mela, Somvati Amabasya Mela, in which 20-25 lacs people take part . Apart from this there is the Kumbh Mela which takes place once in every twelve years.The 2010 Maha Kumbh Mela saw over 5 million pilgrims visiting this city, to take a dip in the holy River ,Ganga  Haridwar city has an area of 12.17 Sq. Kms and a v population of 1,75,010 as per 2001 census and 1,93,000 in 2008.  Total no. of wards is 30.
    •  Municipal Solid Waste Generation  The city generates, on an average per day- 190MT  The major sources of MSW generation of the city are domestic, shops and commercial establishments, hotels, restaurants, Dharamshalas and fruit and vegetable markets.  Numbers of registered hotels- 270  Restaurants-250  Dharamsalas- 280  Fruit and Vegetable market – 3
    • S. Total Year Permanent Camping Floating No. equiv. 1 2010 214529 287238 624018 482952 2 2025 291572 418616 905980 682076 3 2040 388239 561098 1212135 911215
    • S.N. Source Genration (Ton/Day) 1 Domestic 155 2 Fruit and Vegetable Markets 5 3 Shop and Commercial 12 Establishments 4 Hotel and Restaurant and 4 Dharamshalas 5 Construction/Demolition 2 Activities 6 Other 12 7 8
    •  55 Mohalla Swachta Samities have been formed for door to door collection waste from the area and to keep the area clean .They have engaged private sweepers.  Waste is mostly collected through Community Bins/Containers and road sweeping. HNPP sweepers and Sanitary workers engaged by the MSS sweep and streets. They accumulate the collected waste into small heaps and subsequently loaded manually or mechanically onto the community containers/bins or directly loaded onto the solid waste transportation to the disposal site.  60 Open handcarts and 20 cycle, Rickshaws are used for collection of wastes generated from street sweeping and cleaning of drains. Both long and short brooms are used for street sweeping.  A private agency “Dry Waste recycling & Resource Center Haridwar is presently segrating recyclable wastes from the various waste collection points by organizing the rag pickers for further process.  Secondary storage of solid waste is done by means of community containers and bins having capacity of 0.5 m3, 1 m3 and 4.5 m3
    • S.N. Type of Vehicle/ Equipment No. 1 Bins and Containers 220 2 Tractor Trolley 06 3 Container carrier Tractor 03 4 Tipper Truck 05 5 Mechanical Loader 02 6 Dumper Placer 02 7 Vikram Three wheeler 06 8 Cow Catcher 02
    •  HNPP disposes the solid waste of the city to two sites  Jwalapur- About 7 km from the city.  National Highway 74- about 8 km from the city.  In both sites wastes disposed is done by dumping.
    •  Senior Health Officer Health Officer Chief Sanitary Inspector Sanitary Inspector Sanitary Supervisor Head Filter Driver Sweeper Fitter Helper
    • SL.No Item Response 1. Name of the Project Integrated Solid waste Management at haridwar 2. Type of PPP Build , Operation and Transfer 3. Administrative Department Urban Development Department (U.K) 4. Implementing Agency Nagar Palika Parishad , Haridwar 5. Funding Arrangements 80% from Govt. Of India 20% from State Government. 6. Population Beneficiary 4.83 lakh 7. Period Of Concession 15 years 8 Estimated Capital Cost 23.53 Crore
    • SL.No Item Response 9. Area Of Coverage Entire Area under (NPPH) 12.17 Sq/Km 10. Project Objective To comply with the provision of SWM Rules 2000. 11. DPR Status DPR has been Prepared and approved by GoI. 12. Area For Landfill Site. 7.09 Hec. 13. RFQ/RFP Status Submitted for Approval by EFC.
    • The Existing Solid waste Management system in Haridwar is deficient in all components i.e. source segregation ,primary collection ,treatment ,Scientific disposal of waste which are covered in the present project. The city of Haridwar needs to immediate augment its solid waste management law to be comply with MSW rules 2000 The Proposed Project as covered under JNNURM On Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) Basis in Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) Mode .Project site to be handover to the Concessionaire for the purpose of the construction, Operation and Maintenance of Project facilities including – 1. Transfer stations 2. Composting Plant 3. Workshop Facilities of vehicle maintenance 4. Landfill Facilities 5. Secondary storage depots for 45 wards. This is the Grant Based Project.
