Assistive Technology Presentation

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Assistive technology information for teachers

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Assistive Technology Presentation

  1. 1. Assistive Technology Helping ALL students learn…
  2. 2. What is Assistive Technology? <ul><li>Any item, piece of equipment, or product system that can be modified or customized for individuals with disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>It is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities for individuals with disabilities </li></ul>
  3. 3. What Do Teachers Need to Know? <ul><li>Students with disabilities may need the following types of assistive technology: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Devices/Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>2. Modifications to Websites </li></ul><ul><li>3. Modifications to Software Applications </li></ul>
  4. 4. Devices/Equipment <ul><li>There are several devices that are used to modify technology for students with disabilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Here are some of the categories: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication Devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Access Devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic Aids to Daily Living (EADL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mounting Devices & Performance Enablers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single Switches & Controllers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Furniture, Work Surfaces, & Work Stations </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Modifications to Websites <ul><li>Web developers can adjust access to their websites to accommodate visual, hearing, physical, speech, and cognitive disabilities. </li></ul><ul><li>The Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) has developed guidelines and techniques for private Web software and Web developers to accommodate individuals with disabilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act requires Federal agencies provide software and web-based information accommodations for individuals with disabilities. This includes not only government employees, but the general public. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Modifications to Software Applications <ul><li>Software applications that provide accessibility features for individuals with disabilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Office provides products that enhance its programs that are compatible with Windows operating systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Adobe provides tools for Web developers to use when creating PDF documents that are accessible. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Assistive Technology A Reference Guide for Educators …
  8. 8. Assistive Technology Devices/Equipment Examples <ul><li>For speech impairment, Talk Back 12 is a device that uses four basic pictures on a keypad that, when pressed, communicate a word or phrase for the student. </li></ul><ul><li>For visual impairments, Kurzweil 1000 speaks text aloud for the student as well as allows the student to create and edit documents. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Assistive Technology Modifications to Websites Examples <ul><li>Screen Readers are software that can be used by students with visual impairments. It reads the text on the screen and outputs it as audible speech or Braille. </li></ul><ul><li>Specialized keyboards or switches are used by students with physical disabilities. Modifications may include a smaller or larger key spacing, key guards, on-screen keyboards, or eye-gazing keyboards. </li></ul><ul><li>Scanning software is used by students with physical or cognitive impairments. It highlights or announces selection choices such as menus or links, one at a time. By hitting a switch, the desired item is selected by the student. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Assistive Technology Modifications to Software Applications Examples <ul><li>Microsoft offers several programs to promote accessibility. Here are a few: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Word Prediction programs give students the opportunity to type one or two letters of a word to generate a list. The student can use the mouse or a switch to select the intended word. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talking word processors give students the ability to use speech synthesizers to provide auditory feedback of what is typed. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The End… If you would like to check to see if a website complies with the accessibility guidelines, try http://bobby.watchfire.com/bobby/html/en/index.jsp
  12. 12. Works Cited <ul><li>www.wheelchairnet.org/WCN_ProdServ/Products/OtherATprod.html </li></ul><ul><li>www.ittatc.org/technical/experts/answers.php?qa_id=17 </li></ul><ul><li>www.w3.org/WAI/intro/accessibility.php </li></ul><ul><li>www.w3.org/WAI/EO/Drafts/PWD-Use-Web/ </li></ul><ul><li>www.microsoft.com/enable/guides/ </li></ul>

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