CREATING SUBJECT
ST
GUIDES FOR THE 21
CENTURY LIBRARY:
PATHWAYS TO LEARNING

presented by Buffy J. Hamilton
ALA TechSource...
Group Poll

What is your library
environment?

2
Topics

Defining Subject Guides
and Why Learners Need
Them
Basic Design Principles

Content for Your Subject
Guide

Platfo...
Subject Guides: Helping Learners
Navigate Worlds of Information

4
Original photograph by Buffy J. Hamilton
Defining the Subject
Guide
A set of resources designed to help patrons
fully research and explore a topic
May include trad...
6
CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/dukeyearlook/2108418237/sizes/o/
Lists

Learning
Tool

Minimal Context,
Informational,
Consumption Oriented

Contextualized by
Research Models,
Learner Men...
Image used with permission under a Creative Common License from
8
http://www.flickr.com/photos/cobalt/2297933452/sizes/l/
information sources are more
diverse
9

Image via Microsoft Clip Gallery
“We can no longer be content to
train students to understand the
difference between peer-reviewed
journals and popular mag...
what is authority?

who decides what
counts as
authority?

who are the
experts?
11
Image via Microsoft Clip Gallery
12
CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/dullhunk/202872717/sizes/l/in/photostream/
a focus on knowing how and
when a particular
information source

is the right fit
for an information seeking
task

13
Imag...
“The conversation has moved
away from using tools to find
information… and now seems to
be more along the lines of finding...
subject guides can be a medium
collaboration and cultivating
partnerships for learning

15
CC image via http://goo.gl/C7zH...
blogs

tweets

videos

podcasts

wikis

web forums

social citation/
bibliography

social
bookmarking

curation

images an...
“embrace the
potentials and
challenges of this
[participatory]
emerging culture
not as a
replacement for
existing print
pr...
AASL Standards for 21st Century
Learners








1.2.2 Demonstrate confidence and self-direction by
making independen...
Subject Guides for

scaffoldin
g
networked learners
and personal
CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/soundman1024/29...
Source: http://teachweb2.blogspot.com/2010/01/personallearning-environments-student.html

20
CC image via http://bit.ly/r8oa8n

21
2. Have you observed your
patrons (students, instructors,
adults) utilizing any of these
resources in their research?

Gro...
tools and
strategies
for
cultivating
st
21
century
23

Image via Microsoft Clip Gallery
communities formed around

Academic
standards
24
communities formed
around…

Passions
Interests
Wonderings
Needs
Curiosity
problems
CC image via http://www.flickr.com/phot...
the common thread: creating and
sustaining conversations for
learning
26
CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/marcwat...
subject guide
seeds
• learning
•
•
•
•

objectives
standards
learning
activities
learner needs
forms of
assessment
27

Ima...
Communicate and
Collaborate

1
28

cc licensed photo from http://www.flickr.com/photos/brandoncripps/3156373103/sizes/o/
Begin the
design
process
and
selection
of
resources
CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/rtv/290546350/sizes/o/in/pho...
Make adjustments if needed during
the implementation of the project

3
30

Image via Microsoft Clip Gallery
4

Assess
the

Learner
Experien
ce
31
Image via Microsoft Clip Gallery
5

Reflection
and

Action
for future directions
(praxis)
CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/fazilfuad/2759295927/si...
Build

Learn
Mathews, Brian. "CHANGE NEEDS A BRAND: Don't Fear Labels, Leverage Them." Web log post. The Ubiquitous Librar...
A Carousal tour
of Tools and
Strategies for
contemporary
subject guides

34
CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/step...
Ways to
Incorporate
Embed
Alternate
Code
Sources of
Information
and
Direct
RSS
User
Links
Feed
Created
Content
35
RSS Feeds:
Databases

