Procrastination By Aneek Gupta

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Procrastination By Aneek Gupta

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Procrastination By Aneek Gupta

  1. 1. BY ANEEK GUPTA DEDICATED TO MY FATHER CAPT. N.K. GUPTA, MY MOTHER MRS. MAYA GUPTA, MY WIFE MRS. DEEPA GUPTA, MY SON AVEEK GUPTA AND TO ALL WELL WISHER ANEEK GUPTA 1
  2. 2. The word comes from the Latin word Procrastinatus •Pro- (Forward) •Crastinus (Of Tomorrow) ANEEK GUPTA 2
  3. 3. Procrastination Is The Deferment, Delay, Suspension, Postponement Or Avoidance Of An Action, Job, Assignment, Duty Or Task And Is Often Linked To Exactness, Precision Or Perfectionism. ANEEK GUPTA 3
  4. 4. For The Person Procrastinating This May Effect, Outcome, Consequence Or Result In Stress, A Sense Of Guilt, The Loss Of Productivity, The Creation Of Crisis, And The Disappointment, Embarrassment, Chagrin Of Others For Not Fulfilling One's Responsibilities Or Commitments. ANEEK GUPTA 4
  5. 5. While It Is Normal For Individuals To Procrastinate To Some Degree, It Becomes A Problem When It Slows Down, Delays, Impedes Normal Functioning. Chronic Or Unending Procrastination May Be A Sign Of Fundamental, Underlying Psychological Or Physiological Disorder. ANEEK GUPTA 5
  6. 6. 1. The Psychological Causes Of Procrastination Vary Significantly AND Greatly, But Generally Envelop, Surround Issues Of Anxiety, Low Sense Of Self-worth And A Self-defeating Mentality. 2. Procrastinators Are Also Thought To Have A Higher-than-normal Level Of Conscientiousness, More Based On The quot;Dreams And Wishesquot; Of Perfection Or Achievement In Contrast To A Realistic Appreciation Of Their Obligations And Potential. 3. Author David Allen Brings Up Two Major Psychological Causes Of Procrastination At Work And In Life Which Are Related To Anxiety, Not Laziness. A. The First Category Is Things Too Small To Worry About, Tasks That Are An Annoying Interruption In The Flow Of Things, And For Which There Are Low- impact Workarounds; An Example Might Be Organizing A Messy Room. B. The Second Category Is Things Too Big To Control, Tasks That A Person Might Fear, Or For Which The Implications Might Have A Great Impact On A Person's Life; An Example Might Be The Adult Children Of A Deteriorating Senior Parent Deciding What Living Arrangement Would Be Best. 4. It Is Important To Note That A Person Might Unconsciously Overestimate Or Underestimate The Scale Of A Task, If Procrastination Has Become A Habit. ANEEK GUPTA 6
  7. 7. 1. Research On The Physiological Roots Of Procrastination Mostly Surrounds The Role Of The Prefrontal Cortex. 2. This Area Of The Brain Is Responsible For Executive Brain Functions Such As Planning, Impulse Control, Attention, And Acts As A Filter By Decreasing Distracting/off-putting Stimuli From Other Brain Regions. 3. Damage Or Low Activation In This Area Can Reduce An Individual's Ability To Filter Out Distracting/off-putting Stimuli, Ultimately Resulting In Poorer Organization, A Loss Of Attention And Increased Procrastination. 4. This Is Similar To The Prefrontal Lobe's Role In Attention- deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Where Under Activation Is Common. ANEEK GUPTA 7
