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Ruben Soto speaks to important considerations in setting up vSphere with AMD Opteron™ 6200 Series processors.

Ruben Soto speaks to important considerations in setting up vSphere with AMD Opteron™ 6200 Series processors.

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  • Original legal approval – San Marino Platform Launch 2010Let’s look at where this new processor and associated platform fit in.We’ve shown you a lot of information on our targeted server strategy in the last yearAMD recognized the traditional three platforms were no longer serving the market well Made decision to provide ~75% 2P volume segment of market with two very targeted options6000 series launched in March for maximum performance-per-watt in 2 and 4P4000 series launching now for 1 and 2PCompetition has only a one size fits all solution, de-features the most popular price/power/performance bands
  • Originally approved for Financial Analyst Day 2012
  • Virtualization is all about cost efficiency, including cost efficiency and density
  • Slide is good for existing customers and shows price/performance comparison of configurations with published VMmark scores
  • Cloud benchmarks/dataLowest Power per core at 4.375WHighest node density and thread density with 16-coresJava – 26% better performance

NUMA Performance Considerations in VMware vSphere Presentation Transcript

  • 1. NUMA PERFORMANCECONSIDERATIONS INVMWARE VSPHERE™Ruben SotoMember Technical StaffAMD
  • 2. VMWARE AND AMD Through deep collaboration, VMware and AMD are delivering robust virtualization solutions to support our customers’ business needs 2003 – VMware demos software at AMD Opteron™ processor launch 2004 - VMware launches 64-bit support for AMD processors with GSX Server and Workstation products 2004 – VMware launches ESX 2.1.1 with support for AMD Opteron™ processors 2007 –AMD CEO gives keynote at VMworld and VMware releases ESX 3.5 with AMD-V RVI support 2009 – VMware launches vSphere 4 with support for AMD Opteron™ processor support2 | NUMA Performance Considerations in VMware VSphere ™ – VMWorld 2012 | August 2012 | Public
  • 3. THE CLOUD DATA CENTER IS AMD’S FOCUS SERVERMARKET CAPTURING THE INFLECTION POINT AMD has strong momentum with the latest AMD Opteron™ processor products ─ Focused on execution for our customers AMD is making strategic investments, through technology partnerships and acquisition, in the server market addressing the Cloud data center  Colfax/AMD Cloudera Certification*  SGI/AMD Cloud Reference Platform** The Cloud is the fastest growing segment in the server market Customers focusing on low-power, energy A BETTER OPTION FOR efficient data centers THE HYPER-EFFICIENT, VIRTUALIZED, *http://www.amd.com/us/press-releases/Pages/amdannouncescloudera- CLOUD-READY WORLD 2012june14.aspx **http://www.sgi.com/partners/technology/amd.htmlSources: Customer interviews, AMD Internal forecasts 3 | NUMA Performance Considerations in VMware VSphere ™ – VMWorld 2012 | August 2012 | Public
  • 4. AMD OPTERON™ PROCESSOR PLATFORMSA WIDE RANGE OF PLATFORM CHOICES TO MEET BOTH STANDARDIZED ANDCUSTOMIZED ENVIRONMENTS AMD Opteron™ 6000 Series Platform Performance-per- watt and Standard Platforms Expandability for Traditional Rack/Tower/Blade 2P/4P AMD Opteron™ 4000 Series Platform Highly Energy Custom, purpose-driven Twins/ Efficient and Container/”Skinless” Scale Out Cost-optimized for 1P/2P Low cost SMB servers AMD Opteron™ 3000 Series Platform Price-optimized Custom, purpose-driven low cost-effective power systems infrastructure for Low cost, dedicated hosting and 1P servers small business servers4 | NUMA Performance Considerations in VMware VSphere ™ – VMWorld 2012 | August 2012 | Public
