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9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
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9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
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9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation
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9/7 WED 13:00 | AICP Exam Preparation

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Henry Bittaker …

Henry Bittaker
Susan Coughanour

Gain an overview of the exam, its content, and topic areas. Learn about recent changes to the exam format and find out about local, state, and national resources to help you prepare. See past test takers' comments and answer practice questions.
Plenty of time will be available for your questions. Registration will be limited, so secure your spot early!

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  • 1. Presenters:
    Henry Bittaker, AICP
    Susan Coughanour, AICP
    APA-Florida Conference 2011AICP Info Session
    AICP Exam Preparation
  • 2. APA-Florida Conference 2011AICP Info Session
    Eligibility and Registration
  • 3. Eligibility Requirements
    Current member of the American Planning Association (APA).
    Be engaged in professional planning, either currently or in the past, as defined by AICP.
    2 years planning experience + Graduate degree in Planning
    3 years planning experience + Bachelor's degree in Planning
    3 years planning experience + Graduate degree in Planning from a program not accredited by the PAB
    4 years planning experience + Other post-graduate, graduate, or undergraduate degree
    8 years planning experience with no college degree
  • 4. AICP BULLETIN
    The AICP Bulletin contains information on eligibility, fees, registration, exam site scheduling, and even some practice exam questions.
    http://www.planning.org/certification/pdf/bulletin.pdf
  • 5. Registration
    Exam Offerings
    Computer-based exam offered in two, 14-day testing windows (May and November) at twelve test centers in Florida (300+ nationally)
    Online Application Submittal
    May 2012 exam application window opens ~ Dec. 2011
    Application Review and Notification
    Once your completed application (including all education and employment verification) is received, it will be reviewed and you will be informed of your status to sit for the AICP exam in about six weeks.
  • 6. Registration (continued)
    Previous Applicants
    Previously approved applicants may come back and use the same new application form to pay for the next exam.
    Once logged on, the system will recognize the applicant's approved status with prompts to complete only the contact and exam information pages of the form and pay the exam fee.
    NOTE: Once approved, you will have four testing periods, or two years, within which to take the exam. After two years, you will be required to complete a new application and fulfill all the submission requirements again.
    Test Results
    Exam takers will receive their “un-official” test results before they leave the testing center.
  • 7. APA-Florida Conference 2011AICP Info Session
    Subject Matter Outline
  • 8. AICP Subject Matter
    I. History, Theory and Law [15%]
    II. Plan Making and Implementation [30%]
    III. Functional Areas of Practice [25%]
    IV. Spatial Areas of Practice [15%]
    V. Public Participation and Social Justice [10%]
    AICP Code of Ethics & Professional Conduct [5%]
  • 9. AICP Subject Matter (continued)
    I. History, Theory and Law [15%]
    A. History of Planning
    B. Planning law
    C. Theory of planning
    D. Patterns of human settlement
  • 10. AICP Subject Matter (continued)
    II. Plan Making and Implementation [30%]
    A. Visioning and goal setting    B. Quantitative and qualitative research methodsC. Collecting, organizing, analyzing, reporting data D. Demographics and economicsE. Natural and built environment
    F. Land use and development regulations G. Application of legal principles
    H. Environmental analysis
    I. Growth management techniques
  • 11. AICP Subject Matter (continued)
    II. Plan Making and Implementation [cont.]
    J. Budgets and financing options
    K. GIS/spatial analysis and information systems
    L. Policy analysis and decision making [NEWER]
    M. Development plan and project review
    N. Program evaluation
    O. Communications techniques
    P. Intergovernmental relationships
    Q. Stakeholder relationships [NEWER]
    R. Project and program management
  • 12. AICP Subject Matter (continued)
    III. Functional Areas of Practice [25%]
    A. Community development
    B. Comprehensive or long range planning
    C. Development regulation or administration
    D. Economic development and revitalization
    E. Economic analysis and forecasting
    F. Educational, institutional, military facility planning[NEWER]
    G. Energy policy
    H. Food system planning [NEWER]
    I. Growth management
    J. Hazard mitigation and disaster planning [NEWER]
    K. Historic preservation
    L. Housing
  • 13. AICP Subject Matter (continued)
