World War 1 - Chapter 27 Slides
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World War 1 - Chapter 27 Slides

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These are the slides for a high school World History class for studying World War 1.

These are the slides for a high school World History class for studying World War 1.

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World War 1 - Chapter 27 Slides World War 1 - Chapter 27 Slides Presentation Transcript

  • CHAPTER 27 World War I and the Russian Revolution Section 1: Setting the Stage for War Section 2: World War I: A New Kind of War Section 3: The Russian Revolution Section 4: The Terms of Peace Section 5: Creating a “New” Europe
  • Chap 27: SECTION 1 Monday – Mar. 27th Setting the Stage for War Big Question #1: How did World War I begin?
  • Chap 27: SECTION 1 Monday – Mar. 27th Setting the Stage for War Big Question #1: How did World War I begin? Causes of World War I -page 6 B. Quest for pride, power and land. C. Alliances brought many countries together as friend and foes D. Serbian assassination of A/H Archduke Ferdinand
  • Chap 27: SECTION 1 Monday – Mar. 27th Setting the Stage for War Gavrilo Princip
  • Chap 27: SECTION 1 Monday – Mar. 27th Setting the Stage for War Little Question 1.a.: What alliances existed in Europe at the outbreak of World War I?
  • Chap 27: SECTION 1 Monday – Mar. 27th Setting the Stage for War Opposing Alliances at Outbreak of War 1907 1879 Austria- Britain Russia Germany Hungary Triple Triple Entente Alliance 1904 1882 1882 1894 (Allies) (Central) France Italy
  • Chap 27: SECTION 1 Monday – APR 13th Setting the Stage for War Triple Entente – Allied Powers France – Premier Georges Clemenceau Britain – Prime Minister David Lloyd George Russia – Tsar Nicholas II & Vladimir Lenin United States – President Woodrow Wilson Italy - Vittorio Emanuele Orlando Triple Alliance – Central Powers Germany – Kaiser Wilhelm II Austria – Emperor Franz Joseph I Hungary – Prime Minister, Stefan Tisza Ottoman – Mehmed IV
  • Chap 27: SECTION 1 Monday – Mar. 27th
  • Map of the World with the Participants in World War 1. The Allies are depicted in green, the Central Powers in orange, and neutral countries in grey.
  • Chap 27: SECTION 1 Monday – Mar. 27th Setting the Stage for War Little Question 1.b.: Why did a Serbian assassinate the Archduke of Austria-Hungary?
  • Chap 27: SECTION 1 Monday – Mar. 27th Setting the Stage for War Little Question 1.b.: • Serbia wanted to create a large “slavic” nation that would include Bosnia and Herzegovina • Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia into their empire • Germany was trying to get the Ottoman Empire to help Germany gain more territory and power • Serbia was feeling the pressure of these giant empires all around them and wanted to prove to them that they would not be pushed around • The Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife were in Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia • Shooting the heir to the throne of A/H sent a message of nationalism & independence.
  • Chap 27: SECTION 1 Monday – Mar. 27th Setting the Stage for War Little Question 1.c.: How did the assassination of an Archduke turn into a world war?
  • Chap 27: SECTION 1 Monday – Mar. 27th Setting the Stage for War Little Question 1.c.: • Russia backed Serbia • Germany backed A/H and declared war on Russia and France • Britain backed France and declared war on Germany • Japan sided with Britain in hopes of gaining German territory in Asia • Italy signed a secret treaty with the Entente and joined the war against Germany & A/H • Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria join Germany & A/ H
  • SECTION 2 World War I: A New Kind of War Big Question #2: What were the advantages of both the Central and Allied Powers?
  • SECTION 2 World War I: A New Kind of War Advantages of the Central Advantages of the Powers Allied Powers • more soldiers • territory that extended from the North Sea to the • greater industrial Middle East capacity • Germany’s powerful army • Britain’s navy • rapid communications and movement
  • SECTION 2 World War I: A New Kind of War Little Question 2.a.: How did new technology affect the way in which World War I was fought?
  • SECTION 2 World War I: A New Kind of War Military Technology pg 10 Technology Its Effect Remedy •U-boat many boats sunk mines & torpedoes •Poison gas death & deformation gas masks •Machine gun many soldiers deaths better armor & tanks •Balloons reconnaissance anti-aircraft guns, planes •Airplane recon & bombing mounted machine guns •Tanks protect from machine larger bombs & missiles guns & barbed wire
  • SECTION 2
