Municipal Stormwater Permit Compliance


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  • Phase I, issued in 1990, requires medium and large cities or certain counties with populations of 100,000 or more to obtain NPDES permit coverage for their stormwater discharges. Phase II, issued in 1999, requires regulated small MS4s in urbanized areas, as well as small MS4s outside the urbanized areas that are designated by the permitting authority, to obtain NPDES permit coverage for their stormwater discharges.
  • 6 mcms
  • EPA brochures galore! Local watershed groups make brochures SuAsCo’s 5 year public education and outreach program! Website information is limited, and hard to find Sneak stormwater into other mailings
  • EPA brochures galore! Local watershed groups make brochures SuAsCo’s 5 year public education and outreach program! Website information is limited, and hard to find Sneak stormwater into other mailings
  • During dry weather
  • During dry weather
  • In each state besides CT, swppp required…
  • During dry weather
  • Additional work is required to address water quality issues (impairments and TMDLs) More mapping requirements Monitoring and sampling requirements are heightened Rigorous record keeping Public Education Storm Drain Mapping Outfall Inventory and Monitoring Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination Regulatory Review and Updates Impervious Cover Tracking Stormwater BMP Retrofit Inventory Municipal Good Housekeeping Address TMDLs
  • Personal Introduction
  • Use photo to discuss process of clean and collect
  • Use photo to discuss process of clean and collect
  • So why do you care….? Well, there are many Common elements. Here are 6….
  • So why do you care….? Well, there are many Common elements. Here are 6….
  • So why do you care….? Well, there are many Common elements. Here are 6….
  • As the pollution in the stormwater drainage is largely a function of OUR activities or OUR cars, the solution will also require everyone. This is a signficant challenge but also a great opportunity. Much less expensive to team up on a problem. Outreach and information, implementation and personal homeowner action.
  • Municipal Stormwater Permit Compliance

    1. 1. Municipal Stormwater Permit Compliance Reduce Your Costs & Send Risk Down the Drain Zach Henderson, Woodard & Curran Janet Moonan, Woodard & Curran
    2. 2. Presentation Outline Topic Duration Part 1: What is the MS4 Permit? 20 minutes Question & Answers 5 minutes Part 2: What are Communities Doing Now? 20 minutes Question & Answers 5 minutes Part 3: Creative Solutions for Sustainable Management - Process Charrette 15 minutes Presentation of Team Results 10 minutes
    3. 3. Poll Question! Who is a… Municipal Engineer? Planner? Public Works? Consultant? Academic? Watershed Advocate? Other?
    4. 4. “ Any” Sub-Urban Watershed circa 1940 In 2001
    5. 5. Consequences of uncontrolled stormwater conveyed pollutants may reverse many of the water quality improvements made over the past 30 years under the Clean Water Act.
    6. 6. EPA’s NPDES Stormwater Program <ul><li>In place since 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>Regulates discharges from </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Municipal separate storm sewer systems (MS4s) (Phase I and II), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction activities, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial activities, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Those designated by EPA due to water quality impacts. </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. EPA’s Municipal Stormwater Program <ul><li>Phase I </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Issued in 1990 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medium and large cities or counties with populations of 100,000 or more </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Typically covered by individual permit </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Phase II </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Issued in 1999 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small MS4s in urbanized areas or MS4s designated by permit authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Typically covered by general permit </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Phase II Stormwater Program Summary of Major Requirements <ul><li>Public Education & Involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination </li></ul><ul><li>Storm Drain System Mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Construction Site & Post-Construction Runoff Control </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution Prevention and Municipal Good Housekeeping </li></ul><ul><li>Address water quality issues (impairments and TMDLs) </li></ul>
    9. 9. State Specific Key Details State: CT MA & NH ME NY RI Who: CTDEP EPA ME DEP NY DEC RIDEM Focus: Stormwater monitoring sample collection, mapping, recording and reporting requirements. Recognizes increased coordination Watershed specific permits, TMDLs, mapping and monitoring. Social marketing and BMP adoption campaigns, post-construction stormwater BMP ordinance. Multi-municipal program management. Monitoring and mapping, TMDLs, filing joint permits, recording and reporting. Permit encourages regional stormwater entity. New draft design and installation standards manual. Stringent compliance schedules for TMDLs and required implementation of specific structural and non-structural BMPs. Schedule: 1 st generation (2004) permit expired in 2009. Reissued permit without modification (for catch up time). Reissued again in 2011, expires in Jan 2013. 1 st generation (2003) permit expired in May 2008; new 2 nd Generation drafts released. EPA expects final permits later this year. Well into 2 nd generation permit. Permit reissued in July 2008, expires June 2013. 1 st generation (2003) permit expired in 2008, re-issued for two years. Stakeholder review process. Issued 2 nd generation permit in April 2010. 1 st generation (2003) permit expired in 2008. New permit still under development.
