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Disaster risk management in nepal
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Disaster risk management in nepal


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  • 1. Disaster Risk Management in NepalMinistry of Home Affairs
  • 2. Risk and Vulnerability in Nepal• Ranked 11th in terms of vulnerability to earthquakes• Kathmandu is one of the most at risk cities in the world to an earthquake• Ranked 30th in terms of vulnerability to floods• Average of 300 people die each year due to floods• Ranked 6th to climatic hazards• This is increasing the intensity and frequency of disasters
  • 3. Seismic Vulnerability:The Next Major Earthquake?• Current assessments if an 8.0 magnitude earthquake strikes in KathmanduValley:• 100,000 dead• 200,000 injured• 1-2 million displaced
  • 4. Existing InstitutionalArrangements• Natural Calamity Relief Act, 1982• Local Self-Governance Act, 1999• National Strategy for DRM, 2009• Disaster Management Act, drafted• Nepal Risk Reduction Consortium, 2011
  • 5. The Nepal Risk Reduction Consortium(NRRC)• Government led arrangement that unites humanitarian, development andfinancial partners to strengthen DRR in Nepal• Members include ADB, AusAid, ECHO, Japan, IFRC, UK Aid, US Embassy, UnitedNations and World Bank• Based on the NSDRM and HFA• Five Flagship priorities identified (each coordinated by international partnerand government ministry):• School and Hospital Safety• Emergency Preparedness and Response• Flood Management in the Kosi River Basin• Community Based DRR• Policy/Institutional Support for DRM
  • 6. NRRC and the HFA• 5 Priorities for HFA• Ensure DRM is a priority• Identify, assess and understand risk and enhance early warning• Strengthen knowledge and awareness• Reduce underlying risk factors• Strengthen response• These priorities are aligned with NRRC Flagships• Flagship 1: Priorities 2 and 3• Flagship 2: Priority 5• Flagship 3: Priorities 2 and 3• Flagship 4: Priorities 1, 2 and 3• Flagship 5: Priorities 1 and 4
  • 7. NRRC: Progress• Flagship 1: School and Hospital Safety (coordinated byADB, WHO, MoE, MoHP)• 65 school buildings retrofitted in 2011 and 2012• Work beginning on retrofitting another 260 school buildings by 2014• Flagship 2: Emergency Preparedness and Response (coordinated by UNOCHAand MoHA)• National Disaster Response Framework being finalised• 36 District and Regional Emergency Operating Centres established• 83 open spaced identified and secured• Flagship: Flood Management in the Kosi River Basin (coordinated by WorldBank and MoI)• Emergency embankment strengthening completed• Now looking to expand work to another river basin in Nepal
  • 8. NRRC: Progress• Flagship 4: Community Based DRR (coordinated by IFRC and MoFALD)• 9 minimum characteristics for a disaster resilient community agreed upon• Over 500 VDCs/municipalities (out of a targeted 1,000) covered withCBDRR activities• Flagship 5: Policy/institutional Support for DRM (coordinated byUNDP and MoHA)• DRM focal points established in over 20 government ministries• Building code application and enforcement being strengthened throughpermit systems, masons trainings, etc.• Mainstreaming DRM being piloted at the local level
  • 9. NRRC: Policy Issues• Meeting ambitious targets in a pre-emergency environment and in a 5 yeartime frame• Ensuring our ambitious operational targets have leverage over policy. Forexample using our ambitious retrofitting programme to address the issue ofnew build schools and hospitals and the issue of legislation of privateschools and hospitals• Ensuring immediate action with sustainability and ensuring we minimise thecreation of new risk in the fasting growing urban environment in south Asia• Strengthening institutional capacity across Government and in Municipalitieswhen there have not been local elections in over a decade and there are noMayors.• Promoting coordination within and between Flagships and Ministries
  • 10. DRM in Nepal: Challenges• Technical capacity limits the scale and scope to implement programs• Maintaining commitment and engagement from Government,international and national partners• Resource constraints on key issues• Coordination amongst partners and various platforms to avoidduplication and maximise use of resources
  • 11. Thank You