Byzantine empire
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Byzantine empire

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    Byzantine empire Byzantine empire Presentation Transcript

    • 359 – 1453 C.E.
      Constantinople
    • A New Roman Capital
    • Constantinople
    • Political
      P
      Constantine: 306-337 C.E.
      • 313 – Edict of Milan – religious tolerance for Christians
      • makes Christianity the official religion of Roman Empire
      • 330 - rebuilds Greek city of Byzantium & renames it after himself: Constantinople
      • 359 - Constantinople becomes the new capital of Roman Empire
      • 395 - Empire splits in two:
      • Western Roman Empire – Rome
      • Eastern Roman Empire – Constantinople
      • 425 - Western Empire invaded by Germanic tribes
      • 476 - Rome falls and last Roman Emperor is dethroned
    • Political
      P
      Justinian: 527 - 565 C.E.
      • reconquers much of Western Roman Empire
      • N. Africa, Italy, Spain
      • Sea ports are his focus: wealth & power
      • writes code of laws to unify everyone
      • Empire becomes the largest during Justinian’s reign
      Theodora: 527 - 565 C.E.
      • influential wife of Justinian
      • women’s rights grow with Theodora’s help
      • Divorce and property ownership rights
      • Funded many social programs
      • Hospitals, orphanages, schools
      • Byzantine Empire falls in 1453 to the Ottoman Turks
    • P
      Justinian’s Empire
    • P
      Post Justinian
    • P
      Reconquest of Slavic & Ottoman
    • P
      Pre – 1st Crusade
    • P
      Post – 1st Crusade
    • P
      Just before the fall
    • Ideas/Intellectual
      I
      Education
      • Schoolsfor everyone: parochial, private & public
      • Use of classical Greek & Roman literature
      • Preserved Greco-Roman ideas – math, science & philosophy
      Cyrillic Alphabet
      • Cyril & Methodius were Christian missionaries to Slavic peoples in Eastern Europe.
      • The Slavs had no written language. They created a written language that is the basis for many Eastern European languages.
    • Cyrillic Alphabet
      I
    • Russian words
      I
      Hi - PrivetHello – zdravstvujjteGood morning - DobroeutroGood afternoon - Dobriy den' Good evening - DobryvecherNice to see you - RadtebyavidetGood bye - DasvidaniyaBye - PokaExcuse me – IzvinitePlease – pozhalujjstaCan you tell me please - skazhitepozhalujjstaThank you –spasiboDo you speak Russian? - vygovoriteporusski ?I don't speak Russian - ja ne govorjuporusski
    • Religious
      R
      • Christianity: official religion in 320
      • Division of Christian Church
      • Eastern Roman Empire establishes their own pope called a “Patriarch” in 451 C.E.
      • Iconoclastic Controversy – 726 C.E.
      • Great Schism – 1054 C.E. - East & West Church formally split
      • West: Roman Catholic Church
      • East: Eastern Orthodox Church
    • Religious
      R
      • Crusades
      • Struggle over control of the Holy Lands
      Jerusalem, Antioch, Palestine
      • Orthodox C. asks for help from RCC to wage war against Muslims controlling the Holy Land
      • 1st Crusade - successful in reconquering land
      • 2nd & 3rd Crusade - unsuccessful
      • 4th Crusade – Catholics plunder Constantinople
      • The Crusades were the beginning of the end for Byzantine E.
    • Art & Architecture
      A
      • Bigger Buildings than Rome
      • Art is more fancy
      • Everything is just “richer”
      • Bath houses, aqueducts, courts of law, schools, hospitals
      • Mosaics - A picture or pattern produced by arranging together small colored pieces of hard material, such as stone, tile, or glass
    • Hagia Sophia - “Holy Wisdom”
    • Hagia Sophia - today
    • Hagia Sophia – gold plated ceiling
    • Hagia Sophia – gold plated ceiling
    • Unification of Empire – religious, political & military
    • Mosaic - Theodora
    • Mosiac
    • Byzantine influence on European Architecture
      St. Marks Basilica (Roman Catholic) – Venice, Italy
    • Byzantine influence on European Architecture
      St. Marks Basilica (Roman Catholic) – Venice, Italy
    • Byzantine influence on Eastern European Architecture
      St. Marks Basilica (Roman Catholic) – Venice, Italy
    • St. Marks Basilica (Roman Catholic) – Venice, Italy
    • St. Marks Basilica (Roman Catholic) – Venice, Italy
    • Technology
      T
      • Byzantine Empire became rich
      • Trade with Asia – Silk Road
      • Paved roads, walls, aqueducts, domes
      • Hagia Sophia – 184’ at height of dome
    • Economy & Trade
      E
      • This rich city needed people to trade with
      • As long as Empire was stable things were great
      • As Empire started to shrink, so did its wealth
      • Ottoman Empire became the new controller of trade routes
      • Trade made these dudes rich!
      • B.E. was the middle man in trade b/t Asia & Europe, Africa
      • Silk Road – Everyone wanted it, only one was selling it
      • Diseases came from trade
      • Bubonic Plague
      • “Justinian’s Plague”
    • Economy & Trade
      E
    • Social
      S
      • This was one cool city!
      • Hippodrome – sports center
      • Horse racing
      • Chariot racing
      • Circus acts
      • Athletic competition
      • Language – Greek not Latin
      • Patriarchal society – male dominated
      • Women – wore veils, could divorce, own property, have a business, educated, arranged marriages (mid-teens)
    • Hippodrome
    • Decline
      S
      • All good things must come to and end.
      • Internal Struggles
      • Rich vs. poor
      • poor farmers had their land taken by the powerful nobles, who turned them into serfs
      • Emperor vs. Nobles
      • Power Struggles result in civil wars
      • External Struggles
      • Ottoman Turks conquer territory
      • B.E. does not have large enough army to defend its territory
      • Ottomans conquer Constantinople in 1453