36
RSS Feeds:
Databases

37
38
RSS Feeds: Databases

39
RSS FEEDS:
ONLINE NEWS

40
RSS Feeds: Online magazines
Most websites and
online publications now
provide a menu of
specific RSS feeds for
free

41
Video Embed Code

42
Video Embed Code

43
Video Embed Code

44
Video Embed Code

45
Google Hangouts

46
Google Hangouts

47
Google Hangouts

48
Google Hangouts

Embed
code
49
PODCASTS

50
PODCASTS

51
podcasts

52
social bookmarking

RSS feed for a tag
stream in Diigo
53
social bookmarking

RSS feed for a group RSS stream in
Diigo or embed a widget for the
group
54
social bookmarking

55
social bookmarking

56
blogs

57
Flickr PhotoSets

58
Flickr PhotoSets

59
Flickr PhotoSets

60
Book Widgets

61
Book Widgets

62
Book Widgets

63
Book Widgets

64
Social
bibliography

65
Social
bibliography

66
Social
bibliography

67
Social
bibliography

68
Mobile Apps

69
Mobile Apps

70
Mobile Apps

71
Social Media

72
Social Media

73
Source: http://www.journalism.org/2013/10/24/the-role-ofnews-on-facebook/

Social Media

74
Source: http://www.journalism.org/2013/10/24/the-facebooknews-experience-infographic/

Social Media

75
Meta Research Guide: Curation
Tools, Scoop.it

76
Meta Research Guide: Curation
Tools, Scoop.it

77
Meta Research Guide: Curation
Tools, Storify

78
Meta Research Guide: Curation
Tools, Storify

http://storify.com/efilgo/librarian-jazz

79
Meta Research Guide: Curation
Tools, Pinterest

80
Poll Everywhere

81
82

Original photograph by Buffy J. Hamilton
Original photograph by Buffy J. Hamilton

83
Engage Learners with Polls

84
Assessment with Google Forms

85
Embed instructional materials

86
Embed Learner Created Content

87
Embed Learner Created Content

88
Embed Learner Created Content

89
CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/drachmann/327122302/sizes/l/in/photostream/

Q&A

Q&A

90
threads to weave
together the
fabric of contemporary
subject guides

91
Image via Microsoft Clip Gallery
Platforms/Tools for Housing Subject
Guides








Library website created with traditional web authoring
platforms
...
Points of Consideration
When Choosing a Subject
Guide Platform
 Cost:

Free vs. Paid
 Technical Support
 In-House Exper...
Points of Consideration When
Choosing a Subject Guide
Platform
 Ability for

multiple users to manipulate the
guides and/...
LibGuide
s
95
96
97
98
Open Source Subject
Guide Applications
 Subjects

Plus (open source)
 Library a la Carte (open source)
 LibData (open s...
Subjects Plus

100
Subjects Plus

101
Library à la Carte

102
Library à la Carte

103
104

LibData
105

LibData
Netvibes
CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/jbracco/3546224180/

106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
Symbaloo
116
117
118
119
Scoop.it
120
121
122
Future
Directions
for Subject
Guides
CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/sushicam/4776634231/in/faves10557450@N04/

...
• Mental Models Research
Informing Design
• User Experience
• Responsive Design
• Participatory
Technologies for CoCreated...
frictionless
distribution
+
Create bonds
+
understand the

125
Participatory sites of
culture…

artistic expression and civic
Engagement
Strong support for Creating and
sharing
Fluidity...
127
CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/zhou_mengjie/6523964087/sizes/l/
CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/oberazzi/318947873/sizes/l/in/photostream/

Q&A

Q&A

128
contact information

buffy.hamilton@gmail.com
http://theunquietlibrarian.wordpress.c
om
http://buffyjhamilton.wordpress.co...
Works Cited
Drexler, Wendy. "The Networked Student Model for Construction of Personal Learning Environments: Balancing Tea...
Works Cited
Mathews, Brian. "Database vs. Database vs. Web-Scale Discovery Service: Further Thoughts on Search Failure (or...
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  • scaffold learners’ efforts to construct personal learning networks and environments for organizing, managing, and publishing information and original content
  • Understanding by Design
  • Individual and collective outcomes of learning/ goals that are measurable in quantitative and qualitative ways
  • Creating Subject Guides for the 21st Century