    •  Primary Data collection  Extensive site visits  Stakeholder consultations  Laboratory investigations  Qualitative and Quantitative assessments  Designing SWM systems  Address institutional, financial, health and legal aspects
    •  No Storage of waste at source.  Majority of the population throws the waste on the streets, drains, water bodies, etc.  No segregation of recyclables
    •  Secondary storage of waste is partly carried out in containers and partly in open spaces  The existing transportation work is not scientifically designed.  The Municipal Council has introduced some containers and dumper placer machines, but in most of the cases the waste is manually loaded in the containers/tractors/trucks due to lack of synchronization.
    •  No treatment facility is created so far.  Disposal of waste is unscientific.  Method of crude dumping is adopted.  Waste is neither spread, compacted or covered giving rise to problems of environmental degradation.
    • Average Household Waste Per-capita Waste Generation Income Group Generation - Residential in Kgs/Day (taking average waste in Kgs/ day family size=5) High Income Group 1.412 0.280 Middle Income Group 1.266 0.250 Low Income Group 1.027 0.210 Average per capita household waste generation is 220gms/day
    • Year 2010 2010- Items/Year Waste in %ages Equivalent population MT/day considering floating 482952 population Biodegradable Per capita waste generation 109 51 waste in residential areas in gms 220 per day Total waste from residential Recyclables 53 25 106 areas/day in MT/day Commercial waste in MT/day 68 Inert materials 43 20 Street Sweepings 39 Total waste generation per day in MT 213 Construction 9 4 Per capita waste waste 442gm/day generation/day
    •  100% Compliance with MSW (M&H) Rules 2000  Create awareness among citizens to comply with MSW Rules 2000  Ensure source segregation  Ensure storage of waste at source  Ensure door to door collection of waste  Ensure secondary storage of segregated waste in covered containers  Ensure transportation of waste in covered trucks / lorries  Set up a Compost plant for treatment of organic waste  Constructing a sanitary landfill for disposal of waste
    •  Motivate the citizens to keep two domestic bins at home.  To ensure success of the project, a provision for dustbins has been kept in the DPR for one time only
    • 1. Door to door collection through containerized tricycles and handcarts will be introduced in the city 2. 271 number of tricycles and 90 handcarts have been proposed in the city
    • 1. Small tipper vehicles have been proposed to collect the waste from commercial establishments and institutions. 2. Tipper trucks with chassis of TATA 407 have been proposed to directly transport waste from hotels, guest houses, ashrams, dharamshalas, etc. 3. These vehicles will directly go to treatment and disposal site avoiding any transfer during the process.
    •  A set of litter bins at 200 locations in the poudy area as well as on the main commercial streets, railway stations, bus stations, market places, parks and gardens to prevent littering of streets and public places is proposed.  1.1 and 2.0 cubic metre containers are also proposed for secondary collection of waste to be mechanically transferred and transported through Refuse collector cum compactors
    •  Street sweeping will be done on a daily basis  Use of containerized handcarts by street sweepers. (339 handcarts will be deployed)  Special arrangement has been recommended in the Har ki Podi area during normal days and peak days.  Waste from the handcarts will be transferred directly into black containers strategically placed in rest of the city.  Protective gears such as gloves, mask, uniforms and shoes should be given to the sanitation workers  Wheelbarrows will be providers for Nali desiliting
    •  All 200 open as well as masonry waste storage sites are proposed to be discontinued and be replaced by a set of green and black mobile containers at 50 locations meant for storage of organic and inert waste respectively  They will be placed on concrete floors
    •  All the waste generated in the city is proposed to be transported in covered hydraulic vehicles/refuse collectors/motorised vehicles on day to day basis avoiding multiple and manual handling of waste.  Efficient workshop facility where all minor repairs and maintenance will be carried out departmentally
    •  Integrated solid waste management systems have been proposed.  Compost plant is designed for 100 MT capacity with provision of storage of extra quantity of waste during peak period so that the additional load of July could also be consumed within one month.  Option of using any technology such RDF plant has been kept open to Private sector.
