Welcome back everyone, I’m glad you could join me for part II of our webinar.Weather commentExciting things have happened since last week – ebrary’s public library collection now has fiction, I just found out the eBooks on EBSCO”host will offer EPUB next year, and I just received word that No Shelf Required now has a service mark from the Patent and Trademark Office. I applied last March and it finally came through. Now I just have to sit back and wait for my offer from ProQuest ! A special shout out to my mom, who has joined us for today’s webinar. If you can believe this, my mom is 80 and has never seen a webinar in those 80 years. Fix an error from last week. I shared a statistic that was slightly inaccurate. Show next slide.
I misread this statistic from the LJ ebook research reports. I thought they were referring to the growth of library ebooks, but alas, it is ebooks overall. 71% growth rate in ebooksIn this same period, CAGR for adult hardcover books was 1.3% and paperbacks, 2.6%
Forrester Research released a report in July of 2010 and estimate that 29.4 million people will own an eReaderb the year 2015.
Last week, a Gizmodo.com blog post discussed 12 current technologies on the verge of extinction. The eBook Reader was 3rd on the list.
Repeating this stat from last week, 32% of Americans feel library lending is an important feature of eReaders.
Yet, Amazon, who does not allow library lending, is reported to have 76% of the market share for eReaders and recently announced that eBook sales now outnumber paperpack sales.
The Kindle does not allow library downloads, so customers who wish to read best sellers will have to purchase their content. If they are avid readers, one book per week, they will spend over $500 per year on eBooks for the Kindle device.
Library use of ebooks, 2011 edition Primary Research GroupPublics 40%Academics 17 %Special 20%School libraries not included, but in a survey done by Library Journal in 2010, they found only 6% of school libraries owned eReaders.
eBook devices have been around since 1989. The first one was the Franklin Bookman. This graphic displays the history of eBook readers from the beginning through the age of PDAs, the standalong age, and the rise of e-ink devices. Note this graphic ends in 2009. 2010 and thus far 2011 have been banner years for new eBook readers. Chart compliments of Elroy Serrao from his blog – enygmatic.com
Some visuals of the first eReading devices
Pictured here are the more modern devices, most introduced in 2010. Kindle isn’t the only ebook reader, there are a whole bunch of them – probably over 50 of them.Most popular ones displayed and are connected to an online bookstoreKindle = amazonMany in 3rd generationKobo is canadian, cloud based e reader – download book to a variety of devices, PC, MACVariety of costs, features, battery life, etc. LCD screens vs. EinkEach ereader has it’s own format
Reading devices also have taken the shape of tablets, like the iPad, where reading is just one feature. There are also applications to download to a tablet device, smartphone, or other handheld gadget that allow eReading. Amazon has some, as do other vendors. There are also reading software programs available for your computer – PC/MAC, where you can download the book and read it there. Most of the eREaders have a computer reading software program for storing and reading content. There are also others, I’d like to show you a couple of examples here.
The Bluefire reader is an application that can be downloaded to apple and android devices. Can I open my Library Books in Bluefire Reader?Yes! With update 1.2 of Bluefire Reader, now available in the App Store, you can now read library books that you transfer, or fulfill directly, into Bluefire Reader. You can read more about how to do this right here.Can I load books into Bluefire Reader that I have purchased elsewhere?Yes. As long as you purchased books that use Adobe DRM, or are DRM-free, you can "side load" your books into Bluefire Reader. For Adobe DRM'd items you need to authorize Bluefire Reader with the same Adobe ID that you used to authorize your other computer/device. (See Authorizing Bluefire Reader) You should then be able to open and read your books. You can read and excellent write up about transferring file to Bluefire Reader at Dear Author. How To Get Library Ebooks on the iPad/iPhone, No Sync Required Posted by Josh Hadro on November 12th, 2010 this reported in the TheMobileRead Forums.
Blio reader was developed by Ray Kurzweil and is offered by Baker and Taylor. It’s currently only available for the PC, with MAC and iOS versions promised soon. It’s a consumer based app that offers full color, audio, read along features, and a variety of other tools.
