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9/9 FRI 11:00 | Communities Putting Prevention to Work

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Lillian Rivera …

Lillian Rivera
Maria I. Nardi
Joe Webb
John Bowers

Parks have long been recognized as major contributors to the physical and aesthetic quality of neighborhoods. Through a partnership with the Health Department and Communities Putting
Prevention to Work, a grant aimed at fighting obesity, a new broader view of parks in Miami-Dade County is (re)emerging. This new view goes well beyond the traditional value of parks as places of recreation and visual assets to focus on a park system as a planning tool to guide public and private development that includes the design of streets as linear parks and the coordinated development of civic spaces with parks. The session explores broad concepts to implementation.

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  • THIS IS NOT A TRADITIONAL PARK PLAN FOR CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS BUT RATHER A 50 YEAR (PICK YOUR HORIZON) VISION FOR A SUSTAINABLE COMMMUNITY. IT REQUIRES PARTNERSHIPS/COLLABORATIONS/SHARED RESOURCES AND ITS ABOUT ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY THROUGH GREAT PARKS, PUBLIC SPACES, NATURAL/CULTURAL AREAS, GREENWAYS/BLUEWAYS(WATERTRAILS), AND GREAT STREETS. GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE – A PARK SYSTEM – IS THE FOUNDATION WE MUST BUILD FROM ! NEW ISSUES: INCORP; NEW DEV. PATTERNS; DEVEL BOUNDARIES; OPEN SPACE IN URBAN CORE COMMITTED TO NEW PLAN….GREAT PARK SUMMIT FEBRUARY 17, 2006…VISIONARY & CONTRIBUTE TO QOL Speakers: Fred Kent: president project for public spaces, Charles Jordan, Pres. Conservation Trust (social component), Charles Bowen (business component – chattanooga, TN), + panel discussion. Helped us know where to go with this. RESEARCHING CITIES W/ REPUTATIONS FOR GREAT QOL…GREAT CITIES HAVE GREAT PARK SYSTEMS PLAN IS ALSO A PROPOSED CULTURE CHANGE FOR HOW WE GROW AND DEVELOP IN MDC
  • 1000 Friends of Florida did a study that looked at what MDC will look like in 50 years. The green area is conservation land, the red is developed land and the white is agriculture and undeveloped land. It is estimated that population will grow at about 30,000 per year, applying the rate of growth, the type of development (mostly single family, automobile dependent) to population projections….Miami-Dade County will go from looking like this to….
  • To looking like this, and inevitably what this means for us is more traffic congestion and diminishing quality of life.
  • We believe there is a better way to embrace the growth that is coming in and create a more livable, sustainable community in Miami Dade County….. through the park system window that consists of five layers, great parks, public spaces……………
  • The first layer is great parks that are accessible to everyone, regardless of age or ability
  • What we are saying here is that at a local level, every resident should have access and be able to enjoy the following activities near where they live, walk, ride a bike…….…
  • The second tier of access is that every resident in the County will have access to regional facilities and that regional facilities that have ball field complexes, and other competitive venue facilities will be located near future transit stops to allow for greater access to them.
  • The Second Layer are Great Public Spaces
  • How many of you have a place like this that you can walk to near your home? GREAT CITIES HAVE GREAT CIVIC SPACES…..AND THEY ARE OFTEN THE HEART OF THE COMMUNITY, SPACES IN FRONT OF LIBRARIES, MUSEUMS, AND OTHER CIVIC BUILDINGS.
  • As well as schools that also serve as great public spaces in our communities
  • In West Palm Beach, Clematis Street was a dead street. They built a great public space, a plaza with a fountain as the first gesture that this place was going to be transformed, new development was soon built and now folks travel to this location on the weekends to enjoy this destination. They have a farmer’s market, a special events area, and in the summer, the public fountain becomes so popular with children that they station a lifeguard
  • Third Layer – Great Natural and Cultural Areas Our challenge is to balance conservation with education. Our landscape is beautiful and very subtle so we work to create outreach programs like Eco-Adventure and others allow the community to learn about the value of our ecological history.
