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Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt
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Biofuels: A New Topology-ppt

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  • 1. Biofuels: A new topology <ul><li>Environmental Planning 625 </li></ul><ul><li>Rollie Ortiz </li></ul>
  • 2. urbanization <ul><li>Population Growth - Energy Demand </li></ul>
  • 3. A Social subsidy <ul><li>Oil touches every aspect of life </li></ul>
  • 4. Which Way Forward? <ul><li>Solar - Wind - Biofuels- Geothermal - Natural Gas - Coal </li></ul>
  • 5. Solar - Wind <ul><li>acreage - use of scarce resources - cost </li></ul><ul><li>base load - NIMBY </li></ul>
  • 6. Clean Coal - Natural Gas <ul><li>CO2 Mitigation - Pollution - Adaptation </li></ul>
  • 7. Biofuels <ul><li>1st - 2nd </li></ul>
  • 8. contentious debate <ul><li>GHG Life Cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Efficiency and Production </li></ul><ul><li>Deforestation and Biodiversity: Sustainable utilization </li></ul><ul><li>Water Consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Food - Fuel Nexus </li></ul>
  • 9. energy pathways <ul><li>EPA: designated CO2 as a pollutant to be regulated </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of new infrastructure and Investment costs </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Liquid and Drop-In Fuels </li></ul>
  • 10. 3rd generation <ul><li>Algae Biofuel </li></ul>
  • 11. Energy output <ul><li>Algae and other 2nd Generation Fuels oil content </li></ul>
  • 12. <ul><li>High conversion rate </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Toxic </li></ul>Any type of waterEasily modified
  • 13. <ul><li>Drop in fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Current Refineries and Delivery system </li></ul>
  • 14. Current Topology <ul><li>Aviation: Qatar, Continental, and Virgin </li></ul><ul><li>CO2 Sequestration: China </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation: UK </li></ul><ul><li>Military: Hawaii + San Diego </li></ul>
  • 15. Market REady? <ul><li>USgov: (1980) 180 - 240$ </li></ul><ul><li>USgov: (2005)59 -186$ </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Bioscience Institute: (2009) 70 - 120$ </li></ul><ul><li>DARPA: (2010) 3$ </li></ul><ul><li>250-acre: $21 million capital cost - 1.5 million - $230 </li></ul><ul><li>1,000 acres: $140 per barrel. </li></ul>
  • 16. methods <ul><li>High oil content - quick production cycles - market rates </li></ul>
  • 17. co-production <ul><li>Nutritional Supplements - Animal Feed - Waste Water - CO2 </li></ul>
  • 18. Hawaii? <ul><li>2 Oil Refineries - Military - Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative </li></ul>
  • 19. Policies <ul><li>Blending Mandates - Hawaii </li></ul><ul><li>Subsidies </li></ul><ul><li>Tax Incentives - Hawaii </li></ul><ul><li>Tariffs </li></ul><ul><li>Price Controls </li></ul><ul><li>R&D Support - Hawaii/Military </li></ul>
  • 20. Hawaii Demand Side <ul><li>Ethanol Production Incentive 235-110.3 Hawaii Revised Statutes (capped) </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative Fuel Tax Rate 243-4 Hawaii Revised Statutes (given as a tax credit) </li></ul><ul><li>Lower General Excise Tax Hawaii Revised Statutes 486J-10 (directly at the pump) </li></ul>
  • 21. Hawaii Supply Side <ul><li>The state of Hawaii has only two supply side policy; a requirement to build more charging stations and Blending Mandates </li></ul>
  • 22. The end

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