  8. 8. 1. Procrastination Can Be A Pushy/Persistent And Weakening/Debilitating Disorder In Some People, Causing Significant Psychological Disability And Dysfunction. 2. These Individuals May Actually Be Suffering From An Underlying/Basic Mental Health Problem Such As Depression Or Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD). 3. While Procrastination Is A Behavioral Condition, These Underlying/Basic Mental Health Disorders Can Be Treated With Medication And/Or Therapy. 4. Medication Can Improve An Individual's Attention Span/Duration (In The Case Of ADHD) Or Improve Overall Mood (In The Case Of Depression). 5. Therapy Can Be A Useful Tool In Helping An Individual Learn New Behaviors, Overcome Fears And Anxieties, And Achieve An Improved Quality Of Life. 6. Thus It Is Important For People Who Continually/Chronically Struggle With Weakening/Debilitating Procrastination To See A Trained Therapist Or Psychiatrist To See If An Underlying/Basic Mental Health Issue May Be Present. 7. Severe Procrastination And/Or Add Can Cross Over Into Internet Addiction Or Computer Addiction. In This Instance The Individual Has A Compulsion To Avoid Reality By Surfing The Web Or Playing Video Games (Game Addiction) Or Looking At Online Pornography (Pornography Addiction). 8. Although These Are Relatively New Phenomena, They Are Being Considered As Psychiatric Diagnoses By Mental Health Professionals. ANEEK GUPTA 8
  9. 9. 1. Traditionally/Usually, Procrastination Has Been Associated With Perfectionism/Exactness, A Tendency To Negatively Evaluate/Assess Outcomes And One's Own Performance. 2. Intense/Extreme Fear And Avoidance Of Evaluation Of One's Abilities By Others, Heightened Social Self-consciousness And Anxiety, Recurrent/frequent Low Mood, And Workaholism. 3. Slaney (1996) Found That A. Adaptive Perfectionists Were Less Likely To Procrastinate Than Non-perfectionists, B. While Maladaptive Perfectionists (People Who Saw Their Perfectionism As A Problem) Had High Levels Of Procrastination (And Also Of Anxiety). ANEEK GUPTA 9
  10. 10. 1. While Academic/Educational Procrastination Is Not A Special Type Of Procrastination, Procrastination Is Thought To Be Particularly Prevalent In The Academic/Educational Setting,  Where Students Are Required To Meet Deadlines For Assignments And Tests In An Environment Full Of Events And Activities Which Compete/Battle For The Students' Time And Attention. 2. More Specifically, A 1992 Study Showed That quot;52% Of Surveyed Students Indicated Having A Moderate To High Need For Help Concerning Procrastinationquot; 3. Some Students Struggle With Procrastination Due To A Lack Of Time Management Or Study Skills, Stress, Or Feeling Overwhelmed With Their Work. 4. Students Can Also Struggle With Procrastination For Medical Reasons Such As ADD/ADHD Or A Learning Disorder Such As Dyslexia ANEEK GUPTA 10
  11. 11. 1. The Situation Is Worse At The Graduate Level, Where The Conditions Are Perfect For Procrastination — Intangible/Indefinable Mental Work With Flexible Deadlines And Unclear Goals. 2. Instructors Have Coined The Term ABD Students (All But Dissertation{Study}) For People Who Are Especially Vulnerable /Susceptible. 3. Teachers, School Counselors, And Others In School Administration Should Be Trained To Address These Issues When They Arise. 4. Many Colleges And Universities Offer Classes, Coaching, And Tutoring In Study Skills For Students Who Are Struggling With Procrastination Or A Learning Disorder. 5. Students With ADD Or Learning Disorders Often Qualify For Special Considerations Such As Increased Time For Test-taking. 6. It Is Not Known How Often A Severe Case Of Procrastination Caused By A Mental Health Problem May Fail To Be Noticed When The Person Is In An Academic Situation/Context, Because It Is Merely Categorized As quot;Academic Procrastinationquot;. ANEEK GUPTA 11
  12. 12. 1. The Relaxed Type, 2. The Tense-Afraid Type ANEEK GUPTA 12