    1. 1. CREATING SUBJECT ST GUIDES FOR THE 21 CENTURY LIBRARY: PATHWAYS TO LEARNING presented by Buffy J. Hamilton ALA TechSource October 30, 2013 1 Original photograph by Buffy J. Hamilton
    2. 2. Group Poll What is your library environment? 2
    3. 3. Topics Defining Subject Guides and Why Learners Need Them Basic Design Principles Content for Your Subject Guide Platforms for Creating Subject Guides Future Directions for Subject Guides 3
    4. 4. Subject Guides: Helping Learners Navigate Worlds of Information 4 Original photograph by Buffy J. Hamilton
    5. 5. Defining the Subject Guide A set of resources designed to help patrons fully research and explore a topic May include traditional and emerging forms of authoritative information sources Dynamic and organic 5
    6. 6. 6 CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/dukeyearlook/2108418237/sizes/o/
    7. 7. Lists Learning Tool Minimal Context, Informational, Consumption Oriented Contextualized by Research Models, Learner Mental Models, Meaning Making w/ Information 7 Sinkinson, C., Alexander, S., Hicks, A., & Kahn, M. (2012). Guiding Design: Exposing Librarian and Student Mental Models of Research Guides. Portal: Libraries & The Academy, 12(1), 63-84.
    8. 8. Image used with permission under a Creative Common License from 8 http://www.flickr.com/photos/cobalt/2297933452/sizes/l/
    9. 9. information sources are more diverse 9 Image via Microsoft Clip Gallery
    10. 10. “We can no longer be content to train students to understand the difference between peer-reviewed journals and popular magazines, to appreciate the value of books, newspapers and reference sources, and to understand how to evaluate garden variety web sites.” Source: http://liblogs.albany.edu/library20/ Laura B. Cohen 10
    11. 11. what is authority? who decides what counts as authority? who are the experts? 11 Image via Microsoft Clip Gallery
    12. 12. 12 CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/dullhunk/202872717/sizes/l/in/photostream/
    13. 13. a focus on knowing how and when a particular information source is the right fit for an information seeking task 13 Image via Microsoft Clip Gallery
    14. 14. “The conversation has moved away from using tools to find information… and now seems to be more along the lines of finding (and building) tools that students can use to analyze, synthesize, and share information. It’s the changing role of librarians?” Brian Mathews Associate Dean for Learning and Outreach, Virginia Tech 14 Source: “The-3-Click-Dilemma: Are library databases nearing the tipping point of obsolescence?” August 20, 2013 http://bit.ly/14YCadM CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/orangeacid/420493902/sizes/l/
    15. 15. subject guides can be a medium collaboration and cultivating partnerships for learning 15 CC image via http://goo.gl/C7zHC
    16. 16. blogs tweets videos podcasts wikis web forums social citation/ bibliography social bookmarking curation images and graphics rss mobile apps content creation tools learner created content 16
    17. 17. “embrace the potentials and challenges of this [participatory] emerging culture not as a replacement for existing print practices but as an expansion of CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/waynel78/4421809468/sizes/l/ Source: http://henryjenkins.org/2010/02/learning_in_a_participatory_cu.html 17
    18. 18. AASL Standards for 21st Century Learners      1.2.2 Demonstrate confidence and self-direction by making independent choices in the selection of resources and information. 3.1 Participate and collaborate as members of a social and intellectual network of learners. 3.1.4 Use technology and other information tools to organize and display knowledge and understanding in ways that others can view, use, and assess. 4.1.6 Organize personal knowledge in a way that can be called upon easily. 4.1.7 Use social networks and information tools to gather and share information. 18
