Annotated/ BibliographiesSummary / evaluation assessment of value of eachsourceVillanova Libraries 1
What is the purpose of an AnnotatedBibliography? Demonstrates the Highlights the scope Review the quality and depth of of sources available: literature on a reading you have journals, books, subject done sites … Informs the reader of theExplores and organise sources relevance, accuracy and quality for further research of sources 2
Parts of the annotationThe annotation must provide: 1 Citation Provide the full bibliographic citation. 2 Summary Summarise the main arguments /ideas presented that are relevant to your assignment topic. 3 Evaluation Evaluate how useful you found the sources. Assess its objectivity, reliability and bias, and compare it with other sources you have used. 4 Reflection Reflect on how you used the source in your research. 3
Bibliographic CitationList all sources in alphabetical order (accordingto surnames) and include the annotation undereach source. 4
SummaryUse the structure of the source to structure yourannotation.eg. This chapter focuses on three issues which are …If the author has a specific purpose behindhis/her writing, specify this.eg. The author’s intention is to present an overview of … 5
The EvaluationCritique the source – evaluate its reliability orobjectivity.Consider the journal’s reputation, author’s resume.Is the text descriptive or analytical?eg. Although an interesting chapter, it is mainly descriptive and does notdiscuss options for prevention or treatment.Look for evidence the author may have used tosupport his or her ideas.eg. The author supports this claim with statistics from the World HealthOrganisation. 6
The ReflectionHow useful was this source in my research?Did it add to my understanding of the topic?Was it easy to read?Are there any useful references to follow up?How could other researchers use this source?eg. Although the guidelines on this website for infection control are very detailed,they are written in plain English and clearly articulate the message of thorough handwashing as the main defense against the spread of germs.eg While the focus of this chapter was very broad, the authors supply some usefulreferences for readers to pursue for more specific information. 7
Example1 Citation Trevor, C. O., Lansford, B. and Black, J. W. 2004. “Employeeturnover and job performance: monitoring the influences of salary growth andpromotion’. Journal of Armchair Psychology, vol. 113, no. 1. pp 56-64.2 Summary In this article Trevor et al. review the influences of pay and jobopportunities in respect to job performance, turnover rates and employeemotivation. Their research focuses on assessing a range of pay structuressuch as pay for performance and organisational reward schemes. 3Evaluation Although the article was peer-reviewed a limitation of the article isthat the survey was restricted to mid-level management. 4 Reflection Thearticle is useful to my research topic, as Trevor et al. suggest that there arenumerous reasons for employee turnover and variances in employeemotivation and performance. This article will not form the basis of myresearch; however it will be useful supplementary information for my researchon pay structures. The article was easy to follow and understand. 8
Checklist: I’ve …✔ used the referencing style specified.✔ provided a brief overview of main ideas, using the features such as the structure or purpose.✔ evaluated the source for its objectivity and reliability.✔ commented on whether the source was useful.✔ checked spelling, grammar and punctuation and my writing is set out in a logical format. 9
Final PointsKeep it concise. Remember this is a summary. Keepto one paragraph.Write in full sentences using academic vocabulary. 10
ReferencesQueensland University of Technology. 2012. “Writing an AnnotatedBibliography” Accessed May 29, 2012.http://www.citewrite.qut.edu.au/write/annotatedbibliography.jspUniversity of New South Wales. 2010. “Annotated Bibliography’ AccessedMay 29, 2012. http://www.lc.unsw.edu.au/onlib/annotated_bib.html 11
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