    III. Functional Areas of Practice [cont.]
    M. Infrastructure
    N. Labor force or employment [NEWER]
    O. Land use
    P. Natural resources and the environment
    Q. Parks, open space and recreation
    R. Planning law
    S. Policy planning [NEWER]
    T. Public services
    U. Social and health services [NEWER]
    V. Transportation
    W. Urban design
  • 14. AICP Subject Matter (continued)
    IV. Spatial Areas of Practice [15%] [NEWER]
    A. Planning at national level [NEPA, HUD, DOT planning]
    B. Planning for multi-state or bi-state regions [TVA, dams]
    C. Planning for state [state laws; Dillon’s vs Home Rule]
    D. Planning for sub-state region [regional parks, turnpikes]
    E. Planning at county level [hazard mitigation, growth mgt plans]
    F. Planning for urban areas [traffic planning, homeless]
    G. Planning for suburban areas [sprawl, farmland loss]
    H. Planning for small town [town character, health access, jobs]
    I-M. Corridors, Neighborhoods, Waterfronts, Historic
    districts or areas, Downtowns
  • 15. AICP Subject Matter (continued)
    V. Public Participation and Social Justice [10%]
    A. Public involvement planning
    B. Public participation techniques
    C. Identifying, engaging, and serving underserved
    groups [NEWER]
    D. Social justice issues, literature, and practice
    E. Working with diverse communities
    F. Coalition building
  • 16. AICP Subject Matter (continued)
    VI. AICP Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct [5%]
  • 17. APA-Florida Conference 2011AICP Info Session
    AICP Study Resources
  • 18. APA CD-ROMS & STUDY GUIDES
    APA Chapter Presidents Council CD-ROM
    2011/2012 CPC Study Manual ($18.95)
    Contact APA-FL office – order by mail & check
    AICP Study Guide Manual/CD-ROM $195
  • 19. Online Study Resources
    TREASURE COAST SECTION APA-FL
    (http://www.floridaplanning.org/treasurecoast/aicp_links.asp)
    Comprehensive list of AICP Study links – prepared by Treasure Coast Section (Free)
    Contains over 1000+ links by subject; “Best links”
    Study Stack (www.studystack.com)
    Really Cool [and fun] flashcards, tables, charts and teaching games (Free)
    APA (http://www.planning.org/_offsite/certification/tutorial/)
    Practice test by APA (Free to APA members)
    APA (http://www.planning.org/certification/examprep/selectedreading.htm)
    Selected Readings – suggested by APA
  • 20. The “Green Book”
    “The Practice of Local Government Planning”
    • Perhaps the single most important AICP Exam study guide, especially for non-academically trained planners – three past editions, all useful
  • The “New” Green Book
    New 2009 Version – new title ($95):
    Contents have changed significantly .
    Some online post-exam comments have been that the 3rd Edition (previous version) is actually more clearly set up for studying for the exam.
    We’re just starting to use the 2009 version in our own AICP Study Group and are finding portions of it useful as a general introduction to newer concepts to study for the exam, such as climate change, smart growth, and healthy cities.
  • 21. “Everyday Ethics”
    Everyday Ethics for Practicing Planners
    Book by Carol D. Barrett, 2002.
    Ethical solutions to everyday problems--Barrett dissects 54 sticky, real-world situations, applying relevant sections of the AICP Code of Ethics. Five complex scenarios are structured for group discussion.
  • 22. “Land Use”
    Land Use In a Nutshell
    Book by Nolan & Salkin, 2006.
    A compact reference to land use. Past test
    takers have highly recommended. Covers
    planning processes, land development, zoning,
    regulation, and taxation. The last chapter
    addresses new influencing considerations in
    land use, such as energy and space.
  • 23. “Planning and Urban Design Standards”
    Planning and Urban Design Standards
    This 2006 book edited by The American Planning Association is the most comprehensive illustrated, reference book on urban planning, design and development. Exam topics covered include plan making, public participation, planning movements, mapping, streets and town infrastructure, natural resources, demographics, transportation, environmental impact assessment and mitigation, placemaking, building requirements. EXPENSIVE: $150 - $235
  • 24. AICP Ethics Code
    APA Code of Ethics (www.planning.org/ethics)
    The AICP Code of Ethics assists certified planners negotiate the ethical and moral dilemmas they sometimes face. KNOW THE CODE
    Some general aspects of the Code to remember:
    All communications regarding specific situations occur with the APA Executive Director in his capacity as the Ethics Officer.