Adobe Digital Editions is a software that all of you need to become familiar with. It is offered for free by Adobe and is a software to manage ebooks – storing, reading, and transferring them to devices. If you are offereing downloadable eBooks from Overdrive, this is the software your patrons are using to download the content and transfer to their device.Adobe Digital Editions (ADE) must be registered to a user – set- up an account using email/password. Once this is established, books can be downloaded and transferred to your device. The device must be registered as well, with ADE. Up to 5 devices can be registered to one user account.
Here is a screen shot of my ADE, registered in my name with some content I loaded. Note that I have a plain old PDF in their too, a copy of my powerpoint from last week. If you were to plug in a device to your computer, it would display on the bottom left, under the recently read option.Click and drag the book you want to the device. It should transfer.You can register your ADE on up to 6 computers and up to 6 devices. Important to plug the device into your computer first then launch ADE so it recognizes the device.
The device offers a two panel tablet for viewing textbook material in true form by maintaining page structure, charts, graphs, and other non-text elements. The device allows note taking and highlighting and offers Wi-Fi and 3-G access. Kno has already contracted with 4 academic textbook publishers including Wiley, McGraw Hill, Pearson, and Cengage Learning. Wiley, McGraw Hill, Pearson, CengageiPadNow there’s an iPad application that could further lighten the load. A new company called Inkling hopes to break the standard textbook model and help textbooks enter the interactive age by letting students share and comment on the texts and interact with fellow students. b/c of 3G access, go to library website and get access to a variety of library ebooks via the web site, internet access, web browser viewingApps from ebook vendors, publishers, ereaders are already in progress for the ipad, some developed alreadyenTourage Edge – cengage, OUP, Elsevier, U of Chicago Press and others
The problemTOO MANY formats. The wikipedia article on eBook readers describes each of these formats and the device that accepts them.I don’t even know what ½ of these are or in what manner they can be converted. PDF, html, Txt, and ePUB are the ones not based on proprietary software and readers and are mostly found in the academic ebooks.Problem is, many of them don’t work with individual eReaders or mobile devices, so users are limited to reading these eBooks on the library or their home computer. Printing and downloading is very limited as well. EPUB, Adobe PDF, and OEB titles are all DRM-protected and are managed and read using Adobe Digital Editions software. EPUB – iPad, nook, sony reader, ADE, Stanze, BeBook, etc. iBooks are in EPUB format, can downoad public domain titles from google books, buy books from Apple’s storeAzw – amazon only – based on mobipocket standard with DRM, delivered over its wireless system called whispernet, user doesn’t see AZW fileMobipocket – just about every PDA and smartphone, and windows laptop.desktopThe Mobipocket format, which has a .prc file extension, enables users to read Mobipocket titles on Windows-based computers as well as on smartphones and most PDAs (e.g., Blackberrys, Windows Mobile, and Palm devices). The free Mobipocket Reader software is required and must be downloaded to any computer or handheld device for reading or transfer. Each installation of Mobipocket Reader includes a personal identifier, or PID number, that uniquely identifies a copy of the reader. Users who have access to Mobipocket titles must associate every PID number with their account from their library’s digital platform. Mobipocket titles offered via a library’s downloadable collection are text based, DRM-protected, and rather small in size (around 200–600 kB). The format offers features such as customizable display, resizable text, built-in full-text search, and the ability to annotate and highlight. Currently,OverDrive is the only vendor offering the mobipocket format. The Digital Accessible Information SYstem (DAISY) is an XML-based open standard maintained by the DAISY Consortium for people with print disabilities. DAISY has wide international support with features for multimedia, navigation and synchronization. A subset of the DAISY format has been adopted by law in the United States as the National Instructional Material Accessibility Standard (NIMAS), and K-12 textbooks and instructional materials are now required to be provided to students with disabilities.DAISY is already aligned with the EPUB open standard, and is expected to fully converge with its forthcoming EPUB3 revision.
DRM – digital rights managementSoftware that sits on top of the ebook file, places limits on viewing, downloading, printing, copying/pasting.Different for each ebook vendor.What overdrive and others use to determine the checkout period and make the book automatically return at the end of the loan period.
