LATAM Efforts towards Sustainability & social responsibility<br />Eva Garza - OBMI<br />September, 2011<br />
Sustainability Trends<br />Sustainability Principles<br />	APA’s POLICY<br />LEED ND<br />DUIS<br />GREEN GLOBE<br />Case ...
Latin America today<br /><ul><li>Latin America & Caribbean
Economic Changes
Growth & Industrialization
Social & Political Changes
Internet & Social Networks
Safety & Political Changes
Sustainability & Soc. Responsibility
DUIS Mexico
Aqua Brazil
ZODUC Chile
Awareness Climate Change</li></ul>Source: The World Bank<br />
Pollution around the globe<br /><ul><li>Globally
China : 6.53 B
USA : 5.62 B
India : 1.61 B
LATAM
Mexico : 471 M
Brazil : 368 M
Argentina 183 M
Chile 72 M
USA
Texas : 676 M
Florida : 256 M</li></ul>Europe & Central Asia 7.72<br />North America<br />19.09<br />Aruba<br />23.00<br />ME & North Af...
Sources of Carbon Emissions<br /><ul><li>Population Growth
Population - CO2’s relationship
Transportation
Represents 50% CO2s in FL</li></ul>ElectricPower<br />Transportation<br />Source: The World Bank<br />
Key Elements of Sustainability<br /><ul><li>Compact Development
Mixed Use & Higher Densities
Efficiency in Transportation
Reduce Auto Dependency
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9/9 FRI 8:00 Latin-American Efforts Towards Global Sustainability

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Eva Garza

This session will provide an overview of recent Latin-American’s efforts to implement Sustainability and Social Responsibility programs, and accomplish a greener and more equitable future. Recent sustainability and social responsibility trends in Latin-America, review LEED ND requirements, and review APA policy guidelines on Planning for Sustainability will be discussed. Case studies focused on planning projects in Central and South America will demonstrate successful strategies and anticipated
results. The session will conclude with a set of “sustainability principles” that can be used as a base to initiate local sustainability and social responsibility plans and strategies in Florida.

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  • Good morning and welcome to Latin American Efforts towards sustainability and social responsibility.My name is Eva Garza, I am a planner and project manager at OBMI and I am delighted to be here with you this morning to share my perspective and experience about sustainability achievements in Latin America and the Caribbean.
  • Our agenda for today consists of reviewing Sustainability Trends in LATAMUnderstanding sustainability principles frequently used as planning toolsAnd exemplifying through two different case studies these principles, specifically LEED ND and Green Globe
  • Let’s start this session with an overview of Latin America today.Despite a global economic slowdown, LATAM’s economies continued to grow. Between 07 and 09, Brazil’s GDP grew 17%, Colombia’s GDP grew 13%, and Peru continues to blossom with a 21% increase in GDP. Economies more closely tied to the US such as Mexico showed a decrease in GDP of 15%, only after a sustained growth of 65% from 01 to 07. Even during Augusts&apos; economic rollercoaster Brazil’s currency gained 10% against the dollar (this year) and foreign trade inflows increased by $20 on last week. The US stock market lost 514 points in one day (august 4).LATAM &amp; the Caribbean rely on the Internet and Social Networks are used as much as the US. Social networking tools such as facebook, twitter, linkedin, etc. are used regularly for business and social purposes.Politically, Mexico’s violence is the most evident highlight, while other countries surf through power shifts to maintain stability.The most interesting changes have been in Sustainability and Social ResponsibilityThere are a number of Government initiatives for sustainable development such as Duis Mexico, Aqua Brazil and Zoduc Chile. These initiatives appear to be driven by a more educated and empowered middle class that understands the relationship between pollution and climate change.