    The Code was revised in October 2009.
    The Code now has four sections
    ASPIRATIONAL PRINCIPLES
    RULES OF CONDUCT
    PROCEDURAL PROVISIONS
    AUTOMATIC SUSPENSION OF CERTIFICATION [NEW]
  • 25. AICP Study Ethics at Conference
    Thursday
    2:30 PM – Ethics and Related Professions: A Planner’s Quandary?
    Friday
    9:30 AM – Combating Corruption By Being Ethical
  • 26. Online APA – APA Policy Guides
    APA Policy Guides (http://www.planning.org/policy/guides/)
    On APA’s selected reading list for exam preparation
    Especially useful for newer topic areas, such as food planning & climate change
    New 2010 guide on Surface Transportation
    New 2011 guide on Climate Change
  • 27. APA Policy Guide
    Adopted Policies
    Agricultural Land Preservation
    Billboard Controls
    Climate Change [NEW]
    Community and Regional Food Planning [NEW]
    Community Residences
    Endangered Species and Habitat Protection
    Energy
    Environment: Waste Management
    Environment: Water Resources Management
    Environment: Wetlands
    Factory Built Housing
    Historic and Cultural Resources
    Homelessness
    Housing
    Impact Fees
    Neighborhood Collaborative Planning
    Planning for Sustainability
    Provision of Childcare
    Public Redevelopment
    Security
    Smart Growth
    Surface Transportation [NEW]
    Takings
  • 28. Online APA – Planning Magazine
    Planning Magazine
    Review Recent Issues
    Recommend review of 4-5 years of previous issues
    Don’t necessarily focus on past six months —those are too soon to have made it into the test
    Some past exam questions appear to come directly from previous articles
    e.g. – what are “Colonias”?
    APA website (has current & previous issues)
    Resources  APA Publications  Planning  Previous Issues
    www.planning.org/planning
  • 29. Previous & Current APA “Hidden” links
    Timelines in American Planning History
    (http://faculty.wwu.edu/zaferan/index%20-%20timeline_us_planning_history%5B2%5D.pdf)
    APA 2011 National Conf. AICP Exam Prep Slides
    (https://www.planning.org/certification/examprep/)
    APA Website’s “Search” Function (upper right)
    (https://www.planning.org/search/results.htm)
    GONE: Top 25 lists, Smart Growth Reader (except on APA CD-ROM), many other links
  • 30. APA Chapters – AICP Study Websites
    APA-GA
    (http://georgiaplanning.org/aicp/aicp-exam-reviews/)
    APA-PA
    (http://www.planningpa.org/career_aicp.shtml)
    APA-NC
    (http://www.nc-apa.org/ resources  AICP)
    APA-WA
    (http://www.washington-apa.org/career/aicp/)
  • 31. Other Online AICP Study Resources
    Planetizen (www.planetizen.com)
    Planetizen – Planning Website (Free, but requires membership)
    AICP Exam Course $129 - http://www.planetizen.com/courses/aicp
    Goes to $159 on October 1, 2011
    Cyburbia (www.cyburbia.org)
    Cyburbia – planning website (Free, but requires membership)
    Planning Prep (www.planningprep.com)
    Planning Prep – AICP Exam Prep website. (Free planning exams but must join – currently free)
    Ohio State University (http://knowlton.osu.edu/ped/aicp.htm)
    Online AICP Study Course; $95
  • 32. More AICP Study Resources
    Michael Waiczis CD-ROM Study Materials(e-mail contact: mrw36@cvip.net ) $125
    AICP Examination Preparation Guidebook (125 pages)
    Practice Exams (1050 practice questions)
    Glossary of Planning Terms (50 pages)
    Law, History & Ethics Study Guide (60 pages)
    Planning Topics Study Manual (225 pages)
    “Green Book” Synopsis (50 pages)
    Commentary to the List of Subject Matter for the AICP Exam (60 pages)
    NOTE: Unable to reach Spring 2011
  • 33. Local AICP Weekend Study Courses
    Orlando Metro Section AICP Study Course
    DATE: October 7th & 8th (tentatively) - GAI Consultants.
