‚Show me the money‛:Generating evidence from and    for accountability in    Humanitarian work Christina Laybourn (One Wor...
Accountability and evidence:        Where two worlds collide…Expectations                                Analysing evidenc...
Accountability and evidence:          Where two worlds collide…                                 ExpectationsEvidence:infor...
Accountability and evidence:Where two worlds collide… Analysing evidence                                        External C...
Overview• Part 1: The contribution of evidence to assuring  accountability• Part 2: Putting it to use: accountability mech...
The contribution of evidence to assuring          accountability: self regulatory initiatives                             ...
i- Identification of evidenceHAP Standard Certification      DEC Accountability Framework   SCHR Peer ReviewsBaseline anal...
ii- Collection of evidenceHAP Standard Certification    DEC Accountability Framework   SCHR Peer ReviewsDesk review of doc...
iii- Analysis of evidenceHAP Standard Certification         DEC Accountability Framework   SCHR Peer ReviewsCertification ...
Putting It To Use: Accountability           mechanisms as evidence generators                                             ...
Putting It To Use: Accountability mechanisms as evidence generators             Head             office            Country...
Limitations of evidence and          accountability practice1.   Internal organisational barriers to evidence-accountabili...
Limitations of evidence and accountability practice:                 1. Internal barriersEVIDENCE                         ...
Limitations of evidence and accountability practice:                 1. Internal barriers   EVIDENCE                      ...
Limitations of evidence and accountability practice  2. Backwards-looking and short term perspectives                     ...
Limitations of evidence and accountability practice  2. Backwards-looking and short term perspectives               Greate...
Dialogues for Disaster Anticipation and Resilience•   Community-based and national workshops in    advance of rains to inf...
Dialogues for Disaster Anticipation and Resiliencehttp://www.elrha.org/dialogues
Thank you!CLaybourn@OneWorldTrust.orgAlice.Obrecht@kcl.ac.uk
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"Show me the money": evidence from and for accountability (Christina Laybourne, One World Trust, and Alice Obrecht, HFP)

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  • In this first section, we discuss how evidence is used to assure the accountability of Humanitarian INGOs. We’re particularly looking at the methods that three collective accountability initiatives use to ascertain whether their member INGOs meet their standards of accountability. Rather than discussing individual cases of INGO’s themselves, it is perhaps more interesting to consider how INGOs are collectively asked to evidence accountability. In doing so I’m drawing on the One World Trusts experience analysing such initiatives through our CSO Self-regulatory Initiatives database, which you can find on our website.We’re comparing here three collective initiatives: the Humanitarian Accountability Partnership Certification, which I’m sure many of you are familiar with, the Steering Committee for Humanitarian Response Peer Review process, which is an alliance of eight major international humanitarian organisations and networks, and the UNHCR. And finally the UK’s Disasters Emergency Committee, which is a group of 14 UK based INGOs, who collectively raise funds in times of severe humanitarian emergencies. Part of membership of the DEC involves compliance with the DEC Accountability Framework, which is what we are looking at today. For the past three years the One World Trust has acted as external validators for the DEC’s accountability assessment process.