  • Currently, Miami Dade County has Environmentally Endangered lands that are sprinkled throughout the county. Not many people recognize their significance to our health and sustainability, they use them as dumping sites. What we would like to do over time, is to transform these sites to become points of community pride by creating greater access to them with paths, planting trees along the right of way and over time, having homes that may be rebuilt, face the EEL site rather then turn their backs on it, reconnecting people in the neighborhood to natural sites. NOT TO TURN OUR BACK ON THESE IMPORTANT RESOURCES, BUT TO MAKE THEM A FOCAL POINT
  • The first three layers are places, the last two are about how we connect them together – this is the Fourth Layer - Greenways, Blueways and Trails
  • We have about five hundred miles of trails planned for MDC
  • Our most ambitious greenway is the western greenway that connects the north and south end of the county.
  • One of the pilot projects is the Biscayne –Everglades greenway, this is the first greenway in the nation that connects two national parks together. Its a 42 mile loop that will provide a great recreational opportunity for residents.
  • The trail will be a multimodal trail, with equestrian paths, walking and leisure bicycle paths. Transformations like this proposed greenway bring benefits to a community.
  • Fifth Layer are– Streets Streets are meant to be connectors between neighborhoods and parks, natural areas, doing far more than moving cars. A critical of the public realm - streets represent about 15 to 20% of the public land within the county. You have a publicly owned asset that we tend to use for only one purpose. Right now in Miami-Dade County we develop our roadways strictly to move cars. (Recent article we are NO 1 road rage). Is that part of our culture? We treat our roadways as raceways. (show examples of reclaiming roads) Plenty of examples around the world taking this concept seriously
  • There is a concept in the nation called Complete the Streets, what this means is basically providing a bike lane, and a wide sidewalk. This is a typical street where we have completed the street, AFTER SLIDE: The curb doesn’t change, in time, with redevelopment, building move closer to the street, and place parking in the back, this provides improved quality of life for everyone.
  • This is another example, BEFORE: Man trying to fish, unfriendly environment AFTER: A linear park, with simple gestures the street is transformed by creating an environment that encourages walking and a healthy lifestyle
  • This is Olive Avenue in Palm beach where they have implemented these ideas
  • AFTER
  • WE HAVE ALSO CREATED A SOUTH FLORIDA PARK COALITION CHARTER THAT IS BASED ON THE PRINCIPLES OF THE PLAN EQUITY, ACCESS……….. THE COALITION IS COMPOSED OF CITY, COUNTY, STATE AND FEDERAL PARK AGENCIES THAT WILL MEET TO WORK TOGETHER TO SHARE IDEAS, KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERTISE TO HELP MOVE THIS VISION FORWARD AND CREATE A MORE LIVABLE COMMUNITY
  • The next steps are: THE MASTER PLAN WAS UNANIMOUSLY APPROVED BY BCC. IN 18 MONTHS WE WILL GO BACK TO BCC TO PRESENT THE IMPLEMENTATION PLAN. MEANWHILE, WE ARE WORKING WITH LIBRARIES TO CREATE PARK/LIBRARY PROJECTS, WE ARE WORKING WITH PUBLIC WORKS, AND OTHER DEPARTMENTS TO IMPLEMENT THE VISION.
  • So Through these five layers great parks……….we believe we can create a more livable, sustainable MDC
  • The leading causes of death result from preventable disease.
  • From 1985 to 2010 obesity has spread like an epidemic and has shown no sign of stopping. Many of the causes of obesity such as inactivity and poor diet are things that can be addressed given the right resources and interventions.
  • To address the alarming rates of chronic disease that has spread throughout the nation we must invest more time and resources to address chronic diseases. Community based interventions are key to mitigating and eliminating chronic diseases in our communities.