EPUBEPUB (Electronic Publication) is an e-book standard adopted by the International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF, www.idpf.org/specs.htm) in 2007. Its goal is to allow for the transfer of information from one device or system to another. In other words, obtaining an e-book with EPUB guarantees the ability to read the text on any portable device or computer system. EPUB is the file extension of an XML format for reflowable digital books and publications The standard is composed of three separate open standards, the Open Publication Structure (OPS), Open Packaging Format (OPF), and Open Container Format (OCF). OPS defines the formatting of its content. OPF describes the structure of the .epub file in XML. OCF collects all files into a single file system entity. (composed of is the wording used on the website)Supporters of EPUB cite interactivity, preservation, and ease of use for patrons and publishers as stimulants for the standard. Additionally, there is concern that the popularity of certain proprietary software will lead to a monopoly of the e-book trade market, resulting in the loss of influence or control by publishers. Supporters welcome the day when an EPUB logo will appear on e-books, announcing the freedom to read regardless of one’s device (Rothman 2009).Critics of EPUB, on the other hand, cite DRM as the primary reason EPUB will not succeed. For fear of piracy and lost revenues, nearly all publishers add DRM to e-books, even those in the EPUB format. Purchasing an e-book locked down with DRM limits its use to a particular reader or platform, thus rescinding the benefits of EPUB (Biba 2009). Michael Smith, executive director of the IDPF, said, “What is pivotal to pervasive adoption of EPUB is publisher adoption, consumer adoption and continuous improvements and evolution of the standard” (personal communication, November 2009). The evolution of the EPUB standard is imminent. According to an IDPF press release from August 16, 2009, the EPUB standards are “open and living specifications. As a result, maintenance work involving corrections and improvements to the EPUB standard were launched, to ensure greater levels of adoption and accessibility.”
Web enabled devices should be fine to view your content from library vendors. But be careful – some dedicated readers/devices don’t have the multiple windows option, so if your catalog records wants to open the ebook in a new window – no go for Kindle. Caveat – your library may have to purchase a particular format of book in order to have the ability to download to an ebook.OverDrive – WMA audiobooks and music titles compatible with most mp3 devices, including Apple productsebooks 5 Sony versions and nook work…but – Kindle, Kindle DX, and iPad are INCOMPATIBLEiPad and iPhone have certain applications availNetLibrary – many options for audiobooks, including iPhone, which is the preferred deviceebooks – nook, Sony Reader (5 versions) and COOL-EREBL – they use Adobe Digital Editions to serve up the ebooks (software to view and manage ebooks). ADE is now compatible with 24 ereader devices, most notably 5 SONY Reader models, the nook, and iRex, COOL-ER, and BeBookOffline– Libraries can choose to provide the download option for their users– Library obtains Adobe (ACS) license from EBSCO Publishing at a nominal annual license fee– Users install Adobe Digital Editions, a quick and free install– Users can then download NetLibrary PDF eBooks and transfer to compatible eBook readers and applications (listed here: http://blogs.adobe.com/digitalpublishing/supported-devices)– Over 80% of frontlist titles are downloadable; a much higher percentage will be downloadable in later 2011 as we introduce ePub
There are ways to strip ebook files of DRM and to convert b/t file types. This is probably not something that libraries should get into the business of doing as there are legal issues involved, particularly if you are redistributing the content. But for an individual person who broke their kindle and bought a new nook instead, this could come in handy. Calibre is an ebook management software program – download to your device. It allows you to store, organize, and read content, but also allows you to convert files. They currently support the conversion of 20 different inputs to 14 different outputs. Amazon’s AZW is not on the list, but AZW is based on the mobi format, which is supported. Input Formats: CBZ, CBR, CBC, CHM, EPUB, FB2, HTML, LIT, LRF, MOBI, ODT, PDF, PRC**, PDB, PML, RB, RTF, SNB, TCR, TXTOutput Formats: EPUB, FB2, OEB, LIT, LRF, MOBI, PDB, PML, RB, PDF, SNB, TCR, TXT** PRC is a generic format, calibre supports PRC files with TextRead and MOBIBook headersAt the moment calibre has full support for over 23 devices, the iPhone/iPad and android phones. the SONY PRS line, Barnes & Noble Nook, Cybook Gen 3/Opus, Amazon Kindle line, Entourage Edge, LongshineShineBook, EctacoJetbook, BeBook/BeBook Mini, Irex Illiad/DR1000, FoxiteSlick, PocketBook 360, Italica, eClicto, Iriver Story, AirisdBook, Hanvon N515, Binatone Readme, Teclast K3, SpringDesign Alex, Kobo Reader, various Android phones and the iPhone/iPad. In addition, using the Save to disk function you can use it with any ebook reader that exports itself as a USB disk.
