Post 2015 sustainable development goals
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Post 2015 sustainable development goals



Presentation by Shannon Kindornay (North-South Institute) on the post-2015 sustainable development goals: the context, the progress and the trends. This presentation was made during a webinar ...

Presentation by Shannon Kindornay (North-South Institute) on the post-2015 sustainable development goals: the context, the progress and the trends. This presentation was made during a webinar organized by CCIC on post-015.



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  • <br /> Series of conferences over the past two decades on sustainable development, which was defined as meeting “the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” by the Brundtland Commission. <br /> Despite this high-level political commitment to sustainable development and the optimism that accompanied it, the 1990s and 2000s saw the separation, rather than integration, of the environmental, economic and social pillars that characterized the sustainable development agenda (Higgins and Chenard 2012). Conferences on sustainable development were more influential in environmental circles than development circles. <br /> In fact, sustainable development became synonymous with environmental sustainability, rather than the broad tri-pillared approach including social, environment and economic considerations, that had been previously conceptualized. <br /> In parallel, the poverty reduction agenda arose in prominence, which was articulated though the MDGs and essentially become the framework for international development efforts. Though MDG seven was devoted to environmental sustainability, the MDGs are widely recognized as having a focus on poverty and other social services such as education and health. They also focused on developing countries.
  • <br /> Following on Rio+20, the world is now looking at the creation of sustainable development goals. In parallel, there has also been significant discussion of what will follow the MDGs, who’s deadline is 2015. <br /> Broadly, two streams of work have arisen – one for the SDGs and one for the post-2015 development agenda. However, official and unofficial commenters agree that they need to come together. Calls have been made for one set of SDGs which will not only represent what was agreed to in Rio+20 but also replace the MDGs. <br /> On the SDG side, there are a number of contributions being made. The Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals is an inter-governmental committee that has been charged with coming up with options for the SDGs to then be negotiated by United Nations member states. The Expert Committee on Sustainable Development Financing is charged with looking at how to financing the SDGs. Finally, Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon set up the Sustainable Development Solutions Network, headed by Jeffrey Sachs, to inject research and analysis on sustainable development into the process. <br /> On the Post-2015 side, the UN has launched a major global consultation which included country-level, regional and thematic consultations in areas such as governance and human rights, employment and the environment. The consultations aimed at identifying the priorities of citizens all over the worlds for the post-2015 agenda. The Secretary General of the UN also put together a high level panel of eminent persons on post-2015, which presented its report in May 2013, outlining possible goals for the post-2015 agenda. <br />
  • A number of actors are participating in the discussions. There have been calls to move beyond Global Partnership as it was understood in MDG8. MDG8 was largely about governments in the North and the South. What seems to be emerging now is the idea that partnership will be inclusive bringing together a wide array of actors that impact development – parliamentarians, municipal governments, provincial governments, civil society organizations, the private sector, south-south cooperation providers etc. <br /> There has been significant room within the discussions for all of these actors to participate and provide input. At the same time, they are also expected to play a role in achieving the SDGs once they are decided.
  • <br /> The High Level Panel of Eminent Persons called for a Data revolution, arguing that more data is needed to inform policy making, programming, measure new goals and enable people to have the necessary information to hold their governments to account. <br /> This idea has really taken off and we are seeing a lot of attention being paid to how we will measure progress on post-2015 SDGs. <br /> The other major trend in the discussion is calls for a universal framework that allows for country specificity. It is clear that for whatever framework emerges, it will apply to all countries. <br /> How the universal framework will work in practice is unclear. A debate exists on how to implement universality at the country level. Some suggest it could mean the same goals for all countries, but countries will decide their level of ambition, essentially what targets they would like to reach. Another approach could be to have a few targets for each goal area, measured by all countries and then afford space for countries to choose other targets and indicators related to their specific experience.
  • It is clear that the goals that will be included in the framework will be broader than the MDGs. The OWG has, in fact, just released a list of 19 priority areas following a year of consultations on key issues related to sustainable development. <br /> For our part, The North-South Institute has developed a tracking tool which is an interactive aggregator of proposals on the post-2015 sustainable development agenda. Organized thematically, the tool is a unique resource for tracking the goals, targets and indicators that are being proposed to replace the MDGs and support and monitor development progress beyond 2015. <br /> The September 2013 update of the Post-2015 Tracking Tool includes 77 proposals, an increase from 22 proposals when the tool was launched in January 2013. <br /> We see that there are issues included representing the unfinished MDG agenda – such as poverty, health, and education. <br /> We also see a number of new priorities number of new priorities: Inclusive growth, employment and social protection; Governance, human rights, peace and security; Environment, climate change, disaster resilience. Our tracking tool shows a significant emphasis across the proposals on issues relating to the environment. <br /> <br /> A major challenge in this process is the question of balancing the norm-setting function international goals play with the need to measure progress. In areas such as human rights and governance, it is not clear how they should be measured, for example.

