Children s literature


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Children s literature

  1. 1. Children’s Literature Part 2 of Children’s Literature History Report by: Alisha Ann T. Plata
  2. 2. Puritan Period In England and America, books for children were influenced by Puritan ideas. The books stressed fear of God, religious instruction and preparations for death which the children did don’t enjoy. Children reads books that interest them although the books were for adults like John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress (1678), Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusue (1714, Jonathan swift’s Gullever’s Travels (1726), Mallory’s Death of King Arthur, Reynard the Fox, and Aesop’s
  3. 3. Between 1638 and 1691, the New England Primer, a book made especially for the children of the American colonies appeared. It was a small book, about 3 by 4 ½ inches and had about 100 pages, It contained the alphabet, words and syllables in spelling lessons, the Lord’s Prayer, catechism, hymns and verses, rhymes for each letter of the alphabet
  4. 4. First Picture Book In 1658, the first illustrated school book appeared. It was known as the Orbis Sensualum or Orbis Pictus (The World Of Pictures). It as invenbted by Johann Amos Comenius, Bishop of Moravia and an educator who believed in teaching children by letting them see things with their own eyes. The book was originally written in Latin and German, but was later translated by Charles Hooke in England in 1664.
  5. 5. 17th and 18th Century Books Books in the seventeenth century stressed religion and morals due to the rise of Protestantism. In 1715, Dr Isaac Watts published Divine and Moral Songs for Children, a companion volume to New England Primer. Some writers consider Isaac Watts as the starting point of children’s literature and The Cradle Hymns as the First children’s poem.
  6. 6. The battledore (1746-1770) succeed the hornbook. It was 4 by 6 ½ three-leaved cardboard that folded like a pocketbook. It had the alphabet and easy-reading matter that made it popular until 1840.
  7. 7. Cradle Hymn See the lovely babe a-dressing; Lovely infant, how He smiled! When He wept, the mother's blessing Soothed and hushed the holy child. Hush, my dear, lie still and slumber; Holy angels guard thy bed; Heavenly blessings without number Gently falling on thy head. Lo, He slumbers in His manger, Where the honest oxen fed; --Peace, my darling! here's no danger! Here's no ox a-near thy bed! Sleep, my babe, thy food and raiment, House and home, thy friends provide; All without thy care, or payment, All thy wants are well supplied. Mayst thou live to know and fear Him, Trust and love Him all thy days; Then go dwell forever near Him, See His face, and sing His praise! How much better thou'rt attended Than the Son of God could be, When from heaven He descended, And became a child like thee! Soft and easy is thy cradle; Coarse and hard thy Saviour lay, When His birthplace was a stable, And His softest bed was hay. See the kindly shepherds round him, Telling wonders from the sky! When they sought Him, there they found Him, With his Virgin-Mother by. I could give thee thousand kisses, Hoping what I most desire; Not a mother's fondest wishes Can to greater joys aspire.  Isaac Watts
  8. 8. John Newberry Era  John Newberry (1713-1767) was a writer and publisher who first thought of publishing books solely for children. He was called the “father of children’s literature” for conceived the idea of publishing books for the enjoyment and entertainment of children.
  9. 9.  In 1744, he published his Little Pretty Pocket Book, the first book that can be truly called a child’s book. He also published a collection of nursery rhymes and called Mother Goose Melody. An Award for the distinguish children’s book.-The Newbery Awardwas named after him in 1922.
  10. 10. The Didactic Period  Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) was a French philosopher who started a new philosophy in the education of children. His Book Emile embodied the philosophy tat children be given freedom to develop their natural interest and learn from actual experience. He Advocated that children be taught about real things.