Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Byzantine empire
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Byzantine empire

4,555
views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology

1 Comment
6 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Thank you very much guys for sharing your presentation, it help me a lot doing my daily activities and also for this site thank you mwaaaah
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
4,555
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
238
Comments
1
Likes
6
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. 359 – 1453 C.E.
    Constantinople
  • 2.
  • 3. A New Roman Capital
  • 4. Constantinople
  • 5. Political
    P
    Constantine: 306-337 C.E.
    • 313 – Edict of Milan – religious tolerance for Christians
    • 6. makes Christianity the official religion of Roman Empire
    • 7. 330 - rebuilds Greek city of Byzantium & renames it after himself: Constantinople
    • 8. 359 - Constantinople becomes the new capital of Roman Empire
    • 9. 395 - Empire splits in two:
    • 10. Western Roman Empire – Rome
    • 11. Eastern Roman Empire – Constantinople
    • 12. 425 - Western Empire invaded by Germanic tribes
    • 13. 476 - Rome falls and last Roman Emperor is dethroned
  • Political
    P
    Justinian: 527 - 565 C.E.
    • reconquers much of Western Roman Empire
    • 14. N. Africa, Italy, Spain
    • 15. Sea ports are his focus: wealth & power
    • 16. writes code of laws to unify everyone
    • 17. Empire becomes the largest during Justinian’s reign
    Theodora: 527 - 565 C.E.
    • influential wife of Justinian
    • 18. women’s rights grow with Theodora’s help
    • 19. Divorce and property ownership rights
    • 20. Funded many social programs
    • 21. Hospitals, orphanages, schools
    • 22. Byzantine Empire falls in 1453 to the Ottoman Turks
  • P
    Justinian’s Empire
  • 23. P
    Post Justinian
  • 24. P
    Reconquest of Slavic & Ottoman
  • 25. P
    Pre – 1st Crusade
  • 26. P
    Post – 1st Crusade
  • 27. P
    Just before the fall
  • 28. Ideas/Intellectual
    I
    Education
    • Schoolsfor everyone: parochial, private & public
    • 29. Use of classical Greek & Roman literature
    • 30. Preserved Greco-Roman ideas – math, science & philosophy
    Cyrillic Alphabet
    • Cyril & Methodius were Christian missionaries to Slavic peoples in Eastern Europe.
    • 31. The Slavs had no written language. They created a written language that is the basis for many Eastern European languages.
  • Cyrillic Alphabet
    I
  • 32. Russian words
    I
    Hi - PrivetHello – zdravstvujjteGood morning - DobroeutroGood afternoon - Dobriy den' Good evening - DobryvecherNice to see you - RadtebyavidetGood bye - DasvidaniyaBye - PokaExcuse me – IzvinitePlease – pozhalujjstaCan you tell me please - skazhitepozhalujjstaThank you –spasiboDo you speak Russian? - vygovoriteporusski ?I don't speak Russian - ja ne govorjuporusski
  • 33. Religious
    R
    • Christianity: official religion in 320
    • 34. Division of Christian Church
    • 35. Eastern Roman Empire establishes their own pope called a “Patriarch” in 451 C.E.
    • 36. Iconoclastic Controversy – 726 C.E.
    • 37. Great Schism – 1054 C.E. - East & West Church formally split
    • 38. West: Roman Catholic Church
    • 39. East: Eastern Orthodox Church
  • Religious
    R
    • Crusades
    • 40. Struggle over control of the Holy Lands
    Jerusalem, Antioch, Palestine
    • Orthodox C. asks for help from RCC to wage war against Muslims controlling the Holy Land
    • 41. 1st Crusade - successful in reconquering land
    • 42. 2nd & 3rd Crusade - unsuccessful
    • 43. 4th Crusade – Catholics plunder Constantinople
    • 44. The Crusades were the beginning of the end for Byzantine E.
  • Art & Architecture
    A
    • Bigger Buildings than Rome
    • 45. Art is more fancy
    • 46. Everything is just “richer”
    • 47. Bath houses, aqueducts, courts of law, schools, hospitals
    • 48. Mosaics - A picture or pattern produced by arranging together small colored pieces of hard material, such as stone, tile, or glass
  • Hagia Sophia - “Holy Wisdom”
  • 49. Hagia Sophia - today
  • 50. Hagia Sophia – gold plated ceiling
  • 51. Hagia Sophia – gold plated ceiling
  • 52. Unification of Empire – religious, political & military
  • 53. Mosaic - Theodora
  • 54. Mosiac
  • 55. Byzantine influence on European Architecture
    St. Marks Basilica (Roman Catholic) – Venice, Italy
  • 56. Byzantine influence on European Architecture
    St. Marks Basilica (Roman Catholic) – Venice, Italy
  • 57. Byzantine influence on Eastern European Architecture
    St. Marks Basilica (Roman Catholic) – Venice, Italy
  • 58. St. Marks Basilica (Roman Catholic) – Venice, Italy
  • 59. St. Marks Basilica (Roman Catholic) – Venice, Italy
  • 60.
  • 61. Technology
    T
    • Byzantine Empire became rich
    • 62. Trade with Asia – Silk Road
    • 63. Paved roads, walls, aqueducts, domes
    • 64. Hagia Sophia – 184’ at height of dome
  • Economy & Trade
    E
    • This rich city needed people to trade with
    • 65. As long as Empire was stable things were great
    • 66. As Empire started to shrink, so did its wealth
    • 67. Ottoman Empire became the new controller of trade routes
    • 68. Trade made these dudes rich!
    • 69. B.E. was the middle man in trade b/t Asia & Europe, Africa
    • 70. Silk Road – Everyone wanted it, only one was selling it
    • 71. Diseases came from trade
    • 72. Bubonic Plague
    • 73. “Justinian’s Plague”
  • Economy & Trade
    E
  • 74. Social
    S
    • This was one cool city!
    • 75. Hippodrome – sports center
    • 76. Horse racing
    • 77. Chariot racing
    • 78. Circus acts
    • 79. Athletic competition
    • 80. Language – Greek not Latin
    • 81. Patriarchal society – male dominated
    • 82. Women – wore veils, could divorce, own property, have a business, educated, arranged marriages (mid-teens)
  • Hippodrome
  • 83. Decline
    S
    • All good things must come to and end.
    • 84. Internal Struggles
    • 85. Rich vs. poor
    • 86. poor farmers had their land taken by the powerful nobles, who turned them into serfs
    • 87. Emperor vs. Nobles
    • 88. Power Struggles result in civil wars
    • 89. External Struggles
    • 90. Ottoman Turks conquer territory
    • 91. B.E. does not have large enough army to defend its territory
    • 92. Ottomans conquer Constantinople in 1453