Botanic Gardens as Sentinels of Forest Health White

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Botanic Gardens as Sentinels of Forest Health White

  1. 1. Garden as Sentinels: What’s in it for gardens North Carolina Botanical Garden
  2. 2. Traditional Roles New Roles <ul><li>Demonstration of the best plants </li></ul><ul><li>Research/plant selection </li></ul><ul><li>Garden practices </li></ul><ul><li>Educational programs </li></ul><ul><li>Places for activity and pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>Endangered species: germplasm storage </li></ul><ul><li>Reintroduction and restoration </li></ul><ul><li>Invasive species </li></ul><ul><li>Species inventory and monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Land conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Taxonomy and discovery </li></ul><ul><li>Guarding natural history knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Climate change and phenology </li></ul><ul><li>Human health and well-being </li></ul><ul><li>Guardians of natural history knowledge </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Conservation Garden represents these new roles at NCBG: connecting gardens to nature, health, and environment Gardens ARE on the FRONT lines of the environment
  4. 4. Eight Elements of the Conservation Garden <ul><li>Sustainable gardening </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation through propagation </li></ul><ul><li>Natural area conservation and restoration </li></ul><ul><li>Gardening with nature </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of invasions </li></ul><ul><li>Conserving rare plants </li></ul><ul><li>Research and information </li></ul><ul><li>Education and experience </li></ul>
  5. 5. Gardens as Sentinels Enemy Release & Biotic Resistance Gardens have always been more than plants, are always in an ecological domain
  6. 6. What would we get out of this? <ul><li>The network—the whole greater than the sum of the parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the dispersion of gardens geographically and ecologically AND the capacity to work together </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advanced warning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both imports and exports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Native and alien </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outreach to inform and enlist the involvement of gardeners </li></ul><ul><li>Training for Garden staff and capacity and partnership building for gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Services to identify unknown pests </li></ul><ul><li>Further connection to the issue of biological invasions </li></ul><ul><li>Supports collections databases </li></ul><ul><li>Gardens on front lines of environmental change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For the garden </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For society in general </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Challenges <ul><li>Positive and negative reports have different weights </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental effects on pest expression </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial effects on pest expression </li></ul><ul><li>Time effects on pest expression </li></ul><ul><li>But can sort out noise if have enough, plus warning not proof is the issue </li></ul><ul><li>Money, consistency, nomenclature </li></ul><ul><li>Gardens use pesticides </li></ul><ul><li>Congeneric relatedness issue, but some pests are generalists, some are specialists </li></ul>
  8. 8. Web Site: www.ncbg.unc
  9. 10. <ul><li>Importance of conservation in garden missions </li></ul><ul><li>Not just plant display – no garden si without fungi, birds and ecological interactions; </li></ul><ul><li>PLUS gardens play a role in importing some; </li></ul><ul><li>Use our resources to benefit the world. </li></ul>

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