  • The National Prevention Council has recognized the need to address chronic diseases at the community level and developed the National Prevention Strategy, which incorporates many of the interventions taking place with CPPW.
  • Bicycle facilities and signage are being installed in communities, schools, near transit and commercial areas Bicycle signage: sharrows (pavement markings), wayfinding signs, etc. Sharrows: pavement markings
  • City of Miami and North Miami are installing bicycle racks and signage throughout the city.
  • Urban Design Manual I (Private Development): Includes complete streets and principles from the MDC Parks and Recreation Open Space Master which encourages walkability, well defined open spaces and interconnected street network. Pretty much: Encouraging physical activity and active transportation through community design. Urban Design Manual II: For same purpose of urban design manual one for it is targed for civic development. Vending Machine Policy: All vending machines and concession stands under the jurisdiction of MDC Parks and Recreation will have to meet healthy vending machine guidelines (nonfat or 1% milk, 100% fruit juice, snacks not more than 250 calories and not more than 35% calories from fat, etc.) Park Structure and Landscape Pattern Book: Making access to parks part of an individual community and a unified vision of a park system ( through park structure, design elements, landscape). Park Access and Equity Report: Analysis of parks and recreational facilities in the county to identify gaps in park service and target underserved areas to increase access to parks and recreational facilities through changes in the built environment, joint use agreements, etc.
  • So Through these five layers great parks……….we believe we can create a more livable, sustainable MDC
  • Transcript

    • 1. Communities Putting Prevention to Work The increasingly significant role of parks and public spaces in addressing health issues
    • 2. Presenters
      • Lillian Rivera RN, MSN, PhD – Administrator, Miami-Dade County Health Department
      • Maria I. Nardi, Chief, Planning and Research Division, Miami-Dade County Park and Recreation Department
      • Joe Webb, RLA, Planning Section Supervisor, Planning and Research Division, Miami-Dade County Park and Recreation Department
      • John Bowers, AICP/RLA, Landscape Architect, Planning and Research
    • 3. Presentation Outline
      • Miami-Dade County Parks and Open Space System Master Plan
      • Communities Putting Prevention to Work
      • Parks System Access and Equity Study and Land Acquisition Strategy
      • Questions and Discussion
    • 4. The Miami-Dade County Parks and Open Space System Master Plan Creating a 50 Year, Unifying Vision for a Livable, Sustainable Miami-Dade County “Through the Parks Window” 2008
    • 5. Existing Developed Land and Permanent Conservation Lands Developed Land Conservation Lands Permanently Protected
    • 6. 2060 Developed Lands and Permanent Conservation Lands Developed Land Conservation Lands Permanently Protected
    • 7. There is a Better Way
      • Creating a 50 Year, Unifying Vision for a Livable, Sustainable Miami-Dade County “through the Parks Window”:
      • Public Realm:
      • 1. Great Parks
      • 2. Great Public Spaces
      • 3. Great Natural and Cultural Areas
      • 4. Great Greenways and Blueways
      • 5. Great Streets
    • 8. Great Parks Are Accessible to Everyone, Regardless of Age or Ability… providing a diverse and balanced system of passive and active recreational opportunities.
    • 9.
      • Walk for recreation, exercise, transportation; walk the dog
      • Ride a bike, skate
      • Sit outside, read, contemplate
      • Play on a playground
      • Play a game of catch, frisbee
      • Picnic, sun bathe
      • Play pick-up sports
      • Fish without a boat
      • Attend a local arts festival, concert or other special event
      Locally, every resident should be able to:
    • 10.
      • Play organized indoor and outdoor competition sports
      • Exercise, attend classes/ lectures/ social functions
      • Swim recreationally or competitively in a pool
      • Paddle a canoe or kayak
      • Go boating
      • Go to the beach
      Every resident should also be able to:
    • 11. Great Public Spaces are Designed to Engage Residents… providing diverse social, recreation and economic development opportunities.