  • Chap 27: SECTION 3 Thursday – Mar. 30th Russian Revolution Big Question #3: Why did Russia sign the Peace Treaty with Germany?
  • Chap 27: SECTION 3 Thursday – Mar. 30th Russian Revolution Big Question #3: Why did Russia sign the Peace Treaty with Germany? • Lost half of its army • Poor economy • Revolution at home
  • Chap 27: SECTION 3 Thursday – Mar. 30th Russian Revolution Little Question 3.a.: What events led to the Russian Revolution? •Poverty •Poor performance in war •Suppression of democracy •Weak Duma
  • Chap 27: SECTION 3 Thursday – Mar. 30th Russian Revolution Little Question 3.b.: How did the Communists come to power? Lenin and the Bolsheviks •Appealed to the poor Russian masses •Formed basis of communism
  • Chap 27: SECTION 3 Thursday – Mar. 30th Russian Revolution Little Question 3.c.: How did the Russian Revolution affect Russia’s participation in WWI? • Lenin signed peace treaty with Central Powers • Communists fought socialist opposition
  • SECTION 4 The Terms of Peace The End of the War: September-November, 1918 September October November Germans are stopped Turks ask for peace German Kaiser at the Marne River abdicates, German Austria-Hungary republic is Bulgaria surrenders stops fighting, forms announced Germany signs separate armistice governments
  • Chap 27: SECTION 4 Thursday – Mar. 30th The Terms of Peace Outcomes of WWI Order of those that surrendered 1917 – Russia – signed peace treaty with Germany 1918 – Bulgaria - A/H – becomes 2 separate countries - Ottoman Empire – splits up - Turkey – independent country - Britain takes: Iraq, Palestine and Jordan - France takes: Lebanon and Syria - Germany – lost all colonies around the world
  • Chap 27: SECTION 4 Thursday – Mar. 30th The Terms of Peace
  • SECTION 4
  • Chap 27: SECTION 4 Thursday – Mar. 30th The Terms of Peace Little Question 4.a.: Define the Fourteen points • 6 points that ensure a safer war - see page714 • 8 points that deal specifically with regions or countries -following slide
  • Chap 27: SECTION 4 Thursday – Mar. 30th The Terms of Peace Little Question 4.a.: Define the Fourteen points • Points 1-6 2) No secret treaties; 3) freedom of the seas for all nations; 4) removal of all economic barriers, such as tariffs; 5) reduction of national armaments; 5) adjustment of colonies 6) establishment of “League of Nations” to guarantee political independence and protection to small and large states alike.
  • Chap 27: SECTION 4 Thursday – Mar. 30th The Terms of Peace Little Question 4.a.: Define the Fourteen points • Points 7-14 VII. Restoration of Belgium VIII. Restoration of all French lands IX. Clearly define the border of Italy X. The development of a democracy in Austria-Hungary XI. Romania, Serbia, and Montenegro should be evacuated XII. Turkey should be liberated XIII. A free Polish state XIV. A general association of nations (League of Nations)
  • Chap 27: SECTION 4 Thursday – Mar. 30th The Terms of Peace Little Question 4.b.: How was the Paris Peace Conference received? • U.S. wanted fair rules, & did not want to anger Germany into another conflict • European Allies wanted to punish Germany to pay for the damages, and make sure Germany never became strong enough again to start another war. • The Central Powers and Russia had little or no say
  • Chap 27: SECTION 5 Friday – Mar. 31st Creating a “New” Europe Big Question #5: How was the League of Nations structured, and what was its relationship to the World Court?
  • SECTION 5 Creating a “New” Europe World Court League of Nations Secretariat An independent body that would Council determine Permanent Members cases of Rotating Members international law Assembly
  • Chap 27: SECTION 5 Friday – Mar. 31st Creating a “New” Europe Little Question 5.a.: What were the terms of the Treaty of Versailles? Germany: •No draft •Maximum of 100,000 men •No heavy artillery, military planes, or submarines •Pay reparations - $33 billion
  • Chap 27: SECTION 5 Friday – Mar. 31st Creating a “New” Europe Little Question 5.b.: How were territories divided after the war?
  • Chap 27: SECTION 5 Friday – Mar. 31st
  • Chap 27: SECTION 5 Friday – Mar. 31st
  • Chap 27: SECTION 5 Friday – Mar. 31st Creating a “New” Europe Little Question 5.b.: How were territories re-divided after the war? •Germany lost land to Poland •Austria lost land to Czechoslovakia •Czechoslovakia was created •Yugoslavia was created from Serbia, Slovenia, Croatia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina •Hungary lost land to Romania, Poland Russia
  • CHAPTER 27 Chapter Wrap-Up 1. What role did propaganda play in World War I? 2. How did World War I affect relations between the world’s great powers? 3. How was industry affected by World War I?