Preserving Farmland and Growing Sustainably: A New Village for Exeter Rhode Island Moderator: David Schweid, AICP - Exeter...
 
Funding Team: The Orton Family Foundation The Nature Conservancy RI Statewide Planning Program The Town of Exeter (in kind...
Three Phase Process <ul><li>Phase I </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart & Soul Visioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Completed ...
Interviewed 60 community members who represented: •  Horse owners, Gentleman Farmers, 4-H •  Seniors •  Farmers & Loggers ...
Survey Results <ul><li>Exeter defined by rural character </li></ul><ul><li>Growth is inevitable </li></ul><ul><li>Manage g...
<ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><li>2 </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>4 </li></ul><ul><li>5 </li></ul>How important is this ...
<ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><li>2 </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>4 </li></ul><ul><li>5 </li></ul>How important is this ...
<ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><li>2 </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>4 </li></ul><ul><li>5 </li></ul>How important is this ...
Existing Development
Future Growth Total of 5200  at Maximum Build-out
 
 
 
The Map & Chip Game (Where might we put the inevitable growth?)
 
Potential Village Sites (Based on Map & Chip Game Feedback)
Phase I Insights <ul><li>91%  believe that allowing full build out to continue will inevitably result in … </li></ul>
Phase I Insights (continued) <ul><li>Loss of Exeter’s rural character </li></ul><ul><li>Destruction of our natural areas <...
Phase I Insights (continued) “   IF you could change one thing about Exeter what would it be?”
<ul><li>Develop a game plan for growth </li></ul><ul><li>Create a village with business, residential and recreational uses...
Vision for Exeter <ul><li>Natural areas will be protected </li></ul><ul><li>Our working farms and forests will be maintain...
Phase II Priorities <ul><li>Advantages/disadvantages of villages </li></ul><ul><li>Assess potential village areas </li></u...
 
 
Existing Site Conventional Village with TDR Conservation Development What Choices Do We Have?
Do you think the town should explore the use Transfer of Development Rights to shift some development from farms and fores...
Which development option do you think is best to achieve Exeter’s Vision? <ul><li>84%  Village Growth </li></ul><ul><li>9%...
Would you support the town in applying for grants to build public  drinking water or wastewater management systems that wo...
Recommendations <ul><li>Villages should be encouraged  </li></ul><ul><li>Two locations good potential for villages </li></...
 
<ul><li>Primary Constraints: </li></ul><ul><li>Soils classified below “B” </li></ul><ul><li>Surficial geology classified a...
 
 
377 Acres
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Donovan’s Farm Norwell, Massachusetts
 
 
 
Battle Road Farm – Concord, Massachusetts
Battle Road Farm – Concord, Massachusetts
A new mixed-use center: South County Commons
 
Cottages on Greene, East Greenwich – Don Powers Associates
 
Option Number of New Homes Total Area Developed Total Area Preserved Length of New Roads New Road Per Unit Additional Land...
A. Conventional Development B. Conservation Development C. Village with ½  Acre Lots D. Village with ¼ Acre Lots E. Villag...
 
 
 
 
Phase I
Phase II
Phase III
Phase IV
Mixed-use Commercial Apartment/Townhouse Duplex Village Residential Village Edge Cottage
Regulatory Approach <ul><li>Three Core Components </li></ul><ul><li>New Village Districts </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer of De...
Regulatory Approach <ul><li>New Village Districts </li></ul><ul><li>Established as Overlay Districts </li></ul><ul><li>Und...
Regulatory Approach <ul><li>Transfer of Development Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Overlay districts act as Receiving Areas </li...
Regulatory Approach <ul><li>Design Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Mix of Uses required </li></ul><ul><li>Circulation </li></u...
 