    • 12.  
    • 13.  
    • 14.  
    • 15. Great Natural and Cultural Areas are Planned and Managed to Balance Access and Resource Protection… protecting and enhancing the natural and cultural heritage of the region, as well as existing biological diversity, restoration and management actions.
    • 16.  
    • 17. Great Greenways and Blueways Connect Every Resident to Parks, Schools, Work and Shopping… providing wildlife habitat, scenic vistas, recreation and transportation opportunities and providing urban form.
    • 18.  
    • 19.
      • Western Greenway:
      • Enhances the Rural Character of the Area
      • Helps Transition to Farmland and the Everglades
      • Provides New Recreation Opportunities for all County Residents
    • 20. Biscayne-Everglades Greenway
    • 21.  
    • 22. Great Streets Are Designed as Linear Parks…
      • connecting parks and neighborhoods through tree lined boulevards, parkways, and neighborhood streets that encourage people to walk, bicycle and live healthier lifestyles.
    • 23. Tamiami Trail
    • 24. SW 137 Ave SW 137 Ave
    • 25.  
    • 26.  
    • 27.
      • Equity
      • Access
      • Seamlessness
      • Sustainability
      • Beauty
      • Multiple Benefits
      South Florida Park Coalition Charter A Coalition of City, County, State and Federal Park Agencies in Miami-Dade County
    • 28. Master Plan V i s i o n
      • Next Steps:
      • South Florida Park Coalition
      • Shape Public Policy and Practices
    • 29.
      • Creating a 50 Year, Unifying Vision for a Livable, Sustainable Miami-Dade County “through the Parks Window”:
      • Great Parks
      • Great Public Spaces
      • Great Natural and Cultural Areas
      • Great Greenways and Blueways
      • Great Streets
    • 30. Presentation Outline
      • Miami-Dade County Parks and Open Space System Master Plan
      • Communities Putting Prevention to Work
      • Parks System Access and Equity Study and Land Acquisition Strategy
      • Questions and Discussion
    • 31. Chronic Diseases
      • Account for 75% of U.S. medical costs 1
      • Responsible for 7 out of 10 deaths 2
      • 45% of the population has at least 1 chronic disease
      • Are inequitably distributed across the population 3
      • Over 60% of Floridians are overweight or obese 4
      • Main risk factors: poor diet, physical inactivity and smoking
      • 1. Anderson G. Chronic conditions: making the case for ongoing care. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University; 2004.
      • 2. Kung HC, Hoyert DL, Xu JQ, Mursphy SL. Death:final data for 2005. National Vital Statistics Reports 2008; 56(10).
      • 3. Kung HC, Hoyert DL, Xu JQ, Mursphy SL. Death:final data for 2005. National Vital Statistics Reports 2008; 56(10). National Center for Health Statistics.
      • Health, United States, 2007. With chartbook trends in the health of Americans. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics; 2007.
      • 4. Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology, Florida BRFSS Survey
    • 32. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1985 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14%
    • 33. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1991 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%
    • 34. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1997 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% ≥20%
    • 35. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2005 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30%
    • 36. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2010 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30%
    • 37. Transforming Public Health
      • Alarming rates of chronic disease
      • Public Health has typically focused on communicable diseases with biomedical interventions
      • Key Findings:
        • Community based interventions could reduce disease levels
    • 38. Transforming Public Health National Prevention Strategy
      • American’s Plan for Health and Wellness
    • 39. Communities Putting Prevention to Work Miami-Dade
      • Purpose: Create healthier communities through sustainable, proven, population-based approaches
      • Focus: Policy, Systems and Environmental Changes to combat obesity
        • Increasing access to healthy foods
        • Increasing opportunities for physical activity
      • Making the places where people live, learn, work and play healthier
      • Transforming health through coalitions and partnerships across sectors
        • Consortium for a Healthier Miami-Dade
    • 40. Communities Putting Prevention to Work Miami-Dade
      • CPPW Community Action Goals:
      • Enhance/Strengthen Consortium
      • Mass Media Campaign
      • Child Care Centers
      • Farm to School Nutrition
      • Physical Activity in Miami-Dade County Public School
      • Access and Consumption of Healthy Foods via Convenience Stores
      • Farmers’ Markets and Farm-to-Institution
      • Breastfeeding Practices and Facilities
      • Active Transportation and Recreation
      • Safe Routes to School
      • Worksite Wellness
    • 41. Active Transportation and Recreation Goal 9: Increase active transportation and recreation through improvements in the built environment such as facilities, planning, zoning and transportation policies, as well as developing a county wide signage system.