Variety of web based resources offer free ebooks for download or online reading. Project gutenberg is the oldest – 30 years old 1971 – Declaration of IndependenceOverdrive will add PG titles to a library’s digital library and PG offers a direct download for the kindle format. Many of these sites allow users to download titles to readers (most are classic titles with no copyright protection) and libraries can add MARC records to their catalog to increase the discovery of this content, link to the full text online.PG just released an app for android devices for 2.99 can download any PG ebook to your smartphone – droidPublic domain titles are free and legally available for download
Sparta - first to purchase a kindle and loan it to patrons, who each could purchase one title from the library account- one week checkout. This was in early 2008. next person to borrow has benefit of cumulative collectionArticle march 1, 2008 – Library Journal – Francine Fialkoff – Editor in Chief wrote an editorial about the Kindle - libraries appear to be able to lend the device, but its content is locked up in its shrink wrapped Terms of Service, which prohibits distribution to a third party. Whatever books the library buys for it can’t be loaned. Proprietary software – ebooks purchased by a single kindle can’ be transferred or shared. By March of 2009 other libraries had begun lending the kindle – Howe Library in Hanover NH – ambiguous messages from Amazon regarding its policies, an Amazon exec confirmed to LJ that the policy excludes library lending but wouldn’t discuss enforcement actions.Library Law Blog, Peter Hirtle, June 2010 According to the iPad Software Agreement posted at ScribD, Apple owns the software on the iPad you purchased. You are allowed to install that software on a single Apple-branded iPad. You cannot, however, “rent, lease, lend, sell, redistribute, or sublicense the iPad Software.” (emphasis mine) The Kindle license agreement, for example, stipulates that you may “keep a permanent copy of the applicable Digital Content and to view, use, and display such Digital Content an unlimited number of times, solely on the Device or as authorized by Amazon as part of the Service and solely for your personal, non-commercial use.” (emphasis mine) A library purchasing a Kindle book for lending purposes is not making personal use of that title, even if the use is non-commercial.
What is your purpose? Introduce new technology? Promote a particular brand? Demonstrate how to download library books? Offer another format?Team effort – it might start as one person, but lots of depts need to be involved. Circ, IT, cataloging, acquisitions, reference/instruction or anyone who does workshops and training, PR/Mkt, etc. Select devices – Kindle, nook, SONY, Kobo and iPad are the most popular. Recommend starting with one device, maybe two. I jumped into it with 4 different devices. Lots of planning and up-front work for me, figuring out software, etc. Kindle article Don’t reinvent the wheel. Lots of libraries are doing this already and are writing blog posts or articles about it. Several libraries have great libguides – Buffy Hamilton at the unquiet library, Duke University Libraries, Wright State University Libraries (all are linked in the resources page). Establish a budget up front – for hardware/devices and then a separate one for the books (how many, how often purchase, etc)Procedures and Policies must be figured out ahead of time – I’ve got a whole slide on this. Will you do assessment? If so, why? Judge use? No way to tell which titles on the device were read. Survey?
Petting zoo – tethered, or not, to a display table. Only there for people to look at and play with, just an introduction to various devices. Used for training – show folks how to download library books to their devices.In library use only – reserve/in-house use for a short period of time. Keeps the devices on site for local use. Easy to grab these if you need to do a demonstration. Load them with content.Purchase multiple readers, load them with content, loan them to patrons for a designated period of time. Offer downloadable content for a patrons personal device. Ie. Overdrive, netlibrary, etc.