  • One of the most popular ways of measuring pollution is the production of Carbon Dioxide or CO2.We all sort of know what the top CO2 producing countries are. China, USA and India And it is not surprising that oil producing countries like Qatar, Kuwait and UAE top the list of highest CO2 production per capita at 55, 32 and 31 annual tons per capita respectively.However, it was surprising to find out that the Netherland Antilles, Trinidad &amp; Tobago and Aruba are above the US’s per capita Co2 production with 32, 27 and 23 tons respectively. Luckily, their smaller population makes them fall below other more populated but with lower Co2 averages.The top CO2 Producing Countries in LATAM are, not surprisingly, leading economies.However states like Texas top LATAM’s highest Co2 producer and Florida, ranking 5th in the US produces 40% more Co2 than the entire country of Argentina.China : 6.53 B (4.96 Co2 PC x 1.317 B)USA : 5.62 B (19.09 Co2 PC x 301.6 M)India : 1.61 B (1.43 Co2 PC x 1.124 B)Mexico : 471 M (4,47 Co2 PC x 105 M)Brazil : 368 M (1.93 Co2 PC x 190 M)Argentina 183 M (X.XX Co2 x 39.5 M)Chile 72 M (4.30 Co2 x 16.6 M)Trinidad &amp; Tobago 37 M (27.86 Co2 x 1.32 M)Aruba 2.39 M (23.00 Co2 x 104,176)Cayman Islands 10.06 (10.06 Co2 PC x 53,528)World : 4.62 Tons of Co2 per capita
  • But where is all this Co2 coming from, while researching for my projects I found two main sources Population Growth and TransportationLet’s 1st analyze Population Growth.There are Countries that decreased or stabilized their Co2 production despite slim population increases, like the Cayman, Aruba, USA, Brazil, Mexico and Colombia. TX and FL are also within this group.On the other hand there are countries where Co2 production outgrew their population increases, like China, Peru, Trinidad &amp; Tobago, India, Chile Argentina.When taking a closer look at Carbon Dioxide production for the state of Florida by industry Electric Power generation and Transportation account for 93% of all Carbon Emissions. For most states Transportation represents roughly 50% of Co2 production.Population Change vs. Co2 Production (01 - 07)USA : Population +5.8% Co2 -2%China : Pop +3.6% Co2 +80.9%India : Pop +8.9% Co2 +22.9%Mexico : Pop +4.2% Co2 -2.2%Brazil : Pop +7.6% Co2 +0.7%Argentina Pop +5.8 Co2+23.6%Chile: Population +6.6% Co2 +24.5%Aruba: Pop +12.3% Co2 -5.8%Cayman: Pop +29.5% Co2 -8.4%Trinidad: Pop +2.2% Co2 +44.9%
  • Going back to Latin America, we have consistently observed four key elements to curb carbon emissions and achieve sustainable projects.Compact development with mixed uses and densities of 18 units/acre or more.Alternative modes of transportation complemented by mixed uses to help decrease in Auto Dependency.Energy efficiency and water efficiency strategies that often lead to lower operational costs.And finally protecting the natural environment which is an almost instantaneous plus in project reputation and marketability. Because who nowadays wants to buy a home or condominium in a site that was cleared our of its natural resources and offers no existing vegetation.
  • The four tools for sustainability or ratings we most often use in our project are APA Policy, LEED ND, Green Globe and DUISAPA PolicyAlthough based on US standards is referenced constantly in Latin America and the Caribbean, where zoning ordinances and codes are not as sophisticated as in the US.APA policy is used for goal setting and visioning exercises and commonly maintained as an example of good planning principles.LEED NDLEED is a globally adopted rating system.Perceived in Latin America and the Caribbean as difficult to implement and expensiveThere are LEED Chapters in MX, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and Chile and 53 LEED Certified Projects in LATAMMajority in Brazil (32) and Mexico (12) vs. 8,824 in USNo LEED Projects in CaribbeanIts main advantage is its prescriptive nature, it is often used as a technical benchmarkGreen GlobePopular in Europe and the Caribbean and amongst Resorts and RetailersIncorporates Social Sustainability156 Certified businesses and 151 Under Certification49 Certified Projects in LATAM &amp; CaribbeanDUISMexico’s sustainability ratingIntroduces Social Responsibility and Economics4 built communities 7,400 has and almost 250,000 homes which account for 890,000 residents
  • Let’s begin our overview of APA Sustainability PolicyAPA Policy on Sustainability is very useful due to its comprehensive natureIts four main Objectives are clear yet cover all basic sustainability topics includingEnergy, Chemical Substances, Development and land use activities, and public participation. Its main goal is to ensure we meet the hierarchy of present and future human needs efficiently. Reduce dependence upon fossil fuels and extracted underground metals and minerals.Reduce dependence of chemicals and other manufactured substances that can accumulate in natureReduce dependence on activities that harm life-sustaining ecosystemsMeet the hierarchy of present and future human needs fairly and efficiently.
  • Policy Positions can be grouped in four main categories, Energy, Harmful chemicals, Land Use and Public ParticipationEnergy Related PositionsEncourage alternatives to gas-powered vehicles. Support planning policies that encourage the use renewable energy sources.And encourage businesses tore-use and recycle their by-products and waste.Harmful Chemical Related PositionsPromote the reduction of extracted underground substanceschemicals and synthetic compoundspesticides, herbicides, and synthetic fertilizers.And Encourage forms of developmentthat reduce water use and re-use wastewater on-site
  • Land Use Related PositionsSupport compact and mixed use development, incentivize the use of infill, and Brownfield sitesTo conserve undeveloped landAnd protect natural resources.Public Participation Related PoliciesSeek to equitably protect public health, safety and welfare.Involve local community residents Support research and development to promote the four general policy objectives for sustainability.