  13. 13. 1. The Relaxed Type Of Procrastinators View Their Responsibilities Negatively And Avoid Them By Directing Energy Into Other Tasks. 2. It Is Common, For Example, For Relaxed Type Procrastinating Children To Abandon Schoolwork But Not Their Social Lives. This Type Of Procrastination Is A Form Of Denial. 3. The Procrastinator Avoids Situations That Would Cause Displeasure, Indulging Instead In More Enjoyable Activities. In Freudian Terms, Such Procrastinators Refuse To Renounce The Pleasure Principle, Instead Sacrificing The Reality Principle. 4. They May Not Appear To Be Worried About Work And Deadlines, But This Is Simply An Evasion. ANEEK GUPTA 13
  14. 14. 1. The Tense-Afraid Type Of Procrastinator Usually Feels Overwhelmed With Pressure, Unrealistic About Time, Uncertain About Goals And Many Other Negative Feelings. 2. Feeling That They Lack The Ability Or Focus To Successfully Complete Their Work, They Tell Themselves That They Need To Unwind And Relax, That It's Better To Take It Easy For The Afternoon, For Example, And Start Afresh In The Morning. Their 'Relaxing' Is A Temporary And Ineffective Measure, And Leads To Even More Stress As Time Runs Out, Deadlines Approach And The Person Feels Increasingly Guilty And Apprehensive. 3. This Behavior Becomes A Cycle Of Failure And Delay, As Plans And Goals Are Put Off, Penciled Into The Following Day Or Week In The Diary Again And Again. 4. It Can Also Have A Debilitating/Weakening Effect On Their Personal Lives And Relationships. 5. Since They Are Uncertain About Their Goals, They Often Feel Awkward With People Who Appear Confident And Goal-Oriented, Which Can Lead To Depression. 6. Tense-Afraid Procrastinators Often Withdraw From Social Life, Avoiding Contact Even With Close Friends. ANEEK GUPTA 14
  15. 15. 1.Complex Projects Often Seem Daunting And Cause Many People To Procrastinate. 2.Projects That Are Viewed As Being Unpleasant Are Also Often The Victim Of Procrastination. 3.The Inability To Prioritize Also Contributes To Procrastination. 4.The Inability To Make Decisions Also Contributes To Procrastination. 5.A Fear Of Failure Also Causes Some People To Procrastinate. 6.Distractions Are A Major Cause Of Procrastination. ANEEK GUPTA 15
  16. 16. Procrastination Doesn't Have To Play A Big Role In Your Life. Here Are Eight Tips To Beat Procrastination - That Ultimately Will Leave You Accomplishing More, Feeling Less Stress, And Having More Fun. 1. If You Don't Absolutely Need To Get It Done, Don't Put It On Your To-do List. Adding Tasks That You Don't Have To Do Only Makes The List Longer And Eventually Overwhelming. It Provides The Excuse For Doing Something Other Than What You Really Need To Do. 2. Substitute A Less Daunting Task For The One You Are Thinking Of Putting Off. Make Sure It Accomplishes The Same Thing. Instead Of Writing A Letter, Can You Send A Postcard? Instead Of Making Chocolate Filled Cookies That Must Be Rolled, Cut, Filled, And Folded, How About Making A Pan Of Layer Bars? 3. Remember That You Don't Have To Do It Perfectly. 4. Check E-mail Only When You Have Time To Answer New Messages. 5. Answer The Telephone Only When You Have Time To Visit. Screen Calls With An Answering Machine. You Will Still Be Able To Hear If It Is An Emergency. 6. If You Procrastinate Because You Don't Like Doing The Task, Ask Yourself If You Are The One Who Really Needs To Do It. Maybe Another Family Member Could Handle It. Or, You Could Hire Someone To Do It, Or Trade Jobs With Another Mom. 7. Decide That Some Things Don't Have To Be Done. You Don't Procrastinate About Things That You Don't Think You Need To Do. So, Free Yourself From The Headache By Making The Decision Not To Do It. 8. Just Start It! The Most Difficult Part Of Many Chores/Everyday Jobs Is Getting Started. Once You Begin, The Task Is Often Easier Than You Expected. And, When You Have Completed It, The Feeling Is Terrific. Stop Procrastinating And Take The First Step Now. ANEEK GUPTA 16
  17. 17. ANEEK GUPTA 17

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