Kindle program wi-fi is $139 each, 3G is $189. The diff is that you must have wi-fi access in your library/home in order use make the best use of the wi-fi model. If you only intend to download books on the reader while in the library, then wi-fi is all you need. If you want your patrons to be able to access the 3G network, they will be able to with the upgrade at no charge.?Nook wifi 149, nook 3G 199, nook color 249SONY reader touch also $249Kobo wifi – also 1396 wifi devices, $149 each6 cases, $35 each20 titles, $10 each$1310 nook black/white$1610 nook 3G$1910 nook color
Set-up an account with the online vendors. Buy the readers online and ship themEstablish tax exempt status for devices….maybe titlesTax exempt is an issue – some publishers will charge tax, some states have sales tax. There is no way to buy the ebook titles tax exempt, no place to insert the tax exempt number. Titles are purchased individually – 20 titles, 20 transactions, 20 receipts. If you need to get a tax exempt refund, must do paperwork 20 times. Eleanor Cook – Eastern Carolina University – exampleShare titles on 6 devices, so put the devices in pods of 6, name them by pod and number – Pod A, Kindle 1, etc. Content loads wirelessly on many devices, so purchase the wifi for easy loading. The 3G isn’t necessary. This is only for people who want to buy/download content in not hot-spots. So, if you will only do your content loading at the library, which as wifi, you don’t need it. When you loan the reader, deregister the device, or go into the account and reset the credit card information. Once you loan the device, patrons can go to the online store and buy material if you DO NOT do these steps. Maybe you want patrons to be able to buy their own content. In this case, don’t deregister. Once you deregister, can’t send content wirelessly, so make sure all of your content is loaded up front. Will you allow patrons to request titles? If so, how? How many? Cost limit? Genre limit? How often do you plan to load content to the device?
Catalog devices – catalog as device name, use the pod # and device # add titles in the notes field – titles/authors. This way a search for the device, title, or author will be discoverable in the catalog. Preload the content you want to start with and use free content to supplementLoad content on all of your devices, or do genre specific devices or grade level devicesBorrow for 7, 10, 14 days – renew if no holdsWhen returned, check for damage, remove notes/highlightingWill you recharge the devices? Will you have time? Maybe not, I loan mine with the power cords caution – the sony touch and kobos do not come with USB/AV adaptors, you need to purchase these.
EReader certification program – created specs for (libraries did help with the strategy, not necessarily the specs), working with manufacturers so that it can be wiped clean of user ID, advocate for libraries. Hoping to have some devices to taut soon, that meet specs for loaning, patrons can do the browse, checkout, download right to the device, when it is turned in the device is wiped clean so that the next person can do it all over again. Gear to go program – mostly mp3 players Manufacturers devices. Library lending certified by Overdrive. Device resource center on overdrive.com, cheat sheet for librarians All about wiping it cleanAdobe ID – limit of number of user IDs per computer and device (6 or 7 maybe)
Sony today announced the inaugural list of 30 participating libraries in the Reader Library Program. The participating libraries, from across 17 states, include the Brooklyn Public Library, San Diego County Library, Omaha Public Library and the Denver Public Library. The program, which will be rolled out over the upcoming weeks, will provide participating libraries with in-house training on digital reading devices, educational materials to help librarians and patrons learn more about eBooks and digital reading devices for library staff use and patron demonstrations.Components of the Reader Library Program include:An in-house training session for participating library staff developed by Sony. This in-person session, will cover digital reading formats, an overview of sources for digital materials, and training on Sony’s Reader digital reading devices.Sony’s Reader digital reading devices for use by library staff. Educational materials and informational bookmarks to provide patrons background on digital reading devices and eBook borrowing programs.Bi-annual update sessions designed to keep participating libraries and their staff current with latest developments in digital reading content, format and devices.
IMHO – I think the future of eBooks is in the cloudseBooks that reside in a networked environment and can be downloaded or accessed with PCs, smart phones, dedicated readers, and mp3 players will win. Users want to buy the content once, and use it on the device of choice at that moment. In a cloudy world, networking wins. Devices without web connections are not “landlocked” they are “landfill”Keith Fahlgren – Threepress Consulting and O’Reilly Media employee
Do you need a disc player if you already own a VCR?