    •  With efforts to segregate recyclable material at source and inert in black containers, about 50 MT of inerts would reach the landfill. Therefore a sanitary landfill of 50MT/day capacity is proposed to be constructed.  Haridwar Municipal Council is in possession 20 hectare of land which is sufficient to meet the future requirements for next 20 years.  Existing dumpsites have been proposed to be covered
    • The proposed DPR for Solid Waste Management for Haridwar city has been appraised by CPHEEO for at an estimated cost of Rs. 1671.53 Lakhs at 2008-09 price level as per following break-up: Item Approved Costs Items number 1 Source storage and primary collection 144.40 2 Street sweeping and drain cleaning 69.35 3 Secondary storage 64.50 4 Transportation of Waste 342.15 4 Treatment & Processing 347.10 5 Disposal 587.50 6 Closure of old dumps 60.00 Capital Costs 1615.00 Contingency @ 3% of capital expenditure 8.08 Administrative charges @0.05% of capital cost 48.45 Total Capital Costs 1671.53
    • As the City of Haridwar is in special state under JnNURM scheme, it is entitled to get 80% grants from Government of India, 10% grant from the State Government. Agency Share Rs. (in Lakhs) Govt. of India 80% 1337.22 State Govt. 10% 167.15 ULB 10% 167.15
    • Cost Heads Amount in Rs. Lakhs Maintenance and repair of equipment and vehicle 31.17 Cost of fuel and lubricants 42.30 Staff costs for door to door collection 108.13 Overheads and Miscellaneous including supervision 27.10 (20%) Total in Rs. Lakhs 207.80
    • Monthly Projected Monthly user fee Category of beneficiary Units Recovery of user rate fees (Rs. In lakhs) BPL group households 19824 10 1.98 Low Income Group HHs 14532 25 3.63 Middle Income Group HHs 3822 40 1.53 High Income Group HHs 3822 50 1.91 Shops 4000 60 2.40 Hotels 300 250 0.75 Private Bhawans/guest houses 200 400 0.80 Restaurants/Dhabas 300 150 0.45 Dharmshalas 205 250 0.51 Ashrams 450 500 2.25 Hospitals and Nursing Homes 100 200 0.20 Schools, Colleges 75 250 0.19 Vegetable market - shops 150 60 0.09 Fruit Market - shops 90 60 0.05 Meat Market - shops 25 100 0.03 Fish Market - vendors 40 50 0.02 Factories/Industries 50 500 0.25 50 500 0.25 Revenue collected per month 17.29 Revenue per year 207.53
    • • Grant of Concession – The concessioning authority authorized the concessionaire to design , engineer, procure , finance and construct the project facility •Concession Period – The concession granted for a period of 15 years •Acceptance of Concession – Concessionaire accept the concession and agreed and undertake to perform – discharge all of its obligations in accordance in provisions
    • • Handover of Project Side – NPPH handover the Project Side to the Concessionaire within 15 days for the purpose of construction , operation and maintenance •Performance Security – Bank guarantee for a sum of Rs, Fifty lakh only will be deposit to NPPH •Payment of Project Engineer – All fees, cost , charges and expenses are payble to project Engineer
    •  Procurement of all tools and equipments approved under the DPR  Door to door collection of waste from households, shops and establishments (This work could be done very cost effectively by NGOs, RWAs, various associations and private contractors).  O&M of secondary storage and transportation (This work could be contracted out to a professional agency having experience of transportation of waste, maintenance of fleet of vehicles, etc.  Processing and disposal of waste (this requires special expertise and experience and therefore agencies having undertaken this task could be invited to take the contract)
    •  The DPR highlights the need of institutional strengthening & capacity building, addresses financial, legal, health and environmental aspects and provide an MIS system to monitor and evaluate the services from time to time.  Looking at the high inflow of pilgrims, special IEC plan and budget have been proposed to be implemented in the city.
    • The financial support from the Government of India and the State Government, if received as per this DPR will go a long way in improving health and sanitation in the city of Haridwar and would improve the quality of life of the citizens as well as protect the environment and reduce green house gases and global warming