  • LEED is the ultimately tool to achieve sustainability, ranging from LEED Homes to LEED ND its technical requirements offer strategies and technologies to make sure your project’s operations are more efficientLEED ND credits emphasize the importance of good urban design. Like in ancient planning history, the designer is challenged to explore not only energy and water saving strategies but rather to think of how to design for increased pedestrian activity and livable communities.There are 73 LEED ND projects certified under pilot program, of which 81% are in the US, 12% in Canada and 7% in China. LEED ND represents less than 1% of all LEED Certified projects.LEED ND Certification requires at least 40 of the 110 possible points.There is a strong focus on the Neighborhood Pattern Design section, while Smart Location and Green Infrastructure represent almost 1/3 of the points each.Unlike other LEED ratings, ND offers a Prerequisite Review to determine eligibility, a conditional approval for the plan, a pre-certification after entitlements and a final certification upon project completion and occupancy.
  • The Smart Location and Linkages section focuses mainly in Project location and ConnectivityA total of 10 points are available for projects located in close proximity to urban areas, transit corridors and existing amenities.In addition 7 points are available for projects located in mixed-use areas with reduced auto dependenceHabitat Conservation and Restoration points represent only 4 points out of 17Most commonly achieved credits by Pilot projects in this section were 1, 3 and 5.The Neighborhood Pattern Design Section focuses on Urban Design Strategies and is where the Congress for New Urbanism’s influence is more evident.65% of Points available can be achieved by Credits 1-4 (comprise 29 out of 44 points). Requirements include compact development with minimum densities of 10 d.u./acre, mixed uses, retail facades with 60% glazing, streets designed for low speeds, walkable communities with sidewalks on both sides or the street amongst other.Most commonly achieved credits in this section are #3 Mixed Use Nhood, #2 Compact Dev. and #6 Street NetworkGreen Infrastructure &amp; Buildings is a highly fragmented section, where certification efforts require substantial calculations and Engineering and Infrastructure strategies. Credits that comprise the points achievable depend on individual building certification CR 1, building energy efficiency CR2, storm water management CR8, and renewable energy CR11.The most commonly achieved credit in this section is Credit 7 Minimized Site Disturbance
  • IDP CR 1: Innovation and Exemplary Performance (1-5 Pts.)Identify in writing the innovation credit. Demonstrate design approach to meet other credits.No more than 3 exemplary performance points will be awardedIDP CR 2: LEED AP (1 Pt.)At least one principal member of the project team must be LEED APAt least one member of design team must be accredited in smart growth or credentialed by CNU
  • DUIS is a government led sustainability standard for community development in MexicoThere are two types of DUIS projects, those located in infill development sites and those located in the outer urban rings that either posses infrastructure and utilities of that are within the growth boundary where such services are planned.DUIS are a multi-agency initiative and offer benefits for Municipalities, Developers and Residents. Financial incentives and technical advisory are amongst the most attractive benefits of DUIS. However, attached to those are social responsibility requirements that call for affordable housing, proximity to centers of employment, diversity of uses and connections to public transit systems, which combined could affect marketing efforts to target middle and upper middle class households.One of our case studies was developed with potential for DUIS and demonstrated that if wisely designed such requirements actually favor the project’s reputation and sales.
  • DUIS requirements include establishing a Vision, meeting pre-requisites and exploring all relevant project facts and reporting on them to related agencies.Technical criteria is based on a Regional to Building structure that covers Urban, Social, Economic, Environmental and Design aspects.DUIS was based on LEED ND but incorporates additional Economic and Social Responsibility criteria.
  • Our approach is purposely tiered to offer clients and projects a staged commitment towards sustainability and to allow them to explore all certification options while discovering project challenges and before committing to a definitegoal.As part of our basic approach we make sure Clients understand codes and legislation, we ask them to conduct all basic studies for an informed decision making process. We recommend the least site impact and when impact is imminent we include mitigation strategies as part of the early planning process. We use passive sustainability and smart design strategies, often recommending renewable and recycled materials. Finally during CA we ensure recommendations are thoroughly followed to ensure the project’s sustainability.Optional sustainability paths for our clients include Green Globe, LEED or other certification.Ideally we would like for every client to develop a fully sustainable project, however we understand different levels of commitment towards sustainability and through our Basic Approach ensure a minimum level is achieved in every project.
