Creating a Shared Green StreetPresentation Transcript
Creating a Shared Green Street Lynn Goonin Duncan, AICP Director of Planning & Community Development, City of Salem Tim Love, AIA Principal Utile, Inc./ Associate Professor, Northeastern University
To understand what makes a great urban place
To learn about strategies and tools to design a shared green street
To explore planning for public art
City of Salem, MA
Located 16 miles north of Boston
Population of 41,000
1 million visitors annualy
Regional center – judicial, medical, cultural, tourism
Designated by APA as one of the 10 Great Neighborhoods in America (2008)
Vibrant center of commerce and activity
Shopping and dining destination
Pedestrian Mall in downtown context
Pedestrian activity varies
Crowds during peak season
Deserted in winter
Essex Street Pedestrian Mall today
Unmanaged delivery vehicle use
Poorly placed landscaping
Unfriendly walking surface
Pedestrian Mall today
The Big Picture Four Public Meetings
Process – who’s involved
City of Salem
Peabody Essex Museum
Urban Design Consultant
Historic Essex Street Then and now. . .
Community input on Essex Street What is GOOD about Essex Street?
Community input on Essex Street What could make Essex Street BETTER?
What makes a great urban place?
How does a great urban place work? walkable and busy. . . Copenhagen, Denmark
How does a great urban place work? social and extroverted. . . Piazza del Campo, Siena, Italy: Daily activity
How does a great urban place work? flexible for public events and activities. . . Piazza del Campo, Siena, Italy: Biannual Palio di Siena horse races
How does a great urban place work? retail spills onto the streets. . . Campo de Fiori, Rome, Italy: Daily market and cafes
How does a great urban place work? open to public leisure. . . Campo de Fiori, Rome, Italy: Evening meeting place and outdoor café culture
How does Essex Street compare?
Pedestrian Mall Comparison How does Essex Street compare to successful pedestrian malls? Successful North American Pedestrian Malls: Church Street (Burlington, VT), Main Street (Charlottesville, VA), 3 rd Street Promenade (Santa Monica, CA), Pearl Street (Boulder, CO) Success Factors Include: ‘ Critical mass’ (surrounding population density and institutional presence); A high degree of connectedness and openness to surrounding urban fabric; Low regional competition for urban public leisure space; Ground level retail occupancy and engagement with outdoor mall culture
How does Essex Street compare? Compared to ‘successful’ North American pedestrian malls, Essex Street suffers from a high degree of regional competition (75 mile radius)
How does Essex Street compare? Essex Street is a single, uninterrupted block with poor urban connectivity – over 900 feet long with no cross streets or vehicular intersections
Essex Street Observations Peak event season is between July and October with very little activity between November and June
Current Condition In spite of the varying event calendar, Essex Street’s use patterns are the same all year round: Shared between pedestrians and tourist/delivery/emergency vehicles
Could Essex St. become a more actively shared and flexible street? Shared Street, Active Urban Space: New Road, Brighton, England
Shared Street Option 1 ‘Maximum Pedestrian’ How flexible should Essex Street become?
Shared Street Option 2 ‘Maximum Sharing’ How flexible should Essex Street become?
Shared Street Option 3 ‘Daily Sharing’ How flexible should Essex Street become?
Shared Street Option 4 ‘Weekly Sharing’ How flexible should Essex Street become?
Shared Street Option 5 ‘Seasonal Sharing’ How flexible should Essex Street become?
Shared Street Option 6 ‘Seasonal Pedestrian’ How flexible should Essex Street become?
Shared Street Management Community Input
Comment Card Feedback
Comment Card Feedback Flexibility as a recommended tool for a better street
Design tools for managing a shared Essex Street What elements will make the street better for any level of sharing? Goal: encouraging, managing and enhancing diverse activity on a unique street
Design Tools: Green Street Stormwater collection and management - landscaping for sustainability and clear street use designations SW 12 th Avenue Green Street – City of Portland, OR, Kevin Robert Perry, Sustainable Stormwater Management Program
Design Tools: Green Street Stormwater collection and management – Stormwater planters Boston Complete Streets Guide: Boston Transportation Department, Utile, Inc.
Design Tools: Green Street Integrating best management practices High Performance Infrastructure Guidelines, Design Trust for Public Space, New York City, 2005
Design Tools: Public Realm Architecture Street furniture and paving strategies for clear use designation and way-finding
Design tools deployed on Essex St.
Design tools deployed on Essex St. Stormwater management system irrigates landscape Landscaping breaks up parallel parking zones Bollards separate use and light mall at night Street furniture creates zones of ‘rest space’ Narrow paved zone on shady side of street Zone between parking allows storefronts and cafes to spill onto mall, maximizing ‘rest’ and ‘event’ space on the sunny side of the street Horizontal paving patterns act as exaggerated crosswalks between store fronts, acting as traffic calming devices Paving pattern defines vendor occupation zones Bike racks
Design Tools: Public Art Enhancing pubic safety, community play and performance
Design Tools: Café Guidelines Encouraging restaurant owners to contribute to an overall place-making strategy
A Plan for Essex Street
Public art for play and leisure
Finer grain public art Street management, rest and safety
Vertical Public Art
Public art as Gateway
Shared Street Recommendation
Select a management scenario that will increase activity during the quiet months and enhance pedestrian safety and enjoyment year-round
Strategies and specific design interventions that will add to the vibrancy of the Essex Street Mall for any level of sharing – from a pedestrian-only (with managed deliveries) to a fully-shared condition
A design for peak event season Strategies to frame visitor activities, to manage events and vendors
A design for the quieter months Strategies to enhance activity and safety all year round
A design for increased activity – day and night Strategies to enhance activity and safety all year round
Getting it Done Two very different sets of decisions
Getting it Done Mapping out the design process: Once funding is in place, design and construction can begin
1. Collect additional data - Conduct a further investigation into use patterns, generate a pedestrian movement survey
2. Select a preferred sharing option
3. Test the preferred option – test degrees of sharing during controlled test periods
4. Commit to a management scenario – Explore management options and decide upon the best entity to manage the mall moving forward
Getting it Done
Possible Funding Sources
MassWorks Infrastructure Program
Getting it Done
Creating a Shared Green Street THANK YOU! Lynn Goonin Duncan, AICP Director of Planning & Community Development, City of Salem Tim Love, AIA Principal Utile, Inc./ Associate Professor, Northeastern University