Tourism theory and practice

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  • 1. ENGLISH V FOR TOURISM
    PEDAGOGICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY OF COLOMBIA
    HOTEL AND TOURISM MANAGEMENT
    ANGELA LILIANA TAVERA SILVA
  • 2. History
    Wealthypeoplehavealwaystravelledtodistantparts of theworld, toseegreatbuildings, works of art, learn new languages, experience new cultures and to taste differentcuisines. Long ago, at the time of theRomanRepublic, places such as Baiaewere popular coastal resorts fortherich.
  • 3. What is Tourism?
    Tourism is a collection of activities, services and industries that delivers a travel experience, including transportation, accommodations, eating and drinking establishments, retail shops, entertainment businesses, activity facilities and other hospitality services provided for individuals or groups traveling away from home.
  • 4. Definition of Tourism
    Mathieson and Wall (1982) created a good working definition of tourism as "the temporary movement of people to destinations outside their normal places of work and residence, the activities undertaken during their stay in those destinations, and the facilities created to cater to their needs.“
    According to Macintosh and Goeldner (1986) tourism is "the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the interaction of tourists, business suppliers, host governments and host communities in the process of attracting and hosting these tourists and other visitors."
  • 5. SUPPLY AND DEMAND
    Tourismsupply and demandistherelationshipbetweenthequantitythattourism industrial wishtosell at variousprices and thequantity
  • 6. TransportationSystems
    The type and availability of transportation will determine travel destinations.
    The development of accommodations were likewise determined by the development of transportation systems.
  • 7. Hospitality
    The community's attitude which permeates every tourism location that makes the tourist feel welcome and safe. It is the result of the interaction between the tourist and the local population.
  • 8. ECOTOURISM
    Ecotourism is a form of tourism that fosters learning experiences and appreciation of the natural environment, or some component thereof, within its associated cultural context. It is managed in accordance with industry best practice to attain environmentally and socioculturally sustainable outcomes as well as financial viability"  (Weaver, 2008, p.17).
  • 9. Cultural tourism
    Cultural tourism's focus is on the cultural aspects of a visitor's experience.
  • 10. Adventure tourism
    This includes: an element of risk; a higher level of physical exertion; and a need for specialized skills to participate successfully and safely in the activity.