Solid Waste Collection in Florida


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A presentation by Kessler Consulting's Don Ross on Solid Waste Collection in Florida.

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Solid Waste Collection in Florida

  1. 1. Solid Waste in Florida The Tide is Changing Don Ross, Project Manager Kessler Consulting, Inc. April 5, 2012
  2. 2. The Tide is ChangingThe old thoughts and attitudes about solid wastemanagement in Florida are being washed away; replaced by a surge of new ideas and the recognition that we are actually managing resources. 2
  3. 3. The New NormalLocal governments and solid waste operations throughoutFlorida are forced to adapt to the “new normal.” Whatdoes this mean?• Tighter budgets (doing more with less)• Less material to collect •Economic downturn •Increased recycling: residential & commercial• Waste Resource management•Cultivating public/private partnerships•Innovative contracting•Meet 75% recycling goal 3
  4. 4. The New NormalWhat changes are being made in Florida to adapt to the “new normal?” • Automation • Single Stream Recycling • Once-per-week Garbage Collection Frequency • Recycling Incentive Programs • New Technologies 4
  5. 5. Automated Collection – What is it?• Standardized wheeled carts• Collection vehicles with robotic arms• Driver remains inside the vehicle at all times• Collection process is controlled remotely• Manual collection is eliminated• Process takes less than 10 seconds per stop “You’re not earning if you’re not turning!” 5
  6. 6. Automated Collection – BenefitsFor the Operation For the Residents• Improved safety • Convenient and easy• Reduced employee injuries • Safer & more maneuverable and worker’s comp. claims • Higher capacity containers• Improved collection efficiency • Hinged lids contain odors• Single driver • Reduced rodent problems• Increased productivity • Cleaner neighborhoods• Preserves aging workforce • Eliminates container costs• Cleaner neighborhoods• Reduced rodent problems• Helps to limit overages 6
  7. 7. Automated Collection – Safety• Rear load collection comes with inherent danger• Automated collection provides the safest work environment for solid waste collectors• Eliminate safety issues associated with manual pickups $80,000.00 $70,000.00 Automated System Conversion begins 2001 75% Decrease $60,000.00 in Cost $50,000.00 Workers Comp (Residential) $40,000.00 Workers Comp (Division wide) $30,000.00 $20,000.00 Log. (Workers Comp (Residential)) $10,000.00 $- Source: City of Dunedin, FL 7
  8. 8. Automation is Safer: Florida Examples• Brandon, FL – 2009: Solid waste worker was killed after being struck from behind while manually loading refuse into the rear of the truck.• Dunnellon, FL – 2009: Solid waste worker was killed after being struck from behind while manually loading refuse into the rear of the truck.• Cape Coral, FL – 2010: Solid waste worker was killed after being struck from behind while manually loading refuse into the rear of the truck.• Brevard County, FL – 2011: One solid waste worker was killed and another was critically injured after being struck from behind while both men manually loaded refuse into the rear of the truck. What do these accidents have in common? All of these workers were performing manual collection. 8
  9. 9. Automated Collection – Video “The only way to pick up garbage.” 9
  10. 10. KCI Research throughout Florida• 79 largest Cities and Counties• Populations of 48,000 or more• Approximately 5.4 million households 10
  11. 11. Automated vs. Manual ServiceTotal Residents Served in Study Area Unincorporated County Residents 5,814,095 3,470,908 2,755,483 47% 6,612,519 56% 44% 53% City Residents 2,343,187 38% 3,857,036 62% Automated Manual 11
  12. 12. Single Stream Recycling – What is it?Commingled collectionof all recyclables (fiberand containers) in anon-compartmentalizedcollection vehicle,which then areprocessed as collected. 12
  13. 13. Single Stream Recycling – Benefits• Increased tonnage 50-100% Increase in Tons 100% Increase in Set Outs• Increased participation• Increased revenues• Increased convenience for residents• Standard single-compartment vehicles are used (fleet flexibility)• Additional materials can be included 13
  14. 14. Single Stream Recycling + RFIDRadio Frequency Identification (RFID)• Asset Management• Data Tracking & Measurement • Participation • Productivity• Efficiency Improvements• Route Visualization & Intelligence• Targeted Education/Outreach Efforts Solid Waste is the 5th utility along with electricity, gas, water, and sewer. RFID is the meter! 14
  15. 15. Processing RevolutionMulti-StreamSingle Stream• Two new single stream MRFs in Tampa Bay. Republic Services – Lakeland, FL Processing Capacity: 10,000 tons per month Waste Management – Tampa, FL Processing Capacity: 10,000 tons per month A competition has begun for your tonnage. 15
  16. 16. The Result?More recycling = less garbage to collect!Time to consider reducing pickup frequency to once per week.... 1x > 2x ....the residents will make the decision for you. 16
  17. 17. Once Weekly MSW Service – Benefits• Reduces heavy truck traffic in neighborhoods• Promotes recycling• Reduces CO2 emissions• Reduces operating expenditures• Could enable service fee reduction to residents• Increases diversion• Easy to implement with strong recycling programs• Less wear and tear on area roads• Same routes and trucks 17
  18. 18. Once vs. Twice per Week MSWTotal Residents Served in Study Area Unincorporated County Residents 3,847,340 2,096,837 27% 27% 10,180,916 City Residents 5,731,196 73% 73% 1,750,503 28% 1x/wk 4,449,720 2x/wk 72% 18
  19. 19. Other Trends: Recycling Incentive Programs Coupon-Based: • Utilizes RFID technology to track and reward individual recycling efforts. • Rewards are offered by local and national business in the form of coupons. • Value of rewards corresponds to quantity of materials recycled. Utility Bill Credits: • Utilizes RFID technology to track and reward individual recycling efforts. • Rewards are offered in the form of credits on monthly utility bills. • Value of utility bill credits corresponds to individual household recycling efforts. 19
  20. 20. Other Trends: TechnologyDrivers: The Eyes on the Street!Tools for Today• Hopper Cameras• Eyes-forward Collection Systems• Data CollectionTools for Tomorrow• RFID Tracking • Geographical Information Systems - ArcGIS 20
  21. 21. Observation Reports • Collection/observation timestamp & cart serial number • Customizable reports • Pinpoint customers for targeted education • Exportable to Excel / Mail Merge, etc. • Can integrate with GIS on a parcel level 21
  22. 22. Coming Attractions – Stay Tuned!Organics Recycling Statewide Tons (2009)• Food Waste 3,767,602 4,599,305 • Institutional 11% 14% • Commercial Other • Recycling 6,691,890 Residential 20% Organics• Biosolids 13,025,303 40% C&D Special Waste• Other Organics 4,918,546 15% We must manage organics to get to 75% 22
  23. 23. Thank you! Don Ross Project Manager Kessler Consulting, Inc.