Post 2015 sustainable development goals Post 2015 sustainable development goals Presentation Transcript

  • Post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals: Context, Progress and Trends Presentation for the Canadian Council for International Co-Operation May 29, 2014 Shannon Kindornay The North-South Institute
  • Presentation Outline • History and context • Post-2015 SDGs: Processes • Post-2015 SDGs: Actors • Post-2015 SDGs: Trending Issues • Post-2015 SDGs: Priorities and Goals O v e r v i e w o f P o s t - 2 0 1 5
  • History and Context Environment and Development • UN Conference on the Human Environment, Stockholm, 1972 • Brundtland Commission (World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987) • Earth Summit, Rio, 1992 • Earth Summit+5, New York, 1997 • Millennium Declaration 2000, MDGs 2001 • World Summit on Sustainable Development, Johannesburg, 2002 • Rio+20, 2012 O v e r v i e w o f P o s t - 2 0 1 5
  • Post-2015 SDGs: Processes Processes • Multiple, parallel tracks for defining post-2015 goals / Sustainable Development Goals Sustainable Development Goals • Open Working Group (OWG) on Sustainable Development • Committee of Experts on Sustainable Development Financing (Rio+20) • Sustainable Development Solutions Network Post-2015 • HLP of Eminent Persons on Post-2015 • UN System Task Team / UN Thematic and Country Consultations O v e r v i e w o f P o s t - 2 0 1 5
  • Post-2015 SDGs: Processes
  • Post-2015 SDGs: Actors • Move beyond MDG8 • Inclusive global partnership • Private sector; civil society; national and local governments; emerging economies O v e r v i e w o f P o s t - 2 0 1 5
  • Post-2015 SDGs: Trending Issues Data Revolution • Proposed by the High Level Panel on Post-2015 Development Agenda 2013 Report • Call for more and better data for post-2015 Universal framework, country specific implementation • Unclear how this will work in practice O v e r v i e w o f P o s t - 2 0 1 5
  • Post-2015 SDGs: Priorities and Goals
  • Post-2015 SDGs: Priorities and Goals • Focus Areas from the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development (May 5-9, 2014) • Inputs from members states available here 1. Poverty eradication, building shared prosperity and promoting equality 2. Sustainable agriculture, food security and nutrition 3. Health and population dynamics 4. Education and life-long learning 5. Gender equality and women’s empowerment 6. Water and sanitation 7. Energy 8. Economic growth, employment and infrastructure 9. Industrialization and promoting equality among nations 10. Sustainable cities and human settlements 11. Sustainable Consumption and Production 12. Climate change 13. Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas 14. Ecosystems and biodiversity 15. Means of implementation/Global partnership for sustainable development 16. Peaceful and inclusive societies, rule of law and capable institutions
  • Thank you The North-South Institute 100 Argyle Ave, Suite 200 Ottawa, Ontario Canada K2P 1B6 Tel.: (613) 241-3535 Fax: (613) 241-7435 Email/Courriel: Website: The North-South Institute thanks the International Development Research Centre for its program and institutional support grant to NSI.