  • Our two case studies include Zibata Town Center, a sustainable community of 5,000 households (4,790) in Queretaro Mexico, that is nominated as a One Planet Living community and is currently under construction Hermitage Bay, a sustainable resort with 25 suites in St Johns Antigua, it is currently undergoing green globe certification, it was completed in 2006 and has been successfully operating since then.Zibata will demonstrate LEED ND, while Hermitage will demonstrate Green Globe.
  • Zibata is a Privately developed community that could meet LEED ND or DUIS technical criteriaDeveloper demonstrated an interested in Sustainability since the project’s inception and actively participated in the design process.This project comprises 5,000 units in 247 acres and is part of a larger community of 30,000 units and 2,470 acres.
  • Zibata’s predominant land use is Multiple Family Residential. A typical block under this use ranges between 28 and 69 units/acre. Mixed Use blocks are an important land use within Zibata, each developable macro lot contains at least convenience retail. Community Amenities comprise about 250,000 sf and are distributed throughout the town center.Zibata’s main feature is a centrally located lagoon, where rainwater is captured, treated and retained for landscape irrigation and residential use.
  • Zibata’s Retail Core is located adjacent to the lagoon and along main street and represents 270,000 sfInformal retail such as the Ramblas and convenience retail offer opportunities for local vendors and farmers. Convenience retail constitutes 107,000 sf and is distributed in each Neighborhood Unit and within a pedestrian distance of 5 min. walking time.Shown in light Orange is Future Retail which represents 290,000 sf and is mainly located in first floors of Multifamily buildingsThanks to the developer’s willingness to promote mixed uses employment centers are offered near housing. It is estimated that Zibata will create 1,740 jobs within TC in addition a University and major retail centers will be located ½ mile of the TC offering additional employment opportunities.
  • Zibata meets all prerequisites of the Smart Location and Linkages section, which is not easy for new communities in Emerging EconomiesPortionsof site were previously developedand the entire project is part of Queretaro’s urban growth boundaryCompact Development and Interconnected streets were the based of our Master Plan100% units will be located within ¼ mile of bus stop. Bus stops were planned near commercial uses and will be shaded100% units within ¼ mile of a 2.5 mile bicycle network connecting to 10 basic services/uses schools &amp; employment1,800 bike storage spaces were recommended to offer bike storage for 30% of residential units (1,437 bike spaces) &amp; 10% commercial use employees (70-120 bike spaces)Zibata’s site has a steep slope that was purposely protected. The steepest slope proposed for development is 14% and slopes over 25% were conserved as nature preserve (cacti park).Long term conservation ensuredby donating parks to municipal authorities and protecting these uses through management plan
  • Zibata was unintentionally master planned to meet most Neighborhood Pattern and Design requirements100% of façades within development are no more than 18 ft. from the curb/streetGround level retail with glass storefronts for is present in all first floors within the Retail Core and its future expansion.Ground level units are in average 24 ft. (7.5 m) above street levelStreet frontage ratio for most of Zibata is of 65’ w : 220’ h or 1:380% non residential streets were designed for 25mph speeds by introducing parallel parking, a block length of 80 m or 260’, paver crossings, and retail storefronts and landscaped medians.100% of residential streets were designed for 20 mph speeds
  • Zibata’s Town Center comprises a wide variety of Open and Green Spaces from the Lagoon and Community Center next to the Cacti Preservation Park to Pocket or Neighborhood Parks distributed along the Town Center.18% of Zibata’s Land represents open space 175 Ha. / 432 ac in total.12% of Zibata’s Town Center was assigned for Natural Preservation Park.And the Lagoon and other open spaces account for additional open space exceeding 20% of land within the Town Center
  • In our experience Green infrastructure is always the most difficult section to meet. Luckily Zibata’s in house development team consisted of Civil Engineers and Architects that madethe most difficult tasks easy.Zibata’s blocks follow topography and therefore are oriented to minimize site disruption. Solar orientation was an important factor to ensure a blocks façade adequately captured daylight and to prevent excessive sun exposure. Landscape and road width were also used as a strategy to efficiently provide shade when needed.Queretaro, where Zibata is located is a state that experiences a prolonged dry season and where water is not abundant. Therefore rainwater harvesting, treatment, containment and use strategies. In addition, given the site’s slope’s rainwater management through enhancement of existing streams, and bio-swels will help achieve efficient storm water management and rainwater harvesting. Wastewater will be treated on site and used for irrigation. Mexican scientists have developed a highly absorbent water retaining fiber, patented in Canada that will be used in the ground to retain water and slowly release it to the plant’s roots.In terms of energy efficiency, building blocks were modeled so that buildings could have courtyards, which provide for sufficient light during the day to avoid dark hallways and spaces within buildings.Heat island reduction is achieved by adequate use of high SRI materials in roofs and paved surfaces, as well as landscape. The bylaws of Zibata allows for Roof gardens to be proposed for this project.Finally a strict recycling program will be in place to reduce solid waste, which is already an issue in Mexico’s metropolis.
