Are  we Rowing in Circles? Christine Flanagan U.S. Botanic Garden APGA  2010
Overview <ul><li>Review of target 14-what we do / don’t do </li></ul><ul><li>Historical context </li></ul><ul><li>Case stu...
Global Strategy for Plant Conservation Targets for 2010 <ul><li>Target 14:  </li></ul>“ The importance of plant diversity ...
What Botanic Gardens do well:  education programs: <ul><li>Model and teach stewardship </li></ul><ul><li>Host school field...
What Botanic Gardens do well:  set the   example <ul><li>Steward  gardens, arboreta, natural areas </li></ul><ul><li>Offer...
What we are starting to do: <ul><li>Promote sustainable practices  </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize ourselves as keepers of  pl...
What many Botanic Gardens   don’t do well : <ul><li>“ Speak” for plants </li></ul><ul><li>Promote public action about the ...
<ul><li>Are we rowing in circles? </li></ul>
<ul><li>We are becoming estranged from the environment on which we depend – and from our living kin, especially those that...
1 st  Earth Day WWI WWII Civil War 911, Afg,  Iraq Viet Nam 1900 2000 2050 1950 1850 Project Wild PLT 6 3 4 5 7 1 2 Human ...
1. “Ultimately, botanic gardens need to engage their visitors to challenge them intellectually and emotionally in order to...
2. “…public understanding is necessary to engage public and political support for conservation.”  Havens et al 2006  [teac...
National social initiatives  based on educational projects Case I: Victory Gardens of WWI and WWII
 
Sow the Seeds of Victory! Be a soldier of  the soil.
The United States  School Garden  Army - WWI “ A Garden for Every Child.  Every Child in a Garden.”
World War II Victory Gardens <ul><li>“ Food For Freedom” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Plant to Prosper” </li></ul><ul><li>Strong yo...
Government Concerns/Goals WWII: <ul><li>Improve American health via gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage proper food storag...
VP Henry Wallace in his Victory Garden - August 1942
Case II:  70s Environmental Movement
Forty years and an entire generation ago
1970 First Earth Day <ul><li>20,000 colleges and universities </li></ul><ul><li>10,000  schools </li></ul><ul><li>20 milli...
Endangered Species Act of 1973: designed to protect critically imperiled species from extinction as a &quot;consequence of...
Case III:  Energy Crisis of 1970s
In 1973, OPEC reduced world supplies of oil sparking an Oil Crisis   <ul><li>shortages and long lines for gasoline </li></...
July 15, 1979:  Carter’s &quot;malaise&quot; speech:  <ul><li>“ I want to talk to you right now about a fundamental threat...
Carter’s &quot;malaise&quot; speech (cont):  <ul><li>“…  too many of us now tend to worship self-indulgence and consumptio...
Carter’s speech  was not well received
Social change in retrospect: <ul><li>Victory garden campaigns - forgotten at wars’ end; move toward factory food and indus...
then came the 80s & 90s
 
Botanic gardens, zoos, and similar institutions are positioned on the boundary, acting as a countercurrent in the stream o...
Millennium  Ecosystem Assessment  The five big  problems <ul><li>Habitat loss, fragmentation or change, especially due to ...
<ul><li>That Big Problems require systematic approaches that use rational analysis and consider the whole picture </li></u...
The One Big Problem <ul><li>In democratic societies power is apportioned among many different players, most of whom are fa...
What lies ahead Misery index Time in years 40
<ul><li>Target 14: </li></ul><ul><li>The importance of plant diversity and the need for its conservation incorporated into...
<ul><li>From here to 2020 ( and 2050) </li></ul>
Have provocative conversations
<ul><li>Plants use to be included in the living throng we call creatures. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Plants need clean air, clean water, and healthy soil;  so do we . </li></ul>
<ul><li>Plants capture and transform more energy than they use.  That is why the world is (or could be) green. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Plants have lives-- really . </li></ul>
<ul><li>Challenge mis-information </li></ul><ul><li>Take bold actions to be an advocate for plants </li></ul><ul><li>Prote...
L ife is made possible   (and meaningful, and beautiful, and nutritious, and pain-free, and …)   by plants <ul><li>a frien...
 
