Iris by @run@$uj! final

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Iris by @run@$uj! final

  1. 1. IRIS RECOGNITION SUBMITTED BY A.ARUNA [1] V.ELAKKIYA [2] III-EEE-’A’
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION TO BIOMETRICS  Biometric technologies is defined as automated method of identifying or authenticating the identity of a person based on physiological or behavioural characteristics.  Physiological characteristics are more stable and few examples are, 1. Face recognition 2. Finger print recognition 3. Iris recognition 4. DNA recognition Behavioural characteristics are the reflection of the make up and few examples are, 1. Signatures 2. Voices
  3. 3. IRIS RECOGNITION-WHAT? AND WHY?  Iris recognition is a method of biometric authentication that uses pattern recognition techniques based on high-resolution images of the iris of an individual eyes. As long as a person has an eye with iris, that eye can be identified by iris recognition.  Even the fingerprinting technology allows only 60 to 70 degrees of freedom.
  4. 4. IRIS SCANNING With video technology, a camera scans the iris pattern, which consists of corona, pupil, etc.  The system then digitizes unique information of the iris from the photograph and is stored in a database. To record an individual’s iris code, a black and white video camera uses approximately 30 frames per second to zoom the eye and “grab” a sharp and accurate image of the iris.
  5. 5. METHODS OF IRIS  In identifying one’s iris, there are 2 methods for its recognition and are, 1. Active 2. Passive  The active Iris system requires that a user be anywhere from six to fourteen inches away from the camera. The passive system allows the user to be anywhere from one to three feet away from the camera that locates the focus on the iris.
  6. 6. USAGE OF IRIS RECOGNITION IN THE VOTING PROCESS • The voting process consists of, 1. Enrolment of iris pattern 2. Iris scanning of individuals 3. Verification for the identity 4. Permission to vote 5. Voting process
  7. 7. BLOCK DIAGRAM OF IRIS RECOGNITION IN VOTING PROCESS
  8. 8. ENROLMENT  Before the election the people has to enrol their iris pattern at the district head quarters, municipal office , etc.  This registration can be done once throughout the life.  The distance between the camera and the human eye can be 4 to 24 inches.  In the entire process, the enrolment stage needs human work.
  9. 9. IRIS CODE GENERATION The iris pattern is encoded after the unnecessary parts have been discounted and this process is called as demodulation and it creates a phase code.  The phase sequence is called an iris code template, and it captures the unique features of an that allows easy and rapid comparisons against large databases of other templates and is encrypted.
  10. 10. VERIFICATION  In less than few seconds, even on a database of millions of records, the iris code template is generated from a live image is compared to previously enrolled ones to see if it matches any of them.
  11. 11. HOW INDIVIDUAL IRIS IS IDENTIFIED?
  12. 12. PERMISSION AND VOTING PROCESS PERMISSION::  The server provided at the polling station will verify the iris code with the database and then it verifies whether they had already voted. VOTING:: After getting the permission from the server the person can vote by pressing the keys and the pre recorded voice message will help to select the candidate.
  13. 13. FLOWCHART FOR PERMISSION TO VOTE
  14. 14. SPECIALISATION OF IRIS OVER OTHER RECOGNITION TECHNIQUE  It uses camera technology, with suitable infra-red illumination reducing reflection from the convex cornea, to create images of rich structures of iris.  Because of its speed of comparison, iris recognition is the only biometric technology well-suited for one-to-many identification.
  15. 15. ADVANTAGES OF IRIS RECOGNITION Time saving. Election malpractices can be stopped.  Imitation is not possible and pattern cannot be changed without risking the eye.  High accuracy rate.
  16. 16. DISADVANTAGES OF IRIS RECOGNITION  Iris recognition is very difficult to perform at a distance larger than a few meters.  Irises are not typically deposited by people at crime scenes, and so are not useful as fingerprints and DNA for forensic identification.  Optical readers are difficult to operate requiring advanced training for employees.
  17. 17. APPLICATIONS OF IRIS RECOGNITION  All foreign nationals who posses a visa to enter the UAE(United Arab Emirates) are processed through iris cameras.  One of the three biometric identification technologies internationally standardized by ICAO for use in future passports (the other two are finger print and face recognition).  At Schiphol Airport, Netherlands, iris recognition has permitted passport-free immigration since 2001.
  18. 18. APPLICATION OF IRIS SCANNING FOR BAGHDAD REFUGEES
  19. 19. ADVANTAGES OVER FINGERPRINT SCANNING:  There is no need for the person to be identified to touch any equipment that has recently been touched by a stranger, thereby eliminating an objection that has been raised in some cultures against fingerprint scanners, where a finger has to touch a surface or retinal scanning, where the eye can be brought very close to a lens (like looking into a microscope lens).
  20. 20. NO TWO IRISES ARE ALIKE:  No two irises are alike, not even in one individual or identical twins.  The iris consists of over 400 different characteristics.  Compared to the 40 or 50 points of distinct finger print characteristics, the iris has more than 250 distinct features.  Hence, iris scanning is much more accurate than fingerprints or even DNA analysis of the different features.
  21. 21. REFERENCES 1.S.Prabhakar, S.Pankanti and A.K.Jain,”Biomertric recognition security and privacy concerns”, IEEE security and privacy magazine, vol.1,No.2, pp.33-42, 2003. 2.D.Maltoni, D.Maio, A.K.Jain and S.Prabhakar, Handbook of fingerprint recognition, springer. NY, 2003. 3.Electronics for you 4.Wikipedia 5. A.K.Jain, R.Bolle and S.Pankanti(editors), Biometrics: personal identification in networked society, kluwer academic publishers, 1999.
  22. 22. THANK YOU

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