  • Hermitage Bay is a 25 suite Resort designed sustainably since its inception.The master plan was developed taking into consideration the site’s slopes and promoting conservation of existing landscape.Rainwater is harvested on-site and used which is a must in island livingAll suites were built with locally available materials, soft woods, local craftsmanship and renewable materials
  • The resorts main structures were designed as indoor/outdoor spaces and all have cross ventilation and ceiling fans rather than AC.The resort’s suites offer AC for guests convenience but its use in not necessary due to cross ventilation strategies and surrounding landscapeEach suite offers daylight at its maximum and has solar panels installed in its roof for required energy useHermitage Bay’s employees have an island living mindset, for them recycling is not an option but a mustThe resort operates in the most efficient manner, asking clientele to be conscious to the environment and promoting reduction of consumable goodsGuests are reminded of responsible tourism code of behavior and informed about the consequences of illegally purchasing or taking historically relevant articraftsThe resort promotes responsible guest immersion in local culture and activities, offering torus of nearby attractions, water sports and using produce from an adjacent organic farm for restaurant meals and spa treatments. These strategies in turn promote the island’s economic development
  • At OBMI we use a sustainability balance scorecard at project initiation and along the design process to ensure sustainability goals are metOur balance scorecard takes into consideration local context and culture, site features, smart design strategies for the built environment, alternative transportation, energy and water efficiency, and landscape as a tool to minimize impacts related to construction.
  • Good to the environment by mitigating existing damage and preventing natural resource depletionPromote healthy living by promoting human activity and limiting CO2 and Greenhouse Gas EmmissionsEnergy Efficient by utilizing alternative energy sources as a complement to oil and coal to eventually phase out of themWater Efficient &amp; Self sufficient by rationalizing water consumption, harvesting rainwater and capturing wastewater for treatment and reuseIndependent Food Supply by accommodating urban farming and utilizing new technology
  • 9/9 FRI 8:00 Latin-American Efforts Towards Global Sustainability

    1. 1. LATAM Efforts towards Sustainability & social responsibility<br />Eva Garza - OBMI<br />September, 2011<br />
    2. 2. Sustainability Trends<br />Sustainability Principles<br /> APA’s POLICY<br />LEED ND<br />DUIS<br />GREEN GLOBE<br />Case Studies<br />ZIBATA, MEXICO<br />HERMITAGE, ANTIGUA<br />
    3. 3. Latin America today<br /><ul><li>Latin America & Caribbean
    4. 4. Economic Changes
    5. 5. Growth & Industrialization
    6. 6. Social & Political Changes
    7. 7. Internet & Social Networks
    8. 8. Safety & Political Changes
    9. 9. Sustainability & Soc. Responsibility
    10. 10. DUIS Mexico
    11. 11. Aqua Brazil
    12. 12. ZODUC Chile
    13. 13. Awareness Climate Change</li></ul>Source: The World Bank<br />
    14. 14. Pollution around the globe<br /><ul><li>Globally
    15. 15. China : 6.53 B
    16. 16. USA : 5.62 B
    17. 17. India : 1.61 B
    18. 18. LATAM
    19. 19. Mexico : 471 M
    20. 20. Brazil : 368 M
    21. 21. Argentina 183 M
    22. 22. Chile 72 M
    23. 23. USA
    24. 24. Texas : 676 M
    25. 25. Florida : 256 M</li></ul>Europe & Central Asia 7.72<br />North America<br />19.09<br />Aruba<br />23.00<br />ME & North Africa 5.49<br />Qatar55.38<br />Netherlands Antilles<br />32.44<br />Mexico<br />4.47<br />Kuwait32.32<br />Trinidad & Tobago<br />27.86<br />UAE31.03<br />Cayman Islands<br />10.06<br />Sub-Saharan Africa0.85<br />Latin America & Caribbean<br />2.86<br />East Asia & Pacific4.75<br />Brazil<br />1.93<br />Chile<br />4.30<br />Argentina<br />4.64<br />World<br />4.62<br />Source: The World Bank<br />
    26. 26. Sources of Carbon Emissions<br /><ul><li>Population Growth
    27. 27. Population - CO2’s relationship
    28. 28. Transportation
    29. 29. Represents 50% CO2s in FL</li></ul>ElectricPower<br />Transportation<br />Source: The World Bank<br />
