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9/9 FRI 09:30 | Protecting Florida's Aviation Assets
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9/9 FRI 09:30 | Protecting Florida's Aviation Assets

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Clara Bennett …

Clara Bennett
Thomas Cooney
Dan Bartholomew
Jon Sewll
Artie White

The panel discussion will focus on the importance of protecting aviation facilities and land assets through planning techniques and enforcing existing laws. The session will include an overview
of the economic benefit aviation brings to Florida and resources available to protect these assets, followed by a panel discussion with a local airport representative and government official to discuss how these techniques have been implemented in their areas. This session is appropriate for planning commissioners, elected officials, staff planners, zoning officials and others involved with land use and zoning responsibilities in areas near
commercial and general aviation airports.

Published in: Business

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Transcript

  • 1. Protecting Florida’s Aviation Assets and Economic Benefits American Planning Association Florida Chapter
  • 2. Economic Development and Investment
    • Commercial and general aviation airports contribute an estimated $97 billion to Florida’s economy each year
      • FDOT Statewide Aviation Economic Impact Study
    • 1 /5 of the world’s pilots are trained in Florida
    • Airport and aviation supporting industries create jobs for Floridians throughout the State
    • $130 million in annual State investment in Florida’s airports
  • 3. Importance of Airports to Local Governments
    • Airports are economic hubs and economic generators
    • Airport and aviation supportive industries create jobs
    • The size and efficiency of an airport can either support or limit growth
    • Airports can promote a higher quality of life
    • Airports can improve the sense of pride of a community and serve as a reflection of the area
  • 4. Proximity of Local Governments to Airports
    • There are currently 129 public use airports in Florida
    • Local governments adjacent to an airport:
      • 55 Florida counties
      • 97 Florida municipalities
    • Local governments within 10 nautical miles of an airport:
      • 64 Florida counties
      • 315 Florida municipalities
    • Local governments with an airport hazard area (Ch. 333, F.S.):
      • All of them
  • 5. Case Study: PFN and ECP Airports
  • 6. Panama City – Bay County International Airport (PFN)
  • 7. Panama City – Bay County International Airport (PFN)
  • 8. Panama City – Bay County International Airport (PFN)
  • 9. Northwest Florida-Beaches International Airport (ECP)
  • 10. Northwest Florida-Beaches International Airport (ECP)
  • 11. Northwest Florida-Beaches International Airport (ECP)
  • 12. Airport Compatible Land Use Guidebook
    • To protect airports from incompatible land use encroachment and improperly sited tall structures, the Airport Compatible Land Use Guidebook was:
    • Prepared by the FDOT
    • In coordination with DCA and the Florida Airports Council
    • Included a working group of:
      • Local government officials
      • Local and statewide planners
      • Developers
      • Professional associations
  • 13. Airport Compatible Land Use Guidebook
    • The Airport Compatible Land Use Guidebook addresses:
    • State and Federal regulations related to land use and tall structures
    • Development application reviews processes that comply with regulations
    • Specific details about special areas around airports needing protection from incompatible land uses
    • Prevention and correction strategies
  • 14. Public Safety and Regulations
    • The Airport Compatible Land Use Guidebook addresses:
    • Federal Aviation Regulations
      • Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations
        • Part 77 (Height)
        • Part 150 (Noise Compatibility Planning)
      • FAA Safety Zones (Advisory Circular 150/5300-13 )
    • State Statutes and Rules
      • Ch. 163, F.S. (Comprehensive planning)
      • Ch. 333, F.S (Airport zoning/Tall structures)
      • Rule 14-60, F.A.C. (Licensing standards)
  • 15. What your community should have:
    • Every local government must have:
    • Airport zoning ordinance or interlocal agreement with a jurisdiction that has airport zoning
    • Development review process consistent with Ch. 333, F.S. that addresses:
      • Tall Structures (Natural and Man-made)
      • Land Use Approval
        • Airport Runway Protection Zones (RPZs)
        • Educational Facilities
        • Residential Development
        • Sanitary Landfills
  • 16. Tall Structure Review – Type I
