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  1. 1. Geraldo Neto Manager, Government Affairs Innovation through spectrum management 1
  2. 2. 1 2 3 4 5 Mobile traffic growth Small Cells ASA Supplemental Downlink Higher Efficiency Agenda 2
  3. 3. Mobile data traffic growth—industry preparing for 1000x preparing for 1000x data traffic growth** global data traffic growth ~2x from 2010- 2011* *Global growth per ’Cisco, May ’12 ’, some regions grew more/less. **1000x would be e.g. reached if mobile data traffic doubled ten times, but Qualcomm does not make predictions when 1000x will happen, we work on the solutions to enable 1000x 3
  4. 4. Richer content and more devices Richer content —more video Average bestseller (Gigabytes) 0.00091 Book 0.0014 Homepage 0.14 Soundtrack 1.8 GB More devices More screens per user Cumulative smartphone forecast between 2013– 20171 Game for Android ~7 Billion 2.49 GB Movie (Standard-Definition) 5.93 GB Movie (High-Definition) Revenue will not scale with demand, so we need new, low cost solutions to address the 1000x challenge 1Source: Gartner, March . ’13 . 4
  5. 5. 3G/4G growth in emerging regions 2011 2016 0.8B 2.7B 3G/4G connections Source: Wireless Intelligence, Nov. ’12 +255% Expected growth 5
  6. 6. Rising to meet the 1000x mobile data challenge Driving higher efficiency end-to-end Evolving 3G/4G and Wi-Fi Standardization leadership Enabling technologies and chipset solutions New deployments models: Inside-out, more ad-hoc, neighborhood small cells 1000x Spectrum Innovation, such as ASA Prototyping and demos 6
  7. 7. 1 More small cells Taking HetNets to the next level 7
  8. 8. Bringing the network closer to the user is key to 1000x USER DEPLOYED OPERATOR DEPLOYED Typically indoor small cells Indoor/outdoor small cells1 4G Relays & Wireless Backhaul ENTERPRISE RESIDENTIAL METRO Wi-Fi integrated with 3G/4G for opportunistic offload Extreme Densification—3G/4G+Wi-Fi Small Cells Everywhere 1 Such as relay and Pico/Metro/RRH small cells for hotspots. RRH= Remote Radio Heads, in addition Distributed Antenna Systems are used in HetNets 8
  9. 9. Enabling technologies for small cells everywhere Highly compact, low-cost Small Cells To enable densification & ease of deployment Self-organizing networks (UltraSON) To enable low cost hyper-dense deployments Components of the type(s) mentioned in this slide are products of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. and/or its subsidiaries and Qualcomm UltraSON Inc. Atheros, is Qualcomm’s suite of Self Organizing features for small cells. Interference Management So that capacity scales with small cells added Backhaul Solutions Fixed, wireless, relays User provided 9
  10. 10. 2 More spectrum A new way to access underutilized spectrum: Authorized Shared Access (ASA)—suited for small cells 10
  11. 11. Multiple parallel approaches to gaining more spectrum Licensed Approach Complementary License Model—ASA Unlicensed Approach Auctions of cleared Spectrum Authorized Shared Access Dedicated to Wi-Fi & others EXCLUSIVE USE SHARED EXCLUSIVE USE SHARED USE ASA required when spectrum cannot be cleared within a reasonable timeframe, or at all locations 11
  12. 12. Authorized shared access (ASA) Exclusive use at agreed locations, times Small Cells can be closer to incumbent Does not interfere with incumbent Macro Incumbent user Macro 3G/4G Small Cells Regular Multi-band Device1 Incentive-Based Cooperation Model Satellite Military Radar 1 Public Safety No device impact due to ASA, just a regular 3G/4G device supporting global harmonized bands targeted for ASA. Carrier aggregation would be beneficial to aggregate new ASA spectrum with existing spectrum, but is not required. 12