    LOCATION: Orlando, Florida
    For Information Contact: Shalene Estes, AICP
    e-mail: s.estes@gaiconsultants.com
    Suncoast Section AICP Study Course
    DATE: March 2012 (2011 study guides available $25)
    LOCATION: Tampa, Florida
    For Information Contact: Debra Hempel
    Phone: (813) 282-2444
    E-mail: Debra.Hempel@hdrinc.com
  • 34. Local Weekly AICP Study Groups
    Treasure Coast Section AICP Study Group
    NOW: Aug. 24 – Nov. 9, 2011 (Wednesday nights) & all-day Saturday question sessions (October/November)
    Spring 2012 (Feb. – May; Wednesday nights + Saturday)
    LOCATION: West Palm Beach, Florida; FREE
    Contact: Susan Coughanour & Henry Bittaker
    Phone: 561-523-0678 (Henry’s)
    e-mail: hbittaker@aol.comSusanCoughanour@aol.com
    NOTE: Twice weekly emails of Study Group’s links & presentations sent out to anyone requesting them (2 EXAMS)
    APA-FL Study Group Coordinators List
    http://www.floridaplanning.org/aicp/index.asp
  • 35. 2011 APA-FL Conf. AICP Study Materials
    Our links and weekly Study Group emails will give you an abundance of materials to prepare for the AICP exam:
    Over 1000 AICP Study links, plus Glossary
    2004 – 2011 APA National Conference Slides
    Set of “Best” APA Chapters’ Study materials
    2004 – 2011 post-exam test takers comments
    Two 170-question Practice Exam with answers
    Plus more, including this slide show!
    SIGN UP or email me – hbittaker@aol.com
  • 36. APA-Florida Conference 2011AICP Info Session
    AICP Test Taking Tips
  • 37. 10 TEST-TAKING OBSERVATIONS
    Few planners used to come out of this test feeling it was a good test of their actual abilities as a planner – we didn’t, you may not either. However, we have been hearing feedback from some planners that they finally feel it’s a good test of their abilities as a planner.
    There is not one exam, there are many (exact number unknown, but greater than three and probably less than six). Your test may have several questions on statistics; someone else’s may have several on census or population projection methods. This makes it a difficult test to study and prepare for.
    Sample exams are meant to get your mind back into exam test taking mode – do not expect to see any of my questions on your exam. Use sample exams to re-learn how to attack multiple choice questions & identify your weak areas.
  • 38. 10 TEST-TAKING OBSERVATIONS
    You will not run out of time on the test. We know of only one planner who’s run into a time problem over the last five years.
    Most planners that fail this test do so by 1 – 3 points (approximately 2 to 6 questions). That means you want to know the easy factual questions, such as history, planners and law cases, because even if there’s only a half dozen such questions, they may make the difference between passing and failing.
    Study early, study often.
    Do practice tests, practice tests, practice tests, especially to learn how to address scenario and multi-part questions.
  • 39. 10 TEST-TAKING OBSERVATIONS
    Our study links & emails will give you more exam prep materials than you’ll likely have time to study. You’ll have to develop a strategy that works for you – work on your weaknesses, especially in those topic areas that others indicate have been on the recent exam.
    Don’t depend on just attending a study group or a weekend course – you have to study on your own in combination with the study group or course.
    At the beginning of starting to study and trying to answer practice exam questions, you’re likely to feel like a deer caught in a car’s headlights – stunned. Hopefully, if you start early and you keep at it and go through lots of practice questions, you won’t feel that way by the end of your preparations.
  • 40. Attitude and Preparation
    Do not be intimidated by the exam if you’ve studied & addressed your weaknesses
    Don’t work the day of the exam
    CRAM the last week if you must, relax the night before the exam
    IMPORTANT: Get a good night’s sleep (single most repeated comment we hear)
  • 41. Attitude and Preparation
    Schedule your site and time ASAP
    Know where the test center is in advance
    If possible, drive by there in advance so you’ll know how long to allow for travel time
    Get there early – 30 minutes in advance of the scheduled test time
    You must bring two forms of ID(make sure your name on your ID matches your name on the Exam paperwork)
    You will not be permitted to bring anything into the exam, but will be provided with a locker and can raise your hand to take a break (although exam clock remains ticking)
  • 42. Attitude and Preparation
    Bring your testing slip and identification
    Simple calculator will be provided to you
    Scratch paper will be provided to you
    Prepare a survival kit (but must be left in locker)
    Water, snack/protein bar
    Tylenol/Advil/Ibuprofen
    Bring a Doctor’s note for other medication, etc.
