Excellent feedback was given at the end of meeting 3 – on both specific design strategies and flexibility and street management issues
Lynn speaks again here
Transcript of "Creating a Shared Green Street"
Creating a Shared Green Street Lynn Goonin Duncan, AICP Director of Planning & Community Development, City of Salem Tim Love, AIA Principal Utile, Inc./ Associate Professor, Northeastern University
Learning Objectives <ul><li>To understand what makes a great urban place </li></ul><ul><li>To learn about strategies and tools to design a shared green street </li></ul><ul><li>To explore planning for public art </li></ul>
City of Salem, MA <ul><li>Located 16 miles north of Boston </li></ul><ul><li>Population of 41,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1 million visitors annualy </li></ul><ul><li>Regional center – judicial, medical, cultural, tourism </li></ul>
Downtown Salem <ul><li>Designated by APA as one of the 10 Great Neighborhoods in America (2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Vibrant center of commerce and activity </li></ul><ul><li>Employment center </li></ul><ul><li>Shopping and dining destination </li></ul><ul><li>Visitor destination </li></ul><ul><li>Residential community </li></ul>
Process – who’s involved <ul><li>City of Salem </li></ul><ul><li>Salem Partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Peabody Essex Museum </li></ul><ul><li>Engaged Stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Urban Design Consultant </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitator </li></ul>
Pedestrian Mall Comparison How does Essex Street compare to successful pedestrian malls? Successful North American Pedestrian Malls: Church Street (Burlington, VT), Main Street (Charlottesville, VA), 3 rd Street Promenade (Santa Monica, CA), Pearl Street (Boulder, CO) Success Factors Include: ‘ Critical mass’ (surrounding population density and institutional presence); A high degree of connectedness and openness to surrounding urban fabric; Low regional competition for urban public leisure space; Ground level retail occupancy and engagement with outdoor mall culture
How does Essex Street compare? Compared to ‘successful’ North American pedestrian malls, Essex Street suffers from a high degree of regional competition (75 mile radius)
How does Essex Street compare? Essex Street is a single, uninterrupted block with poor urban connectivity – over 900 feet long with no cross streets or vehicular intersections
Essex Street Observations Peak event season is between July and October with very little activity between November and June
Current Condition In spite of the varying event calendar, Essex Street’s use patterns are the same all year round: Shared between pedestrians and tourist/delivery/emergency vehicles
Could Essex St. become a more actively shared and flexible street? Shared Street, Active Urban Space: New Road, Brighton, England
Shared Street Option 1 ‘Maximum Pedestrian’ How flexible should Essex Street become?
Shared Street Option 2 ‘Maximum Sharing’ How flexible should Essex Street become?
Shared Street Option 3 ‘Daily Sharing’ How flexible should Essex Street become?
Shared Street Option 4 ‘Weekly Sharing’ How flexible should Essex Street become?
Shared Street Option 5 ‘Seasonal Sharing’ How flexible should Essex Street become?
Shared Street Option 6 ‘Seasonal Pedestrian’ How flexible should Essex Street become?
Comment Card Feedback Flexibility as a recommended tool for a better street
Design tools for managing a shared Essex Street What elements will make the street better for any level of sharing? Goal: encouraging, managing and enhancing diverse activity on a unique street
Design Tools: Green Street Stormwater collection and management - landscaping for sustainability and clear street use designations SW 12 th Avenue Green Street – City of Portland, OR, Kevin Robert Perry, Sustainable Stormwater Management Program
Design Tools: Green Street Stormwater collection and management – Stormwater planters Boston Complete Streets Guide: Boston Transportation Department, Utile, Inc.
Design Tools: Green Street Integrating best management practices High Performance Infrastructure Guidelines, Design Trust for Public Space, New York City, 2005
Design Tools: Public Realm Architecture Street furniture and paving strategies for clear use designation and way-finding
Design tools deployed on Essex St. Stormwater management system irrigates landscape Landscaping breaks up parallel parking zones Bollards separate use and light mall at night Street furniture creates zones of ‘rest space’ Narrow paved zone on shady side of street Zone between parking allows storefronts and cafes to spill onto mall, maximizing ‘rest’ and ‘event’ space on the sunny side of the street Horizontal paving patterns act as exaggerated crosswalks between store fronts, acting as traffic calming devices Paving pattern defines vendor occupation zones Bike racks
Design Tools: Public Art Enhancing pubic safety, community play and performance
Design Tools: Café Guidelines Encouraging restaurant owners to contribute to an overall place-making strategy
Shared Street Recommendation <ul><li>Select a management scenario that will increase activity during the quiet months and enhance pedestrian safety and enjoyment year-round </li></ul>
<ul><li>Strategies and specific design interventions that will add to the vibrancy of the Essex Street Mall for any level of sharing – from a pedestrian-only (with managed deliveries) to a fully-shared condition </li></ul>Design Recommendations
A design for peak event season Strategies to frame visitor activities, to manage events and vendors
A design for the quieter months Strategies to enhance activity and safety all year round
A design for increased activity – day and night Strategies to enhance activity and safety all year round
Getting it Done Two very different sets of decisions
Getting it Done Mapping out the design process: Once funding is in place, design and construction can begin
<ul><li>1. Collect additional data - Conduct a further investigation into use patterns, generate a pedestrian movement survey </li></ul><ul><li>2. Select a preferred sharing option </li></ul><ul><li>3. Test the preferred option – test degrees of sharing during controlled test periods </li></ul><ul><li>4. Commit to a management scenario – Explore management options and decide upon the best entity to manage the mall moving forward </li></ul>Getting it Done
<ul><li>Possible Funding Sources </li></ul><ul><li>NEA </li></ul><ul><li>MassWorks Infrastructure Program </li></ul><ul><li>CDBG Program </li></ul><ul><li>Public-Private Partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Private foundations </li></ul>Getting it Done
Creating a Shared Green Street THANK YOU! Lynn Goonin Duncan, AICP Director of Planning & Community Development, City of Salem Tim Love, AIA Principal Utile, Inc./ Associate Professor, Northeastern University