    19. 19. Subject Guides for scaffoldin g networked learners and personal CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/soundman1024/294614122/sizes/l/ 19
    20. 20. Source: http://teachweb2.blogspot.com/2010/01/personallearning-environments-student.html 20
    21. 21. CC image via http://bit.ly/r8oa8n 21
    22. 22. 2. Have you observed your patrons (students, instructors, adults) utilizing any of these resources in their research? Group Poll 1. Do you incorporate social media networks and information streams (emerging forms of authority) into your research guides? 22
    23. 23. tools and strategies for cultivating st 21 century 23 Image via Microsoft Clip Gallery
    24. 24. communities formed around Academic standards 24
    25. 25. communities formed around… Passions Interests Wonderings Needs Curiosity problems CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/23882161@N03/3745008067/sizes/o/ 25
    26. 26. the common thread: creating and sustaining conversations for learning 26 CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/marcwathieu/2979581445/sizes/l/
    27. 27. subject guide seeds • learning • • • • objectives standards learning activities learner needs forms of assessment 27 Image via Microsoft Clip Gallery
    28. 28. Communicate and Collaborate 1 28 cc licensed photo from http://www.flickr.com/photos/brandoncripps/3156373103/sizes/o/
    29. 29. Begin the design process and selection of resources CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/rtv/290546350/sizes/o/in/photostream/ 2 29
    30. 30. Make adjustments if needed during the implementation of the project 3 30 Image via Microsoft Clip Gallery
    31. 31. 4 Assess the Learner Experien ce 31 Image via Microsoft Clip Gallery
    32. 32. 5 Reflection and Action for future directions (praxis) CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/fazilfuad/2759295927/sizes/l/ 32
    33. 33. Build Learn Mathews, Brian. "CHANGE NEEDS A BRAND: Don't Fear Labels, Leverage Them." Web log post. The Ubiquitous Librarian. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 25 Apr. 2013. Web. 02 May 2013. <http://chronicle.com/blognetwork/theubiquitouslibrarian/2013/04/25/change-needs-abrand-dont-fear-labels-leverage-them/>. Assess 33
    34. 34. A Carousal tour of Tools and Strategies for contemporary subject guides 34 CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/stephaniekac/3550747547/sizes/l/
    35. 35. Ways to Incorporate Embed Alternate Code Sources of Information and Direct RSS User Links Feed Created Content 35
    36. 36. RSS Feeds: Databases 36
    37. 37. RSS Feeds: Databases 37
    38. 38. 38
    39. 39. RSS Feeds: Databases 39
    40. 40. RSS FEEDS: ONLINE NEWS 40
    41. 41. RSS Feeds: Online magazines Most websites and online publications now provide a menu of specific RSS feeds for free 41
    42. 42. Video Embed Code 42
    43. 43. Video Embed Code 43
    44. 44. Video Embed Code 44
    45. 45. Video Embed Code 45
    46. 46. Google Hangouts 46
    47. 47. Google Hangouts 47
    48. 48. Google Hangouts 48
    49. 49. Google Hangouts Embed code 49
    50. 50. PODCASTS 50
    51. 51. PODCASTS 51
    52. 52. podcasts 52
    53. 53. social bookmarking RSS feed for a tag stream in Diigo 53
    54. 54. social bookmarking RSS feed for a group RSS stream in Diigo or embed a widget for the group 54
    55. 55. social bookmarking 55
    56. 56. social bookmarking 56
    57. 57. blogs 57
    58. 58. Flickr PhotoSets 58