  • 5. AMD OPTERON™ PROCESSOR OUTSTANDING SERVERLEADERSHIP AMD Opteron™ 6200 Series Processors Performance Records  Best 2P TPC-C® database performance  Best 2P TPC-C database price/performance  Best 2P SAP two tier performance  Best blade VMmark virtualization performance  Best 4P blade power/performance efficiency  AMD Opteron™ processors power 32% of the world‟s 50 fastest supercomputers* *http://www.top500.org/list/2012/06/100 VISIT www.amd.com/benchmarks5 | NUMA Performance Considerations in VMware VSphere ™ – VMWorld 2012 | August 2012 | Public
  • 6. AMD OPTERON™ 6200 SERIES PROCESSOR(FORMERLY CODENAMED “INTERLAGOS”) Multi- Chip Same platform as Module (MCM) AMD Opteron™ 6100 Package Series processor. Core 1 Core 2 Core 3 Core 4 Core 9 Core 10 Core 11 Core 12 8M L3 Cache 8M L3 Cache 256-bit 256-bit 256-bit 256-bit FPU FPU FPU FPU HyperTransport Interface HyperTransport InterfaceHyperTransport Interface HyperTransport Interface 16M L3 cache 2M L2 2M L2 2M L2 2M L2 Cache Cache Cache Cache System Request Interface/ System Request Interface/ (Up to 32M Crossbar Switch Crossbar Switch L2+L3 cache) 2M L2 2M L2 2M L2 2M L2 Cache Cache Cache Cache Controller Controller Memory Memory 256-bit 256-bit 256-bit 256-bit FPU FPU FPU FPU Core 13 Core 14 Core 15 Core 16 4, 8, 12, & 16 Core 5 Core 6 Core 7 Core 8 core models 4 DDR3 memory channels supporting LRDIMM, ULV-DIMM, UDIMM, & RDIMM Note: Graphic may not be fully 6 | NUMA Performance Considerations in VMware VSphere ™ – VMWorld 2012 | August 2012 | Public representative of actual layout
  • 7. AMD OPTERON™ PROCESSOR ADVANTAGES FORVIRTUALIZATION Virtualization Lower Cost per VM¹ No Matter How You Calculate it AMD Opteron™ 6200 Series-based Servers vs. Intel Xeon E5-2600 Series-based Servers  Microsoft Hyper-V®  VMware vSphere  Microsoft Remote FX 77% less  VMware View Cost of SPECvirt®_sc2010 server configuration divided by its VM score  Xen, KVM 68% less Assigned 2GB RAM to each core and took server price divided by the number of cores Customer Requirements:  Core density 44% less  High memory addressability Server price divided by a set number  Large L3 cache of VMs  Cost efficiency AMD Intel 1See backup slide #17 | NUMA Performance Considerations in VMware VSphere ™ – VMWorld 2012 | August 2012 | Public
  • 8. LOWER COST PER VM, LOWER COST PER RACK* 30% Lower Cost per VM Cost per VM for VMmark Configurations (Hardware w/vSphere™ Enterprise Plus) (lower is better) $800.00 Save $130,000 per Rack (42U – 21 x 2P/2U) $600.00 $400.00  Evaluation based on hardware configurations $200.00 used to achieve published VMmark 2.1 scores  VMmark executes a set of diverse workloads $0.00 and provides a coarse-grain measure of 30 VMs 40 VMs consolidation capacity Dell PE R715, AMD Opteron™ Model 6284SE  VMmark scores are based on running large HP DL385 Gen8, AMD Opteron™ Model 6284SE2 number of VMs at near 100% with at least 2 Dell PE R720, Intel Xeon™ Model 2690 host systems HP DL380p Gen8, Intel Xeon™ Model 2690 http://www.vmware.com/a/vmmark/2 x AMD Opteron™ processors Model 6284SE Dell PE R715 server, 128GB (8x16 GB DDR3-1600) memory, 1x7.2K 500GB SATA HD, base warranty2 x AMD Opteron™ processors Model 6284SE in HP DL385 Gen8 server, 128GB (8x16 GB DDR3-1600) memory, 1x15K 450GB SAS HD, base warranty2 x Intel Xeon E5-2690 processors in HP DL380p Gen 8 server, 256GB (16x16 GB DDR3-1600) memory, 1x15K 450GB SAS HD, base warranty2 x Intel Xeon E5-2690 processors in Dell PE R720 server, 256GB (16x16 GB DDR3-1600) memory, 1x7.2K 500GB SATA HD, base warrantySystem prices as of 8/5/2012 http://www.hp.com http://www.dell.com8 | NUMA Performance Considerations in VMware VSphere ™ – VMWorld 2012 | August 2012 | Public
