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Crowded coasts past papers

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  • 1. 2 Study Figure 2.(a) Describe the physical andhuman features of the coastshown in the photograph. (10)(b) Describe the fieldwork andresearch you would undertake inorder to investigatechanges in coastal land use overtime. (15)(c) Using examples, explain whythe methods of coastalmanagement vary fromplace to place. (10)
  • 2. 2 Study Figure 2. (a) Suggest how geographicinformation systems (GIS) help usunderstand the need for differenttypes of coastal managementstrategies. (10)(b) Many places are experiencing anincreased risk of coastal erosion andflooding.Describe how you would design aprogramme of fieldwork andresearch to investigate theeffectiveness of coastalmanagement schemes. (15)(c) Examine the value of sustainableand integrated approaches to coastal
  • 3. 2 Study Figure 2.(a) Suggest reasons why the tworesorts have developed in differentways. (10)(b) Describe the fieldwork andresearch you would undertake inorder to investigate the impacts ofcoastal development.(15)(c) Using examples, explain whymanaging coastal environmentsincreasingly relies on a spectrum ofapproaches from ‘do-nothing’ tohard engineering.(10)
  • 4. 2 (a) Describe how physical factors lead toa variety of coastal environments.(10)(b) Study Figure 2.Comment on the advantages anddisadvantages of the two approaches toevaluating coastal defences. (10)(c) Describe how technology (digitalcamera, websites, GIS etc), and any otherequipment could assist in the fieldworkand research in either one of thefollowing:Increasing risks from coastal floodingIncreasing risks from coastal erosion (15)
  • 5. 2 (a) Study Figure 2.Suggest the range of evidence thatcould be used to show that coastlinessuch as this have experienced rapiderosion. (10)(b) For one named stretch ofcoastline, comment on the success ofcoastal defences. (10)(c) Describe the fieldwork and researchyou undertook to investigate coastaldevelopment over time. (15)
  • 6. 2 (a) Study Figure 2.Describe the factors that have madethe coastal areas shown attractive fordevelopment. (10)(b) Describe the fieldwork andresearch you undertook to investigatethe pressure of human activities onthe coast. (15)(c) Using examples, explain howcoastal development can lead toenvironmental costs. (10)
  • 7. 2 (a) Study Figure 2.Comment on how the degree ofconflict varies between differentcoastal activities.(10)(b) Describe the results andconclusions of your fieldwork andresearch into coastaldevelopment. (15)(c) Using examples, explain whysustainable approaches to coastalmanagement areused. (10)
  • 8. 2 Study Figure 2.(a) Using examples, comment onhow Figure 2 could be used tohelp understand thechoice of coastal managementstrategy. (10)(b) Describe the fieldwork andresearch you used to investigatea range of coastalmanagement schemes.(15)(c) Using examples, explain howcoastal development can haveeconomic costs andbenefits.(10)
  • 9. 2 (a) Study Figure 2.Comment on the evidence in Figure 2which suggests that both locations areexamples of crowded coasts. (10)(b) Using examples, examine thefactors that have led to economic andpopulation growth in some coastallocations. (10)(c) Describe the fieldwork andresearch you undertook to investigateone of thefollowing:Rates of coastal erosionDegree of coastal flood risk (15)