      • Physical inactivity is a primary contributor to 1/3 of adults being overweight and 1 in 6 children being obese. 5
      • Regular physical activity can be easily achieved by running, walking, playing on playgrounds and actively commuting to work/school and helps maintain a healthy weight. 6
      • Improving places to be active can result in a 25% increase in people who exercise 3 times a week. 7
      • Safe access to active transport (public transportation, bicycle facilities) and recreational facilities increases use and physical activity. 5
      5. National Prevention Council, National Prevention Strategy. US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Surgeon General, 2011. 6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2009). Recommended strategies and measurements to prevent obesity in the United States. MMWR, 2009; 58(RR07):1-26. 7.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2002). Creating and Improving Access to Places for Physical Activity is strongly recommended to increase physical activity.
    • 42. Goal 9: Active Transportation and Recreation
      • City of Miami and North Miami
      • Bicycle facilities
      • Bicycle signage
      • Miami-Dade Parks and Recreation
      • Improvements in the built environment through planning and community design
      • Increasing access to parks and recreation facilities
    • 43. Goal 9: Active Transportation and Recreation
      • City of Miami and City of North Miami
    • 44. Goal 9: Active Transportation and Recreation
      • Miami-Dade County Parks and Recreation
      • Urban Design Manual I Private Development)
      • Urban Design Manual II (Civic Development)
      • Vending Machine Policy
      • Park Structure and Landscape Pattern Book
      • Park Access and Equity Report
    • 45. From this
    • 46. To this
    • 47. Presentation Outline
      • Miami-Dade County Parks and Open Space System Master Plan
      • Communities Putting Prevention to Work
      • Parks System Access and Equity Study and Land Acquisition Strategy
      • Questions and Discussion
    • 48. Park and Recreation Department Transforming broad vision into implementable actions
    • 49.
      • Based on OSMP Access Criteria
      • Seeks to promote physical activity through recreation and active transportation
      Access and Equity Analysis
    • 50. Research & Analysis
      • Demographics
      • Health & Safety Analysis
      • Walkability and Bikeability
    • 51. Demographics
      • Age Distribution
      • Education Level Attained
      • Median Household Income
      • Per Capita Income
      • Single Family Households
    • 52. Age Distribution
    • 53. Education Level Attained
    • 54. Median Household Income
    • 55. Per Capita Income
    • 56. Health & Safety Data
      • Health Demographics
      • Identification of areas of Health Disparity
      • Bicycle & Pedestrian Accident Locations
    • 57. Cardiovascular Mortality
    • 58. Infant Mortality
    • 59. Low Birth Weight
    • 60. Single Family Households
    • 61. Bicycle & Pedestrian Accidents
    • 62.
      • Based on OSMP principles of livability and sustainability
      • Access to Parks should not require a car – walkable and bikeable
      • By Activity Type
      • Divided into Local and Regional
      • Promotes physical activity and more equitable access to recreation
      Increase Access to Recreation
    • 63.
      • Walksheds and Bikesheds based on Federal Transit Administration study of peoples willingness to travel 10 minutes Average walking speed of 3.3 miles per hour Average biking speed of 8.6 miles per hour
      Active Transport to Parks
    • 64.