  • 9. SAME PERFORMANCE, LOWER COST PER VM Virtualized Ecommerce Workload Virtualized Ecommerce Workload Operations per Minute per VM Cost per VM (lower is better) 5,000 $2,000 4,000 $1,500 3,000 $1,000 2,000 $500 1,000 $0 0 8 VMs 16 VMs 32 VMs 2 VMs 8 VMs 16 VMs 32 VMs HP DL385 Gen8, 2X AMD Opteron™ Model 6274 AMD Opteron 6274 Intel Xeon E5-2665 HP DL380p Gen8, 2X Intel Xeon™ Model E5-2665 Test run VMware ESX with DVD Store, an open source performance tool that includes web and database servers to emulate an ecommerce environment Servers running increase number of VMs and standard utilization rate (~25% )¹⁻² AMD-based server is 14% less cost than the Intel-based server³ 1 2 x AMD Opteron™ processors Model 6274 in HP DL385 Gen8 server, 96GB (12x8 GB DDR3-1333) memory, 1x15K 500GB SAS HD, base warranty 2 2 x Intel Xeon E5-2665 processors in HP DL380p Gen 8 server, 96GB (12x8 GB DDR3-1333) memory, 1x15K 500GB SAS HD, base warranty ³ System prices as of 7/5/2012 http://www.hp.com9 | NUMA Performance Considerations in VMware VSphere ™ – VMWorld 2012 | August 2012 | Public
  • 10. BETTER PERFORMANCE WITH LARGER NUMBER OFVMS, LOWER COST PER VM Virtualized Ecommerce Workload Operations per Minute 400,000 Ops per minute 350,000 300,000 250,000 200,000 18 VMs 22 VMs 28 VMs 32 VMs 38 VMs 60% 75% 92% 100% 100% Utilization Utilization Utilization Utilization Utilization Intel Xeon™ Model E5-2660 AMD Opteron™ Model 6278  Test run with DVD Store, an open source performance tool that includes web and database servers to emulate an ecommerce environment  Servers running increasing number of VMs and utilization rate¹⁻²  AMD-based server is 14% less cost than the Intel-based server³1 2 x AMD Opteron™ processors Model 6278 in server, 256GB (16X16GB DDR3-1600) memory, 2x 15k 146 GB SAS HD, base warranty2 2 x Intel Xeon E5-2660 processors in HP DL380p Gen 8 server, 256GB (16x16GB DDR3-1600 memory, 2x15K 146gB SAS HD, base warranty³ System prices as of 7/28/2012 http://www.hp.com and http://www.dell.com10 | NUMA Performance Considerations in VMware VSphere ™ – VMWorld 2012 | August 2012 | Public
  • 11. AMD OPTERON™ PROCESSOR DELIVERS PERFORMANCETHAT DRIVES THE CLOUD Web / Cloud Unmatched Power Lower price / performance / Efficiency¹ watt / square foot²  Windows® Azure Intel Xeon E5-2600 Series-based server 12 AMD Opteron™ 6200 Series-based Server  LAMP Stack 10  Java 100% 8  Hadoop 6  OpenStack 75% 4 2 50% 0 Customer Requirements:  Power efficiency 25%  Core scalability  Node and thread density 0% Lowest x86 watts/core in the  High throughput industry: 5.3W for AMD Opteron™ 6200 Series and 4.375W for AMD Opteron™ 4200 Series Up to 13% lower for better value ¹, ² See backup slide #211 | NUMA Performance Considerations in VMware VSphere ™ – VMWorld 2012 | August 2012 | Public
