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Age Of Absolutism It is important to understand  the roles of these monarchs  and how their actions led to the Enlightenme...
Absolute Monarchies <ul><li>Absolute Monarch – a ruler with complete authority over the government and the lives of the pe...
Absolute Monarchies <ul><li>Divine Right of Kings – the power of the kings comes from God </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore the ...
Rise of Absolute Monarchs <ul><li>decline of feudalism and growth of national kingdoms –  centralize authority </li></ul><...
Philip II – Spain <ul><li>Absolute Monarch of Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy empire – colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Large st...
France – Louis XIV <ul><li>The Sun King – he believed the destiny of France revolved around him - “I am the state” </li></...
Louis XIV  <ul><li>Able King </li></ul><ul><li>France was the center of culture  </li></ul><ul><li>Patron of the arts – ar...
<ul><li>Religious and Political Causes – all countries involved at some point </li></ul><ul><li>Peace of Westphalia </li><...
Russia – Peter the Great <ul><li>Romanov Dynasty (1613-1917)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Brought Western Eur. Culture to Russia </l...
Westernization <ul><li>Peter used W. Europe as a model for change </li></ul><ul><li>reduced the power of boyars (nobles)‏ ...
England – Triumph of Parliament  <ul><li>Elizabeth left no heir </li></ul><ul><li>Stuart Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>English...
Glorious Revolution <ul><li>peaceful (bloodless) overthrow of James II by Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>replaced by  Willia...
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Age of Absolutism

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Transcript of "Age of Absolutism"

  1. 1. Age Of Absolutism It is important to understand the roles of these monarchs and how their actions led to the Enlightenment and Revolutions.
  2. 2. Absolute Monarchies <ul><li>Absolute Monarch – a ruler with complete authority over the government and the lives of the people </li></ul><ul><li>In Europe almost all nations were ruled by absolute monarchs </li></ul>
  3. 3. Absolute Monarchies <ul><li>Divine Right of Kings – the power of the kings comes from God </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore the kings laws are to be obeyed </li></ul><ul><li>The king-who was above the law, could rule any way he wished </li></ul>
  4. 4. Rise of Absolute Monarchs <ul><li>decline of feudalism and growth of national kingdoms – centralize authority </li></ul><ul><li>growing middle class – loyal to monarchs </li></ul><ul><li>increasing wealth (thanks to the colonies – mercantilism)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>decrease of Church power (remember the Reformation?)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Crises – religious, class, & territorial disputes – monarchs created order </li></ul>
  5. 5. Philip II – Spain <ul><li>Absolute Monarch of Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy empire – colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Large standing army </li></ul><ul><li>Catholic (Counter)-Reformation leader </li></ul><ul><li>Golden Age of Spanish Art (Cervantes – Don Quixote)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Fought religious wars w/ Protestants in Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>His Armada lost to Elizabeth’s (England) navy </li></ul>
  6. 6. France – Louis XIV <ul><li>The Sun King – he believed the destiny of France revolved around him - “I am the state” </li></ul><ul><li>Built Palace at Versailles </li></ul><ul><li>Elaborate – kept nobles there to keep an eye on them </li></ul>
  7. 7. Louis XIV <ul><li>Able King </li></ul><ul><li>France was the center of culture </li></ul><ul><li>Patron of the arts – art glorified the king </li></ul><ul><li>Wars left debt and many poor </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Religious and Political Causes – all countries involved at some point </li></ul><ul><li>Peace of Westphalia </li></ul><ul><li>Germany damaged and divided </li></ul><ul><li>Rise of Austria – Maria Theresa </li></ul><ul><li>Prussia - Frederick the Great – army, taxation </li></ul>Thirty Years War
  9. 9. Russia – Peter the Great <ul><li>Romanov Dynasty (1613-1917)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Brought Western Eur. Culture to Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Took power from nobles – became absolute monarch </li></ul>
  10. 10. Westernization <ul><li>Peter used W. Europe as a model for change </li></ul><ul><li>reduced the power of boyars (nobles)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>European officers trained new military – tactics and weapons </li></ul><ul><li>imposed heavy taxes to pay for changes </li></ul><ul><li>introduced potatos </li></ul><ul><li>started newspaper </li></ul><ul><li>raised women's status </li></ul><ul><li>ordered nobles to give traditional clothes </li></ul><ul><li>new capital: St. Petersburg - “window on the sea” </li></ul>
  11. 11. England – Triumph of Parliament <ul><li>Elizabeth left no heir </li></ul><ul><li>Stuart Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>English Civil War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cavaliers v. Roundheads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charles I executed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cromwell Rules - Puritan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Restoration – Charles II </li></ul>
  12. 12. Glorious Revolution <ul><li>peaceful (bloodless) overthrow of James II by Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>replaced by William and Mary (James' Protestant daughter)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Bill of Right s – they must sign and share power with Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>no monarch could rule without consent of parliament </li></ul><ul><li>constitutional monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>cabinet system develops – prime minister (continues today)‏ </li></ul>
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