  • 17. Tall Structure Review – Type II
  • 18. Land Use Approval Process
  • 19. Land Use Guidance Witham Field (SUA)
  • 20. Cumulative Height, Noise and Safety Areas
    • Height restrictions
    • Residential use restrictions
    • Educational facility restrictions
    • Runway protection zone (RPZ) restrictions
    • Landfill area restrictions
  • 21. Height, Noise, and Safety Area Overlays Space Coast Regional Airport (TIX)
  • 22. Military Airfield Coordination
    • Chapter 333, F.S., height zoning applies
    • Department of Defense (DOD) has primary responsibility for military airfield installations – Two Programs:
    • Air Installation Compatible Use Zone (AICUZ) program
      • DOD Discretionary Program
      • Similar to Part 150 Program
      • Uses noise contours
      • Accident potential zone (APZ)
    • Joint Land Use Study (JLUS) Program
      • Supported by DOD Funding
      • Local government or regional agency leads the effort
      • Partnership with the military
      • More public in nature than AICUZ program
  • 23. Corrective Actions to Address Incompatible Land Uses
    • Noise mitigation
      • Sound insulation
      • Noise barriers
    • Operational changes
      • Restricted flight schedules
      • Limit types of aircraft
      • Flight patterns
    • Land use and zoning changes to reduce further encroachment
    • Property acquisition
  • 24. Corrective Actions to Address Incompatible Land Uses
    • Noise mitigation
      • Sound insulation
      • Noise barriers
    • Operational changes
      • Restricted flight schedules
      • Limit types of aircraft
      • Flight patterns
    • Land use and zoning changes to reduce further encroachment
    • Property acquisition
    • Proper planning can reduce the need for this!
  • 25. Challenges to Airport Compatible Land Use
    • The challenges of incorporating the Airport Master Plan (or ALP) into the local government comprehensive plan
    • Public involvement in the airport master plan process
    • Disagreements between the public, local governments, and the airport in terms of how airport operations and land use decisions are handled
    • Issues that may arise from preemptive rights and cases where the FAA overrules local decisions
  • 26. Challenges to Airport Compatible Land Use
    • How the organizational structure of the airport affects land use decisions
    • The development review process for wind farms and their potential effects on radar operations
    • Clarification on how to address land use decisions and compatibility with joint military and civilian operations
    • Changes in process resulting from HB 7207 – local zoning versus Statewide land use planning
  • 27. 2011 Legislative Changes
    • HB 7207 approved
    • Repealed 9J-5, F.A.C
    • Amended Ch. 163, F.S.
    • 163.3161 has been changed from “Local Government Comprehensive Planning and Land Development Regulation Act” to “Community Planning Act.”
    • Ch. 330 and Ch. 333, F.S. were not amended and remain intact
    • Department of Community Affairs (DCA) becomes the Division of Community Development within the new Department of Economic Opportunity.
  • 28. What has changed
    • The definition of “compatibility” has been added to 163.3164, definitions
    • “ Compatibility ” means a condition in which land uses or conditions can coexist in relative proximity to each other in a stable fashion over time such that no use or condition is unduly negatively impacted directly or indirectly by another use or condition (new definition added to Chapter 163, F.S. from Rule 9J-5, F.A.C.).
  • 29. What has changed
    • Section 163.3177(6), Future Land Use Element – subsection (a) is amended to add requirements for the compatibility of uses on lands adjacent to an airport as defined in s, 330.35 and consistent with s. 333.02.
      • s. 163.3177(6)(a) 2 . The future land use plan and plan elements shall be based upon surveys, studies, and data regarding the area, as applicable , including:
        • g. The compatibility of uses on lands adjacent to an airport as defined in s. 330.35 and consistent with s. 330.02.
      • s. 163.3177(6)(a) 3 . The future land use plan element shall include criteria to be used to:
        • b . Achieve the compatibility of lands adjacent to an airport as defined in s. 330.35 and consistent with s. 333.02. [line 1361]
  • 30. What has changed The Plan Amendment Process
    • Small scale amendments are still limited to 10 acres or less but the cumulative total per year has increased from 80 to 120 acres.
    • The 10 acre limit is doubled in a rural area of critical economic concern.
    • Text changes directly related to a small scale amendment can be included as a small scale.
  • 31. What has changed The Plan Amendment Process