      • GIS Network Analyst used to define true access based on street network Accounts for disconnected street network as well as natural and man made barriers
    • 65. Regional Parks
      • Identify Gaps in Service
      • Acquisition target areas
    • 66. Local Parks walksheds
    • 67. Local Parks Analysis by neighborhood
    • 68. Local Parks
      • Identification of Gaps in Service by neighborhood
      • Acquisition target areas
    • 69. Identification of Neighborhoods with Gaps in Service Acquisition Enhanced service through design interventions
    • 70. 5 Focus Areas
      • Areas of Health Disparity
      • Areas with Gaps in Service
      • North/South geographic distribution
    • 71. Focus Area Studies Potential Acquisitions Purchase Easements Partnerships Design Interventions Safe Routes Street Crossings / Intersections Bridges Wayfinding
    • 72.  
    • 73.  
    • 74.  
    • 75.  
    • 76.  
    • 77. Land Acquisition Strategy Plan
      • A Strategy for Implementing a new vision of parks as a part of livable Miami-Dade County and addressing the relevant needs of the community
    • 78. Acquisition Strategy
      • Focus on Target Gap Areas of greatest need
      • Maximize service to existing parks through design interventions
      • Maximize recreation access at other County and public entity properties through easements and joint use agreements
      • Buy land
        • Local Parks
        • Population Based Regional Parks
        • By Activity Type
        • Resource-Based Regional Parks
          • Natural, Cultural and Historical
    • 79. Targeting Gap Areas of highest need
      • Gaps in Service
      • Gap Size
      • Health Disparity
      • Available Funding
      • Complimentary Public Program or Agency
    • 80. Maximize Access to Existing Parks Through Design Interventions
      • Develop pedestrian access points
      • Build a pedestrian bridge over canal
      • Install a sidewalk
      • Intersection Improvements
      • Bicycle Lanes
    • 81.  
    • 82. Transition Safe Route to Park Develop Pedestrian Access Point Develop Bicycle Lanes, and additional Bus Route Intersection Improvements
    • 83. Kendall Indian Hammocks Park Interventions will result in a 50% increase in walkable park service
    • 84. Maximize Open Space on Existing Publically-Owned Properties
      • Easements
      • Joint-Use Agreements with Schools
      • Transfer of Existing County Properties
    • 85. Existing County Properties
      • First Step
      • Identify and Target Existing County Properties
      • Potential Transfer to Parks Dept.
    • 86. Schools
      • Develop Joint-Use Agreements with Schools
      • Programming Partnerships
      • Shared Use of Open Space
    • 87. Buy Land Indentify Vacant and Distressed properties in Gap Areas
    • 88. Target Area for Acquisition
    • 89. Detailed Analysis at Neighborhood Scale
      • Gaps in Service within Neighborhoods
      • Identify Vacant and Distressed Properties
      • Analysis of any other site that meet criteria for park acquisition
    • 90. Evaluate Potential Sites Based on Acquisition Criteria
    • 91. Target Priority Site for Acquisition
      • Initiate Acquisition Process
      • Initial Property Research
      • Contact Owner(s) to Confirm Willingness to Sell
    • 92.  
    • 93. Park and Recreation Department
    • 94.
      • Creating a 50 Year, Unifying Vision for a Livable, Sustainable Miami-Dade County “through the Parks Window”:
      • Great Parks
      • Great Public Spaces
      • Great Natural and Cultural Areas
      • Great Greenways and Blueways
      • Great Streets
    • 95. From this
    • 96. To this
    • 97. Presentation Outline
      • Miami-Dade County Parks and Open Space System Master Plan
      • Communities Putting Prevention to Work
      • Parks System Access and Equity Study and Land Acquisition Strategy
      • Questions and Discussion
    • 98. Communities Putting Prevention to Work The increasingly significant role of parks and public spaces in addressing health issues

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