Lending E-Book Readers in Libraries Sue Polanka Wright State University Libraries No Shelf RequiredSM
71 % compound annual growth rate of ebooks, 2002 - 2009 Source: Library Journal Survey of eBook Penetration
Some people will love e-books, and some will hate them. Ideally it's not about replacing all books with e-readers: it's about offering options. Lisa Neal Shaw, The Mark and Emily Turner Memorial Library, Presque Isle, Maine
29.4 millionpeople will own an eReader by 2015 Source: Forrester Research, July 2010
eBook Reader3rd of 12 technologies on the verge of extinction Source: Gizmodo.com blog post 1/12/2011
32 %Americans who say library lending is an important eReader feature Source: 2011 PWC Report, Turning the page: the future of eBooks
76 %Kindle’s market share Source: LA Times, Cowen and Co. Survey, 2010
$519.48what you’d spend on eBooks if you bought one per week at $9.99 Source: My calculator
23 %Libraries who owneReading devices Source: Primary Research Group
Topics of Conversation Devices Formats & DRM Establishing an eReader program eReader Certification My predictions
PDF BBeB .lrf .lrx DjVu .djvu eBook Formats EPUB pdg eReader .pdb MobiPocket .prc .mobi Daisy Microsoft Reader .lit Libris .lbr HTML TXT/RTF EPUB iBooks AZW Kindle
DRM PDF BBeB .lrf .lrx DjVu .djvu eBook Formats WOLF .wol EPUB eReader .pdb MobiPocket .prc .mobi Daisy Microsoft Reader .lit Libris .lbr HTML TXT/RTF EPUB iBooks AZW Kindle
EPUB EPUB 2.1 - DAISY - accessibility Not used consistently Sony and iPad adopted EPUB as standard DRM can still be added Academic publishers? Is there a standard?
Compatibility with eReaders Wifi/3G/4G Access Devices OverDrive EBL eBooks on EBSCOhost MyiLibrary ebrary Follett
Stripping DRM and Converting Calibre version 0.7.40 (January, 2011) http://calibre-ebook.com/ eBook management system Stores, converts, reads eBooks How to articles in Wired and Apprentice Alf’s blog: http://bit.ly/fwfuye
Free eBooks & Public Domain Project Gutenberg (OverDrive & Kindle direct) Internet Archive International Children’s Digital Library Google Books HathiTrust And more… Download to readers, add catalog records
Budgeting Devices – range $139 - $249 Covers/Cases – range $35 – 45 Books – range $5 - $20 Warranty/extended care - $20 per device Extra cords/plugs $10 – 30 Buy in groups of 6 for best deal on content
Purchasing Content Establish online accounts with vendors Credit card purchases Tax exempt issues Share titles on 6 devices,usually Wireless loading on many/3G Will patrons purchase titles? Can patrons request titles?
Tips for Loaning Catalog the device/titles Preload the device with content Genre specific or grade level devices Circulate in bags or boxes Property tag each piece 1 or 2 week loans, hourly too Remove notes/highlighting Recharge?
OverDrive program Based on COSLA Report Specs have been created Working with manufacturers to design a new/adapted reader Devices sold to libraries to checkout to patrons eReader Certification
30 libraries participating Training on devices Educational materials on eBooks Devices staff use PATRON DEMONSTRATIONS SONY Reader Library Program
eContent Nothing out-of-print Cloud based Death of devices Libraries adapt….as we always have My Predictions
The future of eBooks is in the clouds eBook Content Tablet or Mp3 player Personal Computer Dedicated eReader Smart Phone
Death of the Reader Consumer Reports, July 1999 “Now Playing: DVD, DIVX”
Resources Wikipedia article on Comparison of eBook Readers Gizmodo - http://gizmo.do/dNbIdO Stripping DRM – http://bit.ly/fwfuye Why Amazon will never… http://bit.ly/gVYNT1 Unquiet Librarian - http://is.gd/gYvyr WSU eBook libguide - www.guides.wright.edu/ebooks Duke eBook program – http://bit.ly/9kUFOn LJ eBook reports – http://www.libraryjournal.com/csp/cms/sites/LJ/info/Reportpurchase.csp BlueFire Reader - http://bit.ly/bAZedq