 
 
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Carpe Plantas! Strategic Actions All Botanic Gardens Can Take to Advance Plant Conservation Flanagan

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  • Transcript of "Carpe Plantas! Strategic Actions All Botanic Gardens Can Take to Advance Plant Conservation Flanagan"

    1. 1. Are we Rowing in Circles? Christine Flanagan U.S. Botanic Garden APGA 2010
    2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Review of target 14-what we do / don’t do </li></ul><ul><li>Historical context </li></ul><ul><li>Case studies </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations for the next 40 years </li></ul>
    3. 3. Global Strategy for Plant Conservation Targets for 2010 <ul><li>Target 14: </li></ul>“ The importance of plant diversity and the need for its conservation incorporated into communication, educational and public awareness programmes.”
    4. 4. What Botanic Gardens do well: education programs: <ul><li>Model and teach stewardship </li></ul><ul><li>Host school field trips, projects, youth ladder programs with content about plants/environment </li></ul><ul><li>Support school gardens, teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Teach botany, conservation, restoration </li></ul>
    5. 5. What Botanic Gardens do well: set the example <ul><li>Steward gardens, arboreta, natural areas </li></ul><ul><li>Offer nature-based places that are nurturing to the human psyche </li></ul><ul><li>Showcase biodiversity of plants </li></ul><ul><li>Support wildlife, pollinators, ecosystems </li></ul><ul><li>Value science-based approach to knowledge </li></ul>
    6. 6. What we are starting to do: <ul><li>Promote sustainable practices </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize ourselves as keepers of plant knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Translate technical knowledge about plants into relevant information </li></ul>
    7. 7. What many Botanic Gardens don’t do well : <ul><li>“ Speak” for plants </li></ul><ul><li>Promote public action about the environment </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate at public meetings, school boards, neighborhood associations </li></ul><ul><li>Promote empathic relationships with plants </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Are we rowing in circles? </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>We are becoming estranged from the environment on which we depend – and from our living kin, especially those that are green. </li></ul>We have been saying this for more than 150 years
    10. 10. 1 st Earth Day WWI WWII Civil War 911, Afg, Iraq Viet Nam 1900 2000 2050 1950 1850 Project Wild PLT 6 3 4 5 7 1 2 Human generations Industrial revolution Chemistry/physics/electronics Information Biology ? Walden A Sand County Almanac Silent Spring Inconvenient truth Last Child in the Woods Origin of species Advocates closeness to nature Advocates land ethic Nature deficit disorder Wake up call Science becomes personal
    11. 11. 1. “Ultimately, botanic gardens need to engage their visitors to challenge them intellectually and emotionally in order to change attitudes, behavior, and values ...”
    12. 12. 2. “…public understanding is necessary to engage public and political support for conservation.” Havens et al 2006 [teach them and they will become]
    13. 13. National social initiatives based on educational projects Case I: Victory Gardens of WWI and WWII
    14. 15. Sow the Seeds of Victory! Be a soldier of the soil.
    15. 16. The United States School Garden Army - WWI “ A Garden for Every Child. Every Child in a Garden.”
    16. 17. World War II Victory Gardens <ul><li>“ Food For Freedom” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Plant to Prosper” </li></ul><ul><li>Strong youth component </li></ul>
    17. 18. Government Concerns/Goals WWII: <ul><li>Improve American health via gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage proper food storage and preservation of surplus </li></ul><ul><li>Enable families/institutions to augment their food dollars </li></ul><ul><li>Community gardens for urban dwellers </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage local production and consumption to reduce the food mile </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilize and unify Americans around food conservation and production efforts, (morale, spiritual well-being and recreation) </li></ul>
    18. 19. VP Henry Wallace in his Victory Garden - August 1942
    19. 20. Case II: 70s Environmental Movement
    20. 21. Forty years and an entire generation ago
    21. 22. 1970 First Earth Day <ul><li>20,000 colleges and universities </li></ul><ul><li>10,000 schools </li></ul><ul><li>20 million Americans demonstrated for environmental reform </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. politicians saw that environment had constituency </li></ul><ul><li>Clean Air Act, creation of EPA </li></ul>
