9/9 FRI 11:00 | EPA's Numeric Nutrient Criteria 1

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Kevin Carter

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has announced its intent to adopt numeric nutrient criteria for Florida’s water bodies (lakes, streams, canals and estuaries). The criterion is
unprecedented in the nation and has drawn national attention to Florida’s water quality programs. The panel will discuss the
legal genesis of this proposed rule, including the most up to date developments in the state legislature and Congress; its technical
aspects, including the scientific basis for the rule; implementation and relief mechanisms; and the criteria’s impact on Florida’s current permitting programs, as well as its impact on a wide variety of stakeholders in Florida.

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  • 01/09/2011 K.Carter, SFWMD, Numeric Nutrient Criteria in Florida
  • The national nutrient strategy describes the approach we will follow in developing nutrient information and working with states and tribes to adopt nutrient criteria as part of their water quality standards. The strategy presents overenrichment assessment tools and recognizes current capabilities for conducting these assessments at the regional watershed and waterbody levels. The major focus of this strategy is the development of waterbody-type technical guidance and region-specific nutrient criteria . Once waterbody-type guidance and nutrient criteria are established, we will assist states and tribes in adopting numerical nutrient criteria into water quality standards 01/09/2011 K.Carter, SFWMD, Numeric Nutrient Criteria in Florida
  • Variability in the type, amount, and quality of data used for the rulemaking can be challenging 01/09/2011 K.Carter, SFWMD, Numeric Nutrient Criteria in Florida
  • Kevin Carter, SFWMD, presentation to BBRRCT
  • Kevin Carter, SFWMD, presentation to BBRRCT
  • , final May 2011? 01/09/2011 K.Carter, SFWMD, ABCs of Nutrient Regulation
  • 01/09/2011 K.Carter, SFWMD, Numeric Nutrient Criteria in Florida
  • Mention Charlotte Harbor in Bone valley Workshop Agenda Item Number 9 2/24/2010
  • 9/9 FRI 11:00 | EPA's Numeric Nutrient Criteria 1