    59. 59. Flickr PhotoSets 59
    60. 60. Flickr PhotoSets 60
    61. 61. Book Widgets 61
    62. 62. Book Widgets 62
    63. 63. Book Widgets 63
    64. 64. Book Widgets 64
    65. 65. Social bibliography 65
    66. 66. Social bibliography 66
    67. 67. Social bibliography 67
    68. 68. Social bibliography 68
    69. 69. Mobile Apps 69
    70. 70. Mobile Apps 70
    71. 71. Mobile Apps 71
    72. 72. Social Media 72
    73. 73. Social Media 73
    74. 74. Source: http://www.journalism.org/2013/10/24/the-role-ofnews-on-facebook/ Social Media 74
    75. 75. Source: http://www.journalism.org/2013/10/24/the-facebooknews-experience-infographic/ Social Media 75
    76. 76. Meta Research Guide: Curation Tools, Scoop.it 76
    77. 77. Meta Research Guide: Curation Tools, Scoop.it 77
    78. 78. Meta Research Guide: Curation Tools, Storify 78
    79. 79. Meta Research Guide: Curation Tools, Storify http://storify.com/efilgo/librarian-jazz 79
    80. 80. Meta Research Guide: Curation Tools, Pinterest 80
    81. 81. Poll Everywhere 81
    82. 82. 82 Original photograph by Buffy J. Hamilton
    83. 83. Original photograph by Buffy J. Hamilton 83
    84. 84. Engage Learners with Polls 84
    85. 85. Assessment with Google Forms 85
    86. 86. Embed instructional materials 86
    87. 87. Embed Learner Created Content 87
    88. 88. Embed Learner Created Content 88
    89. 89. Embed Learner Created Content 89
    90. 90. CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/drachmann/327122302/sizes/l/in/photostream/ Q&A Q&A 90
    91. 91. threads to weave together the fabric of contemporary subject guides 91 Image via Microsoft Clip Gallery
    92. 92. Platforms/Tools for Housing Subject Guides       Library website created with traditional web authoring platforms Subscription or open source subject guide services Blogs Wikis Social Bookmarking Services Free Sources: Netvibes, Live Binders, Symbaloo, Scoop.it 92
    93. 93. Points of Consideration When Choosing a Subject Guide Platform  Cost: Free vs. Paid  Technical Support  In-House Expertise Needed to Support the Platform  Ease of Replicating Content  Types of Embed Code Supported 93
    94. 94. Points of Consideration When Choosing a Subject Guide Platform  Ability for multiple users to manipulate the guides and/or tools for creating the guides  Is content sharable within a community?  Does the platform generate a mobile version or have an app?  Is the guide searchable? 94
    95. 95. LibGuide s 95
    96. 96. 96
    97. 97. 97
    98. 98. 98
    99. 99. Open Source Subject Guide Applications  Subjects Plus (open source)  Library a la Carte (open source)  LibData (open source) 99
    100. 100. Subjects Plus 100
    101. 101. Subjects Plus 101
    102. 102. Library à la Carte 102
    103. 103. Library à la Carte 103
    104. 104. 104 LibData
    105. 105. 105 LibData
    106. 106. Netvibes CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/jbracco/3546224180/ 106
    107. 107. 107
    108. 108. 108
    109. 109. 109
    110. 110. 110
    111. 111. 111
    112. 112. 112
    113. 113. 113
    114. 114. 114
    115. 115. 115
    116. 116. Symbaloo 116
    117. 117. 117
    118. 118. 118
    119. 119. 119
    120. 120. Scoop.it 120
    121. 121. 121
    122. 122. 122
    123. 123. Future Directions for Subject Guides CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/sushicam/4776634231/in/faves10557450@N04/ 123
    124. 124. • Mental Models Research Informing Design • User Experience • Responsive Design • Participatory Technologies for CoCreated Content Future Directions/Trends/ Research CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/sushicam/4776634231/in/faves-10557450@N04/; see research Sinkinson, C., Alexander, S., Hicks, A., & Kahn, M. (2012). Guiding Design: Exposing Librarian and Student Mental Models of Research Guides. Portal: Libraries & The Academy, 12(1), 63-84. 124