    10. 10. Typical MS4 Program: Who’s Involved <ul><li>Usually </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DPW or Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sometimes it’s.. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consultant </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Typical MS4 Program: Public Education and Involvement <ul><li>Educate public about the impacts of stormwater and how to reduce stormwater pollution </li></ul><ul><li>But how? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Readily available brochures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordination with watershed groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share information with your neighbors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post information on local website </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sneak stormwater onto other mailings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mention stormwater at public meetings </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Typical MS4 Program: Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination <ul><li>Develop, implement, and enforce a program to find and eliminate non-stormwater in MS4 </li></ul><ul><li>But how? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mapping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring (visual or analytical) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with local stewards or stream teams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respond to complaints </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinate efforts with infrastructure upgrades </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Typical MS4 Program: Construction and Post-Construction Management <ul><li>Develop, implement, and enforce a program to control construction and post-construction stormwater runoff </li></ul><ul><li>But how? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New local regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lean on existing plan review and inspection processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Track projects </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Typical MS4 Program: Municipal Pollution Prevention <ul><li>Develop and implement a program to reduce stormwater pollution from municipal operations and facilities </li></ul><ul><li>But how? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clean catch basins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sweep streets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep DPW yard clean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Train employees </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Typical MS4 Program: TMDLs and Impaired Waters <ul><li>Control stormwater such that it will… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not cause or contribute to an in-stream exceedence of water quality standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comply with TMDL waste load allocation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But how? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wait, what’s a TMDL? </li></ul></ul>
    16. 17. What Municipalities Need to Know <ul><li>Requirements are evolving </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EPA proposed national stormwater rulemaking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EPA proposed new Construction General Permit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EPA November 2010 TMDL and WLA memorandum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MS4 Permits are becoming more prescriptive and onerous </li></ul></ul><ul><li>And this means… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater level of effort and understanding needed to comply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordination and cooperation is key </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It’s time to think outside the catch basin! </li></ul></ul>
    17. 18. What can I do?
    18. 20. Poll Question! Who thinks they are responsible for stormwater in their community?
    19. 21. Planning and Stormwater Management – Where is the Overlap? Stormwater Management Planning Sustainable Infrastructure Geographic Information Systems Municipal Ordinances Regional Approaches
    20. 22. <ul><li>Stormwater is drained away to prevent expensive </li></ul><ul><li>damage to our infrastructure </li></ul>Sustainable Infrastructure: Drainage Prevents Damage basements streets roadways cracking erosion heaving
    21. 23. Sustainable Infrastructure: Drainage Prevents Damage
    22. 24. <ul><ul><li>Quality Data Mean Better Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Database Development Critical to Usefulness </li></ul></ul>Sustainable Infrastructure: Fundamental to Urban Development
    23. 25. Sustainable Infrastructure: Planning for Needs <ul><li>Quincy, MA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Devastating floods in 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural damage to roads, sanitary sewer and private homes and businesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency evacuations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capital Improvement Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Targeted assessment and drainage system cleaning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify root cause of repetitive flooding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prioritization of implementable mitigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outcome 10-year comprehensive capital improvement program </li></ul></ul>
    24. 27. Geographic Information Systems: Shared Objectives <ul><li>Example: Boylston and the Department of Conservation and Recreation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Wachusett Reservior is outside of the regulated Urbanized Area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DCR Mapped the outfalls within the Wachusett Reservoir Watershed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Town mapped the rest of the Urbanized Area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Town used DCR’s data to create a base map then gave DCR their outfall mapping and inventory </li></ul></ul>
    25. 28. Municipal Ordinances: Using MS4 to Rethink Design Standards <ul><li>MS4 Requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Restructure local codes and regulations on stormwater </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Integrated Planning and Engineering Approach to new design standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reclaiming streets and streetscapes fundamental to New Urbanism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roads and drainage typical conduits for polluted stormwater runoff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roadway design standards are significant stumbling block to effective stormwater management and urban/suburban use areas </li></ul></ul>
    26. 30. Municipal Ordinances: Using MS4 to Support Enhanced Planning <ul><li>MS4 Requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Permitting Checklists </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Construction Inspections </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Post-construction annual licensing or tracking through planning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Software Tools for Enhanced Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Auburn, ME </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Using EnerGov Solutions for enhanced permit management </li></ul></ul></ul>
    27. 31. Municipal Ordinance: Using MS4 to Support Effective Planning <ul><li>Using EnerGov Solutions for enhanced permitting management </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Streamline Minor Building Permit applications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens Access ™ Portal </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Small projects can be self permitted remotely and any time of day </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Save contractors, homeowners and staff time and energy via reduced travel time </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allows staff to focus on major planning activities </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Streamline Inspections and Reporting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile Field Applications </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Custom field inspection forms synced with GIS database for easy reporting and data management </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Post-construction notifications linked to project completion date for managing post-construction inspection and reporting </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    28. 32. Regional Approaches: The Power in Numbers <ul><li>Maine’s Regional Approach to Stormwater Compliance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Four “clusters” develop cooperative stormwater plan to sync efforts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Largest cluster made up of 14 member municipalities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interlocal Stormwater Working Group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Portland Maine Area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple letter of agreement between municipalities and service provider </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Began in January 2002 in response to unfunded federal mandates- floodplain, hazard mitigation and stormwater </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Regionalization grant provided startup funding for facilitation and defining outcomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared annual fees pay for target multi-municipal actions – creating $100,000 per year </li></ul></ul>
    29. 33. Regional Approaches: The Power in Numbers <ul><li>Interlocal Stormwater Working Group’s regional approach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Education and Outreach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Participation and School Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mapping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Municipal Standard Operating Procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ordinance Models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocacy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Result = Regional Capacity, $$$ Saved, Advocacy Power </li></ul>
    30. 34. Everyone Contributes to Stormwater Pollution The Solution will involve everyone
    31. 35. Summary <ul><li>Be aware of municipal stormwater program </li></ul><ul><li>Planning is Critical to Success of the Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geographic Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Municipal Ordinances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional Approaches </li></ul></ul>
    32. 36. Next Steps <ul><li>Sustainable Community Development is founded in sustainable water management </li></ul><ul><li>Leverage your work with MS4 permit requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Find out how to assist those responsible for the Stormwater Program in your community </li></ul>
    33. 37. Janet Moonan Woodard & Curran 866.702.6371 [email_address] Questions Zachary Henderson Woodard & Curran 207.774.2112 [email_address]