  • "Show me the money": evidence from and for accountability (Christina Laybourne, One World Trust, and Alice Obrecht, HFP)

    1. 1. ‚Show me the money‛:Generating evidence from and for accountability in Humanitarian work Christina Laybourn (One World Trust) and Alice Obrecht (Humanitarian Futures Programme)
    2. 2. Accountability and evidence: Where two worlds collide…Expectations Analysing evidence External Collecting evidence party(ies) Identifying evidence ‘Reality’ Accountability Evidence use
    3. 3. Accountability and evidence: Where two worlds collide… ExpectationsEvidence:information Analysing evidencesupporting the Externalcomparison of Collecting evidence party(ies)organisational Identifying evidencereality to setexpectations ‘Reality’ Accountability
    4. 4. Accountability and evidence:Where two worlds collide… Analysing evidence External Collecting evidence party(ies) Identifying evidence Accountability: mechanisms through which Evidence use external parties are engaged in an organisation’s evidence use
    5. 5. Overview• Part 1: The contribution of evidence to assuring accountability• Part 2: Putting it to use: accountability mechanisms as evidence generators• Part 3: Limitations of accountability and evidence practice in Humanitarianism
    6. 6. The contribution of evidence to assuring accountability: self regulatory initiatives Humanitarian Accountability Partnership: Certification against the 2012 Standard in Accountability and Quality ManagementSteering Committeefor Humanitarian 16 Certified members, 12 furtherResponse Peer members have undertaken aReview “baseline analysis” against the StandardCARE, Save the Disasters EmergencyChildren, ICRC, IFRC, Committee: AccountabilityLutheran World FrameworkFederation, Oxfam, Caritas, ACT Alliance Action Aid, Age UK, British Redand UNHCR Cross, CARE, CAFOD, Christian Aid, Concern, Islamic Relief, Merlin, Plan, Save the Children, Tearfund, World Vision
    7. 7. i- Identification of evidenceHAP Standard Certification DEC Accountability Framework SCHR Peer ReviewsBaseline analysis against the Self-assessment against the Self-assessment at head officeStandard (either internal or framework and two selected countriesexternal) Independent audit of 5 ways No set assessmentInternal review of compliance of working in 2 countries, framework, but agreed areasacross all sites chosen by auditors for investigationIndependent Audit (every 3 “Peer” workshops of 2-3 Head quarter visits and Fieldyears, 18 month review agencies and auditor to visits to 2 countries by staffchecks progress) discuss findings from 2 peer agencies and an Discussions between pairs of independent facilitator CEOs Group discussion by 9 CEOs of findings
    8. 8. ii- Collection of evidenceHAP Standard Certification DEC Accountability Framework SCHR Peer ReviewsDesk review of documents Desk review of submitted Field visits include deskat head office evidence: looking for reviews as well asAt least 1 programme site evidence of Policy/ interviews with staff,visit (chosen by auditors) Procedure, Application and partners and disaster Assurance mechanisms affected persons. Meeting with key staff to Head office desk reviews discuss evidence and interviews
    9. 9. iii- Analysis of evidenceHAP Standard Certification DEC Accountability Framework SCHR Peer ReviewsCertification against the Component of DEC Learning exerciseHAP Standard membership Summary of lessons learntAreas for improvement “Improvement publishedidentified and addressed Commitments” of changes “12 months on” reports onSummaries are published to be made by next year progress against peer 2011/12 process published review recommendations a summary report
    10. 10. Putting It To Use: Accountability mechanisms as evidence generators • Reflective perspectives on organisational Participatory evaluations achievements• Adequacy of current activities to Feedback • Urgent needs meet stated needs mechanisms • Contextual• Evidence of serious challenges misconduct/ fraud • Beneficiary• Community Consultations entitlements satisfaction (!) • Community skills/ ability to contribute
    11. 11. Putting It To Use: Accountability mechanisms as evidence generators Head office Country officesEVIDENCE LEARNING Field offices
    12. 12. Limitations of evidence and accountability practice1. Internal organisational barriers to evidence-accountability cross fertilisation2. The backwards-looking orientation of evidence-based policy
    13. 13. Limitations of evidence and accountability practice: 1. Internal barriersEVIDENCE LEARNING
    14. 14. Limitations of evidence and accountability practice: 1. Internal barriers EVIDENCE LEARNING
    15. 15. Limitations of evidence and accountability practice 2. Backwards-looking and short term perspectives Evidence-based ? Black strategy swan event
    16. 16. Limitations of evidence and accountability practice 2. Backwards-looking and short term perspectives Greater Better use of involvement of evidence from stakeholders in accountability the evidence use mechanisms process Sensitivity to Improved process and to drivers of learning change Knowledge that Better supports accountability to anticipatory & future disaster adaptive affected capacities populations
    17. 17. Dialogues for Disaster Anticipation and Resilience• Community-based and national workshops in advance of rains to inform design• Transmission of information before and over the course of the rainy season• Community-based evaluation after the rains• Technical consultation• Cross exchange learning
    18. 18. Dialogues for Disaster Anticipation and Resiliencehttp://www.elrha.org/dialogues
    19. 19. Thank you!CLaybourn@OneWorldTrust.orgAlice.Obrecht@kcl.ac.uk
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