  • 12. THE RIGHT PRICE FOR HADOOP CLUSTERS TeraSort OPS/Min/$ (higher is better)  AMD-based Colfax 8 node cluster doing performance testing recently received Cloudera CHD3 certification  40% lower cost than competitive systems  Lower CapEx to get up and running and expand Colfax CX2274-NA Colfax CX2265i-X5 production-level clusters AMD Opteron™ 62741 Intel Xeon E5-26652 $8,211 per system³ $12,084 per system³  Power consumption $59,102 for 8 node cluster $96,672 for 8 node cluster between clusters $124,142 for rack (42U) $203,112 for rack (42U) comparable1 2 x AMD Opteron™ processors Model 6274 in Colfax CX2274-NA server, 96GB (12x8 GB DDR3-1333) memory, 1x15K 300GB SAS HD, base warranty2 2 x Intel Xeon E5-2665 processors in Colfax CX2265i-X5 server, 96GB (12x8 GB DDR3-1333) memory, 1x15K 300GB SAS HD, base warranty³ System prices as of 7/20/2012 http://www.colfax-intl.com/12 | NUMA Performance Considerations in VMware VSphere ™ – VMWorld 2012 | August 2012 | Public
  • 13. VIRTUALIZATION PERFORMANCE CONSIDERATIONS* General Recommendations – Typical „Best Practices‟ – Enable network TOE/LSO/LRO, MSI-X, VMware NetQueue/MS VMQ, RSS features  Can double network/storage performance – Use fastest DRAM possible – Consider SSD for „hot‟ processes and files – Test with “Large Pages”, Jumbo Frames  Set netPktHeapMinSize=32 and netPktHeapMaxSize=128 – Test with VMDIRECTPATH (Passthrough) Enabled in ESX/ESXi  Disables Vmotion so ensure it‟s not required – NIC Teaming helps balance load across adapters – Check that IRQ is not shared between Fast & Slow devices  Ex: Disable CD, Floppy, USB support if not required *Performance Best Practices for VMware vSphere™ 5.0 *VMware View ™ Administration *vSphere ™ Monitoring and Performance13 | NUMA Performance Considerations in VMware VSphere ™ – VMWorld 2012 | August 2012 | Public
  • 14. AMD OPTERON™ PROCESSOR VIRTUALIZATION PERFORMANCECONSIDERATIONS For AMD Opteron™ Processor & Benchmarking – Craft vSMPs to fit within the number of cores on die and memory size on the processor  “sched.cpu.vsmpConsolidate=true” encourages NUMAscheduler to keep sibling vcpus on the same node (die) – Do not oversize VMs (see above): vcpus need to be in close synchronicity in virtual time (TSC) – Ensure NUMA, AMD-V, and IOMMU (HWMMU) are Enabled in server BIOS – Ensure AMD-V/RVI/Vi is Enabled in VM Properties (see next slide) – Leverage 1 VM/Core  Turn OFF NUMA Rebalance and Page Migration  This is Not CPU/Memory Affinity – Ensure Power Management is Disabled in the BIOS, Hypervisor, and the Guest OS (Humor Me…)  Control Panel in Windows  Scaling Governor in Linux – On AMD Opteron™ 6200/4200, enable AMD Turbo Core (C6) & HPC Mode14 | NUMA Performance Considerations in VMware VSphere ™ – VMWorld 2012 | August 2012 | Public
  • 15. ENABLING AMD-V™ TECHNOLOGY IN VM PROPERTIES • Explicitly enable the third option vs.‟ Automatic‟15 | NUMA Performance Considerations in VMware VSphere ™ – VMWorld 2012 | August 2012 | Public
  • 16. DISCLAIMERThe information presented in this document is for informational purposes only and may contain technicalinaccuracies, omissions and typographical errors.The information contained herein is subject to change and may be rendered inaccurate for many reasons, including but notlimited to product and roadmap changes, component and motherboard version changes, new model and/or productreleases, product differences between differing manufacturers, software changes, BIOS flashes, firmware upgrades, or thelike. AMD assumes no obligation to update or otherwise correct or revise this information. However, AMD reserves the right torevise this information and to make changes from time to time to the content hereof without obligation of AMD to notify anyperson of such revisions or changes. AMD MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE CONTENTS HEREOF ANDASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANY INACCURACIES, ERRORS OR OMISSIONS THAT MAY APPEAR IN THISINFORMATION.AMD SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANYPARTICULAR PURPOSE. IN NO EVENT WILL AMD BE LIABLE TO ANY PERSON FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIALOR OTHER CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING FROM THE USE OF ANY INFORMATION CONTAINEDHEREIN, EVEN IF AMD IS EXPRESSLY ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. Trademark AttributionAMD, AMD Opteron, AMD-V, the AMD Arrow logo and combinations thereof are trademarks of Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. Other names used in this presentation are for identification purposes only andmay be trademarks of their respective owners.©2012 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.16 | NUMA Performance Considerations in VMware VSphere ™ – VMWorld 2012 | August 2012 | Public
  • 17. BACKUP SLIDES
  • 18. BACKUP SLIDE #1The price per VM range is established based on three different calculation methods: 1) server price divided by a set number of VMs, 2) server pricedivided by the number of cores assuming a 1VM per core load model, and 3) cost of SPECvirt®_sc2010 server configuration divided by its VM score.(1) Server price divided by a set number of VMs: HP ProLiant DL385 G7 with 2 x AMD Opteron™ processor Model 6282 SE (1ku price $1019) with32GB RAM, 146 GB 15K hdd, DVD, and 3yr base warranty is $5,143 as of 4/2/12 at www.hp.com. HP ProLiant DL380 G7 with 2 x Intel Xeon processorModel E5-2690 with 32GB RAM, 146 GB 15K hdd, DVD, and 3yr base warranty is $9,127 as of 4/2/12 at www.hp.com. This method yields a 44%lower cost per VM. (2) Server price divided by the number of cores assuming a 1VM per core load model: Based on a 1 VM/core model, AMDOpteron™ 6300 Series-based servers have up to 16 cores per processor. Intel Xeon E5-2600-based servers have up to 8 cores per processor as of4/6/12 at www.intc.com/pricelist.cfm. Using the pricing and configurations above and assuming 1VM per core, the price/VM for the HP ProLiant DL385G7 (32 cores and 32 VMs) is $158 and the price/VM for the HP ProLiant DL380 G8 (16 cores and 16VMs) is $570. This method yields a 72% lowercost per VM. (3) Cost of SPECvirt®_sc2010 server configuration divided by its VM score:SPEC and SPECvirt are registered trademarks of the Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation. The results for AMD Opteron™ processor Model6282 SE and Intel Xeon E5-2690 are based upon results published on www.spec.org/virt_sc2010/results as of 4/10/12. The comparison is based on thebest performing two-socket servers using AMD Opteron™ processor Model 6282 SE and Intel Xeon processor Model E5-2690, operating at eachprocessor‟s default frequency. For the latest SPECvirt®_sc2010 results, visit www.spec.org/virt_sc2010/results. 1570 @ 102 VMs using HP ProLiantDL385 G7, 2 x AMD Opteron 6282 SE, 256 GB (16 x 16 GB PC3L-10600R at 1333 MHz), VMware ESXi5.0.0, http://www.spec.org/virt_sc2010/results/res2011q4/virt_sc2010-20111018-00038-perf.html. The price of an HP ProLiant DL385 G7, 2 x AMDOpteron 6282 SE, 256 GB (16 x 16 GB PC3L-10600R at 1333 MHz) with 146GB 15k hard drive, and 3yr base warranty is $11,721 as of 4/10/12 atwww.hp.com. The price per VM is $115.2158 @ 132 VMs using IBM x3650 M4, 2 x Intel Xeon E5-2690, 512 GB (16 x 32 GB, 4Rx4 1.35V PC3L-10600 CL9 ECC DDR3 1333MHz LPLRDIMM), Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.2, http://www.spec.org/virt_sc2010/results/res2012q1/virt_sc2010-20120207-00042-perf.html. While