    125. 125. frictionless distribution + Create bonds + understand the 125
    126. 126. Participatory sites of culture… artistic expression and civic Engagement Strong support for Creating and sharing Fluidity in the roles of novices and experts Members feel a sense of 126 CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/fazilfuad/2759295927/
    127. 127. 127 CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/zhou_mengjie/6523964087/sizes/l/
    128. 128. CC image via http://www.flickr.com/photos/oberazzi/318947873/sizes/l/in/photostream/ Q&A Q&A 128
    129. 129. contact information buffy.hamilton@gmail.com http://theunquietlibrarian.wordpress.c om http://buffyjhamilton.wordpress.com Twitter: @buffyjhamilton 129
    130. 130. Works Cited Drexler, Wendy. "The Networked Student Model for Construction of Personal Learning Environments: Balancing Teacher Control and Student Autonomy." Australasian Journal of Educational Technology 26.3 (2010): 369-85. AJET 26(3) Drexler (2010) - The Networked Student Model for Construction of Personal Learning Environments: Balancing Teacher Control and Student Autonomy. Web. 28 Oct. 2013. <http://www.ascilite.org.au/ajet/ajet26/drexler.html>. Drexler, Wendy. "Personal Learning Environments: Student Processes and Decisions." Web log post. N.p., 12 Jan. 2010. Web. 28 Oct. 2013. <http://teachweb2.blogspot.com/2010/01/personal-learning-environments-student.html>. Greenhow, C. (2009). Social Scholarship: Applying Social Networking Technologies to Research Practices. Knowledge Quest, 37(4), 42-47. Jenkins, Henry. "Learning in a Participatory Culture: A Conversation About New Media and Education (Part Three)." Web log post. N.p., 12 Feb. 2010. Web. 28 Oct. 2013. <http://henryjenkins.org/2010/02/learning_in_a_participatory_cu.html>. Mathews, Brian. "CHANGE NEEDS A BRAND: Don't Fear Labels, Leverage Them." Web log post. N.p., 25 Apr. 2013. Web. 28 Oct. 2013. <http://chronicle.com/blognetwork/theubiquitouslibrarian/2013/04/25/change-needs-a-brand-dont-fear-labels-leverage-them/>. Mathews, Brian. "Curating Learning Experiences: A Future Role For Librarians?" Web log post. N.p., 5 Sept. 2013. Web. 28 Oct. 2013. <http://chronicle.com/blognetwork/theubiquitouslibrarian/2013/09/05/curating-learning-experiences-a-future-role-for-librarians/>. 130
    131. 131. Works Cited Mathews, Brian. "Database vs. Database vs. Web-Scale Discovery Service: Further Thoughts on Search Failure (or: More Clicks than Necessary?) (or: Info-pushers vs. Pedagogical Partners)." Web log post. N.p., 21 Aug. 2013. Web. 28 Oct. 2013. <http://chronicle.com/blognetwork/theubiquitouslibrarian/2013/08/21/database-vs-database-vs-web-scale-discovery-servicefurther-thoughts-on-search-failure-or-more-clicks-than-necessary/>. Mathews, Brian. "The-3-Click-Dilemma: Are Library Databases Nearing the Tipping Point of Obsolescence?" Web log post. N.p., 20 Aug. 2013. Web. 28 Oct. 2013. <http://chronicle.com/blognetwork/theubiquitouslibrarian/2013/08/20/the-3-click-dilemma-arelibrary-databases-nearing-the-tipping-point-of-obsolescence/>. Mitchell, Amy, Jocelyn Kiley, Jeffrey Gottfried, and Emily Guskin. "The Role of News on Facebook." Pew Research Centers Journalism Project RSS. N.p., 24 Oct. 2013. Web. 28 Oct. 2013. <http://www.journalism.org/2013/10/24/the-role-of-news-onfacebook/>. Sinkinson, C., Alexander, S., Hicks, A., & Kahn, M. (2012). Guiding Design: Exposing Librarian and Student Mental Models of Research Guides. Portal: Libraries & The Academy, 12(1), 63-84. 131
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