    30. 30. Key Elements of Sustainability<br /><ul><li>Compact Development
    31. 31. Mixed Use & Higher Densities
    32. 32. Efficiency in Transportation
    33. 33. Reduce Auto Dependency
    34. 34. Energy / Building Efficiency
    35. 35. Lower operating costs
    36. 36. Natural Environment
    37. 37. Buyers understand impacts</li></li></ul><li>Sustainability Ratings<br />APA’s POLICY<br /> LEED ND<br /> GREEN GLOBE<br />DUIS<br />
    38. 38. Tools for Sustainability<br /><ul><li>APA Policy
    39. 39. US Based
    40. 40. No certification, base for legislation
    41. 41. Example of good planning
    42. 42. LEED ND
    43. 43. Globally adopted
    44. 44. Prescriptive and technical tool
    45. 45. Green Globe
    46. 46. Popular in Europe and the Caribbean
    47. 47. Certifies Businesses
    48. 48. DUIS (Integral Sustainable Urban Development)
    49. 49. Mexico’s sustainability rating
    50. 50. Government rating / IDB Bank
    51. 51. 250,000 units under rating</li></ul>Mexico<br />Brazil<br />Source: USGBC – LEED ND<br />Source: DUIS Mexico<br />
    52. 52. APAPolicy Guide on Sustainability<br /><ul><li>APA Sustainability – Objectives
    53. 53. Fossil fuels, metals and minerals
    54. 54. Harmful chemicals and substances
    55. 55. Life-sustaining ecosystems
    56. 56. Present and future human needs</li></ul>Image Sources: Fuel from the Water and Extension<br />Image Source: FreshX<br />
    57. 57. Energy & Harmful Chemical<br /><ul><li>Energy
    58. 58. Alternative vehicles
    59. 59. Renewable energy sources
    60. 60. Waste Reduction
    61. 61. Harmful Chemical
    62. 62. Extracted underground substances
    63. 63. Chemicals /synthetic compounds
    64. 64. Pesticides, herbicides, and synthetic fertilizers
    65. 65. Reduce water use & re-use wastewater on-site</li></ul>Image Sources: Tata Motors-Geekologie,, The Equalizer Post,, Global Warming.com<br />
    66. 66. LanD Use & Public Participation<br /><ul><li>Land Use
    67. 67. Compact mixed-use development
    68. 68. Infill and Brownfield sites
    69. 69. Conserve undeveloped land
    70. 70. Protect natural resources
    71. 71. Public Participation
    72. 72. Public health, safety and welfare
    73. 73. Involve local community
    74. 74. Support R&D </li></li></ul><li>LEED Neighborhood DevelopmentFacts <br /><ul><li>Tool to achieve Sustainability
    75. 75. Certified LEED ND pilot program
    76. 76. USA 81%
    77. 77. Canada 12%
    78. 78. China 7%
    79. 79. LEED ND 1% of all LEED Certified.
    80. 80. Certification
    81. 81. Certified 40-49 Pts.
    82. 82. Silver 50-59 Pts.
    83. 83. Gold 60-79 Pts.
    84. 84. Platinum 80+ Pts.</li></ul>Before Entitlement<br />50% Renovation<br />After Entitlement<br />75% Renovation<br />Determine Eligibility<br />100% Construction<br />COs & Inspections<br />Source: USGBC – LEED ND<br />
    85. 85. LEED ND Sections<br /><ul><li>Green Infrastructure & Buildings (GIB)
    86. 86. Energy Efficiency
    87. 87. Water Efficiency
    88. 88. Historic Preservation
    89. 89. Neighborhood Pattern Design (NPD)
    90. 90. Design driven
    91. 91. Mixed-Use & Integration
    92. 92. Community Involvement
    93. 93. Smart Location & Linkage (SLL)
    94. 94. Infill development
    95. 95. Connection to adjacent uses
    96. 96. Natural resource conservation</li></ul>Street Network<br />CR 6 - 2<br />Compact Development<br />CR 2 - 6<br />Minimized Site Disturbance<br />CR 7 - 1<br />Mixed Use<br />CR 3 - 4<br />
    97. 97. LEED ND Innovation & Regional Credits<br />Innovation & Design<br /><ul><li>Innovation and Exemplary Performance (1-5)
    98. 98. LEED Accredited Professional (1)</li></ul>Regional Priority<br /><ul><li>Regional Priority (1-4)</li></li></ul><li>Green Globe <br /><ul><li>Green Globe
    99. 99. Less Costly
    100. 100. Smaller scale
    101. 101. Less prescriptive
    102. 102. Social Responsibility
    103. 103. Historic Preservation
    104. 104. Tourism and Retail focused</li></ul>Stage 1 Independent Audit <br />Stage 2 Preliminary Report <br />Changes per Report Findings<br />Business<br />Membership<br />Sustainability Criteria & Prerequisites<br />Implementation & Supporting Documents<br />Stage 3 Certification<br />
