Sultan Suleiman I (1494 – 1520 – 1566) “The Magnificent” and “The Law Giver” reigned for 46 years from 1520 as the tenth and greatest ruler of the Ottoman Empire. His father, Selim “the Grim”, who ruled from 1512 to 1520, had conquered Egypt and become the first Ottoman Sultan to also take the title of Caliph. Selim had all of Suleiman’s brother’s and close male relatives put to death , thus ensuring a smooth succession (this practice was legally recognized in the Ottoman Empire). Luckily, he chose the right guy to keep alive. Suleiman the Magnificent <ul><li>2 wives </li></ul><ul><li>Dozens of Captured Concubines </li></ul><ul><li>8 sons </li></ul><ul><li>Only one will be left alive to assume the throne </li></ul><ul><li>Who will it be? </li></ul>
During Suleiman’s long rule (which was also the time in which the Nation State structure of Europe was firming up) the geographic bounds of the Ottoman Empire reached what proved to be their maximum extent . The Ottomans controlled the Mediterranean and in the North their armies knocked on the gates of Vienna (but did not get in) after overrunning Hungary, and Habsburg Emperor Charles V was humiliated into signing the Treaty of Constantinople. In the East he reached Tabriz and conquered Baghdad in 1534 – the Baghdad Pavilion in the Topkapi Palace was built to celebrate this victory. <ul><li>Roxelana is a captured daughter of a priest </li></ul><ul><li>She becomes his favorite mistress </li></ul><ul><li>Soon she will become his 2 nd wife </li></ul><ul><li>No one had more power in life than her </li></ul>Suleiman the Magnificent
Outside of hands-on generalship, Suleiman “The Law Giver” drove the development of a legal system which codified the rights and duties of all the citizens of his huge domains. He promoted art and architecture, and was himself an accomplished poet, often writing of his love for his chief wife – Roxelana. Credit: Paradoxplace Insight Pages: http://www.paradoxplace.com/Insights/Topkapi/Suleiman%20Topkapi%20Ottomans.htm <ul><li>Ibrahim – (Abraham) is a close friend since childhood </li></ul><ul><li>Ibrahim is Orthodox Christian </li></ul><ul><li>Ibrahim rises to become the favorite confidant of Sulieman </li></ul>Suleiman the Magnificent
"Throne of my lonely niche, my wealth, my love, my moonlight. My most sincere friend, my confidant, my very existence, my Sultan The most beautiful among the beautiful… My springtime, my merry faced love, my daytime, my sweetheart, laughing leaf… My plants, my sweet, my rose, the one only who does not distress me in this world… My Istanbul, my Caraman, the earth of my Anatolia My Badakhshan, my Baghdad and Khorasan My woman of the beautiful hair, my love of the slanted brow, my love of eyes full of mischief… I'll sing your praises always I, lover of the tormented heart, Muhibbi of the eyes full of tears, I am happy." Roxelana Credit: Paradoxplace Insight Pages: http://www.paradoxplace.com/Insights/Topkapi/Suleiman%20Topkapi%20Ottomans.htm Poem written to her from her husband
<ul><li>Pay close attention as you watch the video </li></ul><ul><li>3 time periods: Early, Middle, & Late </li></ul><ul><li>Close friends </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery, loyalty, punishment, war </li></ul><ul><li>Religious views </li></ul><ul><li>Relatives & succession to the throne </li></ul>Suleiman the Magnificent
Suleiman - Video Quiz <ul><li>What were Suleiman's qualities when he first became sultan? </li></ul><ul><li>How did Suleiman gain control over his realm? </li></ul><ul><li>Who were Suleiman’s two closest advisors and confidants? </li></ul><ul><li>When Suleiman put his friend Ibrahim into the position of grand vizier, how did Ibrahim serve him? What happened to Ibrahim? </li></ul><ul><li>How did Suleiman achieve an army so capable and disciplined that “ten thousand could be led by a single thread”? </li></ul><ul><li>How was Suleiman different from other conquerors of his time when it came to religious faiths? </li></ul><ul><li>What were the distant borders of the area Suleiman controlled, and why couldn't he extend his empire any farther? </li></ul><ul><li>How did Suleiman insure his legacy in relation to his sons? </li></ul>
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