Getting Units on the SHI
Fran StanleyFran Stanley
Housing CoordinatorHousing Coordinator
Town of GrotonTown of Groton
Groton,, Massachusetts
Affordable Housing Units
Almost 50% of Groton’s Inventory ofAlmost 50% of Groton’s Inventory of
Affordable Units was produced throughAffordable Uni...
Land Area:Land Area: 32.5 square miles32.5 square miles
Population:Population: 10,93710,937
Government:Government: Open To...
Getting UnitsGetting Units Created by Local ZoningCreated by Local Zoning on the SHIon the SHI
What’s in a Name?What’s in a Name?
Before English colonists founded Groton Plantation inBefore English colonists founded G...
88% of Groton in an ACEC Zone
Groton contains both Natural Heritage Estimated and
Priority Habitat (NHESP) areas and Areas...
Groton has a number of zoning provisions thatGroton has a number of zoning provisions that
encourage creation of affordabl...
Flexible Development
Town permitting boards appreciate both the affordable housing
aspect and open space preservation comp...
Getting on the SHI: takes the
cooperation of four players
Developer
(usually a novice to affordable
housing for Groton’s s...
DHCD guidelines for local action units
The guidelines are designed to:
1.allow equality of opportunity
2.protect homebuyer...
Challenge
Coordinate with developers to attend to the least remunerative portion ofwith developers to attend to the least ...
Town of Groton’s Method to Help
Affordable Units on to the SHI
Planning Board or ZBA Implementation:
• Include clear, conc...
My Favorite Petapawag: Petapawag Place is a 25 unitMy Favorite Petapawag: Petapawag Place is a 25 unit
subsidized housing ...
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IZ Workshop 2014: B3 Getting Units on the SHI

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IZ Workshop 2014: B3 Getting Units on the SHI

  1. 1. Getting Units on the SHI Fran StanleyFran Stanley Housing CoordinatorHousing Coordinator Town of GrotonTown of Groton
  2. 2. Groton,, Massachusetts
  3. 3. Affordable Housing Units
  4. 4. Almost 50% of Groton’s Inventory ofAlmost 50% of Groton’s Inventory of Affordable Units was produced throughAffordable Units was produced through Inclusionary Zoning rather thanInclusionary Zoning rather than Comprehensive PermitsComprehensive Permits
  5. 5. Land Area:Land Area: 32.5 square miles32.5 square miles Population:Population: 10,93710,937 Government:Government: Open Town MeetingOpen Town Meeting Affordable Units:Affordable Units: 208 Units or 5.29%208 Units or 5.29% Open Space:Open Space: 8889 acres or 41% land area8889 acres or 41% land area Public Water:Public Water: 60%60% Public Sewer:Public Sewer: 15%15% Rivers:Rivers: Nashua & SquannacookNashua & Squannacook ACEC:ACEC: Squannassit/PetapawagSquannassit/Petapawag Groton’s Community Profile
  6. 6. Getting UnitsGetting Units Created by Local ZoningCreated by Local Zoning on the SHIon the SHI
  7. 7. What’s in a Name?What’s in a Name? Before English colonists founded Groton Plantation inBefore English colonists founded Groton Plantation in 1655, the area was called Petapawag. Petapawag1655, the area was called Petapawag. Petapawag translated as --translated as -- ““swamps on a hill”, or justswamps on a hill”, or just ““swampy land”swampy land” Developers seeking sites for large housingDevelopers seeking sites for large housing developments do not find swampy land and certainly notdevelopments do not find swampy land and certainly not ‘swamps on a hill’ to be an appealing topographical‘swamps on a hill’ to be an appealing topographical feature!feature!
  8. 8. 88% of Groton in an ACEC Zone Groton contains both Natural Heritage Estimated and Priority Habitat (NHESP) areas and Areas of Critical Environmental Concern (ACEC) Less than 4% of the area of Massachusetts has been designated as ACEC but approximately 88% of Groton is so designated
  9. 9. Groton has a number of zoning provisions thatGroton has a number of zoning provisions that encourage creation of affordable housingencourage creation of affordable housing Adopted Zoning Provision Special Permit Granting Authority Required Affordable Threshold Bonus Units Units Approved to date               1982 Subsidized Elderly  Housing Zoning Board of  Appeals 50% All No 4 1982 Planned Multifamily  Residential Development Planning Board Optional 0 No 74 1990 Flexible Development Planning Board 15% 10 units Yes 26 2005 Accessory Apartments Zoning Board of  Appeals Optional 0 No 0 2008 Town Center Overlay  District Planning Board 15% 6 units Yes, with  TDR’s 3   Other - Site Plan Review Planning Board (By-right  Optional 0 No 5
  10. 10. Flexible Development Town permitting boards appreciate both the affordable housing aspect and open space preservation components of flexible development. Site constraints have encouraged developers to utilize flexible development. Flexible development typically leads to projects more fitted to the landscape and pleasing to the homebuyer than the conventional zoning endpoint – i.e., fewer cookie cutter neighborhoods.
  11. 11. Getting on the SHI: takes the cooperation of four players Developer (usually a novice to affordable housing for Groton’s small local zoning projects) Affordable Household (novice) Municipality (repeat player) Commonwealth of Massachusetts (repeat player)
  12. 12. DHCD guidelines for local action units The guidelines are designed to: 1.allow equality of opportunity 2.protect homebuyer interests, and 3.protect future affordability Developers are creating the units and their actions set the pace of the regulatory review, marketing and sale of units
  13. 13. Challenge Coordinate with developers to attend to the least remunerative portion ofwith developers to attend to the least remunerative portion of their project – the affordable housing requirements -- in order facilitatetheir project – the affordable housing requirements -- in order facilitate smooth rollout of affordable units that are counted on the SHIsmooth rollout of affordable units that are counted on the SHI Sales and marketing delays for affordable units result in increased costsSales and marketing delays for affordable units result in increased costs for developers.for developers. Explain how an affordable sale differs from the sale of a market rate unit.Explain how an affordable sale differs from the sale of a market rate unit. Provide sample housing documents.Provide sample housing documents. Encourage attention to DHCD review points. Complete developer applications are easier to review. Best Outcome: Units that count on the SHI and a developer who will consider affordable housing for the next project.
  14. 14. Town of Groton’s Method to Help Affordable Units on to the SHI Planning Board or ZBA Implementation: • Include clear, concise conditions in the Special Permit • Establish a phasing schedule based upon market-rate building permits or occupancy permits • Have flexibility with all parties while keeping affordable units on track Housing Coordinator role:role: – Provides administrative support to the Affordable Housing Trust and Housing Partnership – Works with the Boards, developers, and the DHCD on legal agreements including lottery, regulatory & monitoring agreements – Works with prospective buyers, renters, and others who may experience a housing crisis.
  15. 15. My Favorite Petapawag: Petapawag Place is a 25 unitMy Favorite Petapawag: Petapawag Place is a 25 unit subsidized housing development located at the foot of thesubsidized housing development located at the foot of the Groton’s favorite drumlin -- Gibbet HillGroton’s favorite drumlin -- Gibbet Hill Fran StanleyFran Stanley Housing CoordinatorHousing Coordinator Groton, MassachusettsGroton, Massachusetts 978.732.1913978.732.1913 fstanley@townofgroton.orgfstanley@townofgroton.org

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