    Dress comfortably (in layers in case you get cold/hot)
  • 43. Attitude and Preparation
    Do not be intimidated by the questions
    National exam: Not just Florida - you will have areas to shine –
    Remember that a Pass is a Pass … by one question or ten
    Maintain your organized test-taking style
    Keep your rhythm and cadence; relax
    Three hour, thirty minute exam (74 seconds per question!)
  • 44. Attitude and Preparation
    The test is designed for speed
    Pace yourself
    Answer every question on the exam
    When in doubt, guess – no penalty for a wrong guess, only correct answers count
    You’ll be able to mark questions on the computer and come back to them later (test this out in advance on APA’s online tutorial)
  • 45. Particulars of the Exam
    170 questions (only 150 count)
    20 questions are APA future exam questions randomly inserted into your test
    Increasingly, the test is moving to scenario questions (e.g. “You are the Planning Director and the Mayor asks you …”)
    To pass, you must get a 55 on a 75 scale, or about 110 out of the 150 questions (73.3%)
    Questions vary in how much they count
  • 46. Particulars of the Exam
    Computer Exam
    Online Tutorial is available on APA website:
    http://www.planning.org/_offsite/certification/tutorial/
    A brief 15-minute tutorial occurs before the actual exam begins to get used to the computer and test program (time is not counted against you)
    Once you exit the tutorial, you can’t go back to it
    For more details on what to expect, read the online APA Exam Bulletin
    http://www.planning.org/certification/pdf/bulletin.pdf
  • 47. What and How to Study
    Decide how much time you want to or are able to study
    Some say 80-100 hours is needed
    Skimming and taking notes can be just as effective as extensive reading
    Know your study style
  • 48. What and How to Study
    Study concepts, not details at first
    Be able to explain what, when, where, why, who and what effect in short statements
    Less attention on how – no time for this
  • 49. What and How to Study
    Learn conceptual material first
    Learn factual material nearer to the test
    Legal Milestones (Euclid v Ambler; Hadachek v. Sebastian, etc)
    Famous and Infamous Planners and Ideas
    Important Books (http://www.planning.org/centennial/greatbooks/)
    Go over things several times – better than going over large amount of info once
  • 50. What and How to Study
    Study early, study often
    Work particularly on weak areas you know are likely to be on the test
    Options – try multiple methods
    Flashcards – have a partner
    Study very basic notes
    Join a study group
    Weekend Course
    Self-made Taped Recordings to Play in Car
  • 51. What and How to Study
    PRIORITIZE WHAT WORKS FOR YOU
    “Green Book”
    AICP Code of Ethics
    APA Slide Sets
    “Planning” magazine articles (last 5 years)
    Official Reading List
    Study Stack
    Online Study Links
    Henry’s online Glossary of past “Exam” Terms & Planners
  • 52. What and How to Study
    Practice Exam questions will not be identical to those on the AICP Exam
    But they may be very similar in topic, scope to some of the exam questions
    Any repetition is coincidence
    Exam Committee is distanced from prep course development – locally and nationally
    PDOs can audit, but cannot release specific information about the exam
  • 53. What and How to Study
    Practice Tests
    Take as many practice exams as you can
    Pretend you are taking the test – work within the normally allotted time frame
    Helps with scenario and judgment questions
    Afterwards, go back and ask yourself – “why is the correct answer correct?” and vice-versa – “why are the incorrect answers incorrect”
  • 54. What and How to Study
    Be familiar with:
    U.S. census trends & population projection methods
    Emerging design philosophies
    Recent court case decisions at the national level
    Planning Magazine, JAPA
    Technical Basics, such as
    How to read section/township/range & USGS maps
    Converting square feet to acres to miles
    Floor Area Ratio (FAR) calculations
    Slope calculations
    Statistics
    Traffic Trips & Parking Rate Generation
  • 55. What and How to Study – Past Testers
    A few of the many topics recent test taker noted:
    Brownfields – redevelopment, community coordination
    Visioning, goal making process, plan implementation
