Sigmund freud biography


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Sigmund Freud's biography

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Sigmund freud biography

  2. 2.  Freud was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis.  He created an entirely new approach to the understanding of the human personality.  He is regarded as one of the most influential - and controversial - minds of the 20th century.  1856- 1939
  3. 3. He began to study medicine at University of Vienna in 1873. At the third year of uiversity he started a research into nervous system. Freud qualified as a doctor of medicine at the University of Vienna in 1881, then he worked at the Vienna General Hospital. In 1885, Freud went to Paris as a student of the neurologist Jean Charcot. On his return to Vienna the following year, Freud set up in private practice, specialising in nervous and brain disorders. In 1897, he began an intensive analysis of himself. In 1900, his major work 'The Interpretation of Dreams' was published in which Freud analysed dreams in terms of unconscious desires and experiences.
  4. 4. - Freud developed the theory that humans have an unconscious in which sexual and aggressive impulses are in perpetual conflict for supremacy. - Another theme he concerned was about the importance of the first few years of life in the subsequent development of personality. He also believed that children experience emotional conflicts, and their future adjustment depends on how well these conflicts are resolved.
  5. 5. FREUD’S THEORIES Psychosexual Development The theory of psychosexual development describes how personality develops during childhood. Freud believed that personality develops through a series of childhood stages in which the pleasure-seeking energies of the id become focused on certain erogenous areas. Psychoanalytic theory suggested that personality is mostly established by the age of five. Early experiences play a large role in personality development and continue to influence behavior later in life. If these psychosexual stages are completed successfully, the result is a healthy personality.
  6. 6. FREUD’S THEORIES The Id, Ego and Superego The id is the only component of personality that is present from birth. This aspect of personality is entirely unconscious and includes of the instinctive and primitive behaviors. According to Freud, the id is the source of all psychic energy, making it the primary component of personality. The ego is the component of personality that is responsible for dealing with reality. According to Freud, the ego develops from the id and ensures that the impulses of the id can be expressed in a manner acceptable in the real world. The ego functions in both the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious mind. The last component of personality to develop is the superego. The superego is the aspect of personality that holds all of our internalized moral standards and ideals that we acquire from both parents and society--our sense of right and wrong. The superego provides guidelines for making judgments. According to Freud, the superego begins to emerge at around age five.
  7. 7. “The Interpretation of Dreams”
  8. 8. DREAMS Everybody dreams. We forget 90% of our dreams. We only dream of things we've seen, heard of or experienced. We don't dream when we snore. About 30% of people have experienced a precognitive dream.
  9. 9. SIGMUND FREUD'S THEORY Freud was concerned with psychoanalysis. Patients reported dreams during sessions. He decided to use them as a scientific method. Dreams were the key to understand the subconscious.
  10. 10. What does this have to do with dreams? DURING THE DAY Superego control the ego or suppress the id. WHEN YOU SLEEP The id needs a way to realease all the unacceptable desires. If those primal desires cause psychological harm → the brain transcribes them to symbolic forms INTERPRETATION
  11. 11. Common dream interpretations One or more teeth falling out, crumbling, rotting or becoming loose: - How others perceive you. - Getting older. - Powerlessness. -... Falling – usually down stairs, elevators or from the sky. - Lack of control. - Feelings of failure or inferiority. Being partially or completely naked in public. vulnerability, shamefulness and being exposed for who you are. self satisfaction and unrestricted freedom, you are proud of who you are.