    105. 105. DUIS (DesarrolloUrbano Integral Sustentable)<br /><ul><li>Two types of DUIS
    106. 106. Infill Development
    107. 107. Urban Infrastructure
    108. 108. Municipal Benefits
    109. 109. Better planned communities
    110. 110. Planned infrastructure growth
    111. 111. Financial strength
    112. 112. Benefits to Developers
    113. 113. Better infrastructure and amenities
    114. 114. Financial support
    115. 115. Technical government advisory
    116. 116. Benefits to Residents
    117. 117. Higher home values
    118. 118. Energy/operational savings</li></ul>Image Sources: Valle de San Pedro, and El Rehilete<br />
    119. 119. DUIS (DesarrolloUrbano Integral Sustentable)<br />Vision<br />Pre-requisites<br />Project Facts<br />Region<br />City<br />Neighborhood<br />Building<br />Urban<br />Sustainability <br />Social & Economic<br />Market & Economic Studies<br />Determine Market Demand<br />Job Generation<br />Impacts to Existing Natural Environment<br />Natural Environment<br />Existing Urban Infrastructure and Impacts<br />Regional to Neighborhood Connectivity<br />Mixed uses and Housing Diversity<br />Urban Identity and Neighborhood Unit Sustainability<br />Urban Context<br />Urban & Architectural Design<br />Implementation tools<br />Adequate Occupancy and Maintenance<br />Urban Development<br />
    120. 120. Sustainability Approach<br /><ul><li>Basic Approach
    121. 121. Local codes and regulation
    122. 122. Environmental & Market Studies
    123. 123. Least site impact & mitigation
    124. 124. Passive sustainability strategies
    125. 125. Smart Design
    126. 126. Renewable & recycled materials
    127. 127. Construction Administration
    128. 128. Optional
    129. 129. Green Globe or LEED
    130. 130. Adubon, Blue Flag, DUIS, other
    131. 131. Ideal
    132. 132. Fully sustainable
    133. 133. LEED Gold+
    134. 134. Green Globe 80%+</li></ul>Image Sources: OBMI and PiedraRoja, Chile<br />
    135. 135. Case Studies<br />ZIBATA, MEXICO<br />HERMITAGE BAY, ANTIGUA<br />
    136. 136. Case Studies<br /><ul><li>Zibata Town Center
    137. 137. Sustainable Community
    138. 138. One Planet Living Community
    139. 139. Under Construction
    140. 140. Hermitage Bay
    141. 141. Sustainable Resort
    142. 142. Green Globe
    143. 143. Completed & Operating</li></ul>ZIBATA<br />Queretaro, Mexico<br />Image Source: Yahoo Maps<br />HERMITAGE BAY<br />St. Johns,<br />Antigua<br />Image Source: Zibata<br />Image Source: Hermitage Bay Resort<br />
    144. 144. Zibata – Planning a SustainableCommunity<br />Zibata Overall<br />30,000 Units<br />Zibata 1,000 Has. / 2,470 ac.<br />30 d.u./ha. 12 d.u./acre<br />Zibata Town Center<br />4,790 Units<br />62,000 m2 /667,400 SF Retail<br />25,000 m2 / 269,000 SF Office<br />100 Hectares / 247 acres<br />71 d.u./ha. 29 d.u./acre<br />CACTI PRESERVE<br />LAGOON<br />ZIBATÁ<br />MÉXICO DF—SLP HIGHWAY<br />DETENTION BASIN<br />“ISLAND” <br />GOLF<br />ZIBATÁ<br />N<br />GOLF<br />ZIBATÁ<br />0 100 200 400 m<br />
    145. 145. Zibata - Mixed Use & Compact Development<br />Mixed Use<br /> 170 Units/HA = 69 Units/Ac.<br />Multiple Family Residential<br />145 Units / HA = 59 Units / Ac.<br /> Multiple Family - Golf<br /> 170 Units / HA = 69 Units / Ac.<br /> Multiple Family - Park<br /> 70 Units / HA = 28 Units / Ac <br />Single Family - Golf<br /> 25 Units / HA = 10 Units / Ac <br />E<br />E<br />H<br />E<br />Image Source: Zibata<br />H<br />t<br />t<br />E<br />E<br />N<br />Área TC Zibatá<br />“Centro-Centro “(TC Core)<br />0 100 200 400 m<br />
    146. 146. Zibata – different scales of retail<br /> Radius 200 m / .12 mile<br /> (5 min walking)<br /> Radius 400 m / .24 mile<br /> (10 min walking)<br />Lagoon Core Retail. 10,000 m2 / 107,640 SF<br />(300 parking)<br />Boulevard Core. 15,000 m2 / 161,460 SF<br />(450 parking)<br />Neighborhood Unit Retail. 10.000 m2 / 107,640 SF<br />(parallel parking)<br />Future Retail. 27,000 m2 / 290,625 SF<br />E2<br />E3<br />E1<br /> Supermarket<br />Power-Center<br />Image Source: Zibata<br />N<br />Study Area<br />0 100 200 400 m<br />
    147. 147. Smart Location & Linkages<br /><ul><li>SLL Applied
    148. 148. Within Queretaro’s boundary
    149. 149. Compact development avg. 29 units/ac.