    Public participation, charrettes, delphi
    Project & Program Management, PERT
    FAR, slope calculations, USGS map scales, STR
    Statistics, Gini coefficient
    Planning theory (e.g. Radical, Incremental)
    Census Trends, Census Blocks
    Population Projection methods
    RLUIPA, turn-key parks, EIS
    Scenario questions and even more Scenario questions
  • 56. What and How to Study – Past Testers
    Other recent topics mentioned have included:
    Smart Growth & Sustainability
    Environmental Justice/Social Justice
    Community Organizing
    Housing, 1954 Housing Act
    Budget, Fiscal Impact Analysis, Tax Increment Financing
    Planning Department Organization & Operation
    Historic Preservation, SHPO
    AND OF COURSE, many Scenario & Multi-part Questions
    NOTE: I can email you post-exam comments from the past few years – use them to study topics you don’t know
  • 57. Five “Types” of Questions
    The AICP Exam appears to contain five basic types of questions:
    FACTUAL (“Which planner, book, theory, law”)
    SCENARIO (Situational: “Do which first?”; AICP Code)
    MULTI-PART [Correct answer = (C) I, II, & IV]
    CALCULATION (Slope, FAR, Mean, # trips)
    FIGURE & GRAPHICAL INTERPRETATIONS
  • 58. Factual Questions - Example
    (1) Which case first established the concept of "public welfare"?
     
    (A) Village of Euclid v. Ambler Realty Co.
    (B) Golden v. Planning Board of Ramapo
    (C) Southern Burlington County NAACP v. Township of Mount Laurel
    (D) Necton v. City of Cambridge
  • 59. Factual Questions (cont.)
    The only real way to prepare for factual questions is through study or experience
    The key is “know what you know” and study hard on the rest (laws, people, terms)
    Particularly use the Glossary on my website, as these are all terms and people that previous test takers had difficulty with
  • 60. Assume that you are the director of a local planning agency, and that you recognize the interdependency of the chief executive, the planning agency, operating departments and independent boards and commissions. In a hypothetical situation, a proposed expansion of a county airport and adjacent industrial areas is in opposition to the planning agency's proposal for a regional park location. The planning agency believes there are unique circumstances and sound reasons for preferring the regional park proposal along with future relocation of the airport to another site in the county.
    Which of the following strategies would likely place you, as the planning director, in the least effective coordinating role in resolving the conflict?
    A) Attempting to have the planning agency solely responsible for additional studies and recommendations
    B) Directing planning agency staff to discontinue all studies of this issue and direct all inquiries regarding this matter to the director
    C) Recommending the study control be given to the staff of the chief executive's office.
    D) Soliciting support of other departments and agencies for the planning agency's regional park proposal.
    Scenario Questions - Example
  • 61. Scenario Questions (continued)
    Carefully read the question
    Determine what is being asked
    Overall topic or scope
    Specific Details
    Inference Question
    Determine if the question has multiple parts
    Decide if specific notes would be helpful
    Notes should be comprehensive and concise – Testing center will provide scratch paper
  • 62. Multi-part Questions
    Which of the following are important factors in building consensus in an organized citizen's committee?
    I. Appointment of constructive and diverse members.
    II. Authorizing a senior staff member to chair the committee.
    III. Clarifying anticipated outcomes.
    IV. Providing the committee with alternatives.
    A) I and III
    B) II and III
    C) I and II
    D) III and IV
  • 63. Multi-part Questions (continued)
    Carefully read the question
    See if one or more of the first set of answers can be eliminated – that may eliminate one or more of the combined answers
    i.e. Answer “II” in above example, which knocks out combined answers “B” & “C”
    Choose the best answer from what remains, after determining what the differences are
    i.e. “I” vs. “IV” in above example
  • 64. Calculation Questions - Example
    (4) What is the median of the numbers 12, 14, 16, 18?
     
    (A) 12
    (B) 14
    (C) 15
    (D) 16
  • 65. Calculating Questions (cont.)
