Byzantine empire

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Byzantine empire

  1. 1. 359 – 1453 C.E.<br />Constantinople<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. A New Roman Capital<br />
  4. 4. Constantinople<br />
  5. 5. Political<br />P<br />Constantine: 306-337 C.E.<br /><ul><li>313 – Edict of Milan – religious tolerance for Christians
  6. 6. makes Christianity the official religion of Roman Empire
  7. 7. 330 - rebuilds Greek city of Byzantium & renames it after himself: Constantinople
  8. 8. 359 - Constantinople becomes the new capital of Roman Empire
  9. 9. 395 - Empire splits in two:
  10. 10. Western Roman Empire – Rome
  11. 11. Eastern Roman Empire – Constantinople
  12. 12. 425 - Western Empire invaded by Germanic tribes
  13. 13. 476 - Rome falls and last Roman Emperor is dethroned</li></li></ul><li>Political<br />P<br />Justinian: 527 - 565 C.E.<br /><ul><li>reconquers much of Western Roman Empire
  14. 14. N. Africa, Italy, Spain
  15. 15. Sea ports are his focus: wealth & power
  16. 16. writes code of laws to unify everyone
  17. 17. Empire becomes the largest during Justinian’s reign</li></ul>Theodora: 527 - 565 C.E.<br /><ul><li> influential wife of Justinian
  18. 18. women’s rights grow with Theodora’s help
  19. 19. Divorce and property ownership rights
  20. 20. Funded many social programs
  21. 21. Hospitals, orphanages, schools
  22. 22. Byzantine Empire falls in 1453 to the Ottoman Turks</li></li></ul><li>P<br />Justinian’s Empire<br />
  23. 23. P<br />Post Justinian<br />
  24. 24. P<br />Reconquest of Slavic & Ottoman<br />
  25. 25. P<br />Pre – 1st Crusade<br />
  26. 26. P<br />Post – 1st Crusade<br />
  27. 27. P<br />Just before the fall<br />
  28. 28. Ideas/Intellectual<br />I<br />Education<br /><ul><li>Schoolsfor everyone: parochial, private & public
  29. 29. Use of classical Greek & Roman literature
  30. 30. Preserved Greco-Roman ideas – math, science & philosophy</li></ul>Cyrillic Alphabet<br /><ul><li>Cyril & Methodius were Christian missionaries to Slavic peoples in Eastern Europe.
  31. 31. The Slavs had no written language. They created a written language that is the basis for many Eastern European languages.</li></li></ul><li>Cyrillic Alphabet<br />I<br />
  32. 32. Russian words<br />I<br />Hi - PrivetHello – zdravstvujjteGood morning - DobroeutroGood afternoon - Dobriy den' Good evening - DobryvecherNice to see you - RadtebyavidetGood bye - DasvidaniyaBye - PokaExcuse me – IzvinitePlease – pozhalujjstaCan you tell me please - skazhitepozhalujjstaThank you –spasiboDo you speak Russian? - vygovoriteporusski ?I don't speak Russian - ja ne govorjuporusski<br />
  33. 33. Religious<br />R<br /><ul><li>Christianity: official religion in 320
  34. 34. Division of Christian Church
  35. 35. Eastern Roman Empire establishes their own pope called a “Patriarch” in 451 C.E.
  36. 36. Iconoclastic Controversy – 726 C.E.
  37. 37. Great Schism – 1054 C.E. - East & West Church formally split
  38. 38. West: Roman Catholic Church
  39. 39. East: Eastern Orthodox Church</li></li></ul><li>Religious<br />R<br /><ul><li> Crusades
  40. 40. Struggle over control of the Holy Lands</li></ul>Jerusalem, Antioch, Palestine<br /><ul><li>Orthodox C. asks for help from RCC to wage war against Muslims controlling the Holy Land
  41. 41. 1st Crusade - successful in reconquering land
  42. 42. 2nd & 3rd Crusade - unsuccessful
  43. 43. 4th Crusade – Catholics plunder Constantinople
  44. 44. The Crusades were the beginning of the end for Byzantine E.</li></li></ul><li>Art & Architecture<br />A<br /><ul><li>Bigger Buildings than Rome
  45. 45. Art is more fancy
  46. 46. Everything is just “richer”
  47. 47. Bath houses, aqueducts, courts of law, schools, hospitals
  48. 48. Mosaics - A picture or pattern produced by arranging together small colored pieces of hard material, such as stone, tile, or glass</li></li></ul><li>Hagia Sophia - “Holy Wisdom”<br />
  49. 49. Hagia Sophia - today<br />
  50. 50. Hagia Sophia – gold plated ceiling<br />
  51. 51. Hagia Sophia – gold plated ceiling<br />
  52. 52. Unification of Empire – religious, political & military<br />
  53. 53. Mosaic - Theodora<br />
  54. 54. Mosiac<br />
  55. 55. Byzantine influence on European Architecture<br />St. Marks Basilica (Roman Catholic) – Venice, Italy<br />
  56. 56. Byzantine influence on European Architecture<br />St. Marks Basilica (Roman Catholic) – Venice, Italy<br />
  57. 57. Byzantine influence on Eastern European Architecture<br />St. Marks Basilica (Roman Catholic) – Venice, Italy<br />
  58. 58. St. Marks Basilica (Roman Catholic) – Venice, Italy<br />
  59. 59. St. Marks Basilica (Roman Catholic) – Venice, Italy<br />
  60. 60.
  61. 61. Technology<br />T<br /><ul><li>Byzantine Empire became rich
  62. 62. Trade with Asia – Silk Road
  63. 63. Paved roads, walls, aqueducts, domes
  64. 64. Hagia Sophia – 184’ at height of dome</li></li></ul><li>Economy & Trade<br />E<br /><ul><li>This rich city needed people to trade with
  65. 65. As long as Empire was stable things were great
  66. 66. As Empire started to shrink, so did its wealth
  67. 67. Ottoman Empire became the new controller of trade routes
  68. 68. Trade made these dudes rich!
  69. 69. B.E. was the middle man in trade b/t Asia & Europe, Africa
  70. 70. Silk Road – Everyone wanted it, only one was selling it
  71. 71. Diseases came from trade
  72. 72. Bubonic Plague
  73. 73. “Justinian’s Plague”</li></li></ul><li>Economy & Trade<br />E<br />
  74. 74. Social<br />S<br /><ul><li>This was one cool city!
  75. 75. Hippodrome – sports center
  76. 76. Horse racing
  77. 77. Chariot racing
  78. 78. Circus acts
  79. 79. Athletic competition
  80. 80. Language – Greek not Latin
  81. 81. Patriarchal society – male dominated
  82. 82. Women – wore veils, could divorce, own property, have a business, educated, arranged marriages (mid-teens) </li></li></ul><li>Hippodrome<br />
  83. 83. Decline<br />S<br /><ul><li>All good things must come to and end.
  84. 84. Internal Struggles
  85. 85. Rich vs. poor
  86. 86. poor farmers had their land taken by the powerful nobles, who turned them into serfs
  87. 87. Emperor vs. Nobles
  88. 88. Power Struggles result in civil wars
  89. 89. External Struggles
  90. 90. Ottoman Turks conquer territory
  91. 91. B.E. does not have large enough army to defend its territory
  92. 92. Ottomans conquer Constantinople in 1453</li>

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