 
Village Core 8du/Acre Village Edge 4du/acre Cottage 12du/acre
Mixed-use Commercial Apartment and Townhouse  15-25 du/acre
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Preserving Farmland and Growing Sustainably: A New Village for Exeter, RI

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  • Another example of the possibilities of Conservation Development shows an existing rural landscape before development.
  • This shows the area developed for conventional frontage lots along the existing roadway. While much of the back land remains undeveloped, the scenic character of the country road is destroyed.
  • Preserving Farmland and Growing Sustainably: A New Village for Exeter, RI

    1. 1. Preserving Farmland and Growing Sustainably: A New Village for Exeter Rhode Island Moderator: David Schweid, AICP - Exeter Planner Scott Millar - Chair, a Vision for Exeter Peter Flinker, AICP – Dodson & Flinker, Ltd. Nate Kelly, AICP – Horsley Witten Group, Inc.
    2. 3. Funding Team: The Orton Family Foundation The Nature Conservancy RI Statewide Planning Program The Town of Exeter (in kind contributions )
    3. 4. Three Phase Process <ul><li>Phase I </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart & Soul Visioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Completed March 2009 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Phase II </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research & Recommendations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In Process Now </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Phase III </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation </li></ul></ul>
    4. 5. Interviewed 60 community members who represented: • Horse owners, Gentleman Farmers, 4-H • Seniors • Farmers & Loggers • Large Landowners • Cedar Grove • Business & Industry • Southeast Exeter • School Parents • Economic Growth • West Exeter • Public Safety
    5. 6. Survey Results <ul><li>Exeter defined by rural character </li></ul><ul><li>Growth is inevitable </li></ul><ul><li>Manage growth to preserve rural character </li></ul><ul><li>Expand tax base </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial development must fit Exeter </li></ul>
    6. 7. <ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><li>2 </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>4 </li></ul><ul><li>5 </li></ul>How important is this place to the “Heart & Soul” of Exeter? Little Importance Great Importance
    7. 8. <ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><li>2 </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>4 </li></ul><ul><li>5 </li></ul>How important is this place to the “Heart & Soul” of Exeter? Little Importance G reat Importance
    8. 9. <ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><li>2 </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>4 </li></ul><ul><li>5 </li></ul>How important is this place to the “Heart & Soul” of Exeter? Little Importance Great Importance
    9. 10. Existing Development
    10. 11. Future Growth Total of 5200 at Maximum Build-out
    11. 15. The Map & Chip Game (Where might we put the inevitable growth?)
    12. 17. Potential Village Sites (Based on Map & Chip Game Feedback)
    13. 18. Phase I Insights <ul><li>91% believe that allowing full build out to continue will inevitably result in … </li></ul>
    14. 19. Phase I Insights (continued) <ul><li>Loss of Exeter’s rural character </li></ul><ul><li>Destruction of our natural areas </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of significant traffic problems </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>Increased demand for more town services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>resulting in </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Considerably higher taxes </li></ul>
    15. 20. Phase I Insights (continued) “ IF you could change one thing about Exeter what would it be?”
    16. 21. <ul><li>Develop a game plan for growth </li></ul><ul><li>Create a village with business, residential and recreational uses </li></ul><ul><li>Develop multiple villages </li></ul>Phase I Insights (continued)
    17. 22. Vision for Exeter <ul><li>Natural areas will be protected </li></ul><ul><li>Our working farms and forests will be maintained for the future </li></ul><ul><li>Environmentally appropriate and sustainable economic growth </li></ul><ul><li>Individual property rights will be respected </li></ul><ul><li>The rural character and quality of life will be preserved </li></ul><ul><li>Rural design and architectural guidelines will be used for growth </li></ul><ul><li>The negative impacts of increased traffic will be minimized </li></ul><ul><li>Property taxes will be as low as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Balanced housing needs will be achieved </li></ul><ul><li>There will be an efficient delivery of town services </li></ul><ul><li>Village Style development patterns will be encouraged </li></ul>