  13. 13. ASA takes advantage of existing mobile technologies and 3GPP standards Regular multiband device Cost-effective Use available 3G/4G infrastructure Complements installed 3G/4G Leverages existing 3GPP standards 3G/4G Macro base station Opportunity to aggregate wider spectrum Incumbent user 3G/4G small cells 3G/4G macro base station Regular multi-band device1 Network controls device spectrum access Simple Simple technology with defined interfaces Regulatory framework No device impact ASA controller Permitted ASA spectrum ASA Repositor y Incumbent Controlled Enables predictable quality of service Protects incumbent from interference 13
  14. 14. Higher spectrum bands suitable for small cells INDOOR 60GHz Very High Bands enable Access In Every Room HOTSPOT 3.4 to 3.8 GHz Emerging as a new small cell band1 ~3GHz Wide Area Spectrum ~450 MHz 1 Some parts can be traditionally licensed, some parts need to be ASA licensed, such as ~3.5GHz in the US/EU1. 3GPP has already defined 3G/4G bands 42/43 for 3.4 GHz to 3.8 GHz, 3.5GHz in the US defined as 3550 – 3650 MHz. In addition, Wi-Fi in unlicensed such as 2.4GHz, 5GHz (802.11 ac) and 60GHz (802.11 ad). 14
  15. 15. EU and US are now considering ASA to unlock spectrum for mobile broadband Endorsed by EU 28 Member States, naming it LSA (Licensed Shared Access); EU28 spectrum Regulators currently consulting on their LSA Opinion Endorsed by CEPT, releasing a report on ASA’s benefits and working on LSA authorizations guidelines in a special project team called FM PT53 Implemented by CEPT, for the harmonization and release of the 2.3GHz1 on a shared basis with various incumbents; work ongoing in project team FM PT52 Standardized by ETSI, defining LSA requirements and network architecture Under consideration by FCC for the release of 3.5 GHz2 for small cells on a shared basis with radars 1 3GPP Band 40, 2.3-2.4 GHz 2 Target 3.5 GHz in the US is 3550-3650 MHz 15
  16. 16. Mobile traffic typically downlink centric MAJORITY OF TRAFFIC ON DOWNLINK (DL) 1 VIDEO BIGGEST CONTRIBUTOR TO TRAFFIC VOLUMES2 100% DL/UL Traffic Asymmetry % internet traffic volumes DL/UL Median Across Cells 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 Other 80% Software download/update File sharing 60% Email Social networking 40% Web browsing Online video 20% Online audio 1 0% 0 Operator 1 (Europe) Operator 2 (US) Operator 3 (US) Operator 4 (Japan) Ericsson, November 2011 Mobile PCs Tablets Smartphones Traffic asymmetry could rise to a 10:1 ratio or more3 16 1Based on measurements (median ) in live networks in 2009. 2Ericsson, November 2011. 3Plum consulting, 2011, some networks may already exceed 10:1 asymmetry
  17. 17. Aggregate unpaired spectrum for more downlink capacity—supplemental downlink Unpaired L-Band 1.4GHz Harmonized in Europe1 Paired Paired (Downlink) (Downlink) (Uplink) F1’ F2’ F1 F2 F1 F2 L-Band (1452-1492 MHz) has 40 MHz of idle unpaired spectrum available2. Harmonization in final stage in Europe with 40 MHz of unpaired spectrum for SDL Commercial launch 2014/2015 700 MHz in the US with AT&T3, planned launch as early as 2014 LEVERAGES HSPA+ R9 MULTICARRIER ACROSS BANDS1, OR LTE ADVANCED CARRIER AGGREGATION 1 L-Band in Europe: 1452 MHz to 1492 MHz, sometimes referred to as 1.4GHz or 1.5GHz spectrum. 2 Aggregation across bands is supported in HSPA+ R9 for two downlink carriers, but each specific band combination, e.g. combination of band 1 and L-band, has to be defined in 3GPP. 3 AT&T is planning to deploy supplemental downlink in lower 700 MHz (12 MHz of unpaired spectrum) using LTE Advanced. 17