it was notpossible to price the exact configuration, the price of an IBM x3650 M4 using 2 x Intel Xeon E5-2690 and 504GB RAM (32GB x 10, 16GB x11, 8GB), 146GB 10k hard drive, and base warranty is $65,575 as of 4/10/12 at www.ibm.com. The price per VM is $497. This method yields a 77%lower cost per VM.2158 @ 132 VMs using IBM x3650 M4, 2 x Intel Xeon E5-2690, 512 GB (16 x 32 GB, 4Rx4 1.35V PC3L-10600 CL9 ECC DDR31333MHz LP LRDIMM), Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.2, http://www.spec.org/virt_sc2010/results/res2012q1/virt_sc2010-20120207-00042-perf.html.While it was not possible to price the exact configuration, the price of an IBM x3650 M4 using 2 x Intel Xeon E5-2690 and 504GB RAM (32GB x10, 16GB x 11, 8GB), 146GB 10k hard drive, and base warranty is $65,575 as of 4/10/12 at www.ibm.com. The price per VM is $497. This methodyields a 77% lower cost per VM. SVR-16318 | NUMA Performance Considerations in VMware VSphere ™ – VMWorld 2012 | August 2012 | Public
  • 19. BACKUP SLIDE #2¹Based on AMD Opteron 6200 Series processor with 16 cores at 85W TDP (5.3125W/core) versus lowest wattage, highest core Intel Xeon processorwith 8 cores at 70W TDP (8.75W/core) according to www.intel.com as of 3/14/12. As of March 16, 2012 AMD Opteron™ processor Models 4200 EEhave the lowest known power per core of any x86 server processor, at 35W TDP (35W/8 = 4.375W/core). Intels lowest power per core serverprocessor, Intel Xeon E5-2650L, is 70W TDP (70W/8 = 8.75W/core). See www.intc.com/pricelist.cfm as of 3/16/12. Previous record held by AMDOpteron processor Models 4100 EE at 35W TDP / 6 cores = 5.83 W/core. SVR-582Price/performance/watt/square foot is calculated by the price of a server divided by the SPECpower®_ssj2008 average performance to power ratiodivided by the square footage of a standard rack. Using the HP ProLiant DL385 G7, the price/performance/watt/sq ft equals $0.25. HP ProLiant DL385G7 with 2 x AMD Opteron™ processor Model 6276 with 32GB RAM, 72 GB 15K hdd, DVD, and 3yr base warranty is $4,443 as of 4/9/12 atwww.hp.com. Using the HP ProLiant DL380 G8, the price/SPECpower®_ssj2008 average performance to power ratio/sq ft equals $0.29. HP ProLiantDL380 G8 with 2 x Intel Xeon processor Model E5-2680 with 32GB RAM, 72 GB 15K hdd, DVD, and 3yr base warranty is $8,127 as of 4/9/12 atwww.hp.com. The square footage of a standard rack is 6 ft (2ft x 3ft). SPEC and SPECpower are registered trademarks of the Standard PerformanceEvaluation Corporation. The results for AMD Opteron™ processor Model 6276 and Intel Xeon processor Model E5-2680 reflect results published onhttp://www.spec.org/cpu2006/results as of 4/9/12. The SPECpower®_ssj2008 overall ssj_ops/watt for AMD Opteron™ processor Model 6276 is 2,968using IBM System x3755 M3, 2 x AMD Opteron 6276 (2.30 GHz), 64GB (16 x 4096 MB), Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Editionx64, Service Pack 1, http://www.spec.org/power_ssj2008/results/res2011q4/power_ssj2008-20111111-00409.html). The SPECpower®_ssj2008 overallssj_ops/watt for Intel Xeon processor Model E5-2680 is 4,708 using IBM System x3500 M4, 2 x Intel Xeon E5-2680, 24GB (8 x 2048 MB), MicrosoftWindows Server 2008 Enterprise Edition x64, R2 SP1, http://www.spec.org/power_ssj2008/results/res2012q1/power_ssj2008-20120305-00428.html.For the latest SPECpower_ssj2008 results, visit http://www.spec.org/power_ssj2008/results. SVR-16219 | NUMA Performance Considerations in VMware VSphere ™ – VMWorld 2012 | August 2012 | Public