    22. 23. Endangered Species Act of 1973: designed to protect critically imperiled species from extinction as a &quot;consequence of economic growth and development untempered by adequate concern and conservation.&quot;
    23. 24. Case III: Energy Crisis of 1970s
    24. 25. In 1973, OPEC reduced world supplies of oil sparking an Oil Crisis <ul><li>shortages and long lines for gasoline </li></ul><ul><li>President Carter: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World oil supply would likely meet Americans' demand for 6-8 more years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear and present danger to our nation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The moral equivalent of war </li></ul></ul>
    25. 26. July 15, 1979: Carter’s &quot;malaise&quot; speech: <ul><li>“ I want to talk to you right now about a fundamental threat to American democracy.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The threat is nearly invisible in ordinary ways. It is a crisis that strikes at the very heart and soul and spirit of our national will. We can see this crisis in the growing doubt about the meaning of our own lives and in the loss of a unity of purpose for our nation. ” </li></ul>
    26. 27. Carter’s &quot;malaise&quot; speech (cont): <ul><li>“… too many of us now tend to worship self-indulgence and consumption. Human identity is no longer defined by what one does, but by what one owns. But we've discovered that owning things and consuming things does not satisfy our longing for meaning.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I'm asking you for your good and for your nation's security …”carpool, obey speed limit, have car-free days, reset the thermostat . ..” </li></ul>
    27. 28. Carter’s speech was not well received
    28. 29. Social change in retrospect: <ul><li>Victory garden campaigns - forgotten at wars’ end; move toward factory food and industrial agriculture; vegetable gardening passe </li></ul><ul><li>70s environmental movement- introduced important green reforms, legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Energy crisis – strides in mpg, energy- saving appliance </li></ul><ul><li>… BUT </li></ul>
    29. 30. then came the 80s & 90s
    30. 32. Botanic gardens, zoos, and similar institutions are positioned on the boundary, acting as a countercurrent in the stream of societal change GREATER Consumerism, Disconnection Unsustainable behavior GREATER Connection, Sustainable practices, Environmental belief systems
    31. 33. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment The five big problems <ul><li>Habitat loss, fragmentation or change, especially due to agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Overexploitation of species </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Spread of invasive species or genes </li></ul><ul><li>Climate change </li></ul>
    32. 34. <ul><li>That Big Problems require systematic approaches that use rational analysis and consider the whole picture </li></ul><ul><li>That facts will heal the clash of ideologies and fissures between narrow constituencies </li></ul><ul><li>That solutions may require a long view </li></ul>
    33. 35. The One Big Problem <ul><li>In democratic societies power is apportioned among many different players, most of whom are far more concerned with particular narrow details and parochial viewpoint, rather than the overall coherence of the solution </li></ul>
    34. 36. What lies ahead Misery index Time in years 40
    35. 37. <ul><li>Target 14: </li></ul><ul><li>The importance of plant diversity and the need for its conservation incorporated into communication, educational and public awareness programmes. </li></ul>
    36. 38. <ul><li>From here to 2020 ( and 2050) </li></ul>
    37. 39. Have provocative conversations
    38. 40. <ul><li>Plants use to be included in the living throng we call creatures. </li></ul>
    39. 41. <ul><li>Plants need clean air, clean water, and healthy soil; so do we . </li></ul>
    40. 42. <ul><li>Plants capture and transform more energy than they use. That is why the world is (or could be) green. </li></ul>
    41. 43. <ul><li>Plants have lives-- really . </li></ul>
    42. 44. <ul><li>Challenge mis-information </li></ul><ul><li>Take bold actions to be an advocate for plants </li></ul><ul><li>Protect habitat and establish corridors </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate that plants are not optional </li></ul><ul><li>Make a documentary film </li></ul><ul><li>Use the media </li></ul>
    43. 45. L ife is made possible (and meaningful, and beautiful, and nutritious, and pain-free, and …) by plants <ul><li>a friendly reminder from a botanic garden near you </li></ul>

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