    18. 23. Phase II Priorities <ul><li>Advantages/disadvantages of villages </li></ul><ul><li>Assess potential village areas </li></ul><ul><li>Define village development in Exeter </li></ul><ul><li>Techniques to prevent sprawl </li></ul>
    19. 26. Existing Site Conventional Village with TDR Conservation Development What Choices Do We Have?
    20. 27. Do you think the town should explore the use Transfer of Development Rights to shift some development from farms and forest to potential Village sites? <ul><li>Yes 78% </li></ul><ul><li>No 22% </li></ul>
    21. 28. Which development option do you think is best to achieve Exeter’s Vision? <ul><li>84% Village Growth </li></ul><ul><li>9% Existing Development </li></ul><ul><li>7% Conservation Development </li></ul>
    22. 29. Would you support the town in applying for grants to build public drinking water or wastewater management systems that would encourage village growth? <ul><li>Yes 84% </li></ul><ul><li>No 16% </li></ul>
    23. 30. Recommendations <ul><li>Villages should be encouraged </li></ul><ul><li>Two locations good potential for villages </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt Transfer of Development Rights </li></ul>
    24. 32. <ul><li>Primary Constraints: </li></ul><ul><li>Soils classified below “B” </li></ul><ul><li>Surficial geology classified as till and bedrock </li></ul><ul><li>200 foot buffer from streams and rivers </li></ul><ul><li>50 foot buffer from wetlands </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation lands </li></ul>
    25. 35. 377 Acres
    26. 45. Donovan’s Farm Norwell, Massachusetts
    27. 49. Battle Road Farm – Concord, Massachusetts
    28. 50. Battle Road Farm – Concord, Massachusetts
    29. 51. A new mixed-use center: South County Commons
    30. 53. Cottages on Greene, East Greenwich – Don Powers Associates
    31. 55. Option Number of New Homes Total Area Developed Total Area Preserved Length of New Roads New Road Per Unit Additional Land Preserved through TDR How Do We Make Good Decisions? A. Conventional Development 89 516 Acres None 15,250 feet 171 feet None B. Conservation Development 89 75 Acres 441 Acres (184 ag. land) 11,050 feet 124 feet None C. Village with ½ Acre Lots 89 65 Acres 451 (184 ag. land) 7,100 feet 80 feet None D. Village with ¼ Acre Lots 178 65 Acres 451 (184 ag. land) 9,700 feet 55 feet 356 Acres E. Village with 1/8 Acre Lots. 356 65 Acres 451 (184 ag. land) 9,700 feet 27 feet 1068 Acres
    32. 56. A. Conventional Development B. Conservation Development C. Village with ½ Acre Lots D. Village with ¼ Acre Lots E. Village with 1/8 Acre Lots Projected Annual Revenue and Municipal Expenses for Residential Development Scenarios
    33. 61. Phase I
    34. 62. Phase II
    35. 63. Phase III
    36. 64. Phase IV
    37. 65. Mixed-use Commercial Apartment/Townhouse Duplex Village Residential Village Edge Cottage
    38. 66. Regulatory Approach <ul><li>Three Core Components </li></ul><ul><li>New Village Districts </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer of Development Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Design Standards </li></ul>
    39. 67. Regulatory Approach <ul><li>New Village Districts </li></ul><ul><li>Established as Overlay Districts </li></ul><ul><li>Underlying Zoning remains “intact” </li></ul><ul><li>Planned Village Development is a New Option </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Variety of Housing Types Allowed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ample Commercial Use is Allowed By-Right </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dimensional Requirements Significantly Loosened </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parking Requirements are Flexible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TDR Required for PVD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low Review Thresholds </li></ul></ul>
    40. 68. Regulatory Approach <ul><li>Transfer of Development Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Overlay districts act as Receiving Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Residential districts act as Sending Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Sending Area lands are “scored” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Transfer Ratios” determined through assessor’s data comparison </li></ul><ul><li>Provisions for vesting development rights all at once, but ability to sell incrementally </li></ul><ul><li>Fee-in-lieu option </li></ul>
    41. 69. Regulatory Approach <ul><li>Design Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Mix of Uses required </li></ul><ul><li>Circulation </li></ul><ul><li>Design Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Lot Design/Types </li></ul><ul><li>Building Types </li></ul><ul><li>Roof Types </li></ul><ul><li>Entrances </li></ul><ul><li>Fenestration </li></ul><ul><li>Signage </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting </li></ul>
    42. 72. Village Core 8du/Acre Village Edge 4du/acre Cottage 12du/acre
    43. 73. Mixed-use Commercial Apartment and Townhouse 15-25 du/acre

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