    • The State limitation of twice per year for plan amendments was removed
    • Large scale amendments must utilize an “expedited state review process” … exceptions for amendments located in:
      • Areas of Critical State Concern,
      • Developments of Regional Impact,
      • Proposing a sector plan or rural land stewardship,
      • Amendments based on an Evaluation and Appraisal Report.
    • Exceptions must undergo a “coordinated state review” process or the “old” process for large scale amendments prior to HB 7207.
  • 32. What has changed The Plan Amendment Process
    • Plan amendments must be transmitted to the reviewing agencies, who may provide comments directly to the local government within 30 days.
    • The State Planning Agency reviews land use amendments within the 30 day review period; however, their review is limited to “important state resources or facilities” (undefined)…
    • No Objections, Recommendations and Comments (ORC) report or Notice of Intent are issued.
    • Local governments must adopt a plan amendment within 180 days of receiving agency comments.
  • 33. What has changed
    • Local governments are required to consider a zoning application associated with a plan amendment concurrent with the comprehensive plan amendment process
    • Continues the mandate for a local government to conduct an “evaluation and appraisal” of its plan every 7 years; however, the local government is only required to address amendments needed because of changes in State requirements.
    • There is no longer a requirement for preparing and submitting an evaluation and appraisal report to the state land planning agency for sufficiency review.
  • 34. What has not changed
    • Local governments are required to update or amend comp plans to include criteria and address compatibility of lands adjacent or closely proximate to airports
    • Local governments within a MPO must include airports, projected airports and aviation development and land use compatibility around airports in their Transportation Element
    • Local governments outside of a MPO must address aviation and related facilities in the circulation or transportation element
    • Airport Master Plans may be included in the transportation element
  • 35. What has not changed
    • s. 163.3177(6)(a)11 . Local governments required to update or amend their comprehensive plan to include criteria and address compatibility of lands adjacent or closely proximate to existing military installations, or lands adjacent to an airport as defined by s. 330.35 and consistent with s. 333.02 in their future land use plan element shall transmit the adopted update or amendment to the state land planning agency by June 30, 2012.
    • Airport zoning is still required for all local governments
    • Ch. 330 and Ch. 333, F.S. were not amended and remain intact
  • 36. Four Key Things to Remember
    • All local governments need a zoning ordinance that works
    • All local governments need development review processes and procedures consistent with Ch. 333, F.S.
    • Constant coordination and communication between airport staff, planning and zoning staff, and elected officials is important
    • Joint planning boards can be beneficial to both airports and local governments
  • 37. Resources
    • This Guidebook
    • FAA Advisory Circular 150/5020-1
    • Florida Airports Council Seminar on Land Use Regulations and Non-Aviation Land Development
    • Transportation Research Board’s Airport Cooperative Research Program Report 27
    • FDOT Central and District staff
  • 38. Resources – Florida Statutes and Rules
    • Chapter 333, F.S., Airport Zoning
    • Rule 14-60, FAC, Airport Licensing, Regulation and Airspace Protection
    • Chapter 163, Part II, F.S., Growth Management Act/Community Planning Act
  • 39. Publications
    • The Airport Compatible Land Use Brochure
      • Explains what is included in the Guidebook
      • Includes URL where the Guidebook can be downloaded
    • The Primer to the Guidebook
      • Provides overview of Guidebook
      • Useful for training and quick reference
    • The Airport Compatible Land Use Guidebook
  • 40. More Information
    • Sergey Kireyev, Airspace and Land Use Manager with Florida Department of Transportation, at [email_address] or (850) 414-4502
    • Jon Sewell, Kimley-Horn and Associates Inc. Project Manager, at [email_address] or (850) 553-3500
    • Airport Compatible Land Use Guidebook can be downloaded at: www.dot.state.fl.us/aviation and select publications – Florida from the Resources option
    • FDOT Central Office and District Staff
  • 41. PANEL DISCUSSION
    • Protecting Florida’s Aviation Assets and Economic Benefits
  • 42.  
  • 43. PANEL DISCUSSION
    • Protecting Florida’s Aviation Assets and Economic Benefits