    1. 1. Numeric Nutrient Criteria in Florida: Historical and Current Events <ul><li>Kevin Carter </li></ul><ul><li>South Florida Water Management District </li></ul><ul><li>Office Of Everglades Policy and Coordination </li></ul><ul><li>561-682-6949 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>2011 American Planning Association – Florida Chapter Annual Conference </li></ul><ul><li>West Palm Beach, Florida </li></ul><ul><li>September 9, 2011 </li></ul>
    2. 2. Purpose of Presentation <ul><li>Overview of the Numeric Nutrient Criteria (NNC) historic events </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Perspectives from United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Florida Department of Environmental Protection’s Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. NNC: An Abbreviated History <ul><li>1998 EPA develops policy document for a ‘National Nutrient Strategy’ </li></ul><ul><li>(http://water.epa.gov/scitech/swguidance/waterquality/standards/criteria/aqlife/pollutants/nutrient/strategy_index.cfm#strategy) </li></ul><ul><li>2000-2001 EPA develops series of Technical Guidance Documents for NNC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Nutrient Criteria Technical Guidance Manual s’ for Lakes, Rivers and Streams, and Estuaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Ambient Water Quality Recommendations’ for different ecoregions around the country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(http://water.epa.gov/scitech/swguidance/waterquality/standards/criteria/aqlife/pollutants/nutrient/guidance_index.cfm) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(http://water.epa.gov/scitech/swguidance/waterquality/standards/criteria/aqlife/pollutants/nutrient/ecoregions_index.cfm) </li></ul></ul>
    4. 5. NNC: An Abbreviated History (cont.) <ul><li>2001 State of Florida (FDEP) begins collaborative process with EPA to develop NNC </li></ul><ul><li>2003 FDEP forms Technical Advisory Committee ( governed by Florida’s Sunshine Laws ) </li></ul><ul><li>2003-2009: TAC focused on freshwaters: lakes, rivers and streams, springs and canals </li></ul>
    5. 6. <ul><li>Many challenges in developing this criteria (not limited to the following): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nutrients are necessary for fish and wildlife to exist and thrive in aquatic systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the appropriate response variables? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aquatic system diversity is quite large and expands across a large geographic area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Variability of aquatic systems can be high through time and over large spaces on many different scales (e.g., days to years) </li></ul></ul>The TAC’s challenges
    6. 7. <ul><li>1st TAC meeting – Tallahassee – Jan. 2003, Last met in April 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Main focus was on lakes, rivers and streams </li></ul><ul><li>Special meetings on canals were held but did not find same level of information as other systems </li></ul><ul><li>FDEP drafted proposed NNC for river and streams, lakes, and springs but NOT South Florida canals in July 2009 </li></ul>FDEP and TAC Overall Timeline
    7. 8. EPA’s Numeric Nutrient Criteria Schedule: Final Rule <ul><li>Lakes ( final criteria December 2010 ; covers entire state) </li></ul><ul><li>5 Rivers + Streams* regions ( final criteria December 2010 ) </li></ul><ul><li>15 months to begin implementation ( March 2012 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Webinar series on Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>(http://water.epa.gov/lawsregs/rulesregs/florida_index.cfm) </li></ul>EPA’s Rivers and Streams Nutrient Watershed Regions <ul><ul><li>* Downstream Protection Values component in rule that takes into account lakes </li></ul></ul>
    8. 9. <ul><li>National Research Council’s Economic Study </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st meeting held Jul. 25 th -26 th in Orlando </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cost estimates vary due, in part, to assumptions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example, level of treatment that would be required to meet NNC (especially if “end of pipe criteria” or not) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Panel has set a Feb. 28, 2012 deadline for initial draft recommendations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Panel is not coming up with their own numbers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EPA’s rule due out for implementation on Mar. 6, 2012 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(http://www8.nationalacademies.org/cp/projectview.aspx?key=49374) </li></ul></ul>EPA’s Current Rule: The Economics
    9. 10. EPA’s Numeric Nutrient Criteria Schedule: Future Rulemaking EPA’s Rivers and Streams Nutrient Watershed Regions <ul><ul><li>* Marine Waters may have a Downstream Protection Values component in rule </li></ul></ul><ul><li>South Florida Canals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freshwater Canals South of Lake Okeechobee </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Marine Waters* </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Estuaries and Coastal Waters statewide </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Both Water Types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EPA Scientific Advisory Board Review complete </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposed Rule due November 2011 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Final Rule due August 2012 </li></ul></ul>
    10. 11. <ul><li>Presented final document to EPA (July 2011) on review of NNC for marine waters and SF Canals </li></ul><ul><li>“ SAB was not convinced by the available data that nutrient criteria based on instream protection values were meaningful for man-made and managed canals.” </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of document focused on technical review of marine methodologies (pros and cons): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time to complete rulemaking was a concern </li></ul></ul>EPA’s Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) Peer Review
    11. 12. <ul><li>Kevin Carter </li></ul><ul><li>South Florida Water </li></ul><ul><li>Management District </li></ul><ul><li>Office of Everglades </li></ul><ul><li>Policy and Coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Phone: 561-682-6949 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>www.sfwmd.gov </li></ul>Discussion and Contact Information
    12. 13. <ul><li>Backup slides </li></ul>
    13. 14. EPA Final Lakes Criteria November 2010 A B C D E F Long Term Average Lake Chlorophyll a f (μg/L) a Baseline Criteria b Modified Criteria (within these bounds) c Color and Alkalinity TP (mg/L) a TN (mg/L) a TP (mg/L) a TN (mg/L) a Colored Lakes > 40 PCU 20 0.050 1.27 0.050-0.16 1.27-2.23 Clear Lakes, Alkaline ≤ 40 PCU d and > 50 mg/L CaCO3 e 20 0.030 1.05 0.030-0.090 1.05-1.91 Clear Lakes, Acidic ≤ 40 PCU d and ≤ 50 mg/L CaCO3 e 6 0.010 0.51 0.010- 0.030 0.51-0.93
    14. 15. EPA Rivers and Streams Proposed and Final Criteria Rule has equations in place for downstream protection values for Lakes could potentially lower these criteria Nutrient Watershed Region EPA's Proposed and Final Instream Protection Value Criteria for Rivers and Streams     TN (mg/L) Proposed TN (mg/L) FINAL TP (mg/L) Proposed TP (mg/L) FINAL Panhandle 0.824 N/A 0.043 N/A Panhandle West N/A 0.67 N/A 0.06 Panhandle East N/A 1.03 N/A 0.18 North Central 1.479 1.87 0.359 0.3 Bone Valley (now called West Central) 1.798 1.65 0.739 0.49 Peninsula (District waters) 1.205 1.54 0.107 0.12
    15. 16. From Presentation by Dr. Dana Thomas USEPA (February 15, 2011) http://www.tetratech-ffx.com/NOLAnutrient_workshop/presentations.htm

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