  18. 18. L-Band ideal for supplemental downlink Widely available globally allowing for economies of scale Could be made fully or partly available for SDL Source: Plum Consulting, September 2012 L-Band: 1452-1492 MHz 18
  19. 19. 1.4 GHz SDL harmonization ECC Decision 13(02) Decision approved and published in June 2013, suppressing satellite use, paving the way to use the whole 40 MHz for SDL across Europe ECC Decision 13(03) Decision on “Harmonized use of the frequency band 1452-1492 MHz for SDL" published in November 2013 19
  20. 20. 3GPP specification started Finalization of the Draft ECC Decision (May ‘13) was a pre-requisite Work Item submitted to 3GPP RAN Plenary on June 2013 One Work Item covering both LTE and UMTS Current proposed scenarios (higher priority): − LTE: Band 20 (800MHz) + 1.4 GHz SDL − UMTS: Band I (2.1GHz) + 1.4 GHz SDL Work Item submitted by: − Orange, KPN, Telenor, Telefonica, Ericsson, Qualcomm, ST-Ericsson, Huawei, ALU, Qatar Telecom, Lightsquared − Orange is the Rapporteur 3GPP RAN approved the Work Item on 14th June 2013 Plans for the specification work: feature complete by June 2014 20
  21. 21. IMT in the L-Band at WRC-15 Broadening the ecosystem in the L-Band in a phased approach UL UL 1375 MHz 1350 MHz DL 1400 MHz 1427 MHz SDL 1452 MHz DL 1492 MHz 1517 MHz Phase 1: 1452-1492 MHz (SDL) − − ECC Decision to use 1452-1492 MHz for SDL Brazil: 1452-1472 MHz used by aeronautical mobile telemetry (AMT) / 1472-1492 MHz allocated to fixed, mobile and broadcasting but assignment is not regulated Phase 2: 1375-1400 / 1427-1452 MHz (FDD, 2 x 25 MHz) − − Used by fixed links and military, and is already subject to a harmonized channeling arrangement within CEPT (ERC Recommendation T/R 13-01, Annex B) Brazil: 1375-1400 MHz allocated to radiolocation but assignment is not regulated / 1427-1452 MHz used by fixed links Phase 3: 1350-1375 / 1492-1517 MHz (FDD, 2 x 25 MHz) − − − 1350-1375 MHz used by NATO (tactical radars) 1492-1517 MHz target for Wireless Mics by CEPT Brazil: 1350-1375 MHz allocated to radiolocation but assignment is not regulated / 1492-1517 MHz used by fixed links 21
  22. 22. More efficient data pipe —evolve 3G4G/Wi-Fi More efficient apps & services Wi-Fi 802.11 ac Intelligently access 3G/4G/Wi-Fi Smart Pipe LTE broadcast LTE Advanced HSPA+ Advanced Device-to-device 3 Higher efficiency 22
  23. 23. Utilizing finite spectrum resources better Wi-Fi 802.11 ac LTE Advanced Squeezing more out of unlicensed spectrum Realizing the true potential of 4G 2.8x Wi-Fi 802.11 ad WCDMA+ Leverage new spectrum for ultra high-bandwidth Freed up for data 60 GHz Evolve 3G/4G/Wi-Fi 1X/DO Advanced 1X Adv. quadruples voice efficiency to free up data 4x HSPA+ Advanced Voice users HSPA+ Triples voice efficiency to free up resources for data Voice HSPA+ Advanced Maximizing the investments in 3G HSP A 23
  24. 24. Innovation through spectrum management means a new licensing model – ASA and more downlink capacity – SDL 24
  25. 25. Thank you Follow us on: For more information on Qualcomm, visit us at: & © 2013 Qualcomm Incorporated. All rights reserved. Qualcomm, Snapdragon, and Gobi are trademarks of Qualcomm Incorporated, registered in the United States and other countries. Vuforia and Wireless Reach are trademarks of Qualcomm Incorporated. Atheros and Skifta are trademarks of Qualcomm Atheros, Inc., registered in the united States and other countries. Hy-Fi is a trademark of Qualcomm Atheros, Inc. Alljoyn is a trademark of Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc., registered in the United States and other countries. Other products and brand names may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. 25