ENGLISH V FOR TOURISM PEDAGOGICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY OF COLOMBIA HOTEL AND TOURISM MANAGEMENT ANGELA LILIANA TAVERA SILVA
History Wealthypeoplehavealwaystravelledtodistantparts of theworld, toseegreatbuildings, works of art, learn new languages, experience new cultures and to taste differentcuisines. Long ago, at the time of theRomanRepublic, places such as Baiaewere popular coastal resorts fortherich.
What is Tourism? Tourism is a collection of activities, services and industries that delivers a travel experience, including transportation, accommodations, eating and drinking establishments, retail shops, entertainment businesses, activity facilities and other hospitality services provided for individuals or groups traveling away from home.
Definition of Tourism Mathieson and Wall (1982) created a good working definition of tourism as "the temporary movement of people to destinations outside their normal places of work and residence, the activities undertaken during their stay in those destinations, and the facilities created to cater to their needs.“ According to Macintosh and Goeldner (1986) tourism is "the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the interaction of tourists, business suppliers, host governments and host communities in the process of attracting and hosting these tourists and other visitors."
SUPPLY AND DEMAND Tourismsupply and demandistherelationshipbetweenthequantitythattourism industrial wishtosell at variousprices and thequantity
TransportationSystems The type and availability of transportation will determine travel destinations. The development of accommodations were likewise determined by the development of transportation systems.
Hospitality The community's attitude which permeates every tourism location that makes the tourist feel welcome and safe. It is the result of the interaction between the tourist and the local population.
ECOTOURISM Ecotourism is a form of tourism that fosters learning experiences and appreciation of the natural environment, or some component thereof, within its associated cultural context. It is managed in accordance with industry best practice to attain environmentally and socioculturally sustainable outcomes as well as financial viability" (Weaver, 2008, p.17).
Cultural tourism Cultural tourism's focus is on the cultural aspects of a visitor's experience.
Adventure tourism This includes: an element of risk; a higher level of physical exertion; and a need for specialized skills to participate successfully and safely in the activity.