    150. 150. Interconnected street network
    151. 151. Linked to bus routes
    152. 152. Bicycle network & storage</li></ul>Waterfront<br />120 Units / Ha.= 49 Units / Ac.<br />Amphitheater<br />Stairs<br />Boulevard<br />Courtyard <br />
    153. 153. Neighborhood Pattern Design<br /><ul><li>NPD Applied
    154. 154. Walkable street grid
    155. 155. Services & school at walking distance
    156. 156. Urban facades
    157. 157. Narrow / low speed roads
    158. 158. Minimum parking - underground</li></li></ul><li>Zibata - Green Network<br />18% Zibata Open Space<br />12% Zibata TC Preservation<br />PARQUE DE CACTÁCEAS<br />HUMEDAL<br />“ISLA”<br />LAGUNA<br />ZIBATÁ<br />Town Center Promenade<br />Urban Parks<br />Plazas<br />Street Yards<br />Lagoon<br />Water Stream Landscape<br />Cacti Nature Preserve<br />Clubs<br />Outlook Point Network<br />Sustainable Golf<br />Image Source: Zibata<br />GOLF<br />ZIBATÁ<br />N<br />GOLF<br />ZIBATÁ<br />Área TC Zibatá<br />0 100 200 400 m<br />
    159. 159. Green Building Infrastructure<br /><ul><li>GBI Applied
    160. 160. Minimized site disruption
    161. 161. Solar orientation
    162. 162. Building & water efficiency
    163. 163. Infrastructure energy efficiency
    164. 164. Water efficient landscaping
    165. 165. Heat island reduction
    166. 166. Wastewater management
    167. 167. Solid waste management
    168. 168. Light pollution reduction</li></ul>Image Source: Zibata<br />
    169. 169. Developing a Sustainable Resort<br /><ul><li>OBMI’s Sustainable Design
    170. 170. Minimum site intervention
    171. 171. Energy saving strategies
    172. 172. Water use reduction
    173. 173. Native Landscape
    174. 174. Locally sourced materials
    175. 175. Organic Farm</li></ul>Image Source: OBMI, Hermitage Bay Resort<br />
    176. 176. Social Responsibility – Hermitage Bay,<br /><ul><li>Social Responsibility
    177. 177. Code of Behavior
    178. 178. Historical & Cultural Context
    179. 179. Community Development
    180. 180. Fair Trade & Equitable Hiring
    181. 181. Consumable goods reduction</li></ul>Image Source: OBMI, Hermitage Bay Resort<br />
    182. 182. Conclusions<br />
    183. 183. Sustainability Success<br />SITE<br /><ul><li>Location & Market
    184. 184. Site Features
    185. 185. Min. Site Disturbance
    186. 186. Flora & Fauna
    187. 187. Wetland, Floodplain, and Water Bodies </li></ul>BUILT ENVIRONMENT<br /><ul><li>Streets & Connectivity
    188. 188. Walkable Blocks
    189. 189. Mixed Uses
    190. 190. Urban Buildings
    191. 191. Amenities
    192. 192. Transportation</li></ul>OPEN SPACE<br /><ul><li>Water Eff. Landscape
    193. 193. Accessible Open Space
    194. 194. Tree lined streets
    195. 195. Reduced Irrigation</li></ul>INFRASTRUCTURE<br /><ul><li>Energy Efficiency
    196. 196. Water Efficiency
    197. 197. Stormwater Mgmt.
    198. 198. On-site Renewable
    199. 199. Solid Waste /Recycling
    200. 200. Light Pollution</li></li></ul><li>Places of the Future<br />Balance social, economic and environmental factors of development to meet the hierarchy of present and future human needs fairly and efficiently.<br />Image Sources: OBMI, Veranda and Sugar Run <br />

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