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Developments on human rights in asean

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  • 1. Developments onHuman Rights in ASEANMr. Ray Paolo J. SantiagoActing Secretary-GeneralWorking Group for an ASEAN Human Rights Mechanism
  • 2. 1988: Declaration of the Advancement of Women in the ASEAN Region1993: World Conference on Human Rights andVienna Declaration and Program of Action  Human Rights as universal, inherent, interrelated and interdependent ASEAN foreign ministers “agreed that ASEAN should also consider the establishment of an appropriate regional mechanism on human rights” in support of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action of June 25, 1993.
  • 3. 1994: ASEAN ISIS Colloquium on Human Rights1995: The Working Group for an ASEAN Human Rights Mechanism (WorkingGroup) was set up by the Human Rights Committee of the Law Association ofthe Asia and the Pacific Region or LAWASIA. an informal coalition of national working groups from ASEAN states which are composed of representatives of government institutions, parliamentary human rights committees, the academe, and NGOs1996: ASEAN Foreign Ministers met the Working Group for an ASEAN Human Rights Mechanism to discuss about human rights in ASEAN and the issue of establishing an appropriate regional human rights mechanism
  • 4. 1997: “ASEAN Vision 2020” wherein it envisioned “ASEAN as a concert ofSoutheast Asian Nations, outward-looking, living in peace, stability and prosperity,bonded together in partnership in dynamic development and in a community ofcaring societies.”1998: Hanoi Plan of Action to pursue the ASEAN Vision 2020.  mentioned the sharing of information on human rights2000: “Draft Agreement for the Establishment of the ASEAN Human RightsCommission”  Submitted by the Working Group to the ASEAN SOM
  • 5. 2001: Representatives of governments, national human rights institutions, and civil society groups in ASEAN gathered in Jakarta to attend the 1st Workshop on an ASEAN Human Rights Mechanism. Subsequent workshops were held in Manila (2002), in Bangkok (2003), Jakarta (2004), Kuala Lumpur (2006), Singapore (2007) and Bangkok (2008).2004: Bali Concord II: ASEAN Community with three pillars: (1) Political-Security, (2) Economic, and (3) Socio-Cultural ASEAN adopted the Vientiane Action Programme (VAP) which specifically lists down certain Program Areas on Human Rights.
  • 6. 2004: Declaration Against Trafficking in Persons Particularly Women and Children Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women in the ASEAN Region.2005: ASEAN SOM asked the Working Group to help implement some human rights provisions of the VAP. The establishment of a commission on the promotion and protection of the rights of women and children; Elaboration of an ASEAN instrument on the promotion and protection of the rights of migrant workers; Promoting education and public awareness on human rights in the region; and Networking among existing national human rights institutions in the region
  • 7. All ASEAN countries have ratified the Convention on the Elimination of all forms ofDiscrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the Convention on the Rights of theChild (CRC).2005-2007: The Eminent Persons Group (EPG) mention the need for a human rights mechanism as part of their recommendations for inclusion in the ASEAN Charter. High Level Task Force (HLTF) on the Drafting of the ASEAN Charter
  • 8. 2007: Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of MigrantWorkers. ASEAN Charter (Article 14) 1. In conformity with the purposes and principles of the ASEAN Charter relating to the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms, ASEAN shall establish an ASEAN human rights body. 3. This ASEAN human rights body shall operate in accordance with the terms of reference to be determined by the ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting.
  • 9. 2007: Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of MigrantWorkers. ASEAN Charter (Article 14) 1. In conformity with the purposes and principles of the ASEAN Charter relating to the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms, ASEAN shall establish an ASEAN human rights body. 3. This ASEAN human rights body shall operate in accordance with the terms of reference to be determined by the ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting.
  • 10. 2008: ASEAN Charter enters into force Pursuant to Article 14, ASEAN formed a High Level Panel on the ASEAN Human Rights Body2009: ASEAN established the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights2010: ASEAN established the ASEAN Commission on the Promotion andProtection of the Rights of Women and Children
  • 11. The AICHR:Per tinent Provisions of its Terms of Reference
  • 12.  Inter-governmental and consultative Its members are representatives of ASEAN Member States Decision-making will be by consultation and consensus
  • 13.  Promote & protect human rights & fundamental freedoms Promote human rights within the regional context Uphold international human rights standards State has primary responsibility Approach: constructive & non-confrontational Evolutionary approach towards development of human rights norms
  • 14.  Develop strategies Develop an ASEAN Human Rights Declaration to establish a cooperation framework through HR instruments Enhance public awareness of HR Promote capacity building Provide advisory services & technical assistance upon request
  • 15.  Engage in dialogue & consultation Obtain information from member states Prepare studies on thematic issues Submit annual report, or other reports Perform other assigned tasks
  • 16.  Work Plan and Priority Areas • Women and Children’s Issues (Maternal Mortality, Statelessness) • Human Rights Education • Corporate Social Responsibility ASEAN Human Rights Declaration Engagement with civil society
  • 17. Thank you.