    You’ll need to know how to do standard planning calculations, such as:
    Statistics: Mean, Median, Mode
    Floor Area Ratios (FAR)
    Map scales to area, slope, acreage
    Parking & Trip Generation
    Location Quotient (LQ)
  • 66. Graph/Figure Questions - Example
    (5) The two lines on the graph below best represent which of the following combinations of travel behavior in a metropolitan area of 2 million population?
    (A) Transit and private automobile trips
    (B) Weekday and weekend trips
    (C) All work and nonwork trips
    (D) Office and retail-generated trips
  • 67. Graph/Figure Questions - Figure
  • 68. Graphic Questions (cont.)
    You’ll need to be able to read, interpret and answer questions about figures, tables and graphs
    Almost every edition of Planning magazine has a “By the Numbers” section which includes figures, graphs and tables – get use to reviewing (and understanding) this section of Planning magazine
  • 69. Answering Questions
    Topic or Scope
    Refer to the main idea in notes
    Specific Details
    Refer to notes that will lead you to correct text
    Inference
    Refer to and apply knowledge of planning
    Always see if you can eliminate answers
    Inference questions appear frequently and you must feel comfortable applying planning knowledge – not all the relevant information is in the text
  • 70. ELIMINATING ANSWERS - Example
    The loss of population by many larger and older cities in the United States took place within the context of the "sunbelt" shift. Which of the following is NOT a reason for this shift?
    A) Natural diffusion from the Eastern Seaboard.
    B) A preference for warm climates and
    recreational opportunities.
    C) The interstate highway system.
    D) The development of air conditioning.
  • 71. Test Taking Strategies
    If at first you don’t succeed
    Take the test again as soon as you can
    Results will tell you the weak areas
    The key is
    Practice, Practice, Practice
  • 72. TWO SELECTED TOPICS
    AICP Exam Preparation
  • 73. Spatial Areas of Practice
    This area is new the last few exams, but does not seem to be difficult for test takers
    One key is knowing the planning that takes place at different government levels
    FEDERAL – Housing, Environmental, Transportation
    MULTI-STATE – Watersheds/Dams, TVA, Chesapeake
    STATE – Similar to federal; Home/Dillon’s Rule
    SUB-STATE REGIONS – Everglades; MPOs
    COUNTY – Growth Management, Water/Sewer
  • 74. Food Planning
    Topic has shown up on occasion, but only a little feedback from test-takers so far
    When it has shown up, the test takers have been basically clueless about the topic
    Best Bet – read the recent APA Policy Guide & perhaps recent Planning magazine articles, such as those listed on my website
  • 75. TWO MONTHS LEFT WHAT DO I STUDY NOW?
    AICP Exam Preparation
  • 76. Henry’s Strategy Two months out
    FIRST
    Go back over the APA topic areas, any recent APA presentations & test taker comments to see what subject areas you don’t seem to know and will need to study up on (my links can help)
    SECOND
    Come up with a plan of specific topics to study and lay out a personal schedule for studying them, AND continuing to go over any questions that you have access to until the exam.
  • 77. Henry’s Study Guides – 1 Month Out
    If I could only study one guide with a month left I’d probably choose the following:
    FOR PLANNERS (with academic degree)
    Pennsylvania Chapter PDC Guide (137 pages)
    http://www.planningpa.org/career_aicp_pdc_study.pdf
    FOR PLANNERS (without academic planning)
    3RD Edition “Green Book”
  • 78. Henry’s Study Guide - 1 Week Out
    If nothing else, read through the online Glossary of planning terms and planners that is at the bottom of the Treasure Coast Section’s online links – the list is based on planning terms and planners that past exam takers had trouble with on the exam.
    http://www.floridaplanning.org/treasurecoast/aicp_links.asp
  • 79. Post APA-FL Conf. Email Resources
    Be sure and give us your email address (sign-up sheet) so we can send you materials now & add you to our AICP Study Group email list
    We will be sending a series of emails to each EMAIL RESPONDER that will consist of:
    Two practice exams of 170 questions, each in “With Answer” & “Without Answer” versions
    Some of the best free study guides I have
    Some of the best slide presentations and handouts that have been given to my 10-15 week AICP Study Groups
    Post-exam comments on the exam from test takers over the past 4-5 years
  • 80